On This Day in History for January 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 69 Roman Lower Rhine army proclaims its commander, Vitellius, Emperor
  • 366 The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire
  • 533 John II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1235 Emperor Joseph II orders Jews of Galicia Austria to adopt family names
  • 1492 Muhammad XII. (Boabdil) last Nasird ruler of Moorish fortress Alhambra surrenders to the Catholic Monarchs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1585 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • 1602 Spanish force in Ireland surrender to the English army at Kinsdale
  • 1678 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • 1757 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1776 1st revolutionary flag displayed
  • 1776 Austria ends interregation torture

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1788 Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution

  • 1791 Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
  • 1800 Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
  • 1811 US Sen Thomas Pickering is 1st senator censured (revealed confidential documents communicated by the president of the US)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1818 Lord Byron completes "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage" (4th canto)
  • 1818 The British Institution of Civil Engineers is founded.
  • 1831 Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 1832 1st Curling club in US (Orchard Lake Curling Club) opens
  • 1833 Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839 1st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1842 1st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • 1861 South Carolina seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 1861 Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • 1871 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 1879 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 1879 Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 1881 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
  • 1882 Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 1883 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • 1885 General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • 1890 Alice Sanger becomes 1st female White House staffer
  • 1890 Record 19.2 feet alligator shot in Louisiana by American businessman Edward Avery McIlhenny
  • 1893 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • 1893 World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • 1896 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
  • 1900 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • 1900 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • 1905 Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • 1905 American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms

1stHistoric Invention

1906 Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world's first air conditioner

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1908 Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • 1909 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • 1910 1st junior high schools in US opens (Berkeley California)
  • 1913 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1914 Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
  • 1917 Royal Bank of Canada takes over Quebec Bank
  • 1919 Anti-British uprising in Ireland
  • 1919 Lithuania gains independence
  • 1920 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • 1921 1st religious service radio broadcast in US, KDKA-Pittsburgh
  • 1921 DeYoung Museum in Golden Gate Park opens
  • 1923 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Florida, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • 1925 Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR)
  • 1929 US & Canada agree to preserve Niagara Falls
  • 1932 Young gang shoot dead 6 police in Springfield Missouri
  • 1933 Bruins beat Rangers in NY 13-3
  • 1933 Ijmuider fishing strike begins (till July 11th)
  • 1933 US troops leave Nicaragua
  • 1934 1st state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania

MurderMurder of Interest

1935 Bruno Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby

  • 1936 1st electron tube to enable night vision described, St Louis, Missouri
  • 1938 Book publisher Simon and Schuster founded
  • 1941 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1941 World War II: The U.S. government announces its Liberty ship program to build freighters in support of the war effort.
  • 1942 World War II: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals
  • 1942 German troops in Bardia surrender
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1942 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1944 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Nuremberg
  • 1945 Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
  • 1947 Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali
  • 1949 Luis Muñoz Marín becomes the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
  • 1951 Philip Barry's "Second Threshold," premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Herman Wouks "Caine Mutiny," premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Panamanian president Jose Antonio Remon is assassinated.
  • 1956 Poujadists/communists win French parliamentary elections
  • 1958 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 2nd Piano concert, premieres in NY
  • 1959 USSR launches Mechta (Luna 1) for 1st lunar fly-by, 1st solar orbit
  • 1960 1st redshank old world shore bird reported in North America (Halifax)
  • 1960 John Reynolds sets age of solar system at 4,950,000,000 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Senator John F. Kennedy, announces his candidacy for the US Presidency

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1961 1st AFL Championship Game, Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16
  • 1961 Hawaii's, then all time low temperature, 14°F recorded atop Haleakale
  • 1964 Failed assassination attempt on President Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1965 Ayub Khan elected President of Pakistan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Obverse design of all Canadian coins is changed to depict present-day
  • 1966 1st Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion
  • 1968 Christian Barnard performs 2nd heart transplant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Cecil Day-Lewis is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1969 Lorraine Hansberry's "To be Young, Gifted & Black," premieres in NYC
  • 1969 Luis Ferré becomes the first statehooder Governor of Puerto Rico

Birthdays in History

  • 1642 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1647 Nathaniel Bacon, leader of Bacon's Rebellion, Va (1676)
  • 1699 Osman III, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1719 Jacques-Alexandre Laffon de Ladebat, French shipbuilder (d. 1797)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1727 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, born in Westerham, England (d. 1759)

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1728 Louis Barbiano de Belgioioso, Austrian count/diplomat in Belgium
  • 1752 Philip Freneau, poet of American Revolution (The American Village)
  • 1777 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor (d. 1857)
  • 1803 Gugliemo Libri, [della Somaia], Ital/Fren mathematician/book collector
  • 1822 Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics)
  • 1827 Peter Semenov of Tian Shan, Russian explorer (d. 1914)
  • 1830 Henry Kingsley, English Australian writer, born in Northamptonshire (d. 1876)
  • 1831 Justin Winston, historian/librarian (Harvard)
  • 1833 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1835 Charles Russell Lowell Jr, American railroad executive and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1836 Queen Emma of Hawaii, Consort of King Kamehameha IV (d. 1885)
  • 1836 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • 1842 Amy G C A Bonet-Maury, French reformed theologist
  • 1857 Frederick Opper, cartoonist (Maud, Alphonse & Gaston)
  • 1857 Martha Carey Thomas, American educator, suffragist, linguist and second President of Bryn Mawr College, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1935)
  • 1860 William C Mills, museum curator (excavated Ohio Indian mounds)
  • 1861 Helen Herron Taft, 1st lady (1909-12)
  • 1863 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • 1866 Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • 1870 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, born in Wedel (d. 1938)
  • 1873 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 1873 Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
  • 1877 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d. 1906)
  • 1879 Johannes L "Jan" Walch, Dutch literary (Grimaces)
  • 1879 Pieter Tesch, Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
  • 1880 Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer
  • 1884 Jacques Chardonne, [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame)
  • 1885 Johannes Ringers, Dutch water engineer (dikes)
  • 1886 Moyshe Leyb Halpern, Galican/US poet (In New-York)
  • 1886 Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • 1892 Lura Anson, Nebraska, entertainer
  • 1893 Lillian Leitzel, German acrobat and strongwoman (d. 1931)
  • 1894 Robert Nathan, American poet, novelist (Portrait of Jennie), born in NYC, New York
  • 1895 Count Folke Bernadotte, Swedish statesman (Red Cross, UN)
  • 1896 Dziga Vertiv, [Denis A Kaufman], Russian director (Sjagai, Soviet!)
  • 1896 Sir Lawrence Wackett, Australian aircraft engineer (d. 1982)
  • 1899 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/sec-gen of NATO (1957-61)
  • 1901 Robert "Bob" Marshall, American forester, wilderness activist and co-founder of the Wilderness Society, born in NYC, New York (d. 1939)
  • 1902 Dan Keating, Irish republican (d. 2007)
  • 1902 Barry Goldwater, American politician (d. 1998)
  • 1903 Anton van Duinkerken, [Willem JMA Asselbergs], literary
  • 1905 Lev Schnirelmann, Gomel, Russian Empire, mathematician (d. 1938)
  • 1907 Edward Albert Radice, economist
  • 1909 Rene Etiemble, French literature historian (Parlez-vous Franglais)
  • 1910 Ulrich Becher, German writer and playwright, born in Berlin (d. 1990)
  • 1910 Srirangam Srinivasarao, Telugu Poet (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Renato Guttuso, Italian painter (Flight from Etna, Crucifixion)
  • 1913 Ernest Sidey, British air marshal
  • 1913 Juanita E Jackson Mitchell, US head (NAACP)
  • 1913 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist
  • 1915 John Hope Franklin, historian
  • 1918 Willi Graf, German anti-Nazi activist (d. 1943)
  • 1920 Duke of Devonshire, English large landowner/art collector

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), born in Petrovichi, Russia (d. 1992)

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • 1920 Penelope Jessel, politcal activist
  • 1920 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • 1925 William J Crowe Jr, Kentucky, chairman joint chief of staff
  • 1927 David Herbert, publisher
  • 1927 Richard Belmont Ray, (Rep-D-Ga) [or Feb 2]
  • 1928 Dan Rostenkowski, (Rep-D-Il, -94)
  • 1928 Gerhard Amanshauser, writer
  • 1928 Harry Hyams, English immovable goods owner (Center Point)
  • 1928 Vaughn Beals, CEO (Harley Davidson motorcycle), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1928 Avie Bennett, Canadian philanthropist
  • 1928 Daisaku Ikeda, Japanese writer
  • 1931 Toshiki Kaifu, premier of Japan (1989-91)
  • 1932 Dabney Coleman, (That Girl, Mary Hartman, Buffalo Bill), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1933 Ed Casey, Australian politician (d. 2006)
  • 1933 Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist
  • 1937 Marianne McDonald, classicist/philanthropist
  • 1938 Ian Brady [Ian Duncan Stewart], British serial killer (Moors Murders), born in Glasgow (d. 2017)
  • 1938 Hans Herbjørnsrud, Norwegian author
  • 1939 Jim Bakker, televangelist (PTL Club)/rapist (Jessica Hahn)
  • 1940 S. R. S. Varadhan, Indian-American mathematician
  • 1942 Hugh Shelton, 15th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • 1944 Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Cambodian politician
  • 1947 Aleksandr Tikhonova, USSR, biathalon relay (Oly-gold-1968, 72, 76, 80)
  • 1947 Jack Hanna, American zoologist
  • 1948 Kerry Minnear, Dorset, English rocker (Gentle Giant)
  • 1951 Alexander Pogrebinsky, Russian painter
  • 1954 Henry Bonilla, American politician
  • 1956 Lynda Barry, American cartoonist
  • 1960 Naoki Urasawa, Japanese manga author
  • 1964 Christopher John Gray, priest
  • 1969 Karl-Heinz Grasser, Austrian politician
  • 1980 Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant
  • 1982 Athanasia Tsoumeleka, Greek race walker
  • 1984 Colleen Taylor, American journalist

Weddings in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815 Leading Romantic poet Lord Byron (27) marries Anne Isabella Milbanke (22) by special licence, at Seaham Hall in County Durham

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron

HeartWedding of Interest

1845 Explorer and medical missionary David Livingstone (31) weds Mary Moffat

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

HeartWedding of Interest

1890 Physicist J. J. Thomson (33) weds Rose Elisabeth Paget

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson

HeartWedding of Interest

1928 Photographer Ansel Adams (25) weds Virginia Best in Yosemite Valley

Photographer Ansel Adams
Photographer
Ansel Adams

HeartWedding of Interest

1937 Theoretical Physicist Paul Dirac (34) weds Margit Wigner

Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureat Paul Dirac
Theoretical Physicist and Nobel Laureat
Paul Dirac
  • 1940 Archibald Campbell Mzoliza Jordan, Xhosa writer, linguist and academic and outspoken critic of the South African National Party government's Bantu Education policy, marries Priscilla Phyllis Ntantla.

Deaths in History

  • 17 Roman poet Ovid (in Latin: Publius Ovidius Naso), dies
  • 1512 Svante, Regent of Sweden (b. 1460)
  • 1514 William Smyth, English bishop and statesman (bc. 1460)
  • 1557 Pontormo, Italian painter (b. 1494)
  • 1685 Harbottle Grimston, English politician (b. 1603)
  • 1694 Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)
  • 1763 John Casteret earl Granville, English premier, dies at 72
  • 1790 Joseph A Feuchtmayer (Feichtmayer), German rococo sculptor, dies
  • 1801 Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher, dies at 59
  • 1861 Frederik Willem IV, King of Prussia (1840-61)/Germ (1849-61), dies at 65
  • 1863 Roger Weightman Hanson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35
  • 1892 George B Airy, English astronomer/writer, dies at 90
  • 1892 Frederick William Barber, South African frontiersman and scientist, dies at 78
  • 1893 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 James Longstreet, Confederate general, dies at 82

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • 1913 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, Fr meteorologist (stratosphere), dies at 57
  • 1917 Edward B Tylor, English anthropologist, dies at 84
  • 1918 Sijbe K Bakker, vicar/theologist (Christian-Socialism), dies at 42
  • 1921 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, Ger chancellor/PM (Prussia), dies at 64
  • 1923 Sam Carter, African American resident of Rosewood Florida, lynched by KKK
  • 1929 Erich Wichman[n], Dutch fascist painter/sculptor, dies at 38
  • 1936 Sir Francis Newdegate, Governor of Tasmania, Western Australia (b. 1862)
  • 1939 Roman Dmowski, Polish politician (b. 1864)
  • 1945 Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • 1950 James Dooley, Irish-Australian Premier of New South Wales, dies at 72
  • 1951 Sir William Campion, Governor of Western Australia (b. 1870)
  • 1953 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, dies at 71
  • 1955 Jose Antonio Remon, president of Panama (1952-55), assassinated
  • 1960 Chris van Abkoude, author (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), dies at about 79
  • 1960 Fausto Coppi, Italian, ran world record 45,798 km, dies at 40
  • 1960 Friedrich Adler, Austria soc-dem, murdered PM Storgkh, dies at 80
  • 1960 Paul Sauvé, Canadian politician (b. 1907)
  • 1968 Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian writer, dies
  • 1971 Richard Maxwell (Dick) Haldane, South African trade unionist, dies at 62
  • 1983 Harriet Parsons, producer (Susan Slept Here), dies at 76 of cancer
  • 1985 Moses Josiah Madiba, South African author and first African chancellor of the University of the North, dies at 76
  • 1994 Dixy Lee Ray, chairwoman (US Atomic Energy Comm), dies at 79
  • 1994 Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, French director of IMF (1963-73), dies at 81
  • 1994 Sammy Taft, Canadian businessman (coined term "hat trick"), dies at 81
  • 1995 Manuel Rivera, Spanish painter/co-founder (El Paso), dies at 67
  • 1995 Siad Barre, general/president of Somalia (1969-91), dies at 84
  • 1996 Sydney Thompson, rock Climber, dies at 81
  • 1996 Thornton Page, astrophysicist, dies at 82
  • 1996 Karl Targownik, Hungarian psychiatrist (b. 1915)
  • 1998 Frank Muir, English writer, raconteur (b. 1920)
  • 1999 Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and author (b. 1907)
  • 2000 Patrick O'Brian, British novelist (b. 1914)
  • 2000 Elmo R. Zumwalt, Jr., U.S. admiral (b. 1920)
  • 2001 William P. Rogers, American Republican politician and US secretary of state (1969-73) dies at 87
  • 2004 Jess Collins, American artist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (b. 1911)
  • 2005 Edo Murtić, Croatian painter (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Frank Kelly Freas, American artist (b. 1922)
  • 2005 Ronald "Bo" Ginn, American politician, dies at 70
  • 2006 Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, first female Philippine Supreme Court Justice (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Teddy Kollek, Austrian-born mayor of Jerusalem (b. 1911)
  • 2007 David Perkins, Stanford University geneticist (b. 1919)
  • 2007 Mauno Jokipii, Finnish professor and World War II researcher (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Paek Nam-sun, North Korean Foreign Affairs minister (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, American historian (b. 1941)
  • 2007 Robert C. Solomon, American scholar of continental philosophy (b. 1942)
  • 2007 Richard Newton, Australian-born technology pioneer and professor (b. 1951)
  • 2007 Garry Betty, American CEO of Earthlink (b. 1957)
  • 2008 Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana Krommaluang Narathiwat Rajanagarindra, elder sister of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (b. 1923)
  • 2008 George MacDonald Fraser, British author (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Lee S. Dreyfus, American politician (b. 1926)
  • 2009 Maria de Jesus, Portuguese supercentenarian (b. 1893)
  • 2011 Szeto Wah, Hong Kong politician and educationalist (b. 1931)
  • 2011 Richard D. Winters, American Army officer (b.1918)
  • 2012 David Barron, British physicist and computer scientist, at 76 (b.1935)
  • 2012 Ivan Calin, Moldavian President and Prime Minister 1980-1990, dies at 76
  • 2012 William Carey, American businessman and philanthropist(W. P. Carey & Co.), died from complications after a heart attack at 81
  • 2012 Gordon Hirabayashi, civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent dies after Alzheimer's disease at 93
  • 2013 Margaret A. Brewer, American soldier and first female general officer in US Marine Corps, dies at 82
  • 2014 Elizabeth Jane Howard, English novelist, dies at 90
  • 2016 Nimr al-Nimr, Saudi Shiite religious leader and non-violent critic of the Saudi Arabian government, executed by the Saudi authorities aged 56 or 57
  • 2017 John Berger, English art critic and author (Ways of Seeing), dies at 90