On This Day in History for February 6

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 125

  • 337 St Julius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1189 Riots in Lynn, Norfolk (England) spread to Norwich
  • 1508 Maximilian I proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor,though 1st Emperor in centuries not to be crowned by the Pope
  • 1577 King Henri de Bourbon of Navarra becomes leader of Huguenots
  • 1626 Huguenot rebels & French sign Peace of La Rochelle
  • 1651 -7] Cardinal Mazarin flees Paris
  • 1685 Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II.
  • 1693 Royal charter granted College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Va
  • 1716 Britain & Netherlands renew alliance
  • 1778 Britain declares war on France
  • 1778 France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris the 1st US treaty
  • 1788 Massachusetts becomes 6th state to ratify constitution
  • 1815 NJ issues 1st US railroad charter (John Stevens)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1819 Stamford Raffles founds Singapore as a British trading port

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • 1820 1st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • 1820 US population announced at 9,638,453, African Americans 1,771,656 (18.4%)
  • 1820 First 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society start a settlement in present-day Liberia
  • 1832 1st appearance of cholera in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1832 US ship destroys Sumatran village in retaliation for piracy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin reach Diemen's Land (Tasmania)

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

1840 The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Māori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand. The treaty was designed to share sovereignty between the two groups.

  • 1843 The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855 British government of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston forms

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • 1861 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • 1861 British Vice-Admiral Robert Fitzroy issues first storm warnings for ships

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1862 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • 1862 Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • 1864 -7] Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
  • 1865 2nd day of battle at Dabney's Mills (Hatcher's Run)
  • 1867 Peabody Fund forms to promote Black education in southern USA
  • 1869 Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers
  • 1882 The society of the Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1891 1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)
  • 1899 Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate
  • 1900 The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1902 Young Women's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • 1904 Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • 1911 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona
  • 1911 Great fire destroys downtown Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)
  • 1918 Britain grants women (30 & over) vote
  • 1919 1st day of 5-day Seattle general strike
  • 1919 The first day of the Weimar Republic which, because of its support of the Treaty of Versailles, does not receive proper allegiance from the German nation
  • 1920 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • 1922 Cardinal Achille Ratti elected Pope Pius XI
  • 1922 US, UK, France, Italy & Japan sign Washington naval arms limitation
  • 1929 Rudy Vallee recorded "Deep Night"
  • 1932 Fascist coup in the Memel territory
  • 1933 -90°F (-68°C), Oymyakon, USSR (Asian record)
  • 1933 Highest recorded sea wave (not tsunami), 34 m, in North Pacific hurricane by USS Ramapo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German President Paul von Hindenburg and Franz von Papen end the Prussian parliament

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1934 Reds purchase 43-year-old Dazzy Vance from the Cards for $7,500
  • 1934 Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.
  • 1935 "Monopoly" board game goes on sale for 1st time
  • 1935 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey
  • 1936 Pravda criticizes Shostakovitch' ballet "Clear Brook"
  • 1937 K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
  • 1939 Spanish government flees to France
  • 1941 Auke Adema wins 6th official Dutch 11 Cities Skating Race (9:19)
  • 1941 Battle of Beda Fomm: Italian 10th army destroyed
  • 1941 British troops conquer Bengazi, Libya
  • 1943 1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down
  • 1945 US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
  • 1945 Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
  • 1948 1st radio-controlled airplane flown
  • 1951 "Broker Special" train crashes in Woodbridge NJ, killing 84

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Radio commentator Paul Harvey arrested for trying to sneak into Argonne National Laboratory, a nuclear test site located 20 miles (32 km) west of Chicago

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site Argonne Atomic Lab (Ill), to demonstrate lax in security

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Queen Elizabeth II succeeds King George VI to the British throne

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1953 US controls on wages & some consumer goods lifted
  • 1956 Chicago's Daily Defender, begins publishing
  • 1956 French Prime Minister Guy Mollet pelted with tomatoes in Algiers
  • 1956 University of Alabama suspends African-American student Autherine Lucy claiming that it can no longer provide for her safety
  • 1959 1st successful test-fire of Titan ICBM

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Fidel Castro is interviewed by Edward R Murrow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1961 "Jail, No Bail" Jail-in movement starts in Rock Hill SC
  • 1962 Schoolman Athletic Field in the Bronx named
  • 1964 France & Great-Britain sign accord over building channel tunnel
  • 1965 "Kelly" opens & closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC
  • 1967 Cultural Revolution in Albania
  • 1968 Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns US bombing of North Vietnam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Former Pres Dwight Eisenhower shot a hole-in-one

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1969 The New Ulster Movement forms, promoting moderate and non-sectarian policies and to assist those candidates who support Northern Ireland Prime MinisterTerence O'Neill,
  • 1970 Graeme Pollock completes 274 v Australia at Durban
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army shoots and kills Gunner Robert Curtis, the first British soldier to die during the 'Troubles'
  • 1971 Bernard Watt (28), a Catholic civilian, is shot and killed by the British Army (BA) during street disturbances in Ardoyne, Belfast
  • 1971 James Saunders (22), a member of the IRA, is shot and killed by the British Army during a gun battle near the Oldpark Road, Belfast
  • 1972 A Civil Rights march is held in Newry, County Down; there is a very large turn-out for the march with many people attending to protest at the killings in Derry the previous Sunday
  • 1973 40,000 civil servants demonstrate against higher pension contribution
  • 1973 6th ABA All-Star Game: West 123 beats East 111 at Utah
  • 1973 Bernice Fekete skips her curling rink to 2nd straight 8-ender, Edm
  • 1974 Dutch speed limit set at 100km due to oil crisis
  • 1974 US House of Reps begins determining grounds for impeachment of Nixon
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 Alain Prieur jumps his motorcycle 65 m over 16 buses, near Paris
  • 1977 Harley Race beats Terry Funk in Toronto, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1978 Muriel, wife of late Hubert Humphrey (Sen-D-Minn) takes his office
  • 1978 Snowstorm hits New England, parts of Rhode Island (54" / 137cm)
  • 1979 Supreme court of Lahore affirms death sentence against premier Bhutto
  • 1981 Suleiman Nyambui runs world record 5k indoor (13:20.4)

Birthdays in History

  • 1461 Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright who is considered one of the fathers of Croatian literature (d. 1501)
  • 1564 Christopher Marlowe, English poet/dramatist (Dr Faustus)
  • 1577 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide (d. 1599)
  • 1608 Antonio Vieira, Portuguese Jesuit preacher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1611 Chongzhen, 16th and last Ming Emperor of China, born in Beijing (d. 1644)

Chinese Emperor Chongzhen
Chinese Emperor
Chongzhen
  • 1612 Antoine Arnauld, [Grand Arnauld], French lawyer/theologist
  • 1637 Toyotomi Hideyoshi, unified Japan
  • 1639 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (d. 1691)
  • 1665 Anne Stuart, Queen of England (1702-14)
  • 1695 Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (d. 1726)
  • 1732 Charles Lee, General in the American Revolution (d. 1782)
  • 1744 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
  • 1748 Adam Weishaupt, founder of the Bavarian Illuminati (d. 1811)
  • 1753 Evariste Desire Desforges chevalier de Parny, French poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1756 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1836)

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1757 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar and statesman. (d. 1841)
  • 1778 Ugo Foscolo, Italy, poet (Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis)
  • 1797 Joseph Maria von Radowitz, Prussian minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1804 Ragnerus L van Andringa de Kempenaer, Dutch officer/swindler
  • 1811 Henry George Liddell, father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland (d. 1898)
  • 1818 William Maxwell Evarts, (Union), (d. 1901)
  • 1830 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, Brig gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1865))
  • 1832 John Brown Gordon, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1904)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1833 J.E.B. Stuart [James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart], Confederate General in the American Civil War, born in Patrick County, Virginia (d. 1864)

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1833 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (d. 1906)
  • 1834 William Dorsey Pender, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1834 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • 1838 Yisrael Meir Kagan, Chofetz Chayim (d. 1933)
  • 1853 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (d. 1901)
  • 1860 Johan [Eliza J] de Meester, Dutch journalist/writer (Geertje)
  • 1864 John Henry Mackay, Scottish/German author/poet (Anarchists)
  • 1866 Karl T Sapper, German geography/geologist (Vulkankunde)
  • 1872 Theodor Lessing, writer [or Feb 8]
  • 1874 Milton Bennett Medary, US, architect (Washington Chapel)
  • 1875 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt], German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)
  • 1879 Carl Ramsauer, professor of physics and a research physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1887 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • 1888 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera)
  • 1889 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter
  • 1889 Siegfried Kracauer, writer
  • 1892 William Parry Murphy, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • 1893 Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, President of UN General Assembly (1962-63)
  • 1894 Eric Partridge, New Zealand lexicographer (d. 1979)
  • 1897 Alberto [de Almeida] Cavalcanti, Brazil, director (Nicholas Nickleby)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (Murder, Inc.), born in NYC, New York

  • 1900 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Heliga Familjen)
  • 1902 Louis Nizer, lawyer (defended blacklisted stars in '50s, Catspaw)
  • 1903 Pieter G Buckinx, Flemish writer (Temptation of Poverty)
  • 1905 Władysław Gomułka, Polish communist leader (d. 1982)
  • 1907 Sam Green, industrialist/inventor
  • 1908 Amintore Fanfani, premier of Italy
  • 1908 Thomas Dorrington Tomlinson, national Park Warden
  • 1910 Irmgard Keun, German author (d. 1982)
  • 1910 Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Eva Braun, mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler, born Munich Germany

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Mary Nicol Leakey, British paleoanthropologist who discovered the earliest (3.6 million year old) human footprints at Laetoli, Tanzania, born in London (d. 1996)

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1915 Derk Roemers, Dutch politician (Soc-Dem)
  • 1916 John Crank, British mathematician (d. 2006)
  • 1918 Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Louis Heren, journalist/writer (China's Three Thousand Years)
  • 1920 James H Scheuer, (Rep-D-NY, 1965-73, 75- )
  • 1921 Bob Scott [Robert], Ruby player (All Black, 1946-54), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist/author (Road to Rome)
  • 1924 Jin yong, Chinese novelist
  • 1926 Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer and director, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Oscar Sambrano Urdaneta, Venezuelan writer
  • 1932 Francois Truffaut, director (Jules & Jim, Fahrenheit 451), born in Paris, France
  • 1932 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (d. 1959)
  • 1933 Leslie Crowther, English TV-comic/quizmaster
  • 1933 Walter E Fauntroy, (Rep-D-DC, 1971- )
  • 1936 J. Howard Marshall III, American businessman
  • 1937 Baldev Singh Chahal, campaigner
  • 1942 Sarah Brady, American gun-control activist, born in Kirksville, Missouri
  • 1942 James Loewen, American sociologist and historian
  • 1944 Christine Boutin, French politician
  • 1946 Jim Turner, American politician
  • 1949 Frank Rich, US politician (?)
  • 1951 Maria Christina, Belgian princess/daughter of Leopold III
  • 1952 Ricardo Lavolpe, Argentine football coach
  • 1958 Cecily Adams, entertainment caster (American Heart), born in Queens, New York
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Onufriyenko, Russian major/cosmonaut (Mir, Soyuz TM-23)
  • 1963 Kevin Trudeau, American entrepreneur
  • 1969 David Hayter, American Voice of Solid Snake
  • 1975 Svend-Allan Sørensen, Danish artist
  • 1980 Mamiko Noto, Japanese seiyu
  • 1980 Luke Ravenstahl, American politician
  • 1983 Myron Wolf Child, Canadian politician
  • 2004 Princess Louise of Belgium

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1843 Frontiersman Kit Carson (33) weds Josefa Jaramillo (14) at Our Lady of Guadalupe Church

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Frontiersman
Kit Carson

HeartWedding of Interest

1949 Diplomat Henry Kissinger (25) weds Ann Fleisher (23) in Washington Heights, Manhattan

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger

HeartWedding of Interest

1993 US Senator Mitch McConnell (51) weds economist Elaine Chao

US Senator Mitch McConnell
US Senator
Mitch McConnell

Deaths in History

  • 743 Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik, 10th Muslim caliph, dies at about 52
  • 891 Photius, Byzantine theologist/patriarch of Constantinople/saint, dies
  • 1140 Thurstan, archbishop of York, dies
  • 1378 Jeanne de Bourbon, wife of Charles V of France (b. 1338)
  • 1515 Aldus Manutius, Italian printer
  • 1585 Edmund Plowden, English legal scholar (b. 1518)
  • 1593 Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (b. 1517)
  • 1612 Christopher Clavius, calendar reformer, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1617 Prosper Alpinus/Prospero Alpini, Italian physician/botanist, dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1685 Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1695 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95), dies
  • 1699 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • 1775 William Dowdeswell, English politician (b. 1721)
  • 1783 Lancelot "Capability" Brown, English architect (Kew), dies at about 67
  • 1785 Iman Willem Falck, Dutch governor of Ceylon (1765-83), dies at 48
  • 1793 Carlo Goldoni, Italian author (L'avaro), dies at 85
  • 1804 Joseph Priestley, Engl/US theologist/philosopher/chemist, dies at 70
  • 1812 Carlo Goldoni, writer, dies at 104
  • 1816 Maria Ludwika Rzewuska, Polish szlachcianka (b. 1744)
  • 1833 Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (b. 1762)
  • 1834 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (b. 1804)
  • 1855 Josef Munzinger, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1791)
  • 1865 John Pegram, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 33
  • 1881 Pieter Mijer, Gov-Gen of Neth Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • 1896 Abraham Czn van Stolk, Dutch art collector, dies at 82
  • 1897 Ebenezer C Brewer, British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable), dies
  • 1899 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor, dies at 67
  • 1899 Prince Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (b. 1874)
  • 1910 Alfonso Maria Fusco. Beatified Italian Roman Catholic priest and founder (b.1839)
  • 1914 J Albert Neuhuys, Dutch painter (Hague School), dies at 69
  • 1916 Anne C A I van Diest, Belgian physician/feminist, dies at 73
  • 1916 Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan writer (b. 1867)
  • 1917 Edouard A Drumont, French anti-semite journalist, dies at 72
  • 1918 Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter/cartoonist, dies at 55
  • 1919 Friedrich Wulhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, dies at 81
  • 1923 Edward E Barnard, US astronomer (5th moon Jupiter), dies at 65
  • 1930 Eva Strittmatter, writer, dies at 17
  • 1938 Marianne V von Werefkin, Russ/German/Swiss house painter, dies at 77
  • 1941 Maximilien Luce, French painter, dies at 82
  • 1942 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist, dies at 78
  • 1943 HA Seyffardt, Dutch lt-gen/NSB "minister", dies at 71
  • 1945 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1945 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1948 Robert Brasillach, French author/nazi collaborator, dies at 38
  • 1950 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (b. 1884)
  • 1950 Frank Speck, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans) dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), dies of a coronary thrombosis at 56

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1958 Walter Crickmer, English football club secretary and manager
  • 1963 Mohammed ibn al-Chattabi Abd el-Krim, Morocco opposition leader, dies
  • 1963 Abd el-Krim, Moroccan politician
  • 1964 Sophocles Venizelos, premier of Greece (1944, 50-51), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901), dies of coronary thrombosis at 94

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1972 Julian H Steward, US anthropologist (South American), dies at 70
  • 1973 Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar), dies at 74
  • 1979 Alain Teister, Dutch sculptor/writer, dies at 47
  • 1979 Arthur van Schendel, Dutch art historian, dies at 68
  • 1981 Frederika of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece (b. 1917)
  • 1982 Ben Nicholson, England, painter/sculptor (Circle), dies at 87
  • 1985 James Hadley Chase, English writer (b. 1906)
  • 1986 Frederick Coutts, Salvation Army general (b. 1899)
  • 1986 Minoru Yamasaki, American architect (b. 1912)
  • 1988 Marghanita Laski, English author (Victorian chaise-lounge), dies
  • 1988 Nuno Oliveira, Bass Player (b. 1925)
  • 1989 Barbara Tuchman, historian (Guns of August-Pulitzer), dies at 77
  • 1989 Chris Gueffroy, East German attempted defector (b. 1968)
  • 1991 Marten Levendig, Dutch TV correspondent to Moscow, dies
  • 1991 Salvador Luria, Italian biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1994 Jack Kirby, cartoonist (X-Men, Spider-Man, Hulk), dies at 76

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby
  • 1995 James Ingram Merrill, US poet (Braving the elements), dies at 68
  • 1996 Rosemary Tsay, drama critic/SOE operator, dies at 76
  • 1998 Nazim al-Kudsi, Syrian PM (1949, 1950-51)/pres (1961-63), dies
  • 1998 Haroun Tazieff, French vulcanologist and geologist (b. 1914)
  • 2001 Filemon Lagman, Filipino Communist revolutionary (b. 1953)
  • 2001 Fulgence Charpentier, Quebec journalist (b. 1897)
  • 2002 Max Perutz, Austrian molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1914)
  • 2005 Karl Haas, American radio presenter (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Lee Hoffman, American author (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Len Hopkins, Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2008 John McWethy, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2008 Dieter Noll, German writer (Die Abenteuer des Werner Holt), dies at 80
  • 2012 Janice Voss, American astronaut, dies from breast cancer at 55
  • 2012 Antoni Tapies, Spanish artist, dies at 88
  • 2015 André Brink, South African writer (Kennis van die aand - 1st Afrikaans book banned), dies at 79