On This Day in History for January 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 116


MurderAssassination

41 Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after the later's assassination by officers of the Praetorian Guard

Roman Emperor Claudius
Roman Emperor
Claudius
3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor
Caligula
  • 817 St Paschal I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Stephen IV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1076 Synod of Worms: German King Henry IV fires Pope Gregory VII

Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV
Holy Roman Emperor
Henry IV
  • 1118 Giovanni Caetani elected Pope Gelasius II
  • 1458 Matthias I Corvinus chosen King of Hungary
  • 1534 Francois I signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy
  • 1568 Abdij Church in Middelburg destroyed by fire
  • 1568 In Netherlands, Duke of Alva declares William of Orange an outlaw
  • 1613 Amsterdam merchant Hans Bontemantel baptized
  • 1616 Dutch mariner Jacob Le Maire discovers Le Maire Strait, Tierra del Fuego
  • 1634 Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor
  • 1639 Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders
  • 1644 Parliamentary army wins battle of Nantwich, Cheshire, English Civil War
  • 1648 Lord Baltimore's representative Margaret Brent ejected from the Maryland Council after requesting right to vote
  • 1652 Duke of Orleans joins Fronde rebels
  • 1656 1st Jewish doctor in North American colonies, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
  • 1659 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1679 King Charles II disbands English parliament

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1722 Tsar Peter the Great begins civil system

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1722 Edward Wigglesworth appointed 1st north American divinity professor (Harvard)
  • 1742 German leaders elect Charles VII Albert Emperor
  • 1764 Governor Winthrop's Telescope is destroyed in a Harvard fire
  • 1776 Henry Knox arrives at Cambridge, Massachusetts, with the artillery that he has transported from Fort Ticonderoga

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1839 Charles Darwin elected Fellow of the Royal Society

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1847 1,500 New Mexican Indians & Mexicans defeated by US Colonel Price
  • 1848 James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
  • 1857 University of Calcutta founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia
  • 1859 Political union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as ruler
  • 1861 Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
  • 1862 Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.
  • 1874 Gen J van Swieten conquers Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die
  • 1875 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres
  • 1878 Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg
  • 1892 Battle of Mengo, Uganda: French missionaries attack British missionaries
  • 1899 Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
  • 1899 Rubber heel for boots or shoes patented by American Humphrey O'Sullivan
  • 1900 Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1901 Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children
  • 1901 Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Lieutenant General Robert Baden-Powell publishes "Scouting for Boys" as a manual for self-instruction in outdoor skills and self-improvement. The book becomes the inspiration for the Scout Movement.

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1915 German-British sea battle at Dogger Bank & Helgoland
  • 1916 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • 1922 -54°F (-48°C), Danbury, Wisconsin (state record)
  • 1922 Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (not an Eskimo)
  • 1922 Lehman Caves National Monument established
  • 1923 Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1924 Russian city of St Petersburg renamed Leningrad (changed back in 1991)
  • 1925 Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island
  • 1925 Sandler follows Branting as premier of Sweden

  • 1930 Stewie Dempster scores New Zealand's 1st Test century
  • 1933 Noel Coward's "Design for Living" premieres in NYC
  • 1935 1st canned beer, "Kruger Cream Ale," is sold by American company Kruger Brewing Co.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Pierre Laval's second French government falls

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1936 Albert Sarraut becomes Prime Minister of France
  • 1939 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile
  • 1939 Spanish government moves to Figueras
  • 1941 British troops march into Abyssinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Adolf Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 Jewish patients, nurses and doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 1944 Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
  • 1945 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • 1948 Dutch Liberal Party forms - People's party for Freedom & Democracy (VVD)
  • 1951 Dutch government Drees-van Schaik resigns
  • 1952 Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base
  • 1954 BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Don Carter
  • 1956 96.5 cm precipitation at Kilauea Plantation, Hawaii (state record)
  • 1956 An inquiry considers building homes in a war devastated area in London
  • 1958 After warming to 100,000,000 degrees, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion
  • 1960 Algeria uprises against French president De Gaulle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Edward Albee's "American Dream" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee
  • 1961 Lazard Brothers Ltd draw a check for $334,867,807.68
  • 1962 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany
  • 1964 Eric de Noorman, a Dutch comic strip by Hans G. Kresse, ends
  • 1964 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect & states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes
  • 1966 117 passengers are killed after an Air India Boeing-707 plane crashes into Mont Blanc, France
  • 1968 Operation Coburg, an Australian and New Zealand military action during the Vietnam War, begins
  • 1969 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands appointed honorary citizen of Addis Ababa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Spanish dictator General Franco announces state of emergency

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1969 Deputy Prime Minister Brian Faulkner resigns from the Northern Ireland cabinet in protest at the lack of 'strong government' on the part of PM Terence O'Neill
  • 1969 Students protest the erection of steel gates around the London School of Economics
  • 1970 3rd ABA All-Star Game: West 128 beats East 98 at Indiana
  • 1970 Valeri Muratov skates world record 500m (38.99 sec)
  • 1972 Japanese Sgt. Shoichi Yokoi is found hiding in a Guam jungle, where he had been since the end of World War II.
  • 1974 10th British Commonwealth Games open in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1975 Fastest Earth-bound object, 7200 kph, in vacuum centrifuge, England
  • 1977 Massacre of Atocha in Madrid: five labor lawyers murdered by fascists in Madridvduring the Spanish transition to democracy
  • 1978 Carter Executive Order on Intelligence (# 12036)
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Kim Hughes scores 213 v India at Adelaide

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Hulk Hogan pins Iron Sheik for World Wrestling Federation title

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1984 Apple Computer Inc unveils its revolutionary Macintosh personal computer
  • 1985 15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 is launched
  • 1986 South Yemen Premier Haydar Bakr al-Attas becomes interim-president
  • 1986 Voyager 2 makes 1st fly-by of Uranus (81,593 km), finds new moons
  • 1986 Leon Brittan, Trade and Industry Secretary under Thatcher is 2nd cabinet minister to resign after 'Westland affair'
  • 1988 9th ACE Cable Awards: Discovery Channel wins the Golden CableACE for "Russia: Live From the Inside"
  • 1988 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $21 million
  • 1989 1st reported case of AIDS transmitted by heterosexual oral sex

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

76 Hadrian, Roman Emperor (117-138, builder of Hadrian's Wall), born in Italica (d. 138)

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
Hadrian
  • 1287 Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)
  • 1444 Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)
  • 1638 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • 1664 John Vanbrugh, dramatist/architect (baptized), born in London, England
  • 1670 William Congreve, English playwright (d. 1729)
  • 1674 Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)
  • 1679 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher
  • 1705 Farinelli, [Carlo Broschi], Andria Italy, castrato

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1712 Frederick the Great, King of Prussia (1740-86), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1786)

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • 1712 Georg F Schmidt, German engraver/etcher
  • 1724 Frances Brooke, English writer (d. 1789)
  • 1732 Pierre de Baumarchais, French playwright (Barber of Seville)
  • 1742 Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)
  • 1746 Gustav III, king during Swedish Enlightenment (1771-92)
  • 1750 Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician/patriot/journalist
  • 1754 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • 1763 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)
  • 1767 Antony CW Staring, Dutch lawyer/poet (Jaromir)
  • 1778 Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French King Charles X
  • 1779 Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Russian tsarina (d. 1826)
  • 1798 Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)
  • 1800 Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer
  • 1814 Abraham Czn van Stolk, Dutch art collector
  • 1820 John Milton Thayer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bellingham, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1828 Adam Jacoby Slemmer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)
  • 1828 Ferdinand J Cohn, German botanist/publicist
  • 1832 John Pegram, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1848 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1862 Edith Wharton [-Jones], Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1864 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1872 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872 Ethel Turner, Australian author (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Arthur Schomburg (Arturo Alfonso), Puerto Rico, archivist of African American history and culture
  • 1880 Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)
  • 1888 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • 1888 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian/US author (Men Never Know)
  • 1891 Walter Model, German field marshal
  • 1895 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
  • 1895 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • 1902 Oskar Morgenstern, German/US economist
  • 1902 Walter Keirnan, New Havens Ct, TV panelist (I've Got a Secret)
  • 1902 E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (d. 1965)
  • 1903 Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)
  • 1905 J. Howard Marshall [James Howard Marshall II), American businessman and husband of Anna Nicole Smith, born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • 1907 Alfonse Vranckx, Belgian lawyer/politician
  • 1907 Maurice Couve de Murville, France premier (1968-69)
  • 1911 C[atherine] L[ucille] Moore, American sci-fi author (Judgment Night)
  • 1913 Mark Goodson, TV game-show proudcer (Goodson-Toddman)
  • 1915 Robert B Motherwell, American painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic)
  • 1916 John Corner, scientist
  • 1918 Oral Roberts, Pontotoc County Oklahoma, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College
  • 1919 Nora Beloff, journalist/author
  • 1921 Bernard J Dwyer, (Rep-D-NJ, 1981- )
  • 1922 Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
  • 1924 8th earl Spencer, English large landowner/father of Diane
  • 1924 Robert Kastenmeier, Politician (Rep-D-WI, 1959-91), born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Maria Tallchief, American ballerina, born in Fairfax, Oklahoma (d. 2013)

Ballerina Maria Tallchief
Ballerina
Maria Tallchief
  • 1927 Paula Hawkins, (Sen-R-FL, 1981-86)
  • 1927 Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, British aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language)
  • 1930 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet (d. 1976)
  • 1936 Doug Kershaw, La, plays electric fiddle
  • 1940 Flip Buurmeijer, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • 1945 D. Todd Christofferson, LDS apostle
  • 1945 John Garamendi, American politician
  • 1946 Hubert M "Jubi" Kirindongo, Curacaos sculptor/painter
  • 1947 David Randall, British priest, founder of Cara (d. 1996)
  • 1947 Warren Zevon, rocker (Excitable Boy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1948 Elliott Abrams, asst secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras
  • 1949 Bart Gordon, (Rep-D-TN, 1985- )
  • 1950 Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadorian-born American writer
  • 1952 William F Readdy, Quonset Point RI, astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79)
  • 1959 David Mills, American author
  • 1961 Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut
  • 1961 Vince Russo, American writer
  • 1972 Ulla Werbrouck, Belgian judoka and politician
  • 1974 Kristy Sargeant, ice pairs (1994 Skate Canada), born in Edmonton, Alberta
  • 1974 Layla Linn, Miss New Mexico USA (1996)
  • 1974 Shii Ann Huang, American game show contestant
  • 1975 Danielle Connors, Miss Virginia USA (1996)
  • 1993 Ashley Jade Stern, daughter of radio personality Howard Stern

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1328 King Edward III of England marries Philippa of Henegouwen (Hainault)

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III

HeartWedding of Interest

1884 Abolitionist Frederick Douglass marries his second wife suffragist Helen Pitts

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1978 Rose Dugdale and Eddie Gallagher become the first convicted prisoners to marry in prison in the history of the Republic of Ireland.

Deaths in History


MurderAssassination

41 Caligula [Gaius Caesar], 3rd Roman Emperor (37-41 AD) who was known for his eccentricity and cruel despotism, assassinated at 28 by Praetorian Guards

3rd Roman Emperor Caligula
3rd Roman Emperor
Caligula
  • 661 Ali ibn Abu Talib, kalief of Islam (656-61), murdered
  • 772 Stephen III/IV, Catholic Pope (768-72), dies. (b. 720)
  • 817 Stefanus IV, Pope (816-17), dies
  • 1125 David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)
  • 1336 Alfonso IV, the Benignant, King of Aragon (1327-36), dies at 36
  • 1376 Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader
  • 1547 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, executed for treason
  • 1595 Ferdinand II of Austria (b. 1529)
  • 1626 Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (b. 1580)
  • 1639 George Jenatsch, Grisons leader, assassinated
  • 1678 Joan Maetsuyker, gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 72
  • 1709 George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)
  • 1769 François de Chevert, French general (b. 1695)
  • 1856 Rabbi Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Polish Hasidic leader (b. 1775)
  • 1862 James McIntosh, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at about 33
  • 1864 Stephen Gardner Champlin, brigadier general (Union), dies at about 36
  • 1877 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (b. 1796)
  • 1882 Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
  • 1885 Martin R Delany, African American nationalist and Physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • 1895 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • 1911 David Graham Phillips, American journalist and novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1924 Thephilo Braga, Portuguese poet/politician, dies at 80
  • 1924 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
  • 1929 Willem Royaards, theater directeor (Adam in Ballingschap), dies
  • 1932 Alfred Yarrow, English shipbuilder (b. 1842)
  • 1939 Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist, dies at 71
  • 1943 John Burns, British minister of Local Government (1905-14), dies
  • 1947 Felix Timmermans, writer/painter (Gift from St Nicholas), dies at 60
  • 1948 Maria Mandel, Camp Leader at Auschwitz (b. 1912)
  • 1948 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant at Auschwitz concentration camp (b. 1901)
  • 1953 [Karl R] Gerd von Rundstedt, gen-field marshal (Normandy), dies at 77
  • 1955 Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)
  • 1961 Willem J M van Eysinga, people rights scholar, dies at 82
  • 1962 Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (b. 1877)
  • 1964 Stuart Davis, American modernist painter, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of Britain (C) (1940-45, 51-55) British leader during WWII dies at 90

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1966 Homi J. Bhabha, Indian physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1967 Howard Charles Shaiffer, entertainer, dies at 49
  • 1970 Caresse Crosby, American poet (b. 1891)
  • 1971 Bill W., American co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (b. 1895)
  • 1978 Herta Oberheuser, German doctor (b. 1911)
  • 1982 Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president and dictator (b. 1918)
  • 1983 George Cukor, director, dies of stroke & heart attack at 83
  • 1986 L. Ron Hubbard, American sci-fi writer (Death Quest) and founder of the Scientology cult, dies at 74
  • 1988 Charles Glenn King, biochemist (discovered vitamin C), dies at 91
  • 1988 Werner Fenchel, German mathematician (b. 1905)

BattleExecution

1989 Ted Bundy, American serial killer of up to 100 women during the 1970s, executed by electric chair in Florida at 42

Serial Killer Ted Bundy
Serial Killer
Ted Bundy
  • 1991 John M. Kelly, Irish politician and academic (b. 1931)
  • 1992 Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (b. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1993 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American supreme court justice (1967-91), dies 84

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1993 Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), dies at 50
  • 1994 Michalis Vranopoulos, head of Greek state bank, murdered at 48
  • 1995 Ian Prestt, English ornithologist, dies at 65
  • 1995 Victor Reinganum, artist, dies at 87
  • 1995 Wim H Sinnige, Amsterdam PvdA alderman of Finance, dies at 60
  • 1996 Ursula Heathcote Nicholls, campaigner, dies at 75
  • 1997 Callum Alexander MacDonald, historian, dies at 49
  • 1998 Jay Monahan, husband of Katie Couric, dies of cancer at 42
  • 2002 Elie Hobeika, Lebanese Forces militia commander (b. 1956)
  • 2003 Gianni Agnelli, Italian auto executive (b. 1921)
  • 2005 Vladimir Savchenko, Ukrainian writer (b. 1933)
  • 2006 Schafik Handal, Salvadoran politician
  • 2007 Guadalupe Larriva, Ecuadorian politician (b. 1956)
  • 2007 Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World's oldest living man 2004-2007, dies at 115
  • 2009 Kay Yow, North Carolina State Univ. women's basketball head coach (b. 1942)