On This Day in History for January 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 132

  • 379 Theodosius installed as co-emperor of East Roman Empire
  • 973 Pope Benedictus VI elected
  • 1419 French city of Rouen surrenders to Henry V in Hundred Years War
  • 1493 France cedes Roussillon & Cerdagne to Spain by treaty of Barcelona
  • 1511 Mirandola surrenders to the French.
  • 1520 Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden, was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bogesund.
  • 1547 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, executed in the Tower of London for treason
  • 1607 San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is currently the oldest church in the Philippines

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1668 King Louis XIV & Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1714 Richard Steele publishes "Crisis" defending Hanoverian success
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Stirling [OS= Jan 8]
  • 1770 Battle of Golden Hill (Lower Manhattan)
  • 1785 First manned balloon flight in Ireland
  • 1795 Democratic revolution in Amsterdam ends oligarchy
  • 1806 United Kingdom re-occupies the Cape of Good Hope following victory in the Battle of Blaauwberg over French vassal, the Batavian Republic. Establishes British rule in South Africa.
  • 1808 Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • 1810 Overnight temp at Portsmouth NH drops 50°F (10°C)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley
  • 1825 Ezra Daggett & nephew Thomas Kensett patent food storage in tin cans
  • 1829 Johann von Goethe's "Faust, Part 1" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 Charles Darwin reaches Straits Ponsonby, Fireland

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 1861 Misssissippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)
  • 1861 Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
  • 1863 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • 1865 NV Suriname Bank established
  • 1865 Union occupies Fort Anderson, NC
  • 1871 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1883 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1885 Battle of Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • 1886 Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota
  • 1893 Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
  • 1898 Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • 1899 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • 1903 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1909 Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way" premieres in NYC
  • 1910 Germany & Bolivia end commerce/friendship treaty
  • 1910 US National Institute of Arts & Letters incorporated by Congress
  • 1913 Raymond Poincaré installed as president of France
  • 1915 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • 1915 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude
  • 1917 The Silvertown explosion: 73 die when a munitions factory in Essex explodes.
  • 1918 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • 1918 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • 1919 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • 1920 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • 1921 Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador sign Pact of Union
  • 1922 Geological survey says US oil supply would be depleted in 20 years
  • 1923 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1923 UK Chancellor of the Exchequer Stanley Baldwin and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon agree to reschedule repayment of Britain's $4.5 billion war debt over 62 years

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1925 -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)
  • 1927 British government decides to send troops to China
  • 1929 Acadia National Park, Maine established
  • 1929 Clas Thunberg skates world record 500m in 42.8 sec
  • 1934 Kenesaw Mountain Landis denies Joe Jackson's appeal for reinstatement
  • 1935 KLM begins flight path between Curacao & Aruba
  • 1935 Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs in Chicago, calls it the "Jockey"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h 28m 25s)

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1938 General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines
  • 1939 Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record-4.4 sec
  • 1941 British offensive in Eritrea
  • 1941 British troops occupies Kassalaf, Sudan
  • 1942 Japanese forces invade Burma
  • 1942 Titus Brandsma arrested by German occupiers
  • 1943 Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
  • 1943 Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • 1947 SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392
  • 1949 Cuba recognises Israel.
  • 1950 Maiden flight by Canada's Avro Canada CF-100 military plane

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Jesse Owens named Illinois Athletic Commission secretary

Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens
  • 1955 "Scrabble" debuts on board game market

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1955 1st presidential news conference filmed for TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Canadian Football Council renamed Canadian Football League
  • 1960 Eisenhower & Premier Kishi sign US-Japanese Security pact
  • 1961 1st episode of "Dick Van Dyke Show" is filmed

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1966 Indira Gandhi elected India's 4th Prime Minister

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1966 Tippett's cantate "Vision of St Augustine" premieres in London
  • 1967 Herr Karl Tausch writes shortest will "Vse Zene" (All to wife)
  • 1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill calls for "a new endeavour by organisations in Northern Ireland to cross denominational barriers and advance the cause of better community relations"
  • 1970 Dutch bishops says he is in favor of married priest
  • 1970 Nixon nominates G Harold Carswell to Supreme Court (fails)
  • 1970 UCLA fires Angela Davis for being a communist
  • 1974 Belgium government of Leburton falls
  • 1975 4 mail truck assault on El Al B-747 in Paris, escape to Iraq
  • 1975 Triple J begins broadcasting in Sydney, Australia.
  • 1977 US President Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (Tokyo Rose)
  • 1977 World's largest crowd gathering - the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India attracts a then record 15 million people
  • 1977 Snow falls in Miami, Florida. This is the only time in the history of the city that snowfall has occurred. It also fell in the Bahamas.
  • 1978 Eddie Mathews elected to Hall of Fame
  • 1978 Judge William H Webster appointed head of FBI
  • 1978 The last Volkswagen Beetle made in Germany leaves VW's plant in Emden. Beetle production in Latin America would continue until 2003.
  • 1979 John N Mitchell (former US Attorney General) released on parole from federal prison
  • 1981 US & Iran sign agreement to release 52 American hostages
  • 1982 Aust-WI one-day game that produced a Privy Council libel case
  • 1982 Heater explodes at Star Elementary School, Oklahoma, kills 6 children & teacher
  • 1983 Klaus Barbie, SS chief in Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, arrested in Bolivia
  • 1984 California Supreme Court rejects the request of quadriplegic Elizabeth Bouvia's to starve herself to death in a public hospital

Birthdays in History

  • 399 Pulcheria, Byzantine empress (d. 453)
  • 1200 Dogen Kigen, Japan, Zen teacher, 1st patriarch of the Japanese Soto
  • 1544 Francis II de Valois-Angouleme, king of France (1559-60)
  • 1639 Noel Alexandre, French theologian/historian
  • 1686 Hakuin Ekakuborn, Japan, Zen Buddhist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1736 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 1819)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1736 Laurens Pieter van de Spiegel, Dutch Grand Pensionary of Zeeland and Holland (1787-95)
  • 1737 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Fr writer (Paul et Virgin)
  • 1739 Joseph Bonomi the Elder, Italian architect (d. 1808)
  • 1749 Isaiah Thomas, US, printer/editor/publisher/historian
  • 1752 James Morris III, American army officer (d. 1820)
  • 1757 Augusta Reuss-Ebersdorf, German Princess (d. 1831)
  • 1790 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish historian/poet (Blommorna)
  • 1798 Auguste Comte, philosopher/founder (sociology & positivism)
  • 1802 [Jean] Silvain van de Weyer, 1st Belgium min of Foreign affairs (1831)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1807 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, born in Stratford Virginia (d. 1870)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1808 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (d. 1887)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, poet and critic (The Pit and the Pendulum) considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre (Murders in the Rue Morgue), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1849)

  • 1813 Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • 1816 Henry Gray, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1820 John Haskell King, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1888)
  • 1830 George Blake Cosby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • 1837 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1839 Paul Cézanne, French artist and Post-Impressionist painter (The Basket of Apples), born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1906)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne
  • 1848 John F. Stairs, Canadian businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1851 David Starr Jordan, NY, biologist/university pres (Leland Stanford)
  • 1851 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer
  • 1858 Eugene Brieux, French playwright (Blanchette, Lesson Avaries)
  • 1859 Alice Eastwood, botanist (Handbook of Trees of California), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1863 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 1868 Gustav Meyrink, writer
  • 1869 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • 1873 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • 1879 Marie Koenen, author/wife of Felix Rutten (Wassend Cereal)
  • 1879 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1887 Alexander Woollcott, NJ, short story writer (Man Who Came to Dinner)
  • 1892 Olafur Thors, Icelandic PM (6 times, 1942-63)
  • 1897 Natacha Rambova, Salt Lake City UT, costume designer
  • 1897 René Victor, Flemish lawyer/knight (Rechtskundig Weekblad)
  • 1902 Heinrich Schmist-Barrien, German author (Moorkeerl)
  • 1903 Alfred Lane Beit, connoisseur
  • 1904 James Winston Watts, developer (Frontal Lobotomy)
  • 1905 Anne Schumacher Hummert, Baltimore US, leading creator of daytime radio serials during the 1930s and 1940s
  • 1905 Oveta Culp Hobby, government official/newspaper publisher/CEO (Houston Post)
  • 1908 Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh, Russian mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1910 Willi Schmidt, Germany, director
  • 1912 Francis David Charteris, earl of Wemyss & March/Scottish landowner
  • 1912 Jean G H "Sjeng" Tans, Dutch soc dem chairman (1965-69)
  • 1912 Leonid V Kantorovich, economist (Nobel), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1913 Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author
  • 1913 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • 1913 "Minnesota Fats", American billiards player (d. 1996)
  • 1918 John H Johnson, US, publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)
  • 1920 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • 1921 Patricia Highsmith, [Plangman], US/Swiss writer (Strangers on a Train)
  • 1921 "Billy Batts" Devino, American gangster (d. 1970)
  • 1922 Ken Hughes, director (Casino Royale), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1923 Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • 1924 7th earl of Carnarvon, English large landowner
  • 1924 Jean Francois Revel, French journalist/author (Ni Marx ni Jesus)
  • 1925 Nina [Mary] Bawden, English author (Afternoon of a Good Woman), (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Libera Carlier, Flemish author (Action Station Go!)
  • 1928 Dainin Katagiri, Zen teacher, associate of Shunryu Suzuki, born in Osaka, Japan
  • 1931 Ron Packard, (Rep-R-CA, 1983- )
  • 1938 Denny Smith, (Rep-R-OR, 1981- )
  • 1940 Barend J du Plessis, South African minister of Finance (1984- )
  • 1940 Paolo Borsellino, Italian magistrate (d. 1992)
  • 1941 Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1943 Margriet Francisca, Dutch Princess
  • 1944 Richard [Erskine Frere] Leakey, Nairobi Kenya, anthropologist
  • 1944 Peter Lynch, American investor
  • 1945 Vadim Abdrashitov, director (Fox Hunt, Parade of Planets)
  • 1946 Alexandr Vladimirovich Shchukin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1946 Julian Barnes, England, writer (Before She Met Me)
  • 1947 Paula Deen, American chef and restaurateur
  • 1950 Grant Nordman, Canadian politician
  • 1953 Richard Legendre, Canadian politician
  • 1954 Cindy Sherman, American artist
  • 1957 Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1958 Thomas Kinkade, artist, born in Sacramento, California (d. 2012)
  • 1963 Martin Bashir, Pakistani-born reporter
  • 1964 Janine Antoni, Bahamian artist
  • 1969 Edwidge Danticat, Haitian-born American author
  • 1972 Princess Kalina of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1984 Euan Blair, eldest son of British Prime Minister Tony Blair
  • 1993 John Bouvier Kennedy Schlossberg, son of Caroline Kennedy

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1872 Physicist Wilhelm Röntgen (26) weds Anna Bertha Ludwig in Apeldoorn, Netherlands

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

HeartWedding of Interest

1884 Painter Thomas Eakins (39) weds painter and photographer Susan Macdowell (32) in a Quaker ceremony

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 2013 "Big Brother" Daniele Donato (26) weds Dominic Briones at the Newland House Museum in Huntington Beach, California

Deaths in History

  • 639 Dagobert I, king of Austrasia/Soissons/Burgundy/Neustrië, dies
  • 1479 Johan II, king of Aragon/Navarra, dies at 81
  • 1526 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (b. 1501)
  • 1547 Henry Howard, earl of Surrey, army commander/poet, beheaded at 29
  • 1549 Barthout van Assendelft, 1st land advocate of Holland, dies
  • 1591 Edmond Auger, French jesuit (under Henri III), dies at about 60
  • 1629 Abbas I, Shah of Persia (1588-1629), dies at 57
  • 1647 Johan van Beverwijck, physician (Treas of Ongesontheyt), dies at 52
  • 1661 Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)
  • 1669 Leo Allatios, Greek/Italian theologist/literary, dies at about 82
  • 1692 John Commelin, director of Hortus Botanist (Amsterdam), dies at 62
  • 1729 William Congreve, English dramatist (Love for Love), dies at 58
  • 1747 Johann Bode, "discoverer" of Bode's Law, dies
  • 1757 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1785 Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1851 Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (b. 1805)
  • 1865 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • 1874 H v Fallersleben, writer, dies at 75
  • 1878 Henri V Regnault, French physicist/chemist, dies at 67
  • 1885 Fred Burnaby, English colonel/balloon pioneer, dies in battle
  • 1894 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer, dies at 58
  • 1905 Debendranath Tagore, Indian philosopher (b. 1817)
  • 1927 Carlota of Mexico, princess of Belgium and empress consort of Mexico (1864-67), dies at 86
  • 1929 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (b. 1873)
  • 1945 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • 1948 Tony Garnier, French architect (b. 1869)
  • 1954 Theodor Kaluza, German scientist (b. 1885)
  • 1957 József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • 1975 Thomas Hart Benton, American painter dies at 85 (b. 1889)
  • 1976 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (b. 1886)
  • 1980 William O Douglas, member US Supreme court (1939-75), dies at 81
  • 1982 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy (WW II), dies at 77
  • 1987 Gerald Brenan, English writer, dies at 92
  • 1990 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, indian guru, dies at 58
  • 1990 Herbert Wehner, German ex-communist/chairman (1958-73), dies at 83
  • 1991 Marcel Chaput, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
  • 1993 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), dies at 72
  • 1993 Reginald Lewis, CEO (Beatrice), dies of brain cancer at 50
  • 1995 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist, dies at 80
  • 1996 Bernard Baily, comic artist, dies at 79
  • 1996 Harold Wolpe, sociologist lawyer/South African activist, dies at 70
  • 1997 George Armin Goyder, businessman/social philosopher, dies at 88
  • 1997 James Dickey, american poet and novelist, dies at 84
  • 2000 Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Françoise Giroud, French writer and journalist (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Harry E. Claiborne, American judge (suicide) (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Anita Kulcsár, Hungarian handball player (b. 1976)
  • 2005 Bill Andersen, New Zealand communist and trade union leader (b. 1924)
  • 2005 K. Sello Duiker, South African novelist (b. 1974)
  • 2006 Aoun Al-Sharif Qasim, Sudanese writer and Islamic scholar (b. 1933)
  • 2007 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2011 Ernest McCulloch, stem cell research pioneer (b. 1926)
  • 2013 Anatoly Bannik, Ukranian chess master, dies at 91
  • 2017 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, dies at 99