On This Day in History for February 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • 747 BC Epoch (origin) of Ptolemy's Nabonassar Era.
  • 364 Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
  • 1266 Battle of Benevento fought in Southern Italy between Manfred of Sicily and army of Charles of Anjou
  • 1534 Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht
  • 1590 Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1732 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, St Joseph's, Philadelphia
  • 1773 Construction authorized for Walnut St jail (Philadelphia) (1st solitary)
  • 1794 Christiansborg Castle, Copenhagen burns down.
  • 1797 Bank of England issues first £1 note
  • 1804 Vice-admiral William Bligh (of Bounty fame) ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1832 Polish constitution abolished/replaced by Tsar Nicholas I
  • 1834 1st US interstate crime compact (NY-NJ) ratified
  • 1848 2nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 1852 British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive
  • 1859 Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins
  • 1862 Battle of Woodburn, KY
  • 1863 Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • 1866 New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • 1869 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
  • 1870 Beach Pneumatic Transit - 1st attempt to demonstrate a subway in New York opens (pneumatic powered)
  • 1881 -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
  • 1881 SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
  • 1884 British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • 1885 Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain
  • 1891 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
  • 1891 Henrik Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo
  • 1893 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
  • 1893 Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • 1895 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 British General Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1907 Royal Oil & Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)
  • 1907 US Congress raised their own salaries to $7,500
  • 1907 Louis Botha Het Volk Party wins a majority in the election in Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1909 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Gandhi supports the African People's Organisations resolution to declare the Prince of Wales day of arrival in South Africa a day of mourning, in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloureds and Africans

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1912 Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
  • 1914 New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
  • 1914 HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
  • 1915 Malancourt, Argonnen 1st (German) flame-thrower
  • 1916 Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
  • 1916 Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Russian February Revolution: Tsar Nicolas II orders army to quell civil unrest in Petrograd - army mutinies [NS Mar 11]

  • 1917 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
  • 1919 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • 1919 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • 1921 The USSR signs treaties respecting the integrity of Persia and of Afghanistan
  • 1923 Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Trial against Hitler in Munich begins

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1925 Jihad against Turkish government
  • 1926 Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 US President Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1930 1st red & green traffic lights installed (Manhattan NYC)
  • 1933 Golden Gate Bridge groundbreaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935 RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1936 Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
  • 1936 Military coup in Japan
  • 1937 Christopher Isherwood and W. H. Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • 1938 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
  • 1938 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • 1938 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1940 US Air Defense Command forms at Mitchel Field, LI, NY
  • 1941 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
  • 1941 Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California)
  • 1941 Utrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
  • 1941 Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
  • 1942 German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
  • 1942 Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
  • 1942 Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
  • 1943 German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
  • 1944 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • 1945 Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
  • 1946 2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia Tenn
  • 1949 USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
  • 1950 Leonard Bernstein's "Age of Anxiety" premieres in NYC
  • 1951 Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia
  • 1952 Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 PM Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1953 Allen Dulles promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA
  • 1954 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Mass
  • 1954 Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock & roll) records
  • 1955 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Writers and poets Sylvia Plath & Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
Poet Ted Hughes
Poet
Ted Hughes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1960 Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1961 3rd Daytona 500: Marvin Panch wins (149.601 MPH)
  • 1962 Arthur Kopit's "Oh, Dad, Poor Dad . . ." premieres in NYC
  • 1962 US Supreme court disallows race separation on public transportation
  • 1965 Dutch government of Marijnen falls
  • 1965 West Germany ceases military aid to Tanzania
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in St Paul, to become NWA champ
  • 1968 Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
  • 1971 Secretary-General U Thant signs United Nations proclamation of the vernal equinox as Earth Day.
  • 1971 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are shot and killed by the Irish Republican Army while on a mobile patrol in the Ardoyne area of Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1972 Slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek West Virginia, kills 125
  • 1973 Triple Crown horse Secretariat bought for a record $5.7m

Birthdays in History

  • 1361 Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)
  • 1671 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
  • 1672 Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)
  • 1714 James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1720 Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
  • 1746 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • 1799 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1802 Victor Hugo, French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), born in Besançon, France (d. 1885)

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo
  • 1808 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d. 1871)
  • 1814 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • 1824 Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1829 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer, born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1832 John George Nicolay, US, author (Abe Lincoln's biographer)
  • 1835 Richard Andree, German geography/etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • 1837 Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice
  • 1841 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
  • 1842 Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
  • 1845 Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
  • 1846 William "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Wild West hunter and showman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in Davenport Iowa (d. 1917)
  • 1852 John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1857 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
  • 1858 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1930)

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • 1867 Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)
  • 1869 Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • 1873 Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist
  • 1876 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • 1876 Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
  • 1877 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
  • 1880 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist, treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), born in Adelaide (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • 1882 Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • 1883 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
  • 1884 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • 1885 Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • 1887 Benegal Narsing Rau, India, President of UN Security Council (1950)
  • 1887 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • 1893 Ivor A "I A" Richards, English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning) [NS]
  • 1896 Andrei A Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
  • 1898 Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
  • 1899 Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
  • 1902 Vercors, [Jean Bruller], French writer (Le Silence de la Mer)
  • 1903 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, born in Athens (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
  • 1908 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Phyllis Fanny Primrose-Pechey Cradock, TV Chef
  • 1909 King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  • 1911 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman
  • 1911 Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
  • 1913 George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
  • 1913 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • 1915 Elisabeth Eybers, South Afr/Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses)
  • 1915 Pran Nath Chhuttani, Indian physician and teacher, born in Leiah, Pakistan (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Robert Taft Jr, (Sen-R-Oh)
  • 1918 Otis R Bowen, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1985-89)
  • 1918 Theodore Sturgeon, American sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1920 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89)
  • 1925 Frank Henry Copplestone, TV executive
  • 1926 Konstantin P Feoktistov, Voronezh, cosmonaut (Voskhod 1)
  • 1927 Tom Kennedy, quiz host (You Don't Say, Name That Tune), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1928 Anatoli Vassilyevich Filipchenko, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 16)
  • 1928 Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, Prime Minister of Israel (2001-2006), born at Kfar Malal (d. 2014)
  • 1933 James Goldsmith, corporate raider (Referendum Party), born in Paris, France
  • 1934 Robert Novak, American political columnist
  • 1936 Eduard Ivanovich Buinovski, cosmonaut
  • 1938 Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (d. 1957)
  • 1942 Adriaan van Dis, author/TV-host (Nathan Sid, In Africa)
  • 1942 Joop van den Ende, director (Alsmeer Studio)
  • 1943 Bob van Reeth, Flemish architect
  • 1943 Dante Ferretti, Italian art director and costume designer
  • 1946 Phyllis Eisenstein, American sci-fi author (Sorcerer's Son, Born to Exile)
  • 1946 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist, Nobel laureate (1999), born in Damanhur, Egypt (d. 2016)
  • 1947 Sandie Shaw [Sandra Goodrich], Dagenham, Essex, English rocker (Girl Don't Come)
  • 1949 Elizabeth George, American novelist
  • 1954 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey
  • 1957 David Muldrow Beasley, American politician
  • 1958 Susan J Helms, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 54, 64, 78), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1958 Karen Berger, American comic book editor
  • 1958 Michel Houellebecq, French novelist
  • 1958 Tim Kaine, US Senator (D-Vir) and 2016 Democratic nominee for Vice President, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1968 Tim Commerford, American bass player (Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1978 John Tartaglia, Broadway performer and "Muppeteer"
  • 1981 Johnathan Wendel, American professional video gamer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1924 Astronomer Edwin Hubble (34) weds Grace Burke in Pasadena, California

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble

HeartWedding of Interest

1934 Theoretical physicist Edward Teller (25) weds Augusta Maria Harkanyi

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1984 Pak Awang (84) marries 80th spouse

Deaths in History

  • 1076 Godfrey IV "the Hunchback", Duke of Lower Lorraine murdered (or Feb 27)
  • 1154 Rogier II Guiscard, King of Sicily (1101-54), dies at 60
  • 1200 Symeon, former Serbian ruler and saint
  • 1266 Manfred, bastard son of Emperor Frederik II/king of Sicily, dies at the Battle of Benevento
  • 1324 Dino Compagni, Italian silk seller/poet/chronicler, dies
  • 1360 Roger Mortimer, 2nd Earl of March, English military leader (b. 1328)
  • 1538 Worp van Thabor, Frisian abbott of Thabor (Chronicon Frisiae), dies
  • 1561 Jorge de Montemayor, Spanish writer
  • 1577 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), dies of lethal arsenic poisoning at 43
  • 1608 John Still, English bishop
  • 1686 Godefroi L Comte d'Estrades, French diplomat/marshal, dies at about 78
  • 1723 Thomas d'Urfey, English writer (b. 1653)
  • 1726 Maximilian II M Emanuel, elect of Bavaria/governor of Netherlands, dies
  • 1802 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral (b. 1718)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1813 Robert R. Livingston, US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66

American Founding Father Robert R. Livingston
American Founding Father
Robert R. Livingston
  • 1815 Prince Josias of Coburg, Austrian general (b. 1737)
  • 1821 Joseph de Maistre, Savoyard diplomat and writer (b. 1753)
  • 1864 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (b. 1807)
  • 1870 Wyatt Outlaw, African American leader of Union League in NC, lynched
  • 1871 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
  • 1883 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)
  • 1901 Chi-hsui, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1901 Hsu Cheng-yu, during Boxer Rebellion in China, beheaded
  • 1903 Richard J Gatling, US inventor (Gatling Gun), dies at 84
  • 1920 Ludwig Rubiner, writer, dies at 38
  • 1921 Carl Menger, Austrian economist, dies at 81
  • 1926 Frederik Pijper, Dut vicar/church historian (Monasteries), dies at 67
  • 1930 Raffaele Merry del Val, Spanish Cardinal, dies at 64
  • 1931 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • 1933 Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1853)
  • 1941 Jan Keizer, Zaanse February striker, shot to death
  • 1943 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (b. 1892)
  • 1947 Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss politician, member of the Federal Council (b. 1868)
  • 1954 William R Inge, English theologist/philosopher, dies at 93
  • 1956 Herman Courtens, Belgian baron/painter, dies at 72
  • 1960 Aleksandar Belic, Swedish linguist, dies at 83
  • 1961 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (Problem of the Plastic), dies at 83
  • 1961 Mohammed V, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51
  • 1963 Artturi A Leinonen, Fin journalist/politician (Prophet), dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 Jimmie Lee Jackson, civil rights activist, dies from gunshot wounds at 26

Civil Rights Activist Jimmie Lee Jackson
Civil Rights Activist
Jimmie Lee Jackson
  • 1966 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian freedom fighter and writer (b. 1883)
  • 1969 Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/philosopher, dies at 86
  • 1969 Levi Eshkol, [Sjkolnik], Israeli Prime Minister (1963-69), dies in office of a heart attack at 73
  • 1972 Tom Manders, Dutch cabaret artist (Dorus), dies at 50
  • 1981 FC Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], lawyer/writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
  • 1981 Munabi, assistant to Uganda president Obote, murdered
  • 1981 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (b. 1914)
  • 1990 Maurine Stuart, Zen teacher (head of Cambridge Buddhist Association), dies
  • 1992 S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-California), dies of a stroke at 85
  • 1993 Fletcher Knebel, author (7 Days in May), commits suicide at 81
  • 1993 Mark Kolthoff, Dutch painter/photographer, dies at 92
  • 1994 Avery Fisher, US audio manufacturer (1st hi-fi), dies at 87
  • 1994 Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austrian social philosopher, dies at 84
  • 1996 Audrey Angers, charity pioneer
  • 1996 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist, dies at 76
  • 1997 Giuseppe 'Nuccio' Bertone, car Designer, dies at 82
  • 2000 George L. Street III American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor recipient.(b. 1913)
  • 2001 Arturo Uslar Pietri, Venezuelan writer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 Shankarrao Chavan, Indian politician (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Adolf Ehrnrooth, Finnish general (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1956)
  • 2005 Jef Raskin, American computer scientist (b. 1943)
  • 2008 Dick Fletcher, Meteorologist (b.1942)
  • 2008 Glory Mukwati, Zimbabwean politician
  • 2010 Nujabes, Japanese Hip Hop producer and inspiration to many around the world.
  • 2011 Arnošt Lustig, Czech writer (b. 1926)
  • 2011 James A. McClure, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 2015 Avijit Roy, Bangladeshi American activist and blogger, killed by assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 2017 Joseph Wapner, American judge (People's Court), dies at 97
  • 2017 Gerald Kaufman, British Labour MP, dies at 86