On This Day in History for February 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 1377 Mass execution of population (between 2,500 and 5,000) of Cesena, Italy, by Breton troops of Giovanni Acuto under the command of Robert, Cardinal of Geneva, acting as the legate of Pope Gregory XI
  • 1451 Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1488 Bartolomeu Dias discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

Portuguese Explorer Bartolomeu Dias
Portuguese Explorer
Bartolomeu Dias
  • 1509 The Battle of Diu, between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire takes place in Diu, India.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1576 Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris

  • 1591 German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau
  • 1653 Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
  • 1660 General Monck's army reaches London
  • 1740 Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
  • 1743 Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
  • 1752 Dutch States-General forbids export of windmills
  • 1781 Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
  • 1783 Spain recognizes US independence
  • 1807 A British military force, under Brig-Gen. Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay.
  • 1809 Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 1815 World's first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
  • 1825 Dutch North Sea coast floods
  • 1830 The sovereignty of Greece was confirmed in a London Protocol.
  • 1834 Wake Forest University is established.
  • 1836 Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany NY)
  • 1844 Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain" premieres in Paris
  • 1855 Wisconsin Supreme Coutt declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 1860 Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • 1864 Sherman's march through Mississippi
  • 1865 Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
  • 1867 Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 1869 Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
  • 1870 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • 1882 Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 1887 To avoid disputed national elections, the US Congress creates Electoral Count Act
  • 1892 Russia closes down the Volozhin Yeshiva, a Lithuanian talmudical college
  • 1895 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • 1900 Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
  • 1900 Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • 1901 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
  • 1903 Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
  • 1908 Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1908 Foundation of Panathinaikos in Athens, Greece.
  • 1913 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • 1915 Turkish & German army reach Suez Canal
  • 1916 Canada's original Parliament buildings in Ottawa burn down
  • 1916 Tristan Tzara publishes the Dada manifesto in Zurich, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US liner Housatonic is sunk by German submarine, on the same day that US President Woodrow Wilson breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1918 Twin Peaks Tunnel for streetcars begins service in San Francisco, at 11,920 feet one of world's longest
  • 1919 Socialist conference convenes (Berne, Switzerland)
  • 1919 The Bolshevik army is defeated in a series of clashes with the White Russians, who are fighting to reclaims the government after the 1917 revolution
  • 1923 The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
  • 1924 Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
  • 1927 Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black reports his findings on the ancient human fossils found at Zhoukoudian, China in the journal Nature and declares them to be a new species he names 'Sinanthropus pekinensis' (now known as 'Homo erectus')

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1929 Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 William Howard Taft resigns as US chief justice for health reasons

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1930 The Communist Party of Vietnam is established.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1931 The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258
  • 1933 1st interstate legislative conference in US opens, Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
  • 1938 Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours
  • 1942 1st Japanese air raid on Java
  • 1943 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • 1944 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1945 Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
  • 1945 Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
  • 1947 -81°F (-63°C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
  • 1947 1st black reporter in US Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
  • 1948 Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
  • 1950 Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges
  • 1951 Dick Button wins US skating title for 6th time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1954 Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
  • 1956 Autherine Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
  • 1958 Royal Teens' "Short Shorts" enters Top 40 chart & peaks at #3
  • 1959 American Airlines Electra crashes in NY's East River, killing 65

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan makes his famous "wind of change" speech in Africa, against the apartheid regime, angering South African politicians

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1961 6th largest snowfall in NYC history (17.4" (44.2cm))

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1964 Black & Puerto Rican students boycott NYC public schools
  • 1965 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating in exams
  • 1965 Geraldine McCullough wins Widener Gold Medal for Sculpture
  • 1965 Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)
  • 1966 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched US
  • 1966 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)
  • 1967 Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
  • 1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill announces the dissolution of the Stormont parliament and the holding of new elections
  • 1971 A series of house searches by the British Army in Catholic areas of Belfast, resulting in serious rioting and gun battles
  • 1971 OPEC mandates "total embargo" against any company that rejects 55 percent tax rate
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 Billy Herman, Earl Averill, & Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1977 Martin Dihigo John Lloyd elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1978 Australia beat India 3-2 on 6th day of final test, after India are all out for 445 chasing 493 to win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat and US President Jimmy Carter discuss the Middle East peace process in Washington, D.C.

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1979 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • 1979 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • 1980 Mohammed Ali tours Africa as President Carter's envoy
  • 1981 Gro Harlem Brundtland is elected as the first female Prime Minister of Norway
  • 1982 Columbia Shuttle moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-3 mission
  • 1982 Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, USSR

Birthdays in History

  • 1338 Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (d. 1378)
  • 1368 Charles VI, King of France (1380-1422)
  • 1655 Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized
  • 1677 Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
  • 1690 Richard Rawlinson, English minister (d. 1755)
  • 1721 Friedrich Wilhelm von Seydlitz, Prussian general (d. 1773)
  • 1747 Samuel Osgood, American patriot (d. 1813)
  • 1763 Caroline von Wolzogen, [von Lengefeld], German author
  • 1795 Antonio José de Sucre, South American independence leader (d. 1830)
  • 1805 Otto T Freiherr von Manteuffel, premier Prussia
  • 1807 Joseph Eggleston Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • 1811 Horace Greeley, editor ("Go west, young man")
  • 1817 Samuel Ryan Curtis, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • 1817 Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, French geologist (d. 1881)
  • 1820 Elisha Kent Kane, US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Elizabeth Blackwell, English-American physician who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, born in Bristol, England (d. 1910)

  • 1823 Spencer F Baird, US biologist (Wood's Hole Station)
  • 1824 George Thomas "Tige" Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824 Nathan George "Shanks" Evans, Brig Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1868)
  • 1824 Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
  • 1826 Walter Bagehot, England, economist/sociologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1830 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), born in Hatfield, England (d. 1903)

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1831 Cyrus Ballou Comstock, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)
  • 1833 Thomas T H Jorissen, Dutch historian
  • 1845 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
  • 1851 Johannes B van Heutsz, lt-gen/gov-gen Dutch East Indies
  • 1857 Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen, Copenhagen, Danish Botanist and Geneticist who provided evidence for Hugo de Vries' mutation theory
  • 1859 Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
  • 1865 Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Will Power)
  • 1870 Ada Negri, Italian poet/author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • 1873 Ernest B Allo, French theologist
  • 1874 Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
  • 1878 Joseph Gordon Coates, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1925-28), born in Ruatuna (d. 1943)
  • 1880 Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
  • 1882 Trijntje Jansma-Boskma; oldest person in the Netherlands
  • 1883 Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • 1887 Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (Autumn of the Lonely)
  • 1887 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Tramonto del grande attore)
  • 1887 Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • 1888 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
  • 1889 Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
  • 1889 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • 1891 Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice (1926-33)
  • 1893 Gaston Julia, French mathematician (d. 1978)
  • 1894 Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)
  • 1895 Victor Raul Haya de la Torre, politician (APRA-Peru) [or Feb 22]
  • 1896 Johannes Urzidil, writer
  • 1898 Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)
  • 1898 Paul Urysohn, Russian mathematician
  • 1899 João Café Filho, Brazilian president (d. 1970)
  • 1899 Lao She, Chinese writer (d. 1966)
  • 1903 Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor
  • 1904 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal
  • 1904 Roger Makins, diplomat
  • 1905 Arne Beurling, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1907 James A. Michner, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, American author (Tales of the South Pacific, Hawaii)
  • 1909 M Vasalis [Margaretha Droogleever Fortuyn-Leenmans], poet (Phoenix)
  • 1909 Simone Weil, social philosopher/Resistance fighter (WW II), born in Paris, France
  • 1912 Jacques Soustelle, French minister of information
  • 1914 Cornelis "Kees" Andrea, Dutch painter/graphic artist/carpet designer
  • 1914 Felix Kelly, New Zealand-born British artist, born in Auckland (d. 1994)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 George Nissen, American inventor (created the trampoline), born in Blairstown, Iowa (d. 2010)

Inventor and gymnast George Nissen
Inventor and gymnast
George Nissen
  • 1915 Jann Willem Holsbergen, author (Zakenmensen Fair as Gold)
  • 1916 Vivien Signy, nurse (d. 1997)
  • 1918 Joey Bishop, [Gottlieb], talk show host (Joey Bishop Show), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1920 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • 1920 George A. Miller, Charleston, West Virginia, cognitive psychologist (the magical number seven), (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Bill Chappell Jr, (Rep-D-FL, 1969- )
  • 1925 Joop C Swart, Dutch publisher/founder (World Press Photo)
  • 1925 Leon Schlumpf, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1926 Glen Tetley, US choreographer
  • 1926 Hans-Jochen Vogel, leader of West Germany's Social Democrats (SPD)
  • 1926 J Roy Rowland, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- )
  • 1927 Joan Lowery Nixon, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1927 Blas Ople, Filipino politician (d. 2003)
  • 1930 Gillian Ayres, English painter
  • 1933 Paul S Sarbanes, (Sen-D-MD, 1977- )
  • 1938 Vladimir Grigoryevich Fartushny, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1939 Vladimir Yevgenyevich Preobrazhensky, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1939 Michael Cimino, American director (The Deer Hunter), (d. 2016) possible date only
  • 1941 Neil Bogart, American record executive (d. 1982)
  • 1944 Stephen Ross, American economist (arbitrage pricing theory), born in Boston, Massachusetts, (d. 2017)
  • 1948 Carlos Felipe Ximenes Belo, East Timor politician, Nobel Peace laureate
  • 1948 Henning Mankell, Swedish playwright and author (Wallander novels), born in Stockholm (d. 2015)
  • 1950 Michael Dickinson, British(?) reorganizer
  • 1952 Jack Fields, (Rep-R-TX, 1981- )
  • 1953 Savvas Tsitouridis, Greek politician
  • 1955 Stephen Euin Cobb, American novelist
  • 1955 Kirsty Wark, British broadcast journalist
  • 1958 Joe Frank Edwards Jr, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 89), born in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1958 N. Gregory Mankiw, American economist
  • 1965 Karlous Marx Shinohamba, Namibian politician
  • 1969 Joseph [Beau] Biden III, American politician and son of Vice President Joe Biden, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2015)
  • 1971 Sarah Kane, English playwright (d. 1999)
  • 1976 Karen Bradley, Miss Rhode Island USA (1996)
  • 1980 Sarah Lewitinn, American writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Elizabeth Holmes, American entrepreneur and CEO of Theranos (youngest self-made female billionaire - Forbes 2014), born in Washington, D.C.

Entrepreneur and CEO of Theranos Elizabeth Holmes
Entrepreneur and CEO of Theranos
Elizabeth Holmes
  • 1990 Cody Newton Gifford, son of Kathie Lee & Frank Gifford
  • 1994 Tallulah Belle Willis, 3rd daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

Weddings in History

  • 1112 Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry, uniting the fortunes of those two states.
  • 1547 Russian Tsar Ivan IV (17) marries Anastasia Romanova

HeartWedding of Interest

1910 Author James Weldon Johnson (38) weds civil rights activist Grace Nail Johnson (24) at her family's home

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 2006 "The Science Guy" Bill Nye (50) weds author/oboist Blair Tindall at Skirball Cultural Center in Los Angeles
  • 2007 Jackass prankster Bam Margera (27) weds Missy Rothstein (26) in downtown Philadelphia

Deaths in History

  • 474 Leo I, Byzantine Emperor (457-74), dies
  • 619 Laurence of Canterbury, 2nd Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 699 Saint Werburgh, Anglo Saxon Princess and patron saint of Chester, England
  • 865 Ansgar/Anscharius/Oskar, German 1st (arch)bishop of Hamburg/saint, dies
  • 1014 Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies
  • 1014 King Sweyn [Sweyn Forkbeard] I of Denmark and England (born cira 960)
  • 1116 King Coloman of Hungary (b. 1070)
  • 1399 John of Ghent, duke of Lancaster/king of Castile & Leon, dies at 58
  • 1428 Ashikaga Yoshimochi, Japanese shogun (b. 1386)
  • 1451 Murad II, sultan of Turkey (1421-51), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1468 Johannes Gutenberg, German inventor (movable printing press), dies at 70 (birth date c. 1400)

  • 1536 Garcia de Resende, Port writer/publisher (Cancioneiro Geral), dies
  • 1558 Alfonsus de Castro, Spanish theologist (council of Trente), dies
  • 1566 George Cassander, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
  • 1619 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (b. 1564)
  • 1679 Jan Havicksz Steen, Dutch painter (St Nicolas Feast), dies at 53
  • 1697 Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
  • 1737 Tommaso Ceva, Italian Mathematician (b. 1648)
  • 1803 Pedro R de Campomanes, Spanish economist/lawyer/literary, dies at 79
  • 1832 George Crabbe, English vicar/poet (Borough), dies at 77
  • 1862 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer, dies at 87
  • 1866 François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian poet and historian (b. 1809)
  • 1874 Lunalilo, Hawaiian monarch (b. 1835)
  • 1875 Everhardus J Potgieter, writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • 1876 Gino Capponi, Italian marquis/literary/premier of Toscane, dies at 83
  • 1889 Belle Starr, US female gangster, murdered at 40
  • 1890 Christophorus H D Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist, dies at 72
  • 1896 Jane Wilde, Irish poet, nationalist and mother of Oscar Wilde, dies at 74
  • 1902 Isaac Fransen van der Putten, Dutch PM (1866), dies
  • 1922 Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67
  • 1922 John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Woodrow Wilson, 28th US president (1913-21), dies at his home in Washington at 67

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1929 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist (b. 1878)
  • 1931 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • 1935 Hugo Junkers, German engineer (b. 1859)
  • 1936 Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg, consort of William of Wied, Prince of Albania (b.1885)
  • 1943 Alexander Goode, rabbi who surrended his life jacket, drowns
  • 1945 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • 1947 Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-adm (WW II-Task Force 58), dies at 60
  • 1950 Karl Seitz, president of Austria, dies at 80
  • 1956 Émile Borel, French mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1958 Henry Kuttner, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were), dies at 42
  • 1958 Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer, dies at 81
  • 1960 Johannes G Geelkerken, Dutch reformed vicar, dies at 80
  • 1961 Viscount Dunrossil, Gov-Gen of Australia (1959-61), dies at 67
  • 1962 Werner Bock, writer, dies
  • 1964 Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
  • 1969 Eduardo C Mondlane, president of Mozambique, murdered
  • 1975 William D. Coolidge, American physicist and inventor (b. 1873)
  • 1984 Ravindra Mhatre, Indian diplomat, murdered at 48 by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1985 Frank Oppenheimer, American physicist (b. 1912)
  • 1991 Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
  • 1995 John Pinsent, classical scholar, dies at 72
  • 1996 Broderick Vernon Chinnery Photographer-Haldane, dies at 83
  • 1996 Edward Adamson, art therapist/collector, dies at 84
  • 1996 Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property Developer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Tibor Reich, textile designer, dies at 79
  • 1997 Anthony Cuthbert Baines, writer/curator, dies at 84
  • 1997 Bohumil Hrabal, writer, dies at 82
  • 1997 William Geoffrey Biddle, bomb disposal expert, dies at 79
  • 1998 Karla Faye Tucker, murderer, executed at 38
  • 2000 Richard Kleindienst, American politician (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1903)
  • 2005 Ernst Mayr, German-born biologist (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Zurab Zhvania, Prime Minister of Georgia (b. 1963)
  • 2007 Ralph de Toledano, Moroccan-born American political columnist and author (b. 1916)
  • 2007 George Becker, American president of United Steelworkers (1993-2001) (b. 1928)
  • 2008 Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2009 Sheng-yen, Buddhist monk and founder of Dharma Drum Mountain. (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Regina, Crown Princess of Austria (b. 1925)
  • 2012 Christopher Samuel Youd, British science fiction writer, dies at 89
  • 2012 Norton Zinder, American biologist, dies from pneumonia at 83
  • 2013 Cardiss Collins, American Congresswoman, dies at 81
  • 2015 Sir Martin Gilbert, British historian (Winston Churchill biography), dies at 78