On This Day in History for January 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 153

  • 393 Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor.
  • 909 John of Rila aka Saint Ivan and the fable of two pies.
  • 971 War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit to the Song Dynasty. 1st regular war elephant corps in Chinese army
  • 1265 1st English Parliament not summoned by the monarch formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1368 In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
  • 1490 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
  • 1546 Having published nothing for eleven years, Francois Rabelais publishes the Tiers Livre, his sequel to Gargantua and Pantagruel.
  • 1552 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes mandatory in England
  • 1556 Shaanxi Earthquake - deadliest ever recorded kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
  • 1570 Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1571 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1579 Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic
  • 1631 France & Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
  • 1637 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • 1643 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1647 Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1656 Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales.

Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1663 King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Rÿnstaten

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1668 England, Netherlands & Sweden sign Triple Alliance against French
  • 1719 Liechtenstein became a sovereign member state of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1779 Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
  • 1789 Georgetown, 1st US Catholic college, founded
  • 1793 2nd Partition of Poland, between Prussia & Russia
  • 1793 Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
  • 1796 Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of Council of 500
  • 1812 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 1833 Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
  • 1845 Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US

  • 1849 Patent granted for an envelope-making machine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • 1855 The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
  • 1856 Steamer Pacific, leaves Liverpool on final voyage (lost at sea, 186 on board)
  • 1859 Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
  • 1862 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • 1865 -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
  • 1870 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • 1894 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • 1896 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • 1897 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)
  • 1897 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1907 Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator
  • 1908 US & Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
  • 1909 1st radio rescue at sea
  • 1912 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • 1913 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government
  • 1916 Temp falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • 1920 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies
  • 1923 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • 1924 Ramsey MacDonald forms 1st Labour government in Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 After Stanley Baldwin's resignation, Ramsay MacDonald forms the first Labour Government, climaxing 24 years of struggle by the Labour Party

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1926 Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown" premieres in NYC
  • 1928 "The Adventure of the Good Soldier Schweik" premieres in Berlin
  • 1930 Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
  • 1930 George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Va established
  • 1930 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • 1932 El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
  • 1933 20th amendment ratified changed date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January
  • 1936 Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1941 Ground breaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
  • 1941 WOR-AM in Newark NJ moves to NYC
  • 1942 Battle of Rabaul - Japanese attack Australian air base in Rabaul, New Britain
  • 1942 Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
  • 1942 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • 1943 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 1943 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • 1943 Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
  • 1945 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • 1946 Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
  • 1948 Test debut of Neil Harvey, v India at Adelaide
  • 1950 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
  • 1950 Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
  • 1950 Rebel army of cap Raymond Westerner occupies Bandung
  • 1953 Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 yrs 357 days
  • 1954 Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
  • 1955 Express train travelling from York to Bristol derails, killing 14 and injuring many other passengers
  • 1957 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever sppeach at the UN on Kashmir- 8 hours over 2 days
  • 1958 Dictator Marcos Perez Jiménez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
  • 1960 Bathosphere "Trieste", crewed by Jacques Piccard and US Navy Lieutenant Don Walsh, reaches bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
  • 1961 Venezuela adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 British intellegence officer Kim Philby defects to USSR

  • 1962 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1962 "Jules et Jim", based on the novel by Henri-Pierre Roché, directed by François Truffau and starring Jeanne Moreau is released
  • 1964 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Arthur Miller's "After the Fall" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1965 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Dick Weber
  • 1968 Spy ship USS Pueblo & 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by North Korea
  • 1969 Cream releases their last album "Goodbye"
  • 1970 Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (California)
  • 1970 Dolle Mina's burns her bra in Amsterdam
  • 1970 US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 -80°F (-62°C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (US record)
  • 1971 4th ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 122 at Carolina
  • 1971 UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row

Birthdays in History

  • 1350 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (d. 1419)
  • 1574 Lucas I Franchoys, Belgian painter
  • 1688 Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1719 John Landen, English mathematician (d. 1790)
  • 1730 Joseph Hewes, US merchant (Declaration of Independence signer)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1737 John Hancock, merchant/statesman, (1st to sign Declaration of Independence), (d. 1793), [o.s. 1936-01-12]

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1745 William Jessop, English canal engineer (d. 1814)
  • 1761 Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide)
  • 1762 Christian A Vulpius, Germany, writer (Rinaldo Rinaldini)
  • 1783 Stendhal, [Marie Henri Beyle], France, writer (Le Rouge et de Noir)
  • 1785 Carl A Agardh, Sweden, botanist/bishop of Karlstad
  • 1786 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect (d. 1858)
  • 1809 Veer Surendra Sai, Indian Freedom Fighter
  • 1816 Carl Herrmann, near Hanover Germany, stage magician
  • 1827 Takamori Saigo, Samurai, leader of Satsuma rebellion (d. 1877)
  • 1828 Calvin Edward Pratt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet, French general/min of War (1899-1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1832 Edouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), born in Paris, France (d. 1883)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • 1833 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1840 Ernst Abbe, Germany, physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)
  • 1855 John Moses Browning, American inventor (d. 1926)
  • 1857 Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • 1862 David Hilbert, Königsberg East Prussia, mathematician
  • 1869 Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
  • 1872 Paul Langevin, French physicist (d. 1946)
  • 1872 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • 1888 Gilbert Ledward, British sculptor
  • 1888 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1889 Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • 1893 Frank Carlson, (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks)
  • 1896 Charlotte A E M W, grand duchess of Luxembourg (1919-64)
  • 1897 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician
  • 1897 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
  • 1898 Freda Utley, British scholar and author (d. 1978)
  • 1899 Joseph Nathan Kane, historian (Famous Firsts)
  • 1901 Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician
  • 1903 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges)
  • 1907 Hediki Yukawa, Japan, physicist (Nobel 1949)
  • 1908 Hubert Nicholson, poet/novelist
  • 1908 Pak Saleman Siswowitono, Javan/Surinamese writer
  • 1914 Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne
  • 1915 Potter Stewart, Mich, 94th Supreme Court justice (1958-81)
  • 1916 Airey Neave, British Major, politician and indictment server at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1979)
  • 1916 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist
  • 1918 Gertrude Belle Elion, American biochemist/drug researcher (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York
  • 1919 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • 1923 Walter M[ichael] Miller Jr, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars)
  • 1924 Frank R Lautenberg, (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (d. 1994)
  • 1929 John Polanyi, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929 Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate
  • 1930 Derek Walcott, St Lucia, poet/writer (Omeros, Nobel 1992)
  • 1930 William Reid Pogue, Okemah Oklahoma, Colonel USAF/astronaut (Skylab 4), (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Bud Shuster, (Rep-R-PA, 1973- )
  • 1934 Pierre Bourgault, Quebec politician and essayist (d. 2003)
  • 1938 Anatoly Marchenko, Siberia, Soviet dissident
  • 1942 Ivan Ivanovich Bachurin, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Willy Bogner Jr, Munich, director (On Her Majesty's Secret Service)
  • 1943 William E "Bill" Gibb, Scottish fashion designer
  • 1944 Marty Russo, (Rep-D-IL, 1975- )
  • 1945 Mike Harris, Canadian politician, Premier of Ontario
  • 1946 Don Whittington, American businessman, car & airplane racer and convicted felon

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 Arnoldo Aleman, 81st President of Nicaragua (1997-2002), born in Managua

President of Nicaragua Arnoldo Aleman
President of Nicaragua
Arnoldo Aleman
  • 1947 Thomas R Carper, (Rep-D-DE, 1983- )
  • 1947 Megawati Sukarnoputri, 5th President of Indonesia
  • 1947 Gatewood Galbraith, [Louis], Carlisle, Kentucky, Lawyer, American political activist, iconic Kentucky political figure, (d. 2012)
  • 1949 Robert Cabana, Mjr USMC/astronaut (STS 41, 53, 68, sk:88), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1953 Antonio Villaraigosa, Hispanic-American 52nd Mayor of Los Angeles

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953 Pavlo Lazarenko, Prime Minister of Ukraine (1996-97), born in Karpivka

Prime Minister of Ukraine Pavlo Lazarenko
Prime Minister of Ukraine
Pavlo Lazarenko
  • 1955 Reginald Calloway, trumpet player (Midnight Star-No Parking)
  • 1957 Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, daughter of Princess Grace and Prince Rainer, born in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • 1957 Lou Schuler, American fitness journalist
  • 1961 Mas Selamat bin Kastari, Singapore's most-wanted terror fugitive
  • 1962 Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer and journalist
  • 1965 Tim Berrett, Tunbridge Wells Engl, Canadian 20k walker (Oly-14-92, 96)
  • 1974 Richard T. Slone, British artist
  • 1975 Tito Ortiz, American UFC fighter
  • 1981 Greg Smith, American UFC fighter

Weddings in History

  • 1999 Princess of Monaco Caroline (42) weds dynastic head of the House of Hanover and Britain's King George I descendant Prince Ernst August (45) in Monaco

Deaths in History

  • 1002 Otto III, German king/emperor 983/996-1002, dies at 21
  • 1199 Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
  • 1356 Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies
  • 1516 Ferdinand II, king of Aragon/Sicily, dies at 63
  • 1549 Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
  • 1567 Jiajing, Emperor of China (b. 1507)
  • 1622 William Baffin, English explorer, dies at of a gunshot wound at about 38
  • 1639 Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake
  • 1648 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), dies at 40
  • 1744 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • 1785 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1789 Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1789 John Cleland, English novelist (b. 1709)
  • 1800 Edward Rutledge, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 1803 Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer (b. 1725)
  • 1805 Claude Chappe, French telecommunications pioneer (b. 1763)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1806 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1812 Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)
  • 1813 George Clymer, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 1820 Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
  • 1833 Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
  • 1838 Arnold A Buyskes, Dutch vice-admiral/colonial director, dies at 67
  • 1866 Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (b. 1785)
  • 1875 Charles Kingsley, English vicar and writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 1883 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1891 Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Flaanders, dies at 21
  • 1893 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1893 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1825)
  • 1913 Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
  • 1923 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1926 Desire J Mercier, Belgian philosopher/cardinal, dies at 74
  • 1931 Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies from pneumonia at 49
  • 1937 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (b. 1876)
  • 1943 Alexander Woollcott, critic, dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • 1944 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • 1945 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • 1946 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, linguist, dies at 72
  • 1947 Pierre Bonnard, French painter/illustrator, dies at 79
  • 1957 Willie Edwards, US African American, murdered by KKK at 25
  • 1971 Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
  • 1973 Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
  • 1975 Karel Paul van der Mandele, director (Rotterdam Bank), dies at 94
  • 1976 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 44
  • 1977 Bernard "Toots" Shor, barkeeper, dies at 73
  • 1984 Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986 Joseph Beuys, West German avant-garde artist/politician, dies at 64
  • 1988 Dan Daniel, politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 Salvador Dalí, Catalan artist (b. 1904)

Painter Salvador Dali
Painter
Salvador Dali
  • 1990 Mariano Rumor, Italy's PM (1968-70, 73-1974), dies
  • 1991 Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1992 Simon Brand, South African banker and adviser to President F. W. de Klerk, dies

South African President F. W. de Klerk
South African President
F. W. de Klerk
  • 1993 Dudley Stevens, English entertainer, dies of AIDS at 57
  • 1994 Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian marshal (Flight KAL 007), dies at 76
  • 1994 Oliver Smith, US set designer (Guys & Dolls-7 Tony Awards), dies at 75
  • 1994 Suzanne M Blum, French lawyer (Charlie Chaplin), dies at 95
  • 1995 Harold Collett Dent, journalist/educationist, dies at 100
  • 1995 Michael Whalley Wickham, artist, dies at 91
  • 1995 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright, dies at 75
  • 1996 John Mackin, programmer, dies at 36
  • 1996 Norman MacCaig, Scottish poet, dies at 85
  • 1996 Shirley Carter Burden, patrician, dies at 54
  • 1997 Jeremy Stephen Maas, writer/art dealer, dies at 68
  • 1997 Randy Greenawalt, convicted killer, executed by injection at 47
  • 1997 Roger John Tayler, astrophysicist, dies at 67
  • 1998 Hilla Limann, president of Ghana in (1979-81), dies
  • 1999 Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)
  • 2002 Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (b. 1930)
  • 2002 Robert Nozick, American philosopher (b. 1938)
  • 2004 Helmut Newton, German-born photographer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, British politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Chris McKinstry, Canadian scientist (b. 1967)
  • 2007 E. Howard Hunt, American Watergate figure (b. 1918)
  • 2007 Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian Politician (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Robert W. Scott, American politician, governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
  • 2011 Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert (b. 1914)
  • 2012 Anthony Capo, DeCavalcante crime family hitman and informant, dies from heart attack at 52/53
  • 2015 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (2005-2015), dies at 90