On This Day in History for January 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 130

  • 888 Odo, Count of Paris, becomes King of the Franks.
  • 1099 Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
  • 1404 The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (it was feared that if any alchemist should succeed it would bring ruin upon the state)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1605 The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • 1607 The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1610 Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1621 Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
  • 1630 Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony
  • 1673 Jean Racine's "Mithridate" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1695 Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1733 James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, SC
  • 1770 De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
  • 1785 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
  • 1794 Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
  • 1822 The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • 1830 Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • 1840 The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
  • 1842 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1849 Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
  • 1854 Anthony Foss patents accordion
  • 1863 Chenille yarn making machine patented by William Canter in NYC
  • 1865 -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
  • 1869 Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Washington, D.C.
  • 1873 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
  • 1874 Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • 1874 US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
  • 1883 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
  • 1883 Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo
  • 1888 National Geographic Society founded in Washington, D.C.
  • 1893 British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • 1893 U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • 1894 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1898 Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1902 Textile workers strike in Enschede, Netherlands (until 1st June)
  • 1906 Telimco makes the 1st ever advertisment for a radio set, by advertising a $7.50 set in the "Scientific American" which claimed to receive signals for up to one mile
  • 1908 French pilot Henry Farman is first European to fly 1km circuit
  • 1910 JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows" premieres in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1911 South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
  • 1912 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • 1913 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1915 Earthquake in Avezzano, Italy kills 29,800
  • 1915 Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
  • 1920 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • 1922 Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
  • 1922 Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
  • 1922 WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1924 Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
  • 1927 US & Mexico battle over oil interests
  • 1930 "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
  • 1934 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
  • 1935 Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
  • 1938 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
  • 1939 Belgian premier signs Burgos Treaty for trade relations with Franco
  • 1939 The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
  • 1942 Allied Conference on war trials
  • 1942 German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1942 Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
  • 1942 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 Hitler declares "Total War"
  • 1943 Soviet offensive at Don under general Golikov
  • 1943 US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
  • 1951 German general Christian Hansen freed early from Dutch prison
  • 1953 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
  • 1953 Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
  • 1954 Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
  • 1957 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
  • 1957 Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee
  • 1958 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
  • 1958 US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication
  • 1958 Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1959 King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
  • 1964 Karol Wojtyla becomes archbishop of Krakow
  • 1964 Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 1st black selected for presidential cabinet (LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 Bloodless coup in Togo led by Lt. Col. Étienne Eyadéma and Kléber Dadjo
  • 1970 Riots begin in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast
  • 1972 An army commander stages a bloodless coup in Ghan, while the prime minister is in London
  • 1973 Lasse Daniel Efskind skates world record 1000m (1:17.6)
  • 1974 Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1978 NASA select its first American women astronauts
  • 1979 Charlie Daniels hosts Volunteer Jam
  • 1979 YMCA files libel suit against Village People's YMCA song
  • 1980 Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium
  • 1980 Togo's constitution becomes effective
  • 1981 Barbara Sonntag, Colo, crochets record 147 stitches/min for 1/2 hour
  • 1981 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson & Howard Nemerov
  • 1982 Air Florida 737 took off in a snowstorm, crashes into 14th St Bridge in Washington, D.C., & falls into Potomac River, killing 78
  • 1984 TV anchor Christine Craft wins $325,000 in her case against KMBC-TV
  • 1985 Cerberal Palsy telethon raises $17,100,000
  • 1985 Express train derails in Ethiopia, killing at least 428
  • 1986 NCCA institutes eligibility requirements based on college exams

Birthdays in History

  • 1334 King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
  • 1381 St Colette, abbess/reformer (Poor Clares)
  • 1406 Matteo Palmieri, Italian writer (Della vita civile)
  • 1505 Joachim II Hector, ruler (Brandenburg)
  • 1562 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
  • 1596 Jan J Goyen, Dutch landscape painter
  • 1610 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • 1616 Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic/French religious fanatic
  • 1635 Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
  • 1651 Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
  • 1720 Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
  • 1749 Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
  • 1787 John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • 1802 Eduard von Bauernfeld, comedic playwright, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1804 Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1804 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • 1805 Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • 1807 Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • 1808 Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • 1812 Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1812 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1815 William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • 1832 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1835 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior
  • 1845 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1858 Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d. 1931)
  • 1859 Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • 1859 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • 1861 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • 1864 Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1865 Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • 1869 Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
  • 1870 Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d. 1959)
  • 1874 Jozef E van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin
  • 1878 Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • 1881 Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
  • 1885 Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
  • 1887 George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • 1890 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 Clarke Ashton Smith, US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
  • 1893 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1895 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • 1898 Pedro DE Teixeira de Mattos, Dutch diplomat
  • 1898 Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
  • 1901 A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • 1901 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • 1906 Zhou Youguang [Zhou Yaoping], Chinese language scholar (father of pinyin), born in Changzhou (d. 2017)
  • 1907 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse who tried save Izieu children from Nazis), born in Warsaw (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
  • 1911 Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, premier (Queensland)
  • 1915 Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property developer
  • 1916 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • 1921 Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
  • 1924 Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
  • 1924 Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Carolyn Heilbrun, [Amanda Cross], author (Lady Ottoline's Album)
  • 1926 Pamela M Cunnington, English architect/author (Change of Use)
  • 1926 Michael Bond, British writer
  • 1927 Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
  • 1930 Roman Ciesiewicz, artist/graphic designer
  • 1933 Nurdin Jivraj, Tanzanian/British hotel magnate (Buckingham Intl)
  • 1933 Ron[ald Joseph] Goulart, US, sci-fi author (Deadwalk, Plunder)
  • 1935 Mauro Forghieri, Italian automotive & mechanical engineer (Scuderia Ferrari)
  • 1936 Edward R Madigan, (Rep-R-IL, 1973- )
  • 1938 Jean Cabut [Cabu], French caricaturist (Charlie Hebdo), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 2015)
  • 1940 Edmund White, American author
  • 1941 Pasqual Maragall, Spanish politician
  • 1945 [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)
  • 1947 Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
  • 1948 Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • 1949 Rakesh Sharma, India, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11)
  • 1955 Jay McInerney, American novelist (Bright Lights, Big City), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1955 Titus M Mafolo, South African journalist/ANC-leader
  • 1957 Lorrie Moore, American writer
  • 1963 Kevin McClatchy, American businessman
  • 1966 Tabitha Stevens, fictional character (Bewitched)
  • 1969 Stephen Hendry, Edinburgh, Scottish professional snooker player
  • 1972 Atoosa Rubenstein, Iranian-born American magazine editor

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

86 BC Gaius Marius, Roman general and politician (held the office of consul seven times), dies at 70

Roman General and Consul Gaius Marius
Roman General and Consul
Gaius Marius
  • 533 Remigius van Reims, 1st bishop of Reims (459-533)/saint, dies about 96
  • 703 Empress Jitō of Japan (b. 645)
  • 858 Aethelwolf, king of Wessex (Battle at Aclea), dies
  • 888 Charles III, the Fat One, King of Franconia/Roman emperor, dies
  • 1049 Derrick IV, Count of Holland (1039-49), dies in battle
  • 1138 Simon I, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1076)
  • 1151 Abbot Suger, French statesman and historian (b. 1081)
  • 1177 Hendrik Jasomirgott Babenberg, Duke of Austria, dies. (b. 1107)
  • 1307 Arnoud van Foreest, Dom deacon of Utrecht, dies
  • 1330 Frederick I (III), the Fair, Duke of Austrian/German anti-king, dies (b. 1286)
  • 1363 Meinhard III of Gorizia-Tyrol (b. 1344)
  • 1488 Hermann Vischer, "the Old", buried
  • 1599 Edmund Spenser, poet (Faerie Queene), dies at about 46
  • 1625 Pieter Bruegel "the Older", (Bloemenbruegel), Flemish painter, dies
  • 1630 Yuan Chonghuan, Chinese military commander (b. 1584)
  • 1651 Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies at 86
  • 1658 Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1682 Simon van Leeuwen, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 55
  • 1691 George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66
  • 1702 Peter Rabus, Dutch poet/translator (Great Name Book), dies at 41
  • 1766 King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
  • 1790 Luc Urbain de Bouexic, comte de Guichen, French admiral (b. 1712)
  • 1796 John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • 1797 Elisabeth C von Brunswick-Bevern, wife of Frederick II, dies at 81
  • 1853 Theophilos Kairis, Greek priest, humanist and revolutionary (b. 1783)
  • 1860 William Mason, American politician (b. 1786)
  • 1879 WF Hendrik the Navigator, prince of Neth/viceroy of Lux, dies at 58
  • 1882 Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
  • 1885 Schuyler Colfax, American politician (b.1823)
  • 1889 Solomon Bundy, American politician (b. 1823)
  • 1894 Nadezhda von Meck, Russian patroness of Pyotr Tchaikovsky (b. 1831)
  • 1905 George Thorn, Premier of Queensland (b. 1838)
  • 1906 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (b. 1859)
  • 1913 Thomas P Krag, Norw author/novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
  • 1914 Bernardus H Heldt, Dutch MP, dies at 72
  • 1915 Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
  • 1924 Georg H Quincke, German physicist (Test of Quincke), dies at 89
  • 1928 Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer, dies at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Wyatt Earp, US marshall (OK Corral), dies at 80

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp
  • 1929 H. B. Higgins, Australian politician and judge (b. 1851)
  • 1930 C-E Auguste Rateau, French inventor (R-steam turbine), dies at 66
  • 1930 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English Electrical Engineer and Inventor, dies at 65
  • 1932 Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (b. 1870)
  • 1934 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70
  • 1934 Paul Ulrich Villard, French Chemist and Physicist who discovered gamma rays, dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 James Joyce, novelist (Ulysses), dies in Zurich Switzerland, at 58

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • 1943 Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist (b. 1889)
  • 1947 Veit Valentin, German/US historian (German People), dies at 61
  • 1953 Paul Niggli, Swiss Mineralogist (crystal structures), dies at 64
  • 1958 John Lindeboom, Dutch vicar/church historian, dies at 75
  • 1960 Sibilla Aleramo, [Rina Faccio], Italian poet (Una Donna), dies at 83
  • 1963 Leonardus G Kortenhorst, Dutch MP (KVP), dies at 76
  • 1971 Bernard "Heinz" Lammerding, Germ SS-gen/contractor (Tulle), dies at 65
  • 1974 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet (b. 1904)
  • 1978 Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn, VP), dies at 66 in Waverly, Minn
  • 1981 Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Mary, My Child), dies at 83
  • 1982 Marcel Camus, French director (Orfeu Negro), dies at 69
  • 1983 D Mack Reynolds, US writer (Amazon Planet, Once Departed), dies
  • 1985 Carol Wayne, Johnny Carson's teatime movie hostess, dies at 42
  • 1987 E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/co-founder (Trouw, Loyal), dies
  • 1988 Chiang Ching-huo, president of Taiwan (1978-88), dies at 69
  • 1992 Josef Neckermann, German founder mail-order firm/travel bureau, dies
  • 1993 Rene Pleven, PM of France (1950-51, 51-52), dies
  • 1994 Johan J Holst, Norwegian min of defense/foreign affairs, dies at 56
  • 1995 Arnold Smith, painter (Vigelius Prize 1935), dies at 89
  • 1995 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, bishop, dies at 81
  • 1996 Willian Myuon Bany Guerrilla leader, dies
  • 1997 William Mills, painter, dies at 74
  • 2004 Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber (b. 1937)
  • 2004 Harold Shipman, British serial killer (b. 1946)
  • 2009 Doña Mary Ejercito, Filipino supercentarian, mother of Joseph Ejercito Estrada (b. 1905)
  • 2009 Nancy Bird Walton, Australian aviator (b. 1915)
  • 2009 William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet under the pseudonym S. S. Gardons (b. 1926)
  • 2010 Kalifa Tillisi, Libyan writer and linguist
  • 2012 Rauf Denktash, leader of Turkish Cypriots, dies of multiple organ failure at 87
  • 2012 Gianpiero Moretti, steering wheel designer, dies from cancer at 71
  • 2015 Ronnie Ronalde [Ronald Charles Waldron], British entertainer and world famous whistler, dies at 91
  • 2017 William Peter Blatty, American scriptwriter and author of The Exorcist, dies at 89
  • 2017 Anthony Armstrong-Jones [Lord Snowdon], British photographer and ex-husband of Princess Margaret, dies at 86