On This Day in History for January 1 (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 380

  • 1891 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • 1891 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies
  • 1892 Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants
  • 1893 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
  • 1893 Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • 1893 The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic.
  • 1894 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • 1894 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg.
  • 1895 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • 1897 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • 1898 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
  • 1898 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
  • 1898 d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • 1899 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • 1900 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • 1900 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • 1900 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established
  • 1901 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • 1902 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn
  • 1903 In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion
  • 1904 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • 1905 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • 1906 Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
  • 1906 The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 US President Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1908 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
  • 1908 Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28)
  • 1909 Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • 1909 In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income
  • 1910 Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs
  • 1911 Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
  • 1911 South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
  • 1912 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic

Father of Modern of China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern of China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1912 The Republic of China is established.
  • 1913 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • 1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • 1914 Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1914 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • 1915 DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
  • 1915 Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
  • 1916 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 T. E. Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • 1919 Belorussian SSR established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1920 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1922 Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
  • 1922 Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion.
  • 1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • 1923 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • 1924 Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
  • 1925 Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
  • 1926 Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
  • 1927 Communist uprising in West Java
  • 1927 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
  • 1928 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
  • 1928 Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
  • 1930 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
  • 1930 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
  • 1932 Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as mayor of Massillon Ohio
  • 1932 Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws
  • 1932 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1934 Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
  • 1934 Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
  • 1934 International Telecommunication Union established
  • 1934 Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
  • 1935 Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
  • 1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • 1935 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
  • 1936 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
  • 1937 Anastasio Somoza García becomes President of Nicaragua
  • 1937 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • 1937 US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
  • 1937 Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
  • 1939 Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1941 Netherlands begins taxing wages

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Russian general Georgy Zhukov appointed chief of general staff

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1942 US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • 1943 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
  • 1943 Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown
  • 1944 Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
  • 1944 Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
  • 1945 German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
  • 1946 ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert
  • 1946 Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god
  • 1946 National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
  • 1947 Benelux agress to work related issues
  • 1947 Britain nationalizes its coal industry
  • 1948 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
  • 1948 General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
  • 1948 Italy adopts constitution
  • 1948 Orissa province accedes to India
  • 1948 British railways are nationalised to form British Rail.
  • 1948 After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan.
  • 1948 The Constitution of Italy comes into force.
  • 1949 Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 148 of 148

  • 1928 Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist (Edhi Foundation), born in Bantva, Gujarat (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Holling Gustav Vapor, character on Northern Exposure
  • 1930 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry, premier/president (Sudan)
  • 1931 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist
  • 1932 Arnfried G D P, Dutch manufacturer (breadcrumbs)/drugs dealer
  • 1933 James A Abrahamson, USAF/astronaut
  • 1933 Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1935 Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1935 B. Kliban, American cartoonist known for his drawings of cats, usually with horrible puns (Love to Eat Them Mousies), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1990)
  • 1936 James Sinegal, American businessman
  • 1937 Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Bill Emerson, (Rep-R-MO, 1981- )
  • 1938 Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • 1942 Martin Frost, (Rep-D-TX, 1971- )
  • 1942 Alassane Ouattara, Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1943 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • 1943 Tony Knowles, 9th Governor of Alaska
  • 1944 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • 1945 Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • 1946 Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1947 Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1947 Peter Lankhorst, Dutch MP (PPR)
  • 1947 Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov, Rus cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)
  • 1947 Jon Corzine, American politician
  • 1948 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • 1949 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1949 Peter Dormer, arts writer
  • 1950 Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1950 Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley, cosmonaut
  • 1951 Frans Kellendonk, author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
  • 1951 Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • 1953 Gary Johnson, American businessman, politician, Libertarian Party nominee for Presiden 2016, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • 1954 Bob Menendez, American politician
  • 1956 Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky, Russia, lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1956 Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK:TM-28)
  • 1956 Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)
  • 1956 Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician, 1st female head of the IMF, born in Paris
  • 1957 Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer, professor and politician
  • 1959 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
  • 1959 Azali Assoumani, Comorian president
  • 1962 Ravshanbek Aliyev, Kirgiz, cosmonaut
  • 1967 John Digweed, English DJ
  • 1969 Christi Paul, American news anchor
  • 1973 Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar.
  • 1975 Eiichiro Oda, Japanese Manga artist
  • 1978 Paramahamsa Sri Nithyananda, Indian spiritualist
  • 1979 Koichi Domoto, Japanese artist

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 112 of 112

  • 2012 Carlos Soria, Argentine lawyer and politician, dies from gunshot to the head at 62
  • 2012 Marcelle Narbonne, French supercentenarian and oldest person in Europe, died at 113
  • 2012 Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, and pro-democracy activist, dies from a heart attack at 50
  • 2015 Mario Cuomo, American Democratic Party politician and the 52nd Governor of New York (1983-95), dies of a heart condition at 82
  • 2015 Boris Morukov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 64
  • 2015 Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-Mexican actress (Aventurera, Víctimas del Pecado), dies at 85
  • 2015 Omar Karami, Lebanese Prime Minister (1992-94, 2004-05), dies at 80
  • 2016 Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet, novelist and journalist who helped develop Dagestani in Russian literature, dies from heart failure at 83
  • 2016 Michael G. Oxley, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-2007), dies at 71
  • 2016 Dale Bumpers, American politician (Sen-D Arkansas, 1975-99), dies at 90
  • 2016 Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-born American cinematographer (Close Encounters of the Third Kind), dies at 85
  • 2017 Derek Parfit, British philosopher who specialized in problems of personal identity, rationality and ethics, dies at 74