On This Day in History for February 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 474 Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire together with his son Leo II.
  • 1267 Synod of Breslau orders Jews of Silesia to wear special caps
  • 1499 France & Venice sign treaty against Milan
  • 1537 Pope Paul III routes Cardinal Pole to England
  • 1540 The first recorded race meet in England (Roodee Fields, Chester)
  • 1554 Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated and his rebellion against Queen Mary crushed
  • 1555 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake for heresy
  • 1574 Louis of Nassau ends siege of Maastricht
  • 1621 Alexander Ludovisi is elected Pope Gregory XV (-1623)
  • 1667 Treaty of Andrussovo: Russia/Poland signs peace treaty
  • 1674 English reconquer NY from Netherlands
  • 1682 Thomas Otway's "Venice Preserved" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1742 Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, enobled as 1st Earl of Orford

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • 1744 Battle at Toulon (French/Spanish vs English fleet of Adm Matthews)
  • 1775 British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
  • 1788 Austria declares war on Russia
  • 1799 USS Constellation captures French frigate Insurgents off Nevis, W I
  • 1801 France & Austria sign Peace of Luneville

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 French Sanhedrin convened by Napoleon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1822 American Indian Society organizes
  • 1822 Haiti invades the newly founded Dominican Republic.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1825 House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams 6th US president

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1849 Roman Republic declared in Rome replacing following flight of Pope Pius IX

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1861 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1861 Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1861 Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)

  • 1870 US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • 1871 Federal fish protection office authorized by US Congress
  • 1885 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 US President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1889 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
  • 1891 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento
  • 1893 Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud
  • 1904 Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, border of Manchuria
  • 1906 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising
  • 1909 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)
  • 1909 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio
  • 1913 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • 1916 Britain's military service act enforced (conscription)
  • 1918 US Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe, Va
  • 1918 Sacha Guitry's "Deburan" premieres in Paris
  • 1920 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • 1922 Italian government of Bonomi falls
  • 1922 Snow on Mauna Loa, Hawaii
  • 1922 Brazil becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1922 World War Foreign Debt Commission is established by Congress to settle the problem of Allied war and postwar loans
  • 1923 Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
  • 1924 Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR
  • 1925 German Minister Stresemann proposes security treaty with France
  • 1925 Haifa Technion (Israel) opens
  • 1926 Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
  • 1929 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Poland & Romania sign Litvinov's Pact, providing for renunciation of war among its signatories
  • 1932 US airship Columbia crashes during storm (Flushing, NY)
  • 1933 -63°F (-53°C), Moran, Wyoming (state record)
  • 1934 -14.3°F (-25.7°C), coldest day in New York City
  • 1934 -51°F (-46°C), Vanderbilt, Michigan (state record)
  • 1934 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • 1935 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
  • 1935 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1939 Belgian Spaak government falls
  • 1941 British troops conquer El Agheila
  • 1941 Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe)
  • 1942 Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US
  • 1942 Japanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes", 1,200 in Vught Camp
  • 1943 Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific
  • 1943 Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents
  • 1944 U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
  • 1945 WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • 1945 The Battle of the Atlantic: HMS Venturer sinks U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
  • 1946 Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Philadelphia

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Sen Joseph McCarthy charges State Dept infested with 205 communists

US Senator Joseph McCarthy
US Senator
Joseph McCarthy
  • 1953 General Walter Bedell Smith, USA, ends term as 4th director of CIA Allen Dulles, becomes acting director of CIA
  • 1954 Mario Scelba forms new government in Italy
  • 1955 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts crematory law
  • 1955 US federations of trade unions merge into AFL/CIO
  • 1956 -5°F (-20.6°C) in Sicily
  • 1956 R Lacoste follows Catroux as premier of Algeria
  • 1959 Coasters's "Charlie Brown" peaks at #2
  • 1961 Joseph Ileo appointed premier of Congo
  • 1962 Jamaica signs agreement to become independent
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 1st flight of Boeing 727 jet
  • 1963 7th largest snowfall in NYC history (42.4 cm, 16.7")
  • 1964 GI Joe character created
  • 1964 Hanumant Singh scores 105 India v England on debut at Delhi
  • 1966 Dow-Jones Index hits record 995 points
  • 1966 The Government announces construction of a nuclear reactor on the North coast of Scotland
  • 1968 Rotterdam metro opened by Princess Beatrix
  • 1969 1st flight of the Boeing 747 jumbo jet
  • 1971 Apollo 14 returns to Earth
  • 1971 Quake in San Fernando Valley kills 64 & causes over $½B damage
  • 1972 British government declares state of emergency after month-long coal miners' strike
  • 1972 William Craig, who had been Northern Ireland Minister for Home Affairs, launches 'Ulster Vanguard' as an umbrella movement for the right-ring of Unionism
  • 1973 Biju Patnaik of the Pragati Legislature Party elected leader of opposition in the state assembly in Orissa, India.
  • 1974 "Daddy What If" by Bobby Bare peaks at #41
  • 1974 "The Americans (A Canadian's Opinion)" by Gordon Sinclair peaks at #24

Birthdays in History

  • 1404 Constantine XI Dragases, last Byzantine Emperor
  • 1441 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub)
  • 1533 Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese samurai (d. 1611)
  • 1579 John Meursius, [van Meurs], Dutch historian
  • 1602 Franciscus van de Enden, Flemish jesuit/free thinker/tutor of Spinoza
  • 1645 Johann Aegidius Bach, German violistian (d. 1716)
  • 1666 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)
  • 1735 Adriaan Kluit, Dutch historian
  • 1748 Luther Martin, American patriot (d. 1826)
  • 1763 Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden (d. 1830)
  • 1769 Susette Gontard, the beloved of the poet Friedrich Hölderlin (d. 1802)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1773 William Henry Harrison, 9th President of the United States (Whig: March 4-April 4, 1841), born in Charles City, Virginia (d. 1841)

9th US President William Henry Harrison
9th US President
William Henry Harrison
  • 1775 Farkas/Wolfgang Bolyai, Hungary, mathematician (parallel axiom)
  • 1781 Johann Baptist von Spix, German scientist (d. 1826)
  • 1783 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (d. 1852)
  • 1789 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger, German inventor of the stenography (d. 1849)
  • 1814 Samuel Jones Tilden, philanthropist for NY Public Library
  • 1822 Charles T Stork, Dutch industrialist
  • 1826 John Alexander Logan, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1830 Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • 1834 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • 1839 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Wilhelm Maybach, German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
  • 1846 Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (d. 1904)
  • 1853 Leander Starr Jameson, PM of South African Cape colony
  • 1854 Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
  • 1854 Edward Carson, 1st Baron Carson, lawyer/leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • 1857 Johannes T de Visser, theologist/Dutch 1st minister of Education
  • 1863 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • 1865 Erich von Drygalski, Germany, geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic expl
  • 1871 Franc S Finzgar, Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood)
  • 1871 Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • 1874 Amy Lowell, US poet/critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)
  • 1879 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist
  • 1880 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • 1884 Frederik Gerretson, [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician)
  • 1887 Vital Celen, Flemish writer (Puppy Love)
  • 1890 Jacobus J P Oud, Dutch architect/co-founder (Stijl)
  • 1891 Pietro Nenni, Italy, socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)
  • 1892 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
  • 1895 Hermann Brill, German politician (d. 1959)
  • 1897 Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith, pioneer Australian aviator
  • 1902 Gertrud Scholtz-Klink, German women's leader (d. 1999)
  • 1906 André Kostolany, stock market expert and speculator (d. 1999)
  • 1909 Dean Rusk, US Secretary of State (1961-69)
  • 1909 John Eustace Theodore Brancker, lawyer/parliamentarian
  • 1910 Jacques Monod, French biochemist
  • 1911 Eustace Wenworth Roskill, law lord
  • 1911 William Darby, American WWII Army officer (d. 1945)
  • 1912 Hubert William Dean, air armaments specialist
  • 1914 Max Manus, resistance fighter
  • 1921 Charles Montgomery Monteith, publisher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Brendan Behan, author/poet (Hostage), born in Dublin, Ireland

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1923 Norman E Shumway, Mich, pioneer cardiac transplant surgeon
  • 1925 Burkhard Heim, German physicist (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Garret FitzGerald, Prime Minister of Ireland
  • 1927 Donald Miller, CEO (Scottish Power)
  • 1927 Norman Adams, painter/ceramic sculptor
  • 1928 Frank Frazetta, American illustrator
  • 1928 Rinus Michels, Dutch football coach (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Bill Barrett, (Rep-R-Nebraska)
  • 1929 Clement Meadmore, Australian-born sculptor (d. 2005)
  • 1930 Garner Ted Armstrong, American evangelist (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Robert Morris, American sculptor and painter, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1932 Gerhard Richter, German painter
  • 1933 Countess of Airlie [Virginia Ogilvy], Newport, New Jersey, American-born Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth II
  • 1933 Charles Williams, Lord Williams of Elvel
  • 1937 Brian Wenham, media consultant/journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Joseph E. Stiglitz, American economist and Nobel laureate (asymmetric information), born in Gary, Indiana

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Alice Walker, American novelist (Color Purple, Meridian), born in Putnam County, Georgia

Novelist Alice Walker
Novelist
Alice Walker
  • 1944 Derryn Hinch, Australian media personality
  • 1945 Mia [Maria] Farrow, LA, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Purple Rose of Cairo)
  • 1946 M J H Sterling, Vice-Chancellor (Brunel University)
  • 1946 Séan Neeson, Northern Irish politician
  • 1946 Jim Webb, United States Senator from Virginia
  • 1947 Carla Del Ponte, Swiss UN prosecutor
  • 1949 Janet Issaca Ashford, writer
  • 1949 Judith Light, (Angela-Who's the Boss, 1 Life to Live), born in Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1950 Andrew N Meltzoff, developmental psychologist
  • 1950 Terry Hawkins, theatre administrator
  • 1950 Richard F. Colburn, American politician, Senator (R) Maryland (1995-2015), born in Easton, Maryland
  • 1951 Jay Inslee, (Rep-D-Washington)
  • 1953 Gary Franks, (Rep-R-Connecticut)
  • 1954 Ulrich Walter, German FR, cosmonaut
  • 1954 Mary Jo Duffy, American comic book writer and editor
  • 1954 Christopher Gardner, American entrepreneur
  • 1954 Kevin Warwick, Cyborg Scientist
  • 1954 Gina Rhinehart, Australian mining magnate (Australia's richest person), born in Perth, Western Australia
  • 1957 Mohammed Valli Moosa, South African leader (UDF)
  • 1960 Peggy Whitson, American astronaut, 1st woman to command International Space Station, US record for most days in space, born in Mt Ayr, Iowa
  • 1962 Martin D Lascelles, grandson of English princess Mary
  • 1963 Brian Greene, American physicist
  • 1975 Clinton Grybas, Australian Football commentator (d. 2008)
  • 1978 Daniel Mann, British television commentator
  • 1979 David Gray, English snooker player
  • 1981 John Walker Lindh, American Taliban fighter
  • 1986 Princess Raiyah bint Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1989 Wu Chia-ching, Taiwanese pool player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1864 Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer marries Elizabeth Clift Bacon


Deaths in History

  • 1011 Bernard I, Duke of Saxony
  • 1199 Minamoto no Yoritomo, Japanese founder of bakufu and 1st shogun, dies at 51 (b. 1147)
  • 1450 Agnès Sorel, mistress of King Charles VII of France (b. 1421)
  • 1555 John Hooper, deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
  • 1555 Rowland Taylor, English pastor (executed) (b. 1510)
  • 1567 Henry Stuart, earl of Darnley/Consort of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered
  • 1583 Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • 1588 Marquis of Santa Cruz, Spanish admiral, dies
  • 1619 Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
  • 1640 Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27
  • 1670 Frederik III, King of Denmark/Norway (1648-70), dies at 60
  • 1670 King Frederick III of Denmark (1648-70), dies at 60
  • 1675 Gerrit Dou / Gerard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
  • 1709 François Louis, Prince of Conti, French general (b. 1664)
  • 1751 Henri F D'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717..50), dies at 82
  • 1752 Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (b. 1722)
  • 1777 Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (b. 1706)
  • 1782 Joseph Aloysius Assemani, Syrian orientalist (b. 1710)
  • 1803 Jean François de Saint-Lambert, French poet (b. 1716)
  • 1811 Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies
  • 1824 Anna K Emmerick/Emmerich, German poet, dies at 49
  • 1846 Henry Gally Knight, architect/writer, dies
  • 1857 Dionysios Solomos, Greek poet of the Greek national anthem (b. 1798)
  • 1860 Eduard W van Dam van Isselt, Dutch milt/liberal politician, dies at 63
  • 1874 Jules Michelet, French historian (History of France), dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59

  • 1891 Johan B Jongkind, Dutch/French painter (Winter View), dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Paul Laurence Dunbar, African American dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio

  • 1918 Emiel van der Straeten, [Delrue], Flemish playwright, dies at 30
  • 1924 Nils Kj'r, Norwegian playwright (Det Lykkelige Valg), dies at 53
  • 1932 Junnosuke Inouye, Japanese minister of Finance, murdered
  • 1936 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist, dies at 57
  • 1938 Truby King, pioneer of mothercraft, dies
  • 1940 Eugene Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1857)
  • 1943 ... Reydons, wife of General Reydons, shot to death by resistance
  • 1945 George J L Maduro, resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau
  • 1945 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • 1948 Karl Valentin, German comic/writer, dies at 65
  • 1952 Norman Douglas, essayist/novelist, dies
  • 1957 Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hung admiral/regent (1920-44), dies at 88
  • 1960 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (b. 1870)
  • 1961 Grigory Levenfish, Russian International chess grandmaster, dies at 70
  • 1968 Frederik M baron van Asbeck, lawyer (League of Nations), dies at 78
  • 1973 Max Yasgur, owner Woodstock-festival farmland, dies at 53
  • 1974 Cees de Lange, Dutch conferencier, dies at 60
  • 1975 Constant Burniaux, Belgian art historian (L'amour Vivre), dies at 82
  • 1977 Denys Amiel, French dramatist/playwright (Le mouton noir), dies at 92
  • 1977 Gaus, an orangutan who lived to be 59
  • 1977 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin), dies at 82
  • 1978 Kimberly Leach, killed by Ted Bundy in Lake City Fla at 12

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1979 Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), dies at 79

Physicist and electrical engineer Dennis Gabor
Physicist and electrical engineer
Dennis Gabor
  • 1980 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, dies at 106
  • 1980 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (b. 1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), dies of total renal failure at 69

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
  • 1989 Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (b. 1928)
  • 1993 Nasrullah Mansoor, Afghan guerilla leader/governor of Paktia, dies
  • 1994 Arnold Smith, British 1st sec-gen of Commonwealth (1965-75), dies at 79
  • 1994 Howard Martin Temin, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1934)
  • 1995 J William Fulbright, American senator (D-AR, known for opposition to the Vietnam War), dies at 89
  • 1996 Adolf Galland, general (Luftwaffe), dies at 83
  • 1996 Alistair Cameron Crombie, historian of science, dies at 80
  • 1996 Barry Troyna, teacher/educational sociologist, dies at 44
  • 1996 Charles Henry "Harry" Urwin, trade unionist, dies at 80
  • 1998 Laxness, Iceland's Nobel Literature laureate, dies at 95
  • 2001 Herbert Simon, American economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1916)
  • 2002 Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom (b. 1930)
  • 2004 Claude Ryan, Canadian newspaper director and politician (b. 1925)
  • 2006 Freddie Laker, British airline entrepreneur (b. 1922)
  • 2008 Christopher Hyatt Occultist, Philosopher and Author.
  • 2008 Jazeh Tabatabai, Iranian avant-garde painter, poet and sculptor. (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Trichen Jurme Kunzang Wangyal, the eleventh Mindrolling Trichen, Tibetan Buddhist lama of the Nyingma school (b. 1930)
  • 2009 Eluana Englaro, an Italian woman who lived in a persistent vegetative state for 17 years (b. 1970)
  • 2010 Phil Harris, American fisherman from Discovery Channel's Deadliest Catch (b. 1956)
  • 2010 Walter Frederick Morrison, American inventor (b. 1920)
  • 2013 Keiko Fukuda, Japanese-born American martial artist, dies at 99
  • 2016 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), dies at 76