On This Day in History for February 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133


Event of interestEvent of Interest

138 The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor.

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
Hadrian
Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius
  • 1095 Council of Rockingham: bishop Anselmus vs King William II Rufus
  • 1358 Dalmatie flees Venice
  • 1497 Italians troops reconquer Taranto on France
  • 1502 Austrian emperor Maximilian I reformats government machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England, absolves her subjects from allegiance

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1605 Portuguese garrison on Ambon surrenders to Admiral Van der Haghen
  • 1623 Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes monarch of Palts
  • 1634 Irish captain Walter Devereaux kills Duke Wallenstein
  • 1643 Dutch US colonists kill Algonquin-indians
  • 1667 Abraham Crijnssens fleet reach Fort Willoughby on Suriname River
  • 1746 The Duke of Cumberland's troops occupy Aberdeen
  • 1751 1st performing monkey exhibited in America, NYC (admission 1 cent)
  • 1791 1st Bank of US chartered
  • 1793 1st US cabinet meeting (At George Washington's home)
  • 1795 French Politician and Educator Joseph Lakanal, defines on behalf of the French Revolution an “educational utopia” aiming to “put an end to inequalities of development that affected a citizen's capacities for judgment."
  • 1797 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to a bunch of Welsh women in tall black hats whom the invaders mistook for the elite guards regiment)
  • 1799 1st federal forestry legislation authorizes purchase of timber land
  • 1799 US Congress passes 1st federal quarantine legislation
  • 1803 1,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1804 Thomas Jefferson nominated for US President at Democratic-Republican caucus

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830 Victor Hugo's "Hernani" premieres in Paris

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multishot firearm

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • 1836 US Showman Phineas Taylor Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth.
  • 1837 1st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • 1838 London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 1839 Seminoles & black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
  • 1847 State University of Iowa is approved
  • 1859 1st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
  • 1862 Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by Pres Abraham Lincoln

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1863 Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 Hiram R. Revels is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • 1875 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • 1879 US Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
  • 1885 US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • 1892 James Barrie's "Walker London" premieres in London
  • 1896 Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • 1901 US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan
  • 1905 The Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingenwas, a Dutch social-democratic trade union, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 George Bernard Shaw's "Philanderer" premieres in London

  • 1907 US proclaims protectorate over Dominican Republic
  • 1908 1st tunnel under Hudson River (railway tunnel) opens
  • 1910 Dalai Lama flees Tibet from Chinese troops to British India
  • 1912 Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
  • 1913 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
  • 1916 German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun
  • 1919 League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty
  • 1919 Oregon is 1st state to tax gasoline (1 cent per gallon)
  • 1921 Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, occupied by Bolshevist Russia.
  • 1921 The Living Buddha, Hutuktu, is crowned king of Mongolia as the country declares independence from China
  • 1923 Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks
  • 1925 Glacier Bay National Monument established in Alaska
  • 1925 US Women's Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
  • 1925 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • 1925 The diplomatic relations between Japan and the Soviet Union were established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Francisco Franco becomes the youngest general in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1926 Kwo-Min-Tang (Guomindang) declares war on government/warlords
  • 1927 Gdanks & Polish accord concerning traffic through Polish corridor
  • 1930 Check photographing device patented

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Austrian immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1933 1st genuine US aircraft carrier named, USS Ranger
  • 1938 Lord Halifax becomes British Foreign Secretary
  • 1939 1st Anderson bomb shelter in Britain erected in an Islington garden
  • 1940 1st televised (W2XBS, NYC) hockey game (Rangers vs Canadians)
  • 1941 February strike against persecution of Jews, in Amsterdam
  • 1943 Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front
  • 1944 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • 1945 US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
  • 1945 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1948 Communists seize Czechoslovakia/C Gottwald becomes premier
  • 1949 WAC Corporal rocket achieves height of 400k (record)
  • 1951 1st Pan American Games opens (Buenos Aires Argentina)
  • 1954 Abdul Nasser appointed Egyptian premier

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1956 Nikita Khrushchev denounces Stalin at 20th Soviet Party Conference

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1960 Lillian Hellman's "Toys in the Attic" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 Paul Bikle in glider climbs from 1208 m at release to record 14,10
  • 1962 India Congress Party wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Robert F. Kennedy visits Netherlands

US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
US Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Austrian chancellor Alfons Gorbach resigns
  • 1966 Syrian military coup under Hafiz al-Assad
  • 1968 430 Unification Church couples wed in Korea
  • 1968 Makarios re-elected president of Cyprus
  • 1968 10th Daytona 500: Cale Yarborough wins (143.251 MPH)
  • 1969 Mariner 6 launched for fly-by of Mars
  • 1969 West Germany gives $5 million to an Arab terrorist as ransom for the passengers and crew of a hijacked jumbo jet.
  • 1971 P Zindel's "And Miss Reardon Drinks a Little" premieres in NYC
  • 1971 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark holds a meeting with Catholic Cardinal of Ireland William Conway, the first such meeting between men holding these offices since 1921
  • 1972 Attempted assassination of Irish Minister of State for Home Affairs John Taylor who is shot a number of times (the Official Irish Republican Army later claimed responsibility)
  • 1973 Juan Corona sentenced to 25 life sentences for 25 murders
  • 1975 Ewen Chatfield flattened by Peter Lever & seriously injured
  • 1977 Oil tanker explosion west of Honolulu spills 31 million gallons
  • 1977 Soyuz 24 returns to Earth
  • 1979 Soyuz 32 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station is launched
  • 1980 Coup ousts PM Henck Arron of Suriname
  • 1981 Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo elected premier of Spain
  • 1981 Rita Jenrette (wife of Abscam congressman) appears on Donahue
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Final episode of "The Lawrence Welk Show" airs
  • 1982 Record speed for a snowmobile (239 kph)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 105

  • 1398 Xuande, Emperor of China (d. 1435)
  • 1591 Friedrich von Spee, German writer (d. 1635)
  • 1635 Walraad, the Elder, Dutch fieldmarshall/earl of Nassau-Usingen
  • 1643 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
  • 1663 Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (d. 1718)
  • 1682 Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Italian anatomist (d. 1771)
  • 1692 Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
  • 1707 Carlo Goldoni, Italy, lawyer/playwright (Belisario, Love of 3 Oranges)
  • 1714 Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
  • 1714 René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
  • 1725 Karl Wilhelm Ramler, German poet (Geistliche Kantaten)
  • 1731 Simon Stijl, Frisian physician/writer
  • 1752 John Graves Simcoe, first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada (d. 1806)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1778 Jose de San Martin, Yapeyú Corrientes, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1794 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, Dutch earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam
  • 1807 George Alfred Trenholm, Secy Treas (Confederacy), (d. 1876)
  • 1808 James Bowen, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1809 George Washington Cullom, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1814 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet/painter (3/9 NS) [OS]
  • 1815 Robert Hall Chilton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1832 Theodorus J I Arnold, bibliographer (Bibliotheca Belgian)
  • 1833 Clement Anselm Evans, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1911)
  • 1840 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1841 Pierre Auguste Renoir, Limoges France, Impressionist painter/sculptor

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • 1842 Karl May, German writer (Old Shatterhand/Winnetou)
  • 1847 John Watson, Canada, philosopher (Objective Idealism)
  • 1855 Cesário Verde, Portuguese poet (d. 1886)
  • 1856 Charles Lang Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1876]
  • 1860 Menso Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/water colors painter
  • 1860 William James Ashley, English economic-historian
  • 1866 Benedetto Croce, Italy, humanist/historian/editor/philosopher
  • 1868 Anthony J Block, Dutch lawyer (strafproces)
  • 1876 Charles Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1856]
  • 1881 William Foster, Mass, Communist Presidential candidate (1924,28,32)
  • 1882 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • 1883 Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
  • 1885 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1959)

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • 1889 Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
  • 1894 Ernst Friedrich, Breslau Germany, pacifist (War Against War!)
  • 1894 Meher Baba, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1969)
  • 1896 John Little McClellan, Sheridan Arkansas, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Ark)
  • 1898 William Thomas Astbury, English physicist/chemist (textiles)
  • 1899 Leo J Weisgerber, German linguist
  • 1902 Max Kommerell, German literary/author (Die Gefangenen)
  • 1902 Oscar Cullmann, Swiss theologist (Das Petrusproblem)
  • 1904 Adelle Davis, author (Lets Stay Healthy)/nutritionist (died of cancer)
  • 1906 Domingo Ortega, Spanish bullfighter
  • 1906 Howard Zahniser, Father of Wilderness Act
  • 1907 Mary Coyle Chase, playwright (Harvey-Pulitzer Prize)
  • 1908 Frank G Slaughter, author (Sangaree)
  • 1909 Edgar Pangborn, US, sci-fi author (Judgment of Eve, Davy)
  • 1909 John Evan "Jasper" Weston Mather, writer
  • 1909 Geoffrey Dummer, electronics engineer, first to build integrated circuit / microchip, born in Hull England (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Millicent Fenwick, American (Rep-R-NJ 1975-82) (Doonesbury), born in NYC, New York
  • 1916 Ian Wallace, British CEO
  • 1916 Reinhard Bendix, German sociologist (d. 1991)
  • 1917 Alex Gordon, Welsh architect, born in Ayr, Scotland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 [John] Anthony Burgess [Wilson], essayist/novelist (A Clockwork Orange), born in Harpurhey, Lancashire (d. 1993)

Novelist Anthony Burgess
Novelist
Anthony Burgess
  • 1917 Asta E R Elstak, Suriname/Dutch social worker
  • 1919 F de Jong Edz, Dutch historian
  • 1919 Karl H. Pribram, Austrian neuroscientist
  • 1920 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Roger Parker, Lord Justice of Appeal
  • 1924 Peg Ridge, peace campaigner
  • 1926 Harvey McGregor, QC/warden (New College-Oxford)
  • 1927 Rev. Bruce Ritter, Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity Covenant House, born in Trenton New Jersey (d. 1999)
  • 1928 Keith Williamson, British RAF marshal
  • 1928 Richard Stern, US writer
  • 1929 Peter Bingham Hinchcliff, British church historian (1 Sided Reciprocity)
  • 1930 Erica Pedretti, writer
  • 1931 Edward Kellett-Bowman, British MEP
  • 1931 J R Stephenson, Lt-col/secretary (MCC)
  • 1932 Laurence New, Major-General
  • 1934 Nicholas Edwards, Baron Crickhowell, British Conservative Party politician
  • 1934 Michael Wheeler-Booth, Clerk of the Parliaments
  • 1934 Robert Neame, British brewer (Shepherd Neame)
  • 1937 Basia Johnson, maid (inherited Johnson & Johnson fortune)
  • 1939 A C F Verity, master (Dulwich College)
  • 1940 George Paul, CEO (Norwich Union Insurance Group)
  • 1940 Hector MacKenzie, trade unionist
  • 1941 Stewart Sutherland, Principal/Vice-Chancellor (Edinburgh University)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Sally Jessy Raphael, Easton, Pennsylvania, American TV talk show host (Sally)

TV Talk Show Host Sally Jessy Raphael
TV Talk Show Host
Sally Jessy Raphael
  • 1944 Kristina Holland, American actress (Tina-Courtship of Eddie's Father), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina
  • 1945 Shivadhar Srinivasa Naipaul, Trinidad, novelist, essayist (Fireflies)
  • 1946 F Xaver Kroetz, writer
  • 1946 Jean Todt, French executive director of Scuderia Ferrari
  • 1947 Lewis Moonie, British MP
  • 1948 G B Warren, British biochemist
  • 1948 Aldo Busi, Italian writer
  • 1950 Anthony Lloyd, British MP
  • 1950 Neil Jordan, director (Crying Game)
  • 1950 Néstor Kirchner, Argentine politician, President of Argentina 2003-2007), born in Río Gallegos, Santa Cruz (d. 2010)
  • 1950 Francisco Fernández Ochoa, Spanish alpine skier (d. 2006)
  • 1952 James A Barcia, (Rep-D-Michigan)
  • 1952 Inger Segelström, Swedish politician
  • 1953 José María Aznar, former Prime Minister of Spain
  • 1957 Jane Ackroyd, British sculptor
  • 1963 Alison Roberts, fashion designer

Weddings in History

  • 1828 6th US President John Quincy Adam's son John marries in the White House

Deaths in History

  • 779 Walburgis, Anglo-Saxon abbess/saint (Walpurgis Night), dies
  • 1246 Dafydd ap Llywelyn, King of Gwynedd
  • 1247 Hendrik IV, duke of Limburg/earl of Bergen (1226-47), dies
  • 1495 Djem Sultan, son of Turkish sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
  • 1522 William Lilye, English classical scholar
  • 1536 Berthold Haller, German-born reformer (b. 1492)
  • 1553 Hirate Masahide, Japanese diplomat and tutor of Oda Nobunaga (suicide) (b. 1492)
  • 1558 Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (b. 1498)
  • 1601 Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, executed for treason against Elizabeth I
  • 1602 Everard van Reyd, Dutch historian, dies at about 51
  • 1634 Albrecht WE baron von Wallenstein, German duke, murdered at 50
  • 1634 Van Friedland/Mecklenburg, general-admiral, dies at 50
  • 1655 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
  • 1713 Frederik I, King of Prussia (1701-13), dies at 55
  • 1715 Pu Songling, Chinese writer (b. 1640)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1723 Christopher Wren, England, astronomer/architect, dies at 90

Architect Christopher Wren
Architect
Christopher Wren
  • 1798 Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, Duc de Nivernais, French diplomat and writer (b. 1716)
  • 1805 Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)
  • 1826 Piotr A von der Pahlen, military governor of St Petersburg, dies at 60
  • 1850 Daoguang, Emperor of China (b. 1782)
  • 1860 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman, educator, and lexicographer (b. 1790)
  • 1865 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
  • 1899 Paul Julius von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news agency, dies at 82
  • 1912 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1852)
  • 1914 John Tenniel, British illustrator (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 93
  • 1915 George Mimot, physician (Nobel-1934), dies
  • 1920 Aloys, Liechtenstein nobleman/politician, dies at 73
  • 1922 Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer, guillotined at 52
  • 1945 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • 1947 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist, dies at 82
  • 1950 George Minot, American physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
  • 1957 Mark Aldanov, [Mark A Landau], Russian/French chemist, dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Bugs Moran, American gangster, dies of lung cancer in prison at 65

Gangster Bugs Moran
Gangster
Bugs Moran
  • 1960 Everhardus J van Romondt, Dutch Antillean minister, dies at 51
  • 1962 Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist, dies at 81
  • 1964 Alexander Archipenko, sculptor, dies
  • 1964 Grace Metalious, American writer (b. 1924)
  • 1968 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47), dies at 96
  • 1969 Jan Zajic, Czech student, self incinerates
  • 1970 Mark Rothko, abstract expressionist (Green on Blue), dies at 66
  • 1971 Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1884)
  • 1975 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, dies in Chicago at 77
  • 1978 Daniel "Chappie" James Jr, retired Air Force general, dies at 58
  • 1983 John Cowles Sr, US publisher, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1983 Tennessee Williams, US playwright and writer (Streetcar Named Desire), dies at 71

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1992 Ollie O'Toole, dies after long illness at 79
  • 1993 Jean G H "Sjeng" Tans, Dutch PM (social dem, 1965-69), dies
  • 1994 Baruch Goldstein, physician/murderer (53 in mosque), lynched at 42
  • 1994 Yann Piat, French MP (FN/PR), murdered at 44
  • 1995 Jack Clayton, British director (Great Gatsby), dies at 73
  • 1995 Oh Jin Woo, Korean minister of defense, dies
  • 1996 Marion Farouk Political scientist-Sluglett, dies at 59
  • 1996 Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist, dies at 94
  • 1997 Andrei Donatovich Sinyavsky, writer/critic, dies at 71
  • 1998 Luigi Veronesi, Italian abstract artist (Campo Grafico), dies at 90
  • 1998 Umberto Mastroianni, Italian sculptor, dies at 87
  • 1999 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2003 Tom O'Higgins, Irish Chief Justice (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Donald Hings, Canadian inventor (b. 1907)
  • 2005 Peter Benenson, English founder of Amnesty International (b. 1921)
  • 2007 William R. Anderson, CO USS Nautilus submarine, US Congressman (b. 1921)
  • 2008 Hans Raj Khanna, Judge of the Supreme Court of India (b. 1912)
  • 2009 Ivan Cameron, son of David Cameron UK politician
  • 2009 Philip José Farmer, American science fiction writer (Riverworld) dies aged 91
  • 2010 İhsan Doğramacı, Turkish academic and the founder of YÖK (d. 1915)
  • 2012 Lynn Compton, American jurist and commissioned officer, dies from heart attack at 90
  • 2013 Charles Koop, American pediatric surgeon and health administrator, dies at 96