On This Day in History for February 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 150

  • 421 Flavius Constantine becomes Co-Emperor as Emperor Constantius III of the Western Roman Empire with Honorius
  • 1526 Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die
  • 1575 University Leiden founded, and given the motto "Praesidium Libertatis"
  • 1600 Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death
  • 1601 Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1622 King James I disbands the English parliament

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1672 Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1690 French & Indian troops set Schenectady settlement NY on fire
  • 1690 Lord Halifax resigns as Lord Privy Seal
  • 1693 William & Mary college is chartered in the Dominion and Colony of Virginia (2nd in North America)
  • 1726 The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.
  • 1743 Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth
  • 1744 French/Spanish fleet leaves Toulon
  • 1750 Minor earthquake in London
  • 1775 Leidse U 400th anniversary dinner
  • 1776 Wolfgang von Goethe's "Stella" premieres in Hamburg
  • 1802 Simon Willard patents banjo clock

BattleBattle of Interest

1807 Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon's forces and Russian Empire - 1st battle Napoleon isn't victorious

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1809 Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 1837 1st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • 1849 New Roman Republic established.
  • 1855 The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.
  • 1861 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • 1865 1st black major in US Army appointed during US Civil war - Martin Robison Delany
  • 1867 The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.
  • 1879 Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
  • 1883 Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
  • 1887 Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the 1st US ski club
  • 1887 The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe were granted United States citizenship.
  • 1889 Flood ravages Dutch coast
  • 1894 Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
  • 1896 Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon" premieres in Paris
  • 1896 Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf
  • 1898 John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding & gumming mach (Mass)
  • 1905 Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people
  • 1906 Without warning, Japanese torpedo boats make a night attack on Russian ships near the naval base at Port Arthur, Manchuria; there is confusion because no deceleration of war was given
  • 1909 France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
  • 1910 The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.
  • 1911 US helps overthrow Presnt Miguel Devila of Honduras
  • 1912 1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla
  • 1912 British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
  • 1914 General Zamon becomes president of Haiti
  • 1916 French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374
  • 1916 NL votes down Charlie Ebbets proposal to limit 25 cent seats
  • 1918 "Stars & Stripes,", weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
  • 1920 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • 1920 Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • 1922 Radio arrives at the White House
  • 1923 Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
  • 1923 German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • 1924 1st US coast-to-coast radio hookup: Gen John Joseph Carty speech in Chic
  • 1925 Kaufman & Berlin's "cocoanuts" premieres in NYC
  • 1925 Marcus Garvey enters federal prison in Atlanta
  • 1926 German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership
  • 1927 Belgian-Swiss treaty signed
  • 1928 1st transatlantic TV image received, Hartsdale, NY
  • 1928 Scottish inventor Joh Logie Baird demonstrates colourTV
  • 1929 KOY-AM in Phoenix Arizona begins radio transmissions
  • 1931 Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000
  • 1933 -23°F (-31°C), Seminole, Texas (state record)
  • 1933 1st flight of all-metal Boeing 247
  • 1934 Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, D.C.
  • 1934 Gaston Doumergue forms new French government
  • 1936 Pandit Jawaharlal follows Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party
  • 1937 Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 Lodtz, 1st large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland
  • 1941 NSB'er Max Blokzijl begins nazi propaganda on Dutch radio
  • 1942 Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore (WWII)
  • 1942 Stravinsky's "Danses Concertantes" premieres in Los Angeles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Kursk
  • 1944 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • 1944 U-762 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
  • 1946 Premier Salazar of Portugal forbids opposition parties
  • 1947 Jan van der Hoorn wins 8th Dutch 11-cities skating race (10:51)
  • 1949 Hungarian cardinal József Mindszenty sentenced to life in prison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1955 Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him
  • 1955 The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000 km²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.
  • 1956 Mine disaster in Quaregnon Belgium, 8 die
  • 1957 SF Public Library's bookmobile initiated in front of City Hall
  • 1958 Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia
  • 1958 French planes bomb Sakiet Tunisia, 75 die
  • 1960 Congress opens hearings looking into payola
  • 1960 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name "Mountbatten-Windsor".
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 In Paris, 8 people killed at a protest against independence for the French colony Algeria
  • 1963 1st transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist)
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Peter Shaffer's "Royal Hunt of the Sun" premieres in London
  • 1964 Rep Martha Griffiths address gets civil rights protection for women being added to the 1964 Civil Rights Act
  • 1965 Eastern DC-7B crashes into Atlantic off Jones Beach NJ, kills 84
  • 1967 Peter (Asher) & Gordon (Waller) discontinue their singing partnership
  • 1967 Pirate Radio UKGM (England) closes down
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Officers kill 3 students demonstrating in SC State (Orangeburg)
  • 1969 Last edition of Saturday Evening Post
  • 1969 Meteorite weighing over 1 ton falls in Chihuahua, Mexico

Birthdays in History

  • 412 St Proclus, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1191 Yaroslav II of Russia (d. 1246)
  • 1291 Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)
  • 1487 Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)
  • 1552 Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)
  • 1577 Robert Burton, writer, Anglican clergyman (Anatomy of Melancholy)
  • 1612 Samuel Butler, England, poet/satirist (Hudibras) (baptized)
  • 1649 Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
  • 1685 Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (d. 1770)
  • 1720 Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)
  • 1792 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • 1795 Friedlieb F Runge, German chemist (Chinoline)
  • 1795 Moritz G [Moses] Saphir, Hungarian journalist/serial writer
  • 1804 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer (d. 1834)
  • 1807 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman
  • 1807 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist (d. 1889)
  • 1811 Edwin Denison Morgan, Sect of War (Confederacy), (d. 1883)
  • 1813 Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist
  • 1817 Richard Stoddert Ewell, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1818 Austin Blair, Gov/MC (Union), (d. 1894)
  • 1819 John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820 William Tecumseh Sherman, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1891)

  • 1822 Maxime Du Camp, France, writer/traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • 1824 Barnard Elliot Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1828 Jules Verne, writer "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 days), born in Nantes, France

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • 1847 Hugh Price Hughes, English social reformer (d. 1902)
  • 1851 Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, writer, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1904)
  • 1852 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russ author (Tjoma Kartashov) [NS=2/20]
  • 1859 John H Been, town's archivist of Brielle (Baasje & Witkop)
  • 1876 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • 1878 Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
  • 1880 Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • 1882 Thomas Selfridge, First person to die in an airplane crash (d. 1908).
  • 1883 Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance
  • 1890 Claro Mayo Recto, Filipino nationalist/opponent of US colonialism
  • 1892 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt)
  • 1893 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)
  • 1894 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Billy Bishop [William Bishop], Owen Sound, Ontario, Canadian First World War flying ace

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1895 King Vidor, director (War & Peace, Stella Dallas)
  • 1900 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
  • 1902 Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (d. 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia's founding father, 1st Prime Minister of Malaya (1957-63) and Malaysia (1963-70), born in Alor Star, Kedah (d. 1990)

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1906 Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopy)
  • 1906 Henry Roth, American writer (Call it Sleep), born in Tysmenitz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Leslie Kenneth O'Brien, Lord O'Brien of Lothbury, missionary
  • 1911 Anne Aitken, [nee Hopkins], co-found (Diamond Sangha), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1911 Elizabeth Bishop, US poet (North & South)/Pulitzer Prize (1956)
  • 1911 Henri Knap, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist/writer
  • 1913 John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal
  • 1918 John Intoxication, resistance fighter
  • 1918 Lord Maxd Rayne, English broker/multi-millionaire
  • 1922 Joeri Averbach, Russian chess grandmaster
  • 1923 Andrew MacElhone, bar owner
  • 1926 Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1927 John T Myers, (Rep-R-IN, 1967- )
  • 1928 Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, lawyer
  • 1930 Arlan Stangeland, (Rep-R-MN, 1977-1991), (d. 2013)
  • 1930 James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)
  • 1932 Jan H Christiaanse, president Dutch political party (CDA)
  • 1934 Galina Bystrova, USSR, pentathelete (1957, 58)
  • 1935 Vincent Weir 3rd baron Inverforth, Scottish shipping magnate
  • 1939 Gerrit Lakmaaker, sculptor/painter (Leidsepleingroep)
  • 1939 José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
  • 1940 Averil Cameron, British(?) historian
  • 1942 Terry Melcher, Rip Chords, Doris Day's son
  • 1943 Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and VC of Karachi University
  • 1944 Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian documentary photographer
  • 1948 Lynda Lyon Block, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1950 Jose Armando Lopez-Falcon, Cuba, cosmonaut
  • 1951 Z'EV, American text/sound artist (born Stefan Weisser)
  • 1952 Nancy Lord, Libertarian VP candidate (1992)
  • 1953 Roger Clavet, Québécois politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955 John Grisham, American writer (Client, Firm, Pelican Brief), born in Jonesboro, Arkansas

Writer John Grisham
Writer
John Grisham
  • 1959 Mauricio Macri, Argentine politician (President of Argentina 2015-), born in Tandil, Buenos Aires
  • 1964 Trinny Woodall, British fashion guru
  • 1974 Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo, French disc jockey (Daft Punk)
  • 1974 Kimbo Slice [Kevin Ferguson], American mixed martial artist, born in the Bahamas (d. 2016)
  • 1977 Yucef Merhi, Venezuelan artist
  • 1977 Barry Hall, Australian rules footballer

Deaths in History

  • 1124 Stefanus of Thiers/Muret, founder of order of Grammond/saint, dies
  • 1245 Johannes de Rupella/de la Rochelle, French theologist, dies
  • 1250 Robert I of Artois, French crusader (b. 1216)
  • 1250 William II Longespee, dies as a martyr at the battle of Al Mansurah, Egypt (7th cruscade)
  • 1265 Hulagu Khan, Mongol ruler (b. 1217)
  • 1296 King Przemysł II of Poland (b. 1257)
  • 1303 Nanshu, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)/founder (Zounan temple), dies
  • 1513 Alonso de Ojeda, Spanish explorer (Curacao & Bonaire), dies
  • 1529 Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer and diplomat (b. 1478)
  • 1599 Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
  • 1611 Jan H Van Linschoten, traveller/writer (Reys-Gheschrift), dies
  • 1623 Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, English politician (b. 1546)
  • 1650 John Adriaensz, hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74
  • 1676 Alexis I [Aleksey Mikhailovich], 1st Romanov Tsar of Russia, dies at 46
  • 1686 Francois Tak, Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1725 Peter the Great [Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov], Tsar of Russia (1682-1725) dies of uremia at 52

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1740 Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], blind Pope (1730-40), dies at 87
  • 1749 Jan van Huysum, Dutch still life painter, dies at 66
  • 1750 Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
  • 1768 George Dance the Elder, English architect (b. 1695)
  • 1771 Augusta von Saxen-Gotha, German prince Frederick Louis of Wales, dies
  • 1824 Rhijnvis Feith, Dutch mayor/writer (Zwolle, Julia), dies at 71
  • 1849 France Preseren, Slovenian poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 1856 Agostino Bassi, Italian entomologist (b. 1773)
  • 1874 David F Strauss, German theologist, dies at 66
  • 1878 Elias M Fries, Swedish botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
  • 1884 Arnold Henry Guyot, Swiss/US geologist/meteorologist, dies at 76
  • 1907 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (fasenleer), dies at 52
  • 1910 Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (b. 1854)
  • 1920 Richard Dehmel, writer, dies at 56
  • 1921 Pjotr A Kropotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist, dies at 78
  • 1921 George Formby (Senior), English entertainer (b. 1876)
  • 1924 Gee John, US mobster (1st executed in gas chamber-Nevada), dies
  • 1929 Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain (b. 1858)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1932 [Vincent] Mad Dog Coll, mobster, killed by Dutch Schultz gang at 23

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • 1935 Max Liebermann, Ger impressionist painter/graphic artist, dies at 87
  • 1937 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian, dies at 75
  • 1942 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt), dies at 50
  • 1957 John Von Neumann, astronomer, dies at 53
  • 1959 William J "Wild Bill" Donovan, Office Strategic Services, dies at 76
  • 1960 Giles Gilbert Scott, British architect (b. 1880)
  • 1960 John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)
  • 1963 Abdul Karim Kassem, PM of Iraq (58-63), assassinated in Baghdad at 48
  • 1964 Tom Terriss, English director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), dies at 91
  • 1968 J Borremans, Belgian politician (Communist), dies at 56
  • 1974 Fern Andra [Vernal Andrews], American actress who worked in German silent cinema, dies at 80
  • 1974 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss/US astronomer (supernova, dark matter), dies at 75
  • 1975 Robert Robinson, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1886)
  • 1979 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Russian poet, dies at 82
  • 1982 John Hay Whitney, US newspaper magnate, dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1985 William Lyons, British automobile manufacturer, dies at 84

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • 1987 Bronislawa Wajs [Papuscha], writer, dies
  • 1987 Hendrik Koekoek, founder (Dutch Boer party), dies at 74
  • 1989 Maurits Kok, Dutch writer/poet (Railroad Strike), dies at 81
  • 1993 Casper van den Berg, Dutch poet (Fashionable inconvenience), dies
  • 1993 Eliot Janeway, financial columnist (Eliot Doomsday), dies at 80
  • 1993 Franz Schnyder, Swiss director (10th of May), dies at 82
  • 1993 Paul Brickhill, Dutch/US WW II pilot/physician, dies
  • 1993 N. Shanmugathasan, Sri Lankan communist leader
  • 1994 Jacob Firet, Dutch theologist (Agogic Moment), dies at 70
  • 1995 B G Hooghoudt, radiotelescope build (Dwingeloo/Westerbork), dies at 70
  • 1995 Wilhelm J Soukop, Austrian/British sculptor, dies at 88
  • 1995 William Fulbright, US politician, dies
  • 1996 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, dies at 76
  • 1998 William Lambert, Pulitzer prize-winning reporter, dies at 78
  • 1998 Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (b. 1932)
  • 1998 Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member (b.1912)
  • 1999 Iris Murdoch, Irish-born British writer (The Sea, The Sea), dies at 79
  • 2000 Bob Collins, American radio broadcaster (b.1942)
  • 2002 Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (b. 1930)
  • 2002 Ong Teng Cheong, President of Singapore (b. 1936)
  • 2004 Julius Schwartz, American comic book and science fiction editor (b. 1915)
  • 2007 Ian Stevenson, Canadian-American professor and reincarnation expert (b. 1918)
  • 2008 Chua Ek Kay, Singaporean painter (b. 1947)
  • 2009 Marian Cozma, Romanian handball player (b. 1982)
  • 2010 John Murtha, American politician (b. 1932)
  • 2012 Gunther Plaut, German-Canadian rabbi, dies at 99
  • 2016 Violetta Verdy, French ballerina and teacher, dies at 82