On This Day in History for January 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 127

  • 378 General Siyaj K'ak', a Mayan warlord, conquers Tikal and increases the domain of Teotihuacan
  • 1129 Formal approval of the Order of Templars at the Council of Troyes.
  • 1301 Andrew III of Hungary (1290-1301) dies at 50, ending the Arpad dynasty in Hungary.
  • 1343 Arnost of Pardubice becomes the first Archbishop of Prague (and the last bishop of Prague)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt, aged 17.

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1514 Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.

Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1526 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King Francis I of France
King
Francis I of France
  • 1601 Church authorities in Rome burn Hebrew books
  • 1639 1st Connecticut constitution (Fundamental Orders) adopted in Hartford, published by Rodger Ludlow
  • 1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed
  • 1659 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • 1690 Clarinet invented, in Nurnberg, Germany
  • 1699 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • 1717 German mob leader "Sjako" sentenced to death in Amsterdam
  • 1724 Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
  • 1739 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army leaves Glasgow [OS=Jan 3]
  • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat between the Marathas and Afghans is fought in India
  • 1784 US Revolutionary War ends with the US Congress of the Confederation ratifying the Treaty of Paris
  • 1794 Dr Jessee Bennet of Edom, Va, performs 1st successful Cesarean section operation in the US on his wife

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 Eli Whitney receives government contract for 10,000 muskets

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1799 King of Naples flees before advancing French armies
  • 1813 Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 1814 King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrius Ypsilanti.
  • 1858 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 1861 Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Cosby Creek, TN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • 1868 NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 1868 SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • 1873 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • 1873 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate
  • 1874 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • 1878 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 1897 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed
  • 1898 Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
  • 1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica, kills more than 1,000.
  • 1908 Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut v Eng Adelaide (116)
  • 1909 Coöp. Far. Central Management forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition lands on the Ross Ice Shelf

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1912 Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France

CommunicationModel T

1914 Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for the Model T

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1914 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1916 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • 1918 Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1924 Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy
  • 1929 Afghan King Amanullah forced to resign
  • 1932 1st totalisator (to record racetrack bets) in US installed, Hialeah
  • 1935 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use
  • 1936 L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America
  • 1938 National Society for Legalization of Euthanasia forms (NY)
  • 1938 Norway claims Queen Maud Land
  • 1939 All commercial ferry service to East Bay ends
  • 1939 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica
  • 1942 Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
  • 1943 Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw
  • 1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel by airplane

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 World War II: Casablanca Conference begins between Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1944 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
  • 1945 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1946 2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed
  • 1949 Black/Indian race rebellion in Durban, South Africa; 142 die
  • 1950 US recalls all consular officials from China
  • 1952 Rationing of coffee in Netherlands ends
  • 1952 Snowstorm in Sierra Nevada kills 26
  • 1953 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1953 Yugoslavia elects its 1st president (Marshal Tito)
  • 1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
  • 1956 Jordan government refuses to join Pact of Baghdad
  • 1956 Little Richard releases "Tutti Frutti"
  • 1957 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • 1960 Tuindorp-Oostzaan in Northern Amsterdam, flooded
  • 1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia is established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 George Wallace sworn in as Governor of Alabama, his address states "segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!"

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1963 "The Bell Jar" by Sylvia Path is published by Heinemann in the UK, the author commits suicide a month later
  • 1964 Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1964 Jacqueline Kennedy's 1st public appearance (TV) since US President JFK's assassination

  • 1967 20,000 attend Human Be-In, SF
  • 1967 Earthquake in Sicily kills 231
  • 1967 NY Times reports Army is conducting secret germ warfare experiments
  • 1969 25 members of US aircraft carrier Enterprise die during maneuvers
  • 1969 Soyuz 4 launched; rendezvous with Soyuz 5 two days later
  • 1970 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers patrol the Falls Road area of Belfast for the first time since 1969
  • 1971 John Snow takes 7-40 for England to beat Australia by 299 runs
  • 1972 Margrethe II of Denmark becomes the first Queen of Denmark since 1412
  • 1973 2 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed in Derry by a booby-trap bomb attached to their car by the Irish Republican Army
  • 1974 World Football League founded
  • 1975 USSR breaks trade agreement with US
  • 1975 17-year-old Lesley Whittle is kidnapped in Shropshire, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter proposes Martin Luther King's birthday be a holiday

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1980 Shakuntala Devi, mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 US Federal Communications Commission frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish
  • 1985 16 indicted by US for granting sanctuary to Central American refugees
  • 1985 British pound sinks to record low $US1.11
  • 1986 Constitution of Guatemala takes effect
  • 1986 Vinicio Cerezo becomes only 2nd freely elected president of Guatemala since CIA-sponsored coup in 1954
  • 1989 1,000 muslims burn Salman Rushdies' "Satanic Verses" in Bradford, England

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 108


Person of interestPerson of Interest

83 BC Mark Antony [Marcus Antonius], Rome, Roman Politician and General (Battle of Actium) (d. 30 BC)

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 1131 King Valdemar I of Denmark (d. 1182)
  • 1467 Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, German gov/viceroy of Frisia
  • 1477 Hermann of Wied, German Catholic archbishop (d. 1552)
  • 1507 Catherine of Habsburg, Infanta of Spain and queen of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1551 Alberico Gentili, Italian jurist (d. 1608)
  • 1592 Sjihab al-Din Sultan Choerram Sjah Djahan, leader of India
  • 1615 John Biddle, English minister (Unitarian)
  • 1618 Jan Six, Dutch mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1664 Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36)
  • 1684 Jean-Baptiste Vanloo, French painter
  • 1684 Johann Matthias Hase, German scientist (d. 1742)
  • 1702 Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (d. 1737)
  • 1705 Jean-Baptiste C Bouvet de Lozier/Lozier-Bouvet, governor (Reunion Is)
  • 1730 William Whipple, merchant/judge (Declaration of Independence signer)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1741 Benedict Arnold, Norwich Connecticut, US general turned traitor (American Revolutionary War)

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • 1791 Calvin Phillips, became shortest known adult male (67 cm; 2' 2")
  • 1792 Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (d. 1865)
  • 1793 John C. Clark, American politician (d. 1852)
  • 1798 Isaac da Costa, Dutch writer/lawyer
  • 1798 Johan R Thorbecke, Premier of Netherlands (Lib-1849..72)
  • 1806 Matthew Fontaine Maury, Naval Commander (Confederacy)
  • 1806 Sir Charles Hotham, Governor of Victoria (d. 1855)
  • 1817 Harmen S Sytstra, Dutch poet/editor (Iduna)
  • 1818 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories)
  • 1819 Frederick Steele, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1868)
  • 1831 John Bullock Clark Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1903)
  • 1836 [Hugh] Judson Kilpatrick, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • 1836 Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter (d. 1904)
  • 1841 Berthe M P Morisot, French painter/aquarellist
  • 1845 Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th marquess of Landsdowne/gov-gen Canada
  • 1850 Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
  • 1851 Theophile EA de Bock, Dutch painter/etcher/drawer
  • 1856 J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919)
  • 1857 Alice Pike Barney, American painter
  • 1861 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
  • 1863 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
  • 1868 Catharina A M de Savornin Lohman, Dutch author (Belief)
  • 1870 Sir George Pearce, Australian politician (d. 1952)
  • 1874 Thornton Waldo Burgess, author (Peter Rabbit)
  • 1878 Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
  • 1882 Hendrik W van Loon, Netherland, commentator/writer (Story of America)
  • 1886 Hugh Lofting, England, writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle)
  • 1892 Martin Niemöller, clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler
  • 1895 George Richard Samways, children's writer
  • 1896 John dos Passos, novelist (1919, Big Money, 42nd Parallel)
  • 1897 Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978)
  • 1899 Fritz Bayerlein, German lt-general (WW I, Poland, Libya, St-Lo)
  • 1899 Carlos Romulo, Filipino diplomat and author (d. 1985)
  • 1901 Carlos P Romulo, Philippine general/diplomat/jurist
  • 1902 Alfred Tarski, mathematician/logician, born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1902 F C Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch writer (De Turkenoorlog)
  • 1904 Cecil Beaton, England, royal family photographer
  • 1904 Emily Hahn, American writer (d. 1997)
  • 1905 Takeo Fukuda, 67th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Derek Richter, British neuro chemist (Aspects of learning & memory)
  • 1907 Sophie Redmond, Suriname's 1st female physician
  • 1907 Georges-Émile Lapalme, Quebec politician (d. 1985)
  • 1909 Joseph Walton Losey, Wisconsin, director (Damned, Accident)
  • 1911 Anatoly Rybakov, Russian writer (d. 1998)
  • 1913 Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle)
  • 1915 Andre Frossard, Catholic columnist
  • 1915 Mark Goodson, American game show producer (d. 1992)
  • 1916 John Oliver Killens, novelist
  • 1919 Giulio Andreotti, 7 x premier (Italy), (d. 2013)
  • 1921 Charles Gaupp, German/Dutch painter
  • 1921 Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Yukio Mishima, Japan, novelist (Temple of Golden Pavilion)
  • 1926 Harold Wolpe, sociologist lawyer/Soth African activist
  • 1926 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer and activist, born in Dhaka, British India (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Gerald Arpino, choreographer, born in Staten Island, New York
  • 1928 Garry Winogrand, American photographer (d. 1984)
  • 1931 Frank Costigan, Australian lawyer
  • 1935 Lucille Wheeler, Canadian alpine skier
  • 1940 Julian Bond, American civil rights leader and politician (D-Ga), born in Nashville Tennessee (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Milan Kučan, Slovenian statesman
  • 1942 Amichand Rajbansi, South African politician
  • 1942 Carol Bellamy, Planfield NJ, (City Council Pres-D- 1978-85), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Shannon Lucid, Shanghai China, astronaut (STS 51G, 34, 43, 58, 76/79)
  • 1944 Marjoe Gortner, American evangelist
  • 1944 Nina Totenberg, American journalist
  • 1945 Einar Hakonarson, Icelandic painter
  • 1945 Vonetta McGee, American actress, born in San Francisco, California, (d. 2010)
  • 1946 Harold Shipman, British serial killer (d. 2004)
  • 1947 Bill Weberniuk, Canadian snookers player
  • 1949 Mary Robison, American writer
  • 1952 Sydney Biddle Barrow, madam/autohr (Mayflower Madam)
  • 1952 Maureen Dowd, American writer
  • 1952 Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, Prime Minister of Romania
  • 1957 Anchee Min, Chinese writer
  • 1958 Colin Ferguson, murderer (6 people on the LIRR on Dec 7, 1993)
  • 1961 Robert Edwin Hall, mountaineer/businessman
  • 1962 Michael McCaul, American politician
  • 1963 Steven Soderbergh, American producer, director, writer (Ocean's Eleven, Traffic), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1964 Shepard Smith, American news anchor
  • 1965 Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (d. 2006)
  • 1965 Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, British chef
  • 1971 Lasse Kjus, Norwegian skier
  • 1975 Ricardo López, Uruguayan-born stalker of Björk, born in Uruguay (d. 1996)
  • 1978 Just Blaze, American hip hop producer

Weddings in History

  • 1236 English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
  • 1914 Danish "Out of Africa" author Karen Blixen (28), pen name Isak Dinesen marries her 2nd cousin Baron Hans von Blixen-Finecke

HeartWedding of Interest

1930 Author John Steinbeck (27) weds Carol Henning in Los Angeles, California

HeartWedding of Interest

1958 Human rights activist Malcolm X marries fellow activist Betty Shabazz in Lansing, Michigan

African American Activist Malcolm X
African American Activist
Malcolm X

Divorces in History

  • 1994 Kathleen Kinmont files for divorce from Lorenzo Lamas

Deaths in History

  • 973 Ekkehard I, monk of St Gallen (Vita Waltharii manu fortis), dies
  • 1163 Ladislaus I Arpad, king of Hungary (1162-63), dies
  • 1236 Sava [Rastko], son of Serbia's king/saint, dies at 64
  • 1331 Odoric, Italian explorer (b. 1286)
  • 1623 Paolo Sarpi, Italian church historian/politician, dies at 70
  • 1640 Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
  • 1648 Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist/poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
  • 1679 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • 1701 Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (b. 1628)
  • 1742 Edmond Halley, English scientist (b. 1656)
  • 1766 Frederik V, king of Denmark/Norway (1746-66), dies at 42
  • 1786 Meshech Weare, Governor of New Hampshire (b. 1713)
  • 1788 François Joseph Paul, marquis de Grasetilly, comte de Grasse, French admiral (b. 1722)
  • 1802 Marie Allard, French ballerina, dies at 59
  • 1819 Peter Pindar, English satirist (b. 1738)
  • 1822 Franz Innocenz Joseph Kobell, German landscape painter, dies at 72
  • 1830 Johann G Repsold, German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • 1833 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox saint (b. 1759)
  • 1847 Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
  • 1850 Anthony van Hoboken, Rotterdam merchant/ship owner, dies at 93
  • 1867 Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, French painter (b. 1780)
  • 1874 Johann Philipp Reis, German Physicist and Inventor, dies of lung disease at 40
  • 1887 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, dies at 83
  • 1887 Peter "Peerke" Donders, missionary (Father of Melaatsen), dies at 77
  • 1892 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1898 Lewis Carroll, English writer (Alice's Adventures in Wonderland), dies at 65

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1901 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (e is transcendent), dies at 78
  • 1901 Mandell Creighton, English bishop/historian, dies at 57
  • 1901 Victor Balaguer, Catalaans historian/politician/author, dies at 76
  • 1902 Cato M Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1905 Ernst Abbe, German physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), dies at 64
  • 1907 Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
  • 1908 Holger Drachmann, writer, dies
  • 1909 Sinovi P Rozhestvensky, Russian admiral, dies at 60
  • 1912 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Kant & Epigones), dies at 71
  • 1915 Richard Meux Benson, founder of Anglican religious order (b. 1824)
  • 1916 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist/sociologist, dies at 73
  • 1920 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (b. 1864)
  • 1923 Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
  • 1924 Arne Garborg, Norwegian playwright (Mannfolk), dies at 72
  • 1925 Willem Devout, self employed (V & Dreesmann), dies
  • 1929 Cornelis W Lely, Dutch Governor of Suriname (1902-05), dies at 74
  • 1931 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
  • 1937 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1942 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
  • 1944 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • 1948 Anna "Ans" van Dike, Dutch Jewish Nazi-collaborator, executed at 42
  • 1956 Siegfried F Nadel, Aust/British anthropologist (Nuba), dies at 52
  • 1963 Gustav Regler, German writer, dies at 64
  • 1966 Sergei Korolev, Russian space station constructor, dies
  • 1968 Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
  • 1970 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1972 Frederik IX, [Christiaan FFMKW], king of Denmark (1947-72), dies at 72
  • 1974 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia parliament chairman, dies at 62
  • 1976 Abdul Razak bin Hussain, premier of Malaysia (1970-77), dies at 53

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1977 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, dies of liver cancer at 79

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1977 Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
  • 1978 Kurt Gödel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 1979 Thomas DeSimone, gangster associate of the Lucchese crime family (b. 1950)
  • 1980 Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
  • 1981 John O'Grady, Australian writer (Nino Culotta) (b. 1907)
  • 1984 Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, Dutch sexuologist (NVSH), dies at 55
  • 1986 Walter Leblanc, Belgian painter, dies at 53
  • 1988 Georgy M Malenkov, PM of USSR (1953-55), dies at 86
  • 1990 Mani Madhava Chakyar, Koodiyattam artist and Sanskrit scholar (b. 1899)
  • 1991 Sallah Kharaf, [Abu Iyad], co-founder (Al-Fatah), assassinated
  • 1991 Gordon Bryant, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 1993 Elisabeth A de Vreugd, chambermaid for Dutch Queen, dies at 98
  • 1993 Manfred Lachs, Polish lawyer (Intl Court of Justice), dies
  • 1994 Federica Montseny, anarchist/Sp minister of Health (1936), dies at 80
  • 1995 Mark Finch, film festival organizer, dies at 33
  • 1995 Stafford WIlliam Somerfield, newspaper editor, dies at 84
  • 1996 Eric Briault, educationalist, dies at 84
  • 1997 Dollard Ménard, French Canadian general (b. 1913)
  • 1999 Jerzy Grotowski, Polish theatre director (b. 1933)
  • 2000 Charles Pick, British publisher (William Heinemann), dies at 82
  • 2001 Burkhard Heim, German physicist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (b. 1902)
  • 2005 Charlotte MacLeod, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2005 Conroy Maddox, English painter (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Rudolph Moshammer, German fashion designer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 Jesús-Rafael Soto, Venezuelan kinetic artist (b. 1923)
  • 2006 Henri Colpi, French film editor and director (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Jim Gary, American sculptor (b. 1939)
  • 2008 Judah Folkman, Surgeon that developed Angiogenesis (b. 1933)
  • 2009 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin (b. 1937)
  • 2014 Juan Gelman, Argentine poet, dies at 84