On This Day in History for January 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 160

  • 588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah's reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
  • 69 Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor, only rules for three months before committing suicide
  • 708 Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
  • 946 Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded and ousted
  • 1346 Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland/Zealand

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1541 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France

  • 1552 France signs secret treaty with German Protestants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1562 3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
  • 1582 Russia cedes Livonia & Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
  • 1586 Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army
  • 1752 Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Henry Fielding of plagiarism
  • 1754 Riot at burial of Orangist leader Daniel Raap in Amsterdam
  • 1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London
  • 1762 Fraunces Tavern opens in NYC
  • 1777 People of New Connecticut (Vermont) declare independence from England
  • 1780 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
  • 1782 Robert Morris, the Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress the establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
  • 1797 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
  • 1815 War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates
  • 1822 Greek War of Independence: Demetrius Ypsilanti is elected president of the legislative assembly.
  • 1831 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 1831 1st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr & Mrs Pierson, Charleston, SC
  • 1833 HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
  • 1844 University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • 1847 1st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in NYC
  • 1851 Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • 1857 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1863 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 1865 Ft Fisher, NC, falls to Union troops
  • 1870 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
  • 1876 "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl
  • 1877 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 1882 1st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 1886 Weekly Herald, 1st newspaper in Vancouver, BC, publishes 1st issue
  • 1895 Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
  • 1895 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
  • 1896 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1907 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr Lee De Forest
  • 1907 Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them
  • 1908 C Hill & R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Aust
  • 1908 Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority: first Greek-letter organization established by African American college women
  • 1910 Constructions ends on the Buffalo Bill Dam in Wyoming
  • 1915 Japan claims economic control of China
  • 1919 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
  • 1919 Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit" premieres
  • 1919 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • 1919 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC
  • 1919 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • 1922 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)
  • 1924 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 1925 Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
  • 1927 The Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T Scopes' guilty verdict for teaching evolution — but the law itself remains in force
  • 1930 George Headley scores century on debut v England (made 176)
  • 1934 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
  • 1934 While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by officer William O'Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest.
  • 1935 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty" premieres in NYC
  • 1936 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • 1936 Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates
  • 1937 Spanish Civil War: Second Battle of the Corunna Road ends after both forces withdraw
  • 1939 Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal
  • 1940 German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch merchant ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
  • 1943 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
  • 1943 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed
  • 1943 1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon
  • 1943 World War II: The Soviets begin a counter-offensive at Voronezh
  • 1944 European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower arrives in England

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
  • 1945 Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
  • 1945 Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
  • 1945 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short ("The Black Dahlia") is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles, California.

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1949 Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
  • 1950 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
  • 1951 Supreme Court rule "clear & present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest
  • 1951 Ilse Koch, also known as "The Witch of Buchenwald", is sentenced to life imprisonment by a West German court
  • 1953 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes & crashes in Washington, D.C. station
  • 1953 GDR Min of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
  • 1953 East Germany purges senior officials, accused of spying for 'imperialistic powers' and plotting against the state
  • 1955 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • 1955 Dmitri Shostakovitch's "From Jewish Folk Poetry" premieres in Leningrad
  • 1955 USSR ends state of war with German Federal Republic
  • 1956 Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed honorary member of Academia Santa Cecilia
  • 1961 Supremes signed with Motown Records
  • 1962 Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
  • 1964 Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract
  • 1965 Rock group Who releases first album "I Can't Explain"
  • 1965 Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor, Michigan, forms
  • 1965 Soviet underground nuclear test creates the atomic lake Chagan, Kazakhstan
  • 1966 The First Nigerian Republic is overthrown in a military coup d'etat
  • 1969 Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • 1969 Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union
  • 1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill announces that an official inquiry will analyse the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 Republic of Biafra disbands and joins Nigeria

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 101

  • 1432 Afonso V "the African", king of Portugal (1438-1481)
  • 1481 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1511)
  • 1507 Johann Oporinus [Herbster], Swiss book publisher (Koran)
  • 1538 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)
  • 1622 Molière, French playwright (d. 1673)
  • 1671 Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian (d. 1704)
  • 1674 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (d. 1762)
  • 1716 Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1747 John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)
  • 1754 Richard Martin, Irish animal rights activist (d. 1834)
  • 1779 Jean Coralli, ballet producer/choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1791 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 1795 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant/man of letters
  • 1795 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (d. 1829)
  • 1798 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends)
  • 1803 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1809 Cornelia Connelly, founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1809 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, France, politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1812 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer
  • 1813 James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1815 Henry Morris Naglee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1816 Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Lewis Golding Arnold, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1871)
  • 1821 Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Marie Duplessis, French courtesan (d. 1847)
  • 1826 Mikhail Saltykov, Spas-Ugol Russia, satirist (Family of Noblemen)
  • 1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Ella Flagg Young, 1st woman pres (National Educational Association)
  • 1850 Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 1850 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • 1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italy, painter
  • 1859 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • 1863 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
  • 1864 Frances Benjamin Johnston, Grafton West Virginia, early female photographer
  • 1866 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • 1870 Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)
  • 1870 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman (d. 1954)
  • 1872 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1877 Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • 1879 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • 1882 Princess Margaret of Sweden (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • 1888 Joseph Henabery, director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1891 Osip E Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1892 Rex Ingram, [Reginald IM Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse) (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • 1894 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney/minister of colonization
  • 1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
  • 1902 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1903 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greece, rich shipping magnate

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Edward Teller, fathered H-bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)
  • 1911 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaretier
  • 1912 Michel Debré, French politician (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • 1914 Lord Dacre of Glanton, British historian
  • 1916 Mikki Doyle, journalist
  • 1918 Andreas M Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law)
  • 1918 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971)
  • 1918 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1920 John Junor, British editor in chief (Sunday Express)
  • 1922 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Lee Teng-hui, president of ROC (Taiwan), head of KMT (1988- )
  • 1923 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director (d. 1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1968)

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1931 Derek Meddings, special effects technician
  • 1931 Thomas Hoving, American news correspondent (20/20), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Louis Woodard Jones, New Rochelle NY, 4X400m relayer (Oly-gold-56)
  • 1933 Ernest J. Gaines, American author
  • 1935 Robert Silverberg, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet)
  • 1936 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), born in Vigo, Spain (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • 1945 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • 1947 Andrea Martin, comediene (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1948 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV)
  • 1953 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • 1954 Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
  • 1956 Mayawati, Indian politician
  • 1957 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur
  • 1958 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia
  • 1959 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber (d. 2008)
  • 1962 Creflo Dollar, American televangelist
  • 1963 Erling Kagge, Norway, explorer (South Pole)
  • 1968 Iñaki Urdangarín, Spanish royalty
  • 1975 Edith Bowman, Scottish television and radio presenter

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1930 Businesswoman Estée Lauder (23) weds businessman Joseph Lauder

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder

Deaths in History

  • 69 Servius Sulpicius Galba, 6th emperor of Rome (68-69), lynched at 70
  • 570 Saint Ita, Irish nun (b. 475)
  • 936 King Rudolph of France (923-936), dies at 45 or 46
  • 1208 Peter of Castelnau, French nobleman, murdered
  • 1345 Martin Zaccaria, Italo-Greek ruler
  • 1595 Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
  • 1672 John Cosin, English clergyman (b. 1594)
  • 1683 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)
  • 1684 Caspar Netscher, Dutch portrait painter, dies at about 48
  • 1705 Walraad, the Young, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nijmegen, dies
  • 1781 Marianne Victoria of Borbón, queen regent of Portugal (b. 1718)
  • 1790 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1804 Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1815 Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson (b. 1761
  • 1866 M T d'Azeglio, writer, dies
  • 1876 Eliza Johnson, U.S. First Lady (b. 1810)
  • 1896 Matthew B Brady, US photographer (Civil War), dies at about 72
  • 1909 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Das Edle Blut), dies at 63
  • 1909 Arnold Janssen missionary (b. 1837)
  • 1915 Fannie Farmer, American culinary figure and author dies aged 57
  • 1916 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • 1919 Karl Liebknecht, Marxist revolutionary, murdered at 47
  • 1919 Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist revolutionary, murdered
  • 1922 John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone's companion, dies at 89
  • 1932 Georg Kerschensteiner, German educationalist, dies at 77
  • 1934 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • 1934 Patrick O'Malley, US policeman, killed by John Dillinger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Elizabeth Short, American victim in the Black Dahlia case, murdered at 22

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1949 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron/diplomat/senator, dies at 63
  • 1949 Charles Ponzi, Italian con man (Ponzi scheme in the US), dies at 66
  • 1950 Gen Henry "Hap" Arnold, U.S. General of the Air Force (b. 1886)
  • 1952 Ned Hanlon, Premier of Queensland (b. 1887)
  • 1955 Yves Tanguy, French/American sailor/surrealistic painter, dies
  • 1965 Pierre Ngendandumwe, premier of Burundi, murdered
  • 1967 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (b. 1882)
  • 1968 Leopold Infeld, Pol nuclear physcist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69
  • 1969 Theodor Werner, German painter, dies at 82
  • 1972 Daisy Ashford, English child writer (The Young Visiters) (b. 1881)
  • 1973 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
  • 1978 Margaret Bowman & Janet Levy, Chi Omega, FSU, killed by Ted Bundy
  • 1981 Emanuel Celler, (Rep-D-NY, 1923-73), dies at 92

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1983 Meyer Lansky, reputed mobster, dies in Miami Beach Fla at 80

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Mobster
Meyer Lansky
  • 1987 Gerrit Borgers, Dutch literary, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1988 Sean MacBride, Ireland, commander of Irish Republican Army, dies at 83

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride
  • 1993 Huub H Jacobse, Dutch MP (VVD), dies at 68
  • 1993 Ken Cory, dies of AIDS at 51
  • 1996 Moshoeshoe II, King of Lesotho (1966-90), dies at 51
  • 1996 Richard Charles Cobb, historian, dies at 78
  • 1997 Jose Ignacio Domecq, wine maker, dies at 82
  • 1997 Kenneth Thimann, botanist, dies at 92
  • 1998 Gulzarilal Nanda, temporary PM of India (1964, 66), dies
  • 2000 Georges-Henri Lévesque, Canadian Dominican priest and sociologist (b. 1903)
  • 2000 Željko Ražnatović, aka Arkan, Serbian paramilitary leader (b. 1952)
  • 2005 Elizabeth Janeway, American author (b. 1913)
  • 2005 Walter Ernsting, German author (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Dan Lee, Canadian animator (b. 1969)
  • 2006 Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1926)
  • 2007 Bo Yibo, Chinese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2007 James Hillier, Canadian inventor of electron microscope (b. 1915)
  • 2007 Pura Santillan-Castrence, Filipino writer and diplomat (b. 1905)
  • 2007 Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former chief judge of the Iraqi Revolutionary Court (b. 1945) (executed)
  • 2008 Mark Haigh-Hutchinson, Game Designer (b. 1964)
  • 2012 Edward Derwinski, Chicago congressman 1959-83 and first Secretary of Veteran Affairs, dies of cancer at 85