On This Day in History for February 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 155

  • 202 BC Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty's rule over China
  • 364 Valentinian I becomes Roman Emperor.
  • 870 8th Ecumenical council ends in Constantinople
  • 1570 Anti-Portuguese uprising on Ternate, Moluccas
  • 1638 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1646 Roger Scott was tried in Mass for sleeping in church
  • 1653 -Mar 3] 3 Day Sea battle English beats Dutch
  • 1667 English colony Suriname in Dutch hands
  • 1700 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar.
  • 1704 Frenchman Elias Neau opens a school for blacks in NYC
  • 1704 Indians attack Deerfield, Mass, kill 40, kidnap 100
  • 1708 Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island NY, 11 die
  • 1710 In the Battle of Helsingborg, 14,000 Danish invaders under Jørgen Rantzau are decisively defeated by an equally sized Swedish force under Magnus Stenbock.
  • 1730 Tsarina Anna Ivanovna leads autocracy
  • 1749 1st edition of Henry Fieldings' "Tom Jones" published
  • 1759 Pope Clement XIII allows Bible to be translated into various languages
  • 1778 Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 John Wesley charters Methodist Church

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • 1787 The charter establishing the institution now known as the University of Pittsburgh is granted.
  • 1794 US Senate voids Pennsylvania's election of Abraham Gallatin
  • 1810 1st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • 1826 M Biela, an Austrian officer, discovers Biela's Comet
  • 1827 1st commercial railroad in US, Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) chartered
  • 1828 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Treuer Diener" premieres in Vienna
  • 1835 Dr Elias L"nnrot publishes Finnish poem "Kalevala"
  • 1838 Robert Nelson, leader of the Patriotes, proclaims the independence of Lower Canada (today Québec)
  • 1844 12-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes, killing Secretary of State Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy Thomas Gilmer, and other high-ranking U.S. federal officials
  • 1847 US defeats Mexico in battle of Sacramento
  • 1849 1st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • 1850 The University of Utah opens in Salt Lake City, Utah.
  • 1854 Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
  • 1859 Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 1861 Territories of Nevada & Colorado created
  • 1863 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1864 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
  • 1864 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
  • 1870 The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1871 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • 1878 US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 1879 "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation
  • 1882 1st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard U
  • 1883 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • 1888 Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • 1888 Vincent d'Indy's Wallenstein-trilogy, premieres
  • 1891 Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • 1893 Edward Acheson, Penn, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum"
  • 1896 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar
  • 1900 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
  • 1908 Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Tehran
  • 1909 1st National Woman's Day is observed in the United States. Organized by the Socialist Party of America in honor of the 1908 garment workers' strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
  • 1913 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
  • 1914 Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (SF)
  • 1915 WWI: After the French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region, they gain a few hundred yards - at the cost of 50,000 casualties
  • 1917 AP reports Mexico & Japan will allie with Germany if US enters WW I
  • 1920 Maurice Ravel's "Le tombeau de Couperin" premieres
  • 1922 Egypt regains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
  • 1922 KHQ-AM in Spokane WA begins radio transmissions
  • 1923 Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
  • 1924 US begins intervention in Honduras
  • 1925 Congress authorizes a special handling stamp
  • 1925 Theater Museum of Amsterdam forms
  • 1931 British politician Oswald Mosley founds the New Party
  • 1933 1st female in US Cabinet: Frances Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German President Paul von Hindenburg abolishes free expression of opinion

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Adolf Hitler bans German Communist Party (KPD)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • 1935 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon polymer
  • 1935 Ladby Ship is discovered within a Viking grave on the island of Funen in Denmark by amateur archaeologist Poul Helweg Mikkelsen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Great Britain recognizes Franco regime in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1939 The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik is published.
  • 1939 The erroneous word "Dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
  • 1940 Richard Wright's "Native Son" published
  • 1940 US population at 131,669,275 (12,865,518 blacks (9.8%))
  • 1941 British-Italian dogfight above Albania
  • 1942 1st weapon drop on Netherlands
  • 1942 Japanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
  • 1942 Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit
  • 1944 Arrests of the ten-Boom family in Nazi occupied Netherlands (Haarlem) through a Dutch collaborator on charges of hiding Jews
  • 1947 Anti Kuomintang demonstration on Taiwan
  • 1947 228 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the loss of 30,000 civilian lives.
  • 1951 French government of Pleven dissolves
  • 1951 Senate committee reports of at least 2 major US crime syndicates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1953 Stalin meets with Beria, Bulganin, Khrushchev & Malenkov

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 13 die in a train crash in Swampscott Mass
  • 1956 American engineer Wright Forrester issued a patent for computer core memory
  • 1959 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of CAN
  • 1959 Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss USA
  • 1959 Launch of Discoverer 1 (WTR)-1st polar orbit
  • 1959 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colo Spr won by David Jenkins USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 WMGM-AM in New York City changes call letters to WHN
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Hauraki, off NZ, returns to the air
  • 1969 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Spr won by Rodnina & Ulanov of URS
  • 1969 Ladies Figure Skating Champion in Colo Spr won by Gabriele Seyfert GDR
  • 1969 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Colo Springs won by Tim Wood USA
  • 1969 Terence O'Neill re-elected as leader of the Unionist Parliamentary Party and thus confirmed as Northern Ireland Prime Minister
  • 1971 A British soldier dies in Derry after his vehicle had been attacked with petrol bombs (he died as a result of inhaling chemicals from fire extinguisers that were used to put out the fire)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon ends historic week-long visit to China

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Birthdays in History

  • 1155 Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)
  • 1261 Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)
  • 1409 Elisabeth II of Bohemia (d. 1442)
  • 1533 Michel de Montaigne, France, essayist/philosopher
  • 1552 Jost/Jobst Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (d. 1632)
  • 1573 Elias Hill, German architect/city builder (Augsburg)
  • 1612 John Pearson, English theologian (d. 1686)
  • 1663 Thomas Newcomen, English co-inventor (steam engine)
  • 1670 Benjamin Wadsworth, American President of Harvard University (d. 1737)
  • 1675 Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
  • 1683 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)
  • 1690 Aleksei P Romanov, Russia, son of Tsar Peter the Great
  • 1704 Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • 1712 Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, French military commander (d. 1759)
  • 1724 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (d. 1807)
  • 1750 Ignacy Potocki, Polish foreign minister
  • 1764 Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist
  • 1771 French Jozef Kinsoen, Flemish portrait painter
  • 1786 D Francois J Arago, French astronomer/physicist/politician
  • 1792 Karl Earnest Ritter von Baer, Estonian/German embryologist
  • 1797 Mary Lyon, US, educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • 1797 W Frederik K, prince of Netherlands/general/admiral (10 day campaign)
  • 1810 Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink, Dutch historian
  • 1817 James Craig, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1888)
  • 1820 John Tenniel, England, cartoonist/illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • 1822 Matthew Duncan Ector, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1823 Ernest Renan, French philosopher/historian/scholar of religion
  • 1824 Charles Blondin, French acrobat and tight rope walker, born in St. Omer (d. 1897)
  • 1824 John Creed Moore, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • 1825 Quincy Adams Gillmore, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1888)
  • 1833 Alfred von Schlieffen, Count/Prussian general-fieldmarshal
  • 1838 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • 1840 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1841 Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • 1850 Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 1851 Samuel W. McCall, 47th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1923)
  • 1858 Jacob P Vis, Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)
  • 1865 Arthur Symons, Welsh poet/critic/co-founder (Savoy)
  • 1865 Wilfred Grenfell, England, medical missionary
  • 1866 Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [OS=2/16]
  • 1878 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
  • 1882 Jose Vasconcelos, politician/essayist/philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter and author (Madrid Escenas)
  • 1886 Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • 1896 Philip Showalter Hench, physician (cortisone-Nobel), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1899 Frederick Denison Maurice Hocking, pathologist
  • 1900 Laura Z Hobson, writer
  • 1900 Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Linus Pauling, American chemist and peace activist (Nobel 1954, 1962), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 1994)

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • 1901 Rudolf W Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen)
  • 1903 Vincente Minnelli, director (An American in Paris, Gigi), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1905 Glyn Jones, Wales, novelist, poet and literary historian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Bugsy Siegel, American gangster who created casinos in Las Vegas, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1947)

Mobster Bugsy Siegel
Mobster
Bugsy Siegel
  • 1907 Milton Caniff, Hillsboro Ohio, Dutch cartoonist (Terry & Pirates)
  • 1908 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Njanji Sunji)
  • 1912 Clara Petacci, Italian mistress of Benito Mussolini (d. 1945)
  • 1915 Peter Medawar, England, zoologist, immunologist (Nobel 1953)
  • 1917 John B Connally, (Gov/Sen-D/R-Tx), took a bullet with JFK
  • 1920 Jim Olin, (Rep-D-VA, 1983- )
  • 1920 Marjorie M Sweeting, English geomorphologist
  • 1921 Pierre Clostermann, French World War II pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Robert A Roe, (Rep-D-NJ, 1969- )
  • 1926 Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Josef Stalin/author (My Life)
  • 1927 Bernard Frank, oriental scholar/writer
  • 1927 John Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)
  • 1929 Frank O Gehry, architect (Galleria-Oklahoma City)
  • 1929 John Montague, Irish poet and 1st occupant of the Ireland Chair of Poetry, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1930 Leon Cooper, US physicist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1930 Bruce Dawe, Australian poet
  • 1931 Gustav Thoni, Italy, skiier (World Cup-1971, 72, 73, 75)
  • 1931 Jack Thieuloy, French writer, born in Beaucaire (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Iajuddin Ahmed, Bikrampur, British Raj, President (Bangladesh, 2002-2009), (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Brian Moore, British commentator (Big Match)
  • 1933 Miro Steržaj, Slovenian 9-pin bowler
  • 1933 Rein Taagepera, Estonian politician
  • 1938 Martin Olav Sabo, (Rep-D-MN, 1979- )
  • 1941 Alice May Brock, American author
  • 1943 Hans Dijkstal, Dutch minister of the Interior (VVD, 1994-98)
  • 1946 Robin Cook, British politician (d. 2005)
  • 1947 Stephanie Beacham, England, (Devil's Widow, Schizo, Dallas, Colbys)
  • 1948 Willie Donnell Smith, American fashion designer (WilliWear), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • 1948 Mike Figgis, English director

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953 Paul Krugman, American economist and New York Times columnist (Nobel Prize in Economics 2008), born in Albany, New York

Economist Paul Krugman
Economist
Paul Krugman
  • 1957 Ainsley Harriott, British celebrity chef
  • 1959 Sydney P Mufamadi, South African leader (SACP)
  • 1970 Daniel Handler, American writer, better known as Lemony Snicket
  • 1971 Tristan Louis, American writer
  • 1979 Michael Bisping, English mixed martial artist
  • 2007 Princess Lalla Khadija of Morocco

Weddings in History

  • 1496 Joanna of Aragon marries King Ferdinand II
  • 1922 English princess Mary marries Viscount Lascelles at Westminster Abbey
  • 1993 Tony Curtis weds Lisa Deutsch as his 4th wife

Deaths in History

  • 642 Oswald, English missionary/saint, dies in battle
  • 1261 Hendrik, duke of Brabant (1248-61), dies
  • 1326 Duke Leopold I of Austria (b. 1290)
  • 1453 Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine (b. 1400)
  • 1485 Niclas, Graf von Abensberg, German soldier (b. 1441)
  • 1510 Juan de la Cosa, Spanish cartographer and explorer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1525 Cuauhtémoc, the last Aztec Emperor (1520 - 1521), tortured and killed by Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés

The Last Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc
The Last Aztec Emperor
Cuauhtémoc
  • 1572 Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (b. 1505)
  • 1573 Jan "Hans" Liefrinck, Flemish engraver/publisher, dies at about 54
  • 1621 Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1590)
  • 1626 Cyril Tourneur, English poet/dramatist, dies at about 51
  • 1638 Claude G Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician/poet, dies at 56
  • 1638 Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier/Huguenot leader, dies
  • 1665 Lodewijk van Nassau, Dutch governor (Bois-le-Duc), dies
  • 1742 Willem J 's-Gravesande, Dutch physicist, dies at 53
  • 1746 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian (b. 1660)
  • 1781 Richard Stockton, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1786 John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • 1788 Thomas Cushing, American Continental Congressman (b. 1725)
  • 1818 Adriaan Loosjes Pzn, Dut publisher/writer (Moral Stories), dies at 56
  • 1844 Abel P Upshur, Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1844 Thommas W Gilmer, Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 1857 André Dumont, Belgian geologist (b. 1809)
  • 1903 Girolamo/Jeromin de Rada, Albanian poet, dies at 88
  • 1905 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist, dies at 85
  • 1913 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, killed in S Georgia (South Atlantic)
  • 1916 Henry James, US/British writer (Bostonians), dies in London at 72
  • 1925 Friedrich Ebert, soc-dem president Germany, dies
  • 1929 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian artist (React of P), dies at 54
  • 1932 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (b. 1851)
  • 1935 Alexander W F Idenburg, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1909-16), dies at 73
  • 1936 Pedro Munoz Seca, La Caraba/La oca, dies at 55
  • 1936 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1866)
  • 1940 Johan C Braakensiek, Dutch political cartoonist, dies at 81
  • 1941 King Alfonso XIII of Spain (b. 1886)
  • 1951 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, dies at 50
  • 1956 Emile Buisson, French murderer executed (b. 1902)
  • 1959 Maxwell Anderson, US dramatist (Key Largo, Bath Seed), dies at 70
  • 1960 F S Flint, British translator/poet (imagist movement), dies at 74
  • 1963 Rajendra Prasad, First President of India (b. 1884)
  • 1964 Dirk HW Filarski, painter/lithographer (Bergen School), dies at 78
  • 1965 Adolf Scharf, president of Austria (1957-65), dies at 74
  • 1966 Charles A Bassett II, astronaut, dies at 34, in a crash of T-38 jet
  • 1966 Elliot McKay See Jr, astronaut, dies at 38 in T-38 jet crash
  • 1967 Henry Luce, American publisher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 Mees Toxopeus, Dutch rescue-vessel captain, dies at 89
  • 1978 Eric Frank Russell, sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space), dies at 73
  • 1979 Mr Ed, talking horse, dies
  • 1979 Paul Alverdes, German writer (b. 1897)
  • 1986 Sven Olof Palme, Swedish PM (1969-76, 82-86), assassinated at 59
  • 1986 Laura Z. Hobson, American novelist (b. 1900)
  • 1988 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanese playwright, dies at 99
  • 1989 Hermann Burger, writer, dies at 46
  • 1991 Guillermo Ungo, member of El Salvador junta (1979-80), dies
  • 1991 Wassily Hoeffding, American statistician (b. 1914)
  • 1992 Emilla Sherman, choreographer/rockette, dies
  • 1993 Fer A Olthoff, Dutch WW II resistance fighter (Het Parool), dies
  • 1993 Franco Brusati, Italian dir/writer (Bread & Chocolate), dies at 70
  • 1994 Aisin Giorro Pu Chieh, brother of Last Emperor of China, dies at 86
  • 1994 Buster Holmes, American chef and New Orleans restaurateur, dies at 88
  • 1994 George Osborne Sayles, historian, dies at 92
  • 1994 Leopoldina Poldi Feichtegger Gerhard, dies at 90
  • 1994 Pu Yi, brother of last Chinese emperor, Pu Yi, dies at 87
  • 1996 Daniel Chipenda, Angolan politician and field commander, dies at 64
  • 1998 Arkady Shevchenko, Soviet diplomat (b. 1930)
  • 1999 Christine Glanville, British Puppeteer (. 1924)
  • 2003 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, President of El Salvador (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Roger Michael Needham, British cryptographer (b. 1935)
  • 2003 Rudolf Kingslake, Lens designer, and Engineer (b. 1903)
  • 2004 Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (b. 1914)
  • 2004 Carmen Laforet, famed Spanish novelist
  • 2004 Andres Nuiamäe, Estonian soldier (b. 1982)
  • 2006 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2007 Baron Charles Forte, Italian-born hotelier (b. 1908)
  • 2007 Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian and political commentator (b.1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2009 Paul Harvey, American radio broadcaster, dies at 90

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 2011 Peter Gomes, Harvard University Chaplain (b. 1942)
  • 2013 Bruce Reynolds, English criminal, dies at 81
  • 2014 Rostislav Belyakov, Russian chief designer of the MiG fighter jet, dies at 94
  • 2015 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), dies at 91
  • 2017 Nicholas Mosley, British novelist, biographer and son of Oswald Mosley, dies at 93