On This Day in History for January 21

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 1077 German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
  • 1276 Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V
  • 1287 The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
  • 1324 Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon
  • 1522 Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope
  • 1525 The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
  • 1542 Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
  • 1664 Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
  • 1677 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston
  • 1732 Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
  • 1749 The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt in 1754.
  • 1789 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy" is published
  • 1793 Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
  • 1793 Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
  • 1813 Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
  • 1818 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
  • 1821 Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
  • 1827 Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing
  • 1830 Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • 1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1863 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • 1864 The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
  • 1874 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • 1879 Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen
  • 1880 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1887 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
  • 1887 Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
  • 1890 1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • 1893 The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
  • 1894 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
  • 1899 Opel manufactured its first automobile.
  • 1900 The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
  • 1901 Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in NYC
  • 1903 "Wizard of Oz" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1903 International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
  • 1908 August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
  • 1908 NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
  • 1910 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1913 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time
  • 1915 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • 1919 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • 1921 The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
  • 1922 1st slalom ski race run, Murren, Switzerland
  • 1925 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
  • 1926 Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
  • 1929 Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End" premieres in London
  • 1932 USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty
  • 1935 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Wash (state record)
  • 1935 WFI-AM in Philadelphia Penn merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
  • 1935 Wilderness Society incorporated in USA
  • 1938 Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • 1939 US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
  • 1939 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1940 Foreign correspondents in Netherlands subjected to censorship
  • 1941 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
  • 1941 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX
  • 1941 Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
  • 1941 British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
  • 1942 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • 1942 Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
  • 1942 Tito's partisans occupy Foca
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
  • 1943 Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
  • 1944 447 German bombers attack London
  • 1944 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • 1945 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • 1948 W Indies v England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
  • 1949 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
  • 1950 NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 T. S. Eliot's play "The Cocktail Party" premieres in NYC

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • 1952 Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • 1954 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
  • 1954 USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, launched on the Thames, Connecticut.
  • 1956 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of New Yorker
  • 1960 Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
  • 1960 Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook, South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning
  • 1961 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
  • 1962 JFK arrives in Uruguay
  • 1962 Snow falls in San Francisco
  • 1964 Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency
  • 1965 Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam.
  • 1967 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1967 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
  • 1968 US B-52 bomber with nuclear bomb on board crashes in Greenland
  • 1968 Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh - One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
  • 1972 Assam's North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh terr
  • 1972 Belgian government of Eyskens-Cools forms
  • 1972 Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura become separate states of Indian union
  • 1972 Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory
  • 1972 Tripura becomes a full-fledged state in India.
  • 1974 Gold hits record $161.31/silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London
  • 1976 Supersonic Concorde, 1st commercial flights, by Britain & France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 US President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1978 Bee Gees' "Saturday Night Fever" album goes #1 for 24 weeks

Birthdays in History

  • 1338 King Charles V, (Charles the Wise), of France (1364-80)
  • 1571 John I Pontanus, physicist/historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1659 Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect
  • 1721 James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
  • 1743 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)
  • 1759 Johan Valckenaer, Dutch politician/patriot
  • 1771 Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director
  • 1792 Tsjalling Hiddes Halbertsma, Fries story teller (Rhymes & Tales)
  • 1796 John Gelinde van Blom, Frisian notary/author
  • 1804 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
  • 1815 Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
  • 1815 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
  • 1821 John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1824 Stonewall Jackson, Confederate general during the American Civil War, born in Clarksburg, Virginia (d. 1863)

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1825 Imre Madách, Hungarian writer (d. 1864)
  • 1827 Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Oscar II Frederik, King of Sweden (1872-1907)/Norway (-1905)/poet
  • 1833 Norman Willis, union leader (Britain's Trades Union Congress)
  • 1840 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1855 John M Browning, US, weapons manufacturer
  • 1860 Karl Staaff, Prime Minister of Sweden (d. 1915)
  • 1867 Maxime Weygard, French general/gov-gen (Algeria)
  • 1867 Willem C Royaards, Dutch theater director (Summer Games)
  • 1867 Ludwig Thoma, German writer (d. 1921)
  • 1872 Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland, Dutch foreign minister
  • 1875 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • 1875 Paul E Kahle, Germany, professor of oriental studies
  • 1882 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)
  • 1883 Olav Aukrust, Norway, poet
  • 1883 Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
  • 1884 Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter
  • 1884 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • 1885 Umberto Nobile, Italian general
  • 1886 Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Finance/Economy
  • 1889 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
  • 1895 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier (d. 1972)
  • 1897 René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
  • 1904 Richard P Blackmur, Mass, critic/poet (Good European)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1905 Christian Dior, French fashion designer (New Look), born in Granville, France (d. 1957)

Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • 1905 Karl Wallenda, German acrobat (d. 1978)
  • 1906 Fred Fehl, Austrian/US Broadway photographer
  • 1906 John Putz, British journalist (Guardian) (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Igor Moiseyev, Russian choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1910 Lord Cayzer, British financier/swcheeps magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1911 Stanley William Reed, cineaste
  • 1912 Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • 1917 Rohan Butler, historian
  • 1918 Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist
  • 1918 Richard D. Winters, American war hero
  • 1920 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • 1921 Barney Clark, 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart
  • 1921 Howard Unruh, American mass murderer
  • 1922 Jean P Vroom, Dutch sculptor
  • 1923 Judith Merril, [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer
  • 1925 Oswald "Ossie" Stevens Nock, railway writer
  • 1930 Valentin Ignatyevich Filatyev, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1933 Itzhak Fuks, Israeli El Al captain, crashed in Amsterdam
  • 1933 William Wrigley III, chewing gum mogul (Wrigleys)
  • 1933 Joseph W. Eschbach, American doctor (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Prince Max, Duke in Bavaria
  • 1938 Wolfman Jack, [Bob Smith], American DJ (Midnight Special), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1940 Marquis of Tavistock, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1945 Andrew Stein, President of NYC council (D)
  • 1946 Vincent Placoly, Martinique, writer (L'eau-de-mort guildive)
  • 1950 Joseph R Tanner, Danville Ill, astronaut (STS 66, 82, sk: 97)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951 Eric Holder, 82nd Attorney General of the United States, born in NYC, New York

82nd Attorney General of the United States Eric Holder
82nd Attorney General of the United States
Eric Holder
  • 1951 Eric Holder, American lawyer and judge (1st African American US Attorney General 2009-2015), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1952 Marco Camenisch, Swiss environmental activist
  • 1952 Louis Menand, American writer and critic

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953 Paul Allen, American entrepreneur, co-founder of Microsoft, born in Seattle, Washington

Co-founder of Microsoft Paul Allen
Co-founder of Microsoft
Paul Allen
  • 1955 Jeff Koons, American artist
  • 1962 Tyler Cowen, American economist
  • 1965 Jam Master Jay, American disc jockey (d. 2002)
  • 1966 Katrine Michaelsen, Gentokte Denmark, Miss Denmark (1984)
  • 1968 Ulrica Messing, Swedish politician
  • 1969 Tsubaki Nekoi, Japanese manga artist
  • 1971 Alan McManus, Scottish snooker player
  • 1972 Rick Falkvinge, Swedish politician
  • 2004 Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway

Weddings in History

  • 1975 Actress Zsa Zsa Gabor (57) weds toy inventor Jack Ryan (48) (div. 1976)

Deaths in History

  • 304 Saint Agnes (martyred) (b. 291)
  • 879 Boudouin with the Iron Arm, earl of Flanders, dies
  • 917 Erchanger, Duke of Swabia (c. 880)
  • 1118 Pope Paschal II, born Raniero (1099-1118) dies
  • 1519 Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
  • 1527 Juan de Grijalva, Spanish conquistador (c. 1489)
  • 1546 Azai Sukemasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1491)
  • 1596 John Ligarius, German theologist/prime minister, dies at 66
  • 1609 Joseph Justus Scaliger, French inventor of "Julian Period", dies at 68
  • 1670 Honorat de Brueil seigneur de Racan, French playwright, dies at 80
  • 1683 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, dies at 61
  • 1686 Nicolas-Francois Blondel, French architect, dies
  • 1699 Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
  • 1704 Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83
  • 1706 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (b. 1649)
  • 1710 Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (b. 1638)
  • 1722 Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)
  • 1731 Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)
  • 1773 Alexis Piron, French writer (b. 1689)
  • 1774 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56
  • 1793 Louis XVI, French King (1774-93), beheaded during the French Revolution at 38
  • 1795 Samuel Wallis, English navigator (b. 1728)
  • 1809 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)
  • 1814 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • 1815 M Claudius, writer, dies at 74
  • 1823 Cayetano José Rodríguez, Argentine cleric, journalist and poet (b. 1761)
  • 1831 Achim v Arnim, writer, dies at 49
  • 1870 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
  • 1871 John J Rochussen, gov-general of Neth-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
  • 1872 Franz Grillparzer, Austrian playwright (Sappho/Libussa), dies at 81
  • 1881 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1802)
  • 1892 John Couch Adams, English co-discoverer of Neptune, dies
  • 1901 Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)
  • 1903 Hermanus J A M Schaepman, Dutch clergyman/politician, dies at 58
  • 1914 Theodor Kittelsen, Norwegian artist (b. 1857)
  • 1919 Gojong of Joseon, Emperor of Korea (b. 1852)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian Revolutionary leader and Premier, dies of a stroke at 53

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), dies at 81

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1927 Floris H Verster, Dutch painter/cartoonist/etcher, dies at 65
  • 1928 George Goethals, American army engineer (b. 1858)
  • 1932 [Giles] Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic, dies at 51
  • 1933 George A. Moore, Irish novelist (b. 1852)
  • 1944 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • 1944 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major/pilot, shot down

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 George Orwell, author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies in London at 46

  • 1954 Billy Jenkins, dies at 69
  • 1955 Maarten P Vrij, Dutch lawyer/criminologist/High Council, dies at 59
  • 1957 Arthur L Bowley, English statistician/economist, dies at 87
  • 1962 Andre Lhote, French painter/art historian, dies at 76
  • 1963 Franz Jung, German writer and political activist, dies at 74
  • 1968 Will Lang Jr., American magazine executive (b. 1914)
  • 1971 Richard B Russell, (Sen-D-Ga), dies at 73
  • 1974 Jan Arends, Dutch poet/author, dies at 48
  • 1974 Lewis L Strauss, head US Atomic Energy Comm (1953-58), dies at 78
  • 1977 Sandro Penna, Italian poet (b. 1906)
  • 1978 Freda Utley, British scholar and author. (b. 1898)
  • 1981 Norman Stronge, former Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament, assassinated by IRA alondside son James
  • 1981 James Stronge former Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament, assassinated by IRA, alondside his father Norman
  • 1984 Giannis Skaribas, Greek writer, dramatist, and poet (b. 1893)
  • 1985 James Beard, American chef and author (b. 1903)
  • 1987 Pieter G Buckinx, Flemish writer (7th Day), dies at 83
  • 1987 Charles Goodell, American politician (b. 1926)
  • 1991 Richard Bolling, (Rep-D-Mo)/US civil-rights leader, dies at 74
  • 1994 Basel al-Assad, Syrian pres Assad son, dies in car accident at 31
  • 1995 Flavio "Negao" Pires da Conceicao, drug Trafficker, dies at 25
  • 1995 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), dies at 82
  • 1996 Roman Ciesiewicz, artist/graphic designer, dies at 65
  • 1996 Sam Green, industrialist/inventor, dies at 88
  • 1996 René Marc Jalbert, sergeant-at-Arms at the National Assembly of Quebec (b. 1921)
  • 1997 Colonel Tom Parker, manager (Elvis Presley), dies at 87
  • 1997 Dennis Main Wilson, TV/radio producer, dies at 72
  • 1997 Michael Duane, educationalist, dies at 81
  • 2001 Byron De La Beckwith, American white supremacist (b. 1921)
  • 2003 Paul Haines, American-born Canadian poet (b. 1933)
  • 2004 Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 John L. Hess, American journalist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Ibrahim Rugova, President of Kosovo (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Bedanand Jha, Nepalese politician
  • 2007 U;Nee, Korean pop artist (b. 1981)
  • 2008 Pam Barrett, Canadian politician (b. 1953)
  • 2008 Marie Smith Jones, last native speaker of the Eyak language (b. 1918)
  • 2011 Dennis Oppenheim, American conceptual artist (b.1938)
  • 2012 Jonathan Idema, American torturer, kidnapper and con-artist, dies from Aids complications at 55
  • 2012 Roy John Britten, American molecular biologist, dies at 92
  • 2015 Martin Honeysett, British cartoonist (Punch, Private Eye), dies at 71