On This Day in History for February 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 162

  • 837 15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1526 Saxony & Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
  • 1531 Evangelical German monarchy/towns form Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1557 1st Russian Embassy arrives in London
  • 1594 Henri IV crowned king of France
  • 1626 Yuan Chonghuan is appointed Governor of Liaodong, after he led the Chinese into a great victory against the Manchurians under Nurhaci.
  • 1665 Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-adm De Ruyter beats English
  • 1667 Abraham Crijnssen conquers Fort Willoughby (Zeelandia), Suriname
  • 1670 Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I
  • 1678 Earl of Shaftesbury freed from the Tower of London
  • 1696 English/Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Association
  • 1700 Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
  • 1713 French troops bomb Willemstad Curacao
  • 1801 Washington, D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • 1803 Great fire in Bombay, India
  • 1813 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • 1813 USnCongress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Dutch regain Suriname from the French after the defeat of Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1827 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
  • 1844 Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
  • 1861 US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
  • 1864 6th & last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 1864 Near Andersonville, GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • 1865 Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
  • 1869 John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in the US Congress
  • 1871 Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • 1872 Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University
  • 1873 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1877 US Electoral College declares Rutherford B. Hayes winner of the presidential election

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1879 Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
  • 1881 Battle at Amajuba: South African Boers vs British army under Gen Colley
  • 1883 Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • 1890 D Needham & P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m), SF; match is draw
  • 1900 Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
  • 1900 Boer General Cronjé surrenders to British in Pardenberg, South Africa
  • 1900 In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
  • 1901 NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
  • 1901 A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • 1906 France & Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Psychiatrists Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud meet for the first time in Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Psychiatrist
Carl Jung
  • 1908 Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
  • 1908 Star #46 was added to US flag for Oklahoma
  • 1912 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
  • 1919 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
  • 1919 American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (NYC)
  • 1921 US Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard; US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • 1921 The International Working Union of Socialist Parties is founded in Vienna
  • 1921 The Fascists incite a riot in Florence, Italy

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1922 US Commerce Sec Herbert Hoover convenes 1st National Radio Conference

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1922 G B Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh I/II" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 US Supreme Court unanimously upheld 19th amendment to the US Constuituent - women's right to vote
  • 1924 Belgium's Theunis government falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Hitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1929 Turkey signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency
  • 1932 Explosion in coal mine Boissevain, Virginia, USA (38 dead)
  • 1933 The Reichstag, German parliament building, destroyed by fire; it was set by the Nazis, who blamed it on Communists
  • 1933 Jean Genet's "Intermezzo" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Britain & France recognize Franco government in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1939 Belgian government of Pierlot falls
  • 1939 Borley Rectory, "the most haunted house in England", destroyed in a fire
  • 1939 France recognizes Franco's regime in Spain
  • 1939 Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes
  • 1940 Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben discover carbon-14
  • 1942 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Battle of Java Sea began: 13 US warships sunk-2 Japanese
  • 1942 J S Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
  • 1943 The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men.
  • 1943 The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • 1945 Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • 1946 4th "Road" film "Road to Utopia" premieres (NYC)
  • 1947 Paul-Emile Victor French polar expeditions organized
  • 1949 Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st President of Israel

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1950 General Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1951 22nd amendment ratified, limiting US Presidents to 2 terms
  • 1956 Female suffrage in Egypt
  • 1957 Mao's famous speech to the Supreme State Conference "On Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People" expounding Maoist ideals
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 Oil pipe line from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens
  • 1961 The first congress of the Spanish Trade Union Organisation is inaugurated.
  • 1962 South-Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem's palace bombed, 1st US killed
  • 1964 The government of Italy asks for help to keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa from toppling over.
  • 1965 Dutch Marijnen government resigns
  • 1965 France performs Underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
  • 1966 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Belousova & Protopopov of URS
  • 1966 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Peggy Fleming of US
  • 1966 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Emmerich Danzer AUT
  • 1966 8th Daytona 500: Richard Petty wins (160.927 MPH)
  • 1967 Antigua & St Christopher-Nevis become associated states of UK
  • 1967 Dominica gains independence from England
  • 1967 Rio de la Plata Treaty
  • 1969 Gen Hafez al-Assad becomes head of Syria via military coup
  • 1969 President Nixon visits West Berlin
  • 1970 NY Times (falsely) reports US army has ended domestic surveillance
  • 1971 Doctors in the first Dutch abortion clinic (the Mildredhuis in Arnhem) start to perform aborti provocati.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon & Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai issued Shanghai Communique

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1973 American Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee in South Dakota
  • 1973 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution motu proprio Quo aptius

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

272 Constantine I, Naissus, Roman emperor (306-337) (adopted Christianity)

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1539 Franciscus Raphelengius, Dutch book publisher
  • 1622 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter
  • 1691 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
  • 1711 Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (d. 1769)
  • 1779 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)
  • 1784 Elias Annes Borger, Dutch theologist/poet (To the Rhine)
  • 1792 Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
  • 1802 William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck, Lord George Bentinck
  • 1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Portland Maine, poet (Hiawatha)
  • 1823 Ferdinand Van Derveer, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1823 William Buel Franklin, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • 1827 Richard W Johnson, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1831 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • 1832 Alfred Pollard Edward, Civil War journalist, (d. 1872)
  • 1835 Charles Cartuyvels, Belgian pulprit orator
  • 1835 Richard Garnett, English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
  • 1841 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • 1850 Henry Edwards Huntington, US, railroad exec
  • 1861 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
  • 1867 Irving Fisher, US economist (compensating dollar)
  • 1869 Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • 1878 Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician
  • 1881 Sveinn Bjornsson, 1st president of Iceland (1944-52)/poet (Figur ild)
  • 1886 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • 1887 James D Innes, English painter
  • 1888 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
  • 1891 David Sarnoff, US, radio/TV pioneer/CEO (RCA)
  • 1891 Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
  • 1893 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • 1897 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • 1897 G Paul H Schuitema, graphic designer/photographer (System-O-Color)
  • 1899 Charles Herbert Best, Washington County, Maine, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)
  • 1901 Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 John Steinbeck, Salinas California, author (Grapes of Wrath-Nobel 1962)

  • 1904 James Thomas Farrell, US, author (Studs Lonigan trilogy)
  • 1904 Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Charles de Keukeleire, Belgian director (Evil Eye)
  • 1906 H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)
  • 1910 Peter De Vries, author (Reuben Reuben, Prick of Noon), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1910 Clarence "Kelly" Johnson, American aircraft engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; d. 1990)
  • 1912 Kusumagraj, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
  • 1913 Irwin Shaw, US, novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • 1913 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)
  • 1915 Arthur Gilson, Belgian attorney/minister of Defense (1958-..)
  • 1917 John Connally, (Gov-D/R-Texas), shot in Kennedy motorcade
  • 1920 David Vere Bendall, former diplomat
  • 1922 Mervyn Jones, author (Nobody's Fault, 5 Hungarian Writers)
  • 1922 Hans Rookmaaker, Dutch professor and art historian (d. 1977)
  • 1924 M M Shearer, former Lord Lieutenant of Shetland
  • 1925 Hugh Leggatt, art dealer
  • 1925 Michael Kaye, director (City of London Festival)
  • 1925 Richard AFM Auwerda, Dutch journalist/writer
  • 1925 Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Peter Emery, British MP
  • 1926 David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lord Belhaven & Stenton
  • 1927 Michael Butler, Pro-Provost/chairman (Royal College of Art)
  • 1928 Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister of Israel, (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist
  • 1930 Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Andrew Sloan, Chief Constable (Strathcourt)
  • 1932 Dolf Zwerver, Dutch painter
  • 1932 Lord Young of Graffham, CEO (Cables & Wireless)
  • 1933 6th marquess of Bute, Scottish large landowner/bibliophile
  • 1933 Edward Lucie-Smith, British poet and poetry critic, born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1933 Geoffrey Maitland Smith, CEO (Sears)
  • 1933 Malcolm Wallop, (Sen-R-WY, 1977- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Ralph Nader, Winsted Connecticut, American consumer advocate (Unsafe at Any Speed)

Political Activist Ralph Nader
Political Activist
Ralph Nader
  • 1934 [Navarre] Scott Momaday, US author (House Made of Dawn, Pulitzer 1969)
  • 1934 Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer (d. 1992)
  • 1936 Ron Barassi, Australian rules footballer
  • 1937 Barbara Babcock, actress (Dr Quinn, Dallas, Hill St Blues), born in Pasadena, California
  • 1937 Donald MacKay, CEO (Scottish Enterprise)
  • 1939 Antoinette Sibley, ballerina (Turning Point)
  • 1939 Kenzo Takada, Japanese director (Dream After Dream)
  • 1940 Barbara Kelly, CEO (Scottish Consumer Council)
  • 1941 Paddy Ashton, New Delhi India, British MP (Soc/Lib Democrat)
  • 1941 Andrew "Sandy" Wilson, Royal Air Force officer (1962–1995)
  • 1942 Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Due West SC, news reporter (McNeil-Lehrer)
  • 1942 Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1944 Roger Scruton, Buslingthorpe, British philosopher
  • 1950 Franco Moschino, fashion Designer
  • 1950 Julia Neuberger, British Rabbi
  • 1951 Lee Atwater, Republican National Committee Chairman (1989-91)
  • 1957 Danny Antonucci, Canadian animator
  • 1958 Nancy Spungen, American murder victim of Sid Vicious (d. 1978)
  • 1963 Pär Nuder, Swedish politician
  • 1967 Jonathan Ive, English Designer at Apple Inc. (designed the imac, ipod, iphone), born in Chingford, London
  • 1969 Victoria Fair, Jackson Michigan, Miss Michigan-America (1991)
  • 1970 Michael A. Burstein, American writer
  • 1970 Matthias Lechner, German art director
  • 1971 Derren Brown, British psychological illusionist
  • 1975 Shelby Walker, American mixed martial artist (d. 2006)
  • 1980 Chelsea Clinton, daughter of President Clinton and Hillary Clinton
  • 1991 Azeem Rafiq, Yorkshire CCC & English U15 captain
  • 1994 Hou Yifan, Chinese chess player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1951 Activist W.E.B. Du Bois (83) weds award-winning author Shirley Graham (54) in Queens, New York

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 2016 "The Voice" winner RaeLynn Woodward weds Josh Davis in Nashville

Deaths in History

  • 1167 Robert of Melun, English philosopher/bishop of Hereford, dies
  • 1656 Johan van Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer/writer/interpreter, dies
  • 1659 Henry Dunster, first President of Harvard College (b. 1609)
  • 1699 Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, English politician (b. c. 1625)
  • 1706 John Evelyn, diarist, dies
  • 1720 Samuel Parris, English-born Puritan minister (b. 1653)
  • 1735 John Arbuthnot, physician/mathematician, dies
  • 1779 Jan Nepveu, Dutch gov-gen of Suriname (1769-79), dies at 59
  • 1844 Nicholas Biddle, US lawyer/diplomat/statesman/financier, dies at 85
  • 1862 Gabriele dell' Addolorata, patron of Italian Catholic youth, dies at 23
  • 1881 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Louis Vuitton, French luggage maker (b. 1821)

Luggage Maker Louis Vuitton
Luggage Maker
Louis Vuitton
  • 1906 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71
  • 1913 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • 1920 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romanian historian, dies at 72
  • 1932 William Southam, Canadian newspaper publisher (b. 1843)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist (reflexes, Nobel 1904), dies at 86

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • 1936 Joshua W. Alexander, U.S. Secretary of Commerce under Woodrow Wilson (b. 1852)
  • 1939 Nadezjda K Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin, dies at 70
  • 1940 Peter Behrens, German architect, dies
  • 1941 William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (b. 1895)
  • 1942 Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52
  • 1943 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet, twice nominated for the Nobel prize (b. 1859)
  • 1945 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • 1950 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), dies at 58
  • 1951 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, dies at 91
  • 1952 Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator 1926, dies at 74
  • 1958 Harry Cohn, CEO (Columbia Pictures), dies of a heart attack
  • 1960 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer, dies at 58
  • 1964 Orry-Kelly, Australian costume designer (b. 1897)
  • 1968 Johannes Tralow, writer, dies at 85
  • 1969 Marius Barbeau, French Canadian folklorist (b. 1883)
  • 1970 Robert Bruce Lockhart, diplomat/writer, dies
  • 1970 Marie Dionne, one of the French Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
  • 1977 John Dickson Carr, American author (b. 1905)
  • 1981 Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (b. 1920)
  • 1985 Henry Cabot Lodge, (Sen-R)/diplomat, dies at 82
  • 1989 Conrad Lorenz, Austria zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies
  • 1989 Konrad Lorenz, Austria zoologist (Nobel 1973), dies at 85
  • 1989 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1990 Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (b. 1903)
  • 1991 H J of Royen, manager Dutch (Concertgebouw Orch), dies at 52
  • 1991 Robert-Jan Akkerman, Dutch diplomat (to Tunis), murdered
  • 1992 Marinus Ruppert, Dutch trade union leader (CNV), dies at 80
  • 1992 S I Hayakawa, (Sen-California, 1977-83), dies at 85
  • 1994 Harold Acton, English/Italian historian/art collector, dies at 84
  • 1994 Karl I Pelgrom, Dutch sculptor, dies at 66
  • 1994 Laurence "Bill" Craigie, jet pioneer, dies at 92
  • 1994 Leopold "Hans" Kohr, Austria social philosopher/economist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Bernard Cornfield, financier, dies at 67
  • 1995 Philip Sherrington, opus Dei Priest, dies at 51
  • 1996 George Ian Murray, 10th Duke of Atholl, dies at 64
  • 1996 Sylvia Williams, museum director/curator, dies at 60
  • 2004 Paul Sweezy, American economist and editor (b. 1910)
  • 2004 Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historians (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Otis Chandler, American newspaper publisher (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Robert Lee Scott, Jr., U.S. General, Flying Tiger, and author (b. 1908)
  • 2007 Bernd von Freytag-Loringhoven, German soldier (b. 1914)
  • 2008 William F. Buckley, Jr., American conservative author and commentator (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Boyd Coddington, American automobile designer (b. 1944)
  • 2011 Frank Buckles, last surviving American World War I veteran (b. 1901)
  • 2012 Tina Strobos, Dutch physician and resistor to Nazi occupation, dies from cancer at 91
  • 2013 Stephane Hessel, German-born French diplomat, dies at 95
  • 2015 Malcolm Boyd, American Episcopal Priest, author and civil rights activist, dies at 91
  • 2015 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, dies at 55, shot four times in Moscow