On This Day in History for February 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 156

  • 816 Frankish emperor Louis grants archbishop Salzburg immunity

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1428 King Alfonso V, orders Sicily's Jews to attend conversion sermons

  • 1488 Roman catholic German emperor Maximilian I caught in Belgium
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix rescues Bologna

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1556 Kings Henri I & Philip II sign Treaty of Vaucelles

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1572 Beggars assault Oisterwijk Neth, drive nuns out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1576 Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) abjures Catholicism at Tours

  • 1597 A group of early Japanese Christians are killed by the new government of Japan for being seen as a threat to Japanese society.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1631 Rhode Island, founder, Roger Williams arrives in Boston from England

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1644 1st US livestock branding law passed, by Connecticut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britian by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1663 Charlevoix Earthquake in Quebec, felt strongly in New England
  • 1679 German emperor Leopold I signs peace with France
  • 1736 Methodists John & Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1777 Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture
  • 1778 Articles of Confederation ratified by 2nd state, South Carolina
  • 1782 Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from British
  • 1783 Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
  • 1783 Sweden recognizes US independence
  • 1795 Zealand, Netherlands, surrenders to French general Michaud
  • 1817 1st US gas co incorporated, Baltimore (coal gas for street lights)
  • 1818 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
  • 1825 Hannah Lord Montague of NY creates 1st detachable shirt collar
  • 1831 Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30
  • 1846 "Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
  • 1850 Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, NY
  • 1859 Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities.
  • 1861 Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Philadelphia
  • 1861 Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress (US Civil War)
  • 1864 Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • 1865 Battle of Hatcher's Run, VA (Armstrong's Mill, Dabney's Mill)
  • 1870 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • 1879 Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow
  • 1881 Phoenix, Az incorporates
  • 1885 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 1885 King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal colonial possession
  • 1887 Snow falls on San Francisco
  • 1893 Alfred Naess skates world record 500m (49.4 sec)
  • 1894 Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
  • 1897 Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel
  • 1900 British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • 1900 The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal
  • 1901 Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
  • 1901 Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp
  • 1904 American occupation of Cuba ends
  • 1916 Enrico Caruso recorded "O Solo Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Co
  • 1917 Congress overrides Wilson's veto, curtailing Asian immigration
  • 1917 Morosco Theater opens at 217 W 45th St NYC (demolished 1982)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 The last of the American troops commanded by General John Pershing leave Mexico; President Carranza will be assassinated within the next year

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1918 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W Thompson
  • 1918 Separation of church & state begins in USSR
  • 1919 NL pres John Heydler dismisses charges that Hal Chase bet against his team & threw games in collusion with gamblers
  • 1921 Yankees purchase 20 acres in Bronx for Yankee Stadium
  • 1922 Reader's Digest magazine 1st published
  • 1923 General mine strike against wage cuts in Saar
  • 1923 Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
  • 1930 5th Aliyah to Israel begins
  • 1931 Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe passes Dutch/German boundary
  • 1936 National Wildlife Federation forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1938 Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500m (41.8 sec)
  • 1938 3rd British Empire Games open in Sydney, Australia
  • 1940 Gen Winckelman replaces Gen Reijnders as Dutch supreme commander
  • 1941 Dutch Premier De Geer returns from Lisbon to Netherlands
  • 1943 Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt
  • 1943 Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission
  • 1944 358 RAF bombers attack Stettin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1946 The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea.
  • 1947 Bolewet Beirut becomes president of Poland
  • 1953 "Peter Pan" by Walt Disney opens at Roxy Theater, NYC
  • 1953 Sweet rationing imposed in WWII ends in Britain
  • 1957 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 2nd Piano Concert
  • 1958 Clifton R Wharton confirmed as 1st US black foreign minister (Romania)
  • 1958 Gamel Abdel Nasser nominated 1st president of United Arab Republic
  • 1958 Vanguard TV-3 back-up launches into Earth orbit; reaches 6 km
  • 1959 Australia regain the Ashes with a 10 wicket victory at Adelaide
  • 1962 French President de Gaulle calls for Algeria's independence
  • 1962 Suit to bar Englewood NJ from "racial segregated" schools, filed
  • 1962 Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16 degrees
  • 1963 Maarten Schmidt discovers enormous red shifts in quasars
  • 1963 Soviet lunar probe failure
  • 1965 Beursschouwburg opens in Brussels
  • 1967 Anastasio Somoza Debayle elected President of Nicaragua
  • 1967 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Robert Penn Warren
  • 1968 Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh begins.
  • 1968 A fishing trawler from Hull sinks off the coast of Iceland
  • 1969 US population reaches 200 million
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 Apollo 14, 3rd US manned Moon expedition, lands near Fra Mauro Alan Shepard & Edward Mitchell (Apollo 14) walk on Moon for 4 hrs
  • 1972 "Another Puff" by Jerry Reed peaks at #65
  • 1972 US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggage
  • 1972 Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they were planting exploded prematurely
  • 1973 Comic strip "Hagar The Horrible" debuted
  • 1973 Funeral for LC William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam War
  • 1973 Juan Corona sentenced to 25 consecutive life terms for 25 murders
  • 1974 British miners begin their strike in reaction to the three-day week
  • 1974 Maximum speed on Autobahn reduced to 100 kph

Birthdays in History

  • 976 Sanjō, Emperor of Japan (d. 1017)
  • 1505 Aegidius Tschudi, Swiss historian (d. 1572)
  • 1519 René of Châlon, (d. 1544)
  • 1534 Giovanni de' Bardi, Italian writer (d. 1612)
  • 1589 Honorat de Brueil seigneur de Racan, French playwright/poet
  • 1589 Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
  • 1608 Gaspar Schott, German mathematician (d. 1666)
  • 1626 Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, French author (d. 1696)
  • 1703 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (d. 1764)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1723 John Witherspoon, Scottish-American president of the College of New Jersey who signed the Declaration of Independence, born in Gifford, Scotland (d. 1794)

Presbyterian Minister John Witherspoon
Presbyterian Minister
John Witherspoon
  • 1725 James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (d. 1783)
  • 1744 John Jeffries, colonial physician and meteorologist
  • 1753 Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma, Frisian regent/patriot
  • 1770 Alexandre Brongniart, mineralogist/geologist (Tertiary), born in Paris, France
  • 1775 Margaretha J de Neufville, author (Small Pligten)
  • 1784 Nancy Hanks Lincoln, mother of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1818)
  • 1788 Karoly Kisfaludy, Hungarian literary (A Tat rok Magyarorsz gon)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1788 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and founder of the modern police force (Bobbies), born in Ramsbottom, England (d. 1850)

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1795 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (d. 1871)
  • 1799 John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)
  • 1804 Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Finland, poet
  • 1808 Carl Spitzweg, German painter (d. 1885)
  • 1833 John Watkinson, founder of British Chess Magazine (oldest chess mag)
  • 1837 Dwight Lyman Moody, US, evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • 1840 Hiram Stevens Maxim, inventor (automatic single-barrel rifle)
  • 1840 John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • 1848 Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley], US female outlaw (wild west)
  • 1848 Joris-Karl Huysmans, France, writer (Against the Grain)
  • 1848 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (d. 1882)
  • 1856 Otto Brahm, German critic/founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)
  • 1866 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • 1866 Henri [Hendrik J] Hall, Dutch MP/comic (Put a Lid on it)
  • 1867 Casper A Lingbeek, vicar/Dutch MP (HSP, 1925..37)
  • 1871 Jovan Ducic, Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • 1878 André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
  • 1881 Frederick Leonard Lonsdale, British playwright (Balkan Princess)
  • 1891 Karl L Schmidt, German/Swiss theologist (Urchristentum)
  • 1892 George Saiko, Austrian writer, born in Seestadtl, Bohemia (d. 1962)
  • 1893 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica)
  • 1897 Dirk U Stikker, director (Heineken)/Dutch foreign minister/NATO
  • 1900 Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), presidential candidate (D) (1952, 1956)
  • 1903 Nathaniel Owings, architect (Oak Ridge, TN; Sears), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1907 Jan Klaasesz, Dutch governor Suriname (1949-56)
  • 1907 Norton Simon, business executive (Simon & Schuster)
  • 1907 Pierre E J Pflimlin, premier France
  • 1908 Daisy and Violet Hilton, British conjoined twins (d. 1969)
  • 1910 Martha van Och-Scholl, German/Dutch resistance fighter (WW II)
  • 1910 Charles Leblond, Canadian Cell Biologist (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, British biophysicist (Nobel 1963), born in Banbury (d. 1998)
  • 1914 William S Burroughs, novelist (Naked Lunch), born in St. Louis, Missouri

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Robert Hofstadter, American atomic physicist and Nobel laureate (electron scattering in atomic nuclei), born in NYC, New York (d. 1990)

  • 1919 Andrea George Papandreou, Greek premier (1981-89, 93- )
  • 1923 Doris Bohrer [Sharrar], American WWII spy, born in Basin, Wyoming (d. 2016)
  • 1924 Robert Lynn, anarchist
  • 1926 Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, American publisher (NY Times), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 Ruth Fertel, American entrepreneur (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Andrew M Greeley, author/reverend
  • 1928 Pananayiotis Taki Vatikiotis, middle east scholar
  • 1929 Fred Sinowatz, Austrian politician
  • 1933 Jorn Donner, Helsinki Finland, director (Anna, Tenderness)
  • 1933 Ron Wilson, US percussionist (Joy of Cooking)
  • 1935 John J "Jannie" Geldenhuys, supreme commander South African army
  • 1937 Gaston Roelants, Belgium, world cross-country champion
  • 1937 Wang Xuan, Chinese scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1940 H R Giger, Swiss artist & special effects designer (Alien), born in Zürich, (d. 2014)
  • 1941 Stephen J Cannell, producer (Rockford Files)
  • 1941 Kaspar Villiger, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 1942 Susan Hill, English playwright (Magic Apple Tree)
  • 1943 Nolan Bushnell, founder (Atari)/creator (Pong)
  • 1947 Mary Louise Cleave, Southampton NY, PhD/astronaut (STS 61-B, STS 30)
  • 1948 Barbara Hershey, [Herzstein], (Stuntman, Shy People), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1948 Elco [LC] Brinkman, Dutch minister WVC (CDA)
  • 1949 Maidarjabyn Ganzorig, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39 backup)
  • 1956 Betty Ong, flight attendant that died on September 11, 2001, on American Airlines Flight 11
  • 1959 Jennifer Granholm American Politician
  • 1960 William John Readings, literary theorist
  • 1966 Rok Petrovič, Slovenian skier (d. 1993)
  • 1972 Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
  • 1973 Laura Espinoza-Watson, Torrance CA, female infielder (Silver Bullets)
  • 1977 Ben Ainslie, British sailor
  • 1980 Jo Swinson, British politician
  • 1980 Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer
  • 1980 Prince Peter, American-born Yugoslav royalty
  • 2016 Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck, heir to throne of Bhutan, born in Thimphu

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1826 US president Millard Fillmore (26) weds Abigail Powers (27)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore

Deaths in History

  • 995 William IV, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 937)
  • 1520 Sten Sture the Younger, regent of Sweden (b. 1493)
  • 1578 Giovanni B Moroni, Italian portrait painter, dies
  • 1591 Gerard de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies
  • 1658 Maria Margaretha van Angels, Dutch prioress at Oirschot, dies at 52
  • 1661 Shunzhi Emperor of China (1644-1661) Third Qing Emperor, dies of smallpox at 22
  • 1679 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet (Gysbreght van Aemstel), dies at 91
  • 1705 Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (b. 1635)
  • 1721 James Stanhope 1st earl of Stanhope, English general, dies at 47
  • 1754 Nicolaas S Cruquius, hydraulic engineer, (Haarlemmermeer), dies at 75
  • 1766 Leopold Josef Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
  • 1775 Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)
  • 1790 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)
  • 1807 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, dies at 80
  • 1822 Ali Pasha of Janina, (Napoleon, Lord Byron), dies at about 77
  • 1831 John CJ van Speijk, commits suicide at 29
  • 1867 Salomon Munk, published Arabic edition of Maimounides, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Thomas Carlyle, historian/essayist, dies in London at 85

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1888 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter/cousin of Vincent Van Gogh, dies at 49
  • 1892 Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (b. 1807)
  • 1911 Petrus A Cronjé, Transvaal Boer general, dies
  • 1917 Jaber II Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1860)
  • 1919 Vasili V Rozanov, Russian philosopher/writer, dies at 62
  • 1922 Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1927 Inayat Khan, Indian sufi
  • 1937 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • 1938 Hans Litten, German jurist (b. 1903)
  • 1941 Banjo Paterson, Australian poet, author of "Walzing Matilda" (b. 1864)
  • 1943 Wim Gertenbach, Dutch resistance fighter (Slogan), shot by Nazis
  • 1944 Robert E Park, sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • 1947 Ganzefles, Dutch nazi spy/Jews hunter, executed
  • 1947 Hans Fallada, German writer (Little Man, What Now?), dies at 53
  • 1948 Johann Blaskowitz, German gen (surrendered at Wageningen), dies at 64
  • 1956 Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player, dies at 74
  • 1957 Sami Ibrahim Haddad, Lebanese surgeon (b. 1890)
  • 1958 Henry M Tomlinson, British writer (Under red ensign), dies at 84
  • 1961 Anthony G de Rothschild, British philanthropist, dies at 73
  • 1967 Herman Teirlinck, Belgian writer (Jokaste against God), dies at 87
  • 1967 Leon Leonwood Bean, American department store founder (b. 1872)
  • 1971 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian premier (1952..56), dies at 78
  • 1972 Marianne Moore, US poetess (Pulitzer 1951), dies at 84
  • 1973 George Morrison, dies at 82
  • 1973 L C William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam, funeral
  • 1977 Izaak Boleslavski, Russian chess player, dies at 67
  • 1977 Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (b. 1894)
  • 1978 Annie [Anna HM] Romein-Verschoor, Dutch historian (Omzien), dies at 83
  • 1978 Frans van Immerseel, Belgian graphic artist, dies at 68
  • 1981 Kuda Bux, Indian mystic (I'd Like to See), dies at 75
  • 1981 Ella Grasso, Governor of Connecticut (b. 1919)
  • 1982 Neil Aggett, South African worker's union leader, commits suicide
  • 1982 Wies [Aloisius CA] Moens, Flemish writer/nazi, dies at 84
  • 1983 Derk Roemers, Dutch union leader/politician (soc dem), dies at 67
  • 1985 Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (b. 1907)
  • 1991 Pedro Arrupe, Spanish priest/Jesuit, dies at 83
  • 1992 Donald Zimmerman, editor, dies
  • 1992 Miguel Rolando Covian, Brazilian physiologist (b. 1913)
  • 1993 Joseph L Mankiewicz, US writer/director (All about Eve), dies at 83
  • 1993 Tip Tipping, [Tim], stuntman, dies in sky-diving accident at 34
  • 1993 Marcel Léger, Quebec politician (b. 1930)
  • 1994 Hermann Abs, German banker to Adolf Hitler and Konrad Adenauer, dies at 92
  • 1995 Frederick Craig Riddle, violist, dies at 82
  • 1995 Judith Fluks, Amsterdam's activist, dies
  • 1995 Kimberley Leston, journalist, dies at 35
  • 1996 W R Lee, language teacher, dies at 84
  • 1997 John Richard Patterson, businessman, dies at 51
  • 1997 Pamela Harriman, US Ambassador (to France), dies of stroke at 76
  • 1999 Wassily Leontief, Russian economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1906)
  • 2003 Helge Boes, American Central Intelligence Agency officer
  • 2004 John Hench, American animator (b. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 Gnassingbé Eyadéma, General and President of Togo (1967-2005), dies of heart attack at 69

General and President of Togo Gnassingbé Eyadéma
General and President of Togo
Gnassingbé Eyadéma
  • 2007 Alfred Worm, Austrian investigative journalist (b. 1945)
  • 2007 Leo T. McCarthy, American politician and 43rd Lieutenant Governor of California (1983-1995) (b. 1930)
  • 2008 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru, founder of Transcendental Meditation (b. ca. 1917)
  • 2010 Harry Schwarz, South African lawyer, politician and diplomat, leader of the anti-apartheid movement (b. 1924).
  • 2011 Brian Jacques, English author, author of the Redwall series (b. 1939)
  • 2013 Stuart Freeborn, English motion picture make-up artist, dies at 98
  • 2017 Thomas Lux, American poet (Split Horizon), dies of cancer at 70