On This Day in History for January 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 144

  • 66 5th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1340 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1482 "Pentateuch" (Jewish Bible) 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy
  • 1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil.
  • 1531 Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 die
  • 1564 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
  • 1589 Job is elected as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
  • 1654 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • 1666 France declares war on England & Munster
  • 1689 Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1697 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1699 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1700 The magnitude 9 Cascadia Earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records.
  • 1736 Stanislaw I of Poland abdicates his throne.
  • 1748 Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1784 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day
  • 1789 John Odell signs contract for £336 to build St Peter's church (Bronx)
  • 1797 Russia, Prussia & Austria sign treaty
  • 1802 Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library
  • 1808 Rum Rebellion, the only successful (albeit short-lived) armed takeover of the government in Australia.
  • 1837 Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 1838 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1841 Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 1850 1st German language daily newspaper in US published, NYC
  • 1861 Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1863 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1870 US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • 1871 US income tax repealed
  • 1875 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 1881 Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 1882 France government of Gambetta falls
  • 1884 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 1885 Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1887 Battle of Dogali: Abyssinian Emperor John IV defeats Italians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • 1900 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
  • 1905 Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea
  • 1905 World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
  • 1907 1st US federal corrupt election practices law passed
  • 1907 J M Synge's "Playboy of Western World" opens; police are called
  • 1907 The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the oldest military rifle still in official use.
  • 1907 In Austria, universal and direct suffrage (limited to males over 24) is introduced, a reform long demanded by the socialists and others
  • 1910 Heavy rains cause floods in Paris
  • 1911 Glenn Curtiss pilots 1st successful hydroplane, San Diego
  • 1914 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • 1914 Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • 1915 Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, is established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1920 Amadeo Modigliani's mistress jumps out of a window
  • 1920 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
  • 1927 Maxwell Anderson's "Saturday's Children" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Indian National Congress proclaims goal for India's independence
  • 1930 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
  • 1931 Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1931 Lynn Riggs' "Green Grow the Lilacs" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • 1932 KUT-AM in Austin Texas changes call letters to KNOW
  • 1934 Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty
  • 1934 The Apollo Theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
  • 1939 Federal Hall National Monument established
  • 1939 Filming begins on "Gone With the Wind"

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1939 Franco conquers Barcelona

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1940 Nazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
  • 1942 1st US force in Europe during WW II go ashore in Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Italian supreme command demands dismissal of German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1945 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1947 KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die
  • 1948 Executive Order 9981 ending racial segregation in US Armed Forces signed
  • 1950 India becomes a republic, ceasing to be a British dominion
  • 1950 Constitution of India goes into effect
  • 1952 At least 20 people have been killed and 100s injured during riots in Cairo against the British
  • 1954 Ground breaking begins on Disneyland
  • 1956 Porkkala military base returned to Finland by USSR
  • 1957 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • 1957 India annexes Kashmir
  • 1958 H Laskow replaces Moshe Dayan on as Israeli minister of Defense
  • 1958 Japanese ferry Nankai Maru capsized off southern Awaji Island, Japan, 167 killed.
  • 1959 Italy government of Fanfani resigns
  • 1961 1st woman "personal physician to president"-JG Travell
  • 1962 Bishop Burke of Buffalo Catholic dioceses declares Chubby Checker's "Twist" is impure & bans it from all Catholic schools
  • 1962 Canadian Marine Service renamed Coast Guard
  • 1962 US launches Ranger 3, misses Moon by 22,000-mi (37,000-km)
  • 1965 South Vietnam military coup under general Nguyen Khanh
  • 1966 Ard Schenk skates world record 1500m (2:06.2)
  • 1966 The Beaumont Children go missing from Glenelg Beach near Adelaide, South Australia.
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1967 Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned
  • 1968 Israeli submarine Dakar sinks in Mediterranean Sea, 69 die
  • 1969 Minister of Health and Social Services William Morgan resigns from the Northern Ireland government
  • 1969 Police break up a march by hundreds of demonstrators in central Prague
  • 1970 Pendleton, Ford & Cryer's "Last Sweet Days of Isaac," premieres in NYC
  • 1971 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts law against limitation of war crimes
  • 1972 Air stewardess Vesna Vulovic survives 10,160m fall without parachute
  • 1973 Belgium government of Leburton forms
  • 1974 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Edward Albee's "Seascape" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee

Birthdays in History

  • 1497 Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
  • 1541 Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)
  • 1667 Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies
  • 1714 Jean B Pigalle, French sculptor (Child with Bird Cage)
  • 1715 Claude Helvetius, philosopher, born in Paris, France
  • 1716 George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville
  • 1722 Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
  • 1763 Charles XIV, French marshall, king of Sweden & Norway (1818-44)
  • 1771 Jacob Andries van Braam, colonial director (Suriname)
  • 1778 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis)
  • 1781 Ludwig Joachim "Achim" von Arnim, German poet (Des Knaben Wunderhorn)
  • 1786 Benjamin Robert Haydon, Plymouth, painter (Waiting for The Times)
  • 1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • 1814 Rufus King, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1876)
  • 1816 Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Julia Dent Grant, 1st lady (1862-76)
  • 1828 Johan T Buys, Dutch lawyer
  • 1831 Mary Mapes Dodge, American writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates), born in NYC, New York
  • 1832 George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)
  • 1852 Pierre Brazza, explorer/colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • 1857 the 12th Dalai Lama (d. 1875)
  • 1871 Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], US journalist/writer (Average Jones)
  • 1877 Kees van Dongen, Netherland, French painter
  • 1879 Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans, Flemish (stage)author (Tille)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 Douglas MacArthur, American General in World War II, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1964)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1884 Edward Sapir, Germany, linguist/antropologist (indians)
  • 1884 Roy Chapman Andrews, US, scientist/explorer
  • 1886 Joannes A Veraart, Dutch economist/MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
  • 1887 Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist
  • 1887 Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)
  • 1891 Ilya G Ehrenburg, Kiev Ukraine, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1891 Frank Costello, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), born in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy (d. 1973)

Gangster Frank Costello
Gangster
Frank Costello
  • 1891 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • 1893 Bessie Coleman, 1st African American airplane pilot
  • 1893 Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Wyllis Cooper, Pekin Ill, TV narrator (Volume One)
  • 1902 Laurence "Bill" Craigie, jet pioneer
  • 1902 Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer/essayist (Carnaval of the Citizens)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Sean MacBride, statesman/Amnesty Intl co-founder (Nobel '74), born in Dublin, Ireland

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride
  • 1904 Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1905 John Carmel Heenan, Essex, cardinal archbp of Westminster (1963-75)
  • 1905 Marquess of Bath, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1910 Elmar Klos, Czech director (Adrift)
  • 1910 Jean Image, Hungarian-born French animator (d. 1989)
  • 1911 Polykarp Kusch, US, nuclear physicist: Nobel 1955
  • 1912 Cora Baird, American puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in NYC, New York
  • 1914 Kaye Webb, English writer/publisher (Puffin Club)
  • 1914 Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania (d. 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1918 Philip José Farmer, Terre Haute Indiana, American science fiction novelist (Riverworld)
  • 1920 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • 1921 Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)
  • 1921 Eddie Barclay, French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician (d. 1998)
  • 1925 David Jenkins, Bishop (Durham)
  • 1925 Desmond Cassidi, British admiral
  • 1925 Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Charles Tidbury, former chairman (Whitbread & Company)
  • 1926 Jose Maria Valverde, philosopher poet/translator
  • 1926 Farman Fatehpuri, Pakistani scholar
  • 1927 Jose Simon Azcona Hoyo, president of Honduras (1986-90)
  • 1928 Gene Snyder, (Rep-R-KY, 1963-65, 67- )
  • 1928 Roger Vadim, France, director (And God Created Women, Barbarella)
  • 1929 Jules Feiffer, American cartoonist (Passionella)/author (Little Murders), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 Anne Macfarlane, Master (Court of Protection)
  • 1932 Christopher Price, Director (Leeds Metropolitan U)
  • 1932 George H Clements, first Roman Catholic Priest to adopt a child.
  • 1934 Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher
  • 1936 Sal Buscema, American comic book artist
  • 1937 Gerrit Gerritse, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1937 Joseph Saidu Momoh, gen/president (Sierra Leone)
  • 1937 S J B Langdale, Headmaster (Shrewsbury School)
  • 1938 Margaret Daly, British MEP
  • 1942 Nigel Walmsley, chairman (Carlton UK Television)
  • 1942 William McLennan, CEO (Central Statistical Office)
  • 1943 Sherian Grace Cadoria, brigadier general
  • 1944 Angela Yvonne Davis, African American activist/professor
  • 1945 Barbara Kruger, American conceptual artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1946 Christopher Hampton, Azores, playwright (Oviri, Hotel du Lac)
  • 1946 Timothy Clifford, director (National Galleries of Scotland)
  • 1949 Jonathan Carroll, American author
  • 1950 Jorg Haider, Austrian polical leader (Austrian Freedom Pary)
  • 1952 Mario Runco Jr, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 44, 54, 77), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1953 Andrée van Es, Dutch MP (PSP), born in The Hague
  • 1953 Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark
  • 1954 Martin Dunn, British editor (Today)
  • 1956 Simon Howard, English large landowner (Castle Howard)
  • 1965 Thomas Östros, Swedish politician
  • 1973 Mayu Shinjo, Japanese mangaka
  • 1974 Shannon Hale, American author
  • 1997 Pasaye, Palatine Ill, twin born 92 days after his brother (Oct 26)
  • 2009 Suleman octuplets born to Nadya Suleman in Bellflower, California - longest ever octuplet survival

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1858 Inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick (48) weds Nancy Fowler

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick

HeartWedding of Interest

1905 General officer John J. Pershing (44) weds Helen Frances

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing

HeartWedding of Interest

1925 Politician Seán MacBride (21) weds Catalina Bulfin in Dublin, Ireland

Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA Seán MacBride
Irish Politician and Chief of Staff of the IRA
Seán MacBride

HeartWedding of Interest

1959 President of Cuba Raúl Castro (27) weds revolutionary Vilma Espín (28) in Santiago de Cuba

President of Cuba Raúl Castro
President of Cuba
Raúl Castro

Deaths in History

  • 946 Eadgyth, English-born German Queen, wife of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1109 Albericus of Côteaux, French saint, dies
  • 1567 Nicholas Wotton, English diplomat
  • 1630 Henry Briggs, English mathematician (b. 1556)
  • 1636 Jean Hotman, Marquis de Villers-St-Paul, French diplomat (b. 1552)
  • 1697 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1744 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
  • 1750 Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
  • 1799 Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
  • 1823 Edward Jenner, English physician (b. 1749)
  • 1824 Théodore Géricault, French painter (b. 1791)
  • 1849 Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (Death's Jest-Book), suicide at 45
  • 1850 Francis Jeffrey, Baron Jeffrey, judge/literary critic, dies
  • 1855 Gérard de Nerval, French writer (b. 1808)
  • 1869 Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
  • 1870 Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1785)
  • 1885 Charles George Gordon, British Governor-General of Sudan, executed at 51
  • 1885 Edward Davy, English inventor (b. 1806)
  • 1886 David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
  • 1891 Nicholaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)
  • 1895 Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
  • 1904 John P R Tak, Dutch liberal politician, dies at 64
  • 1904 Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (b. 1846)
  • 1911 Charles Wentworth Dilke, English undersecretary of State, dies at 67
  • 1920 Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered
  • 1926 John Flannagan, 2nd president of St. Ambrose University
  • 1933 Alva Belmont, American socialite (b. 1853)
  • 1939 Armand Calinescu, Romania's PM, assassinated by the iron guard
  • 1942 Gerard L F Philips, Dutch manufacturer (Philips), dies at 83
  • 1943 Nikolai Vavilov, geneticist, Saratovv labour camp, dies
  • 1943 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)
  • 1946 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • 1947 Gustav Adolf, crown prince of Sweden, dies in air crash
  • 1952 Louis van Deyssel, Dutch writer (Diary of Franc Rozelaar), dies at 87
  • 1952 Khorloogiin Choibalsan, leader of Mongolia (b. 1895)
  • 1953 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet/interpreter/linguist, dies at 58
  • 1953 Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
  • 1954 Carl J Eldh, Swedish sculptor, dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Charles "Lucky" Luciano, NYC Mafia gangster, dies of a heart attack at 65

  • 1965 Ali Mansoer, premier of Persia, murdered
  • 1968 Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher (b. 1883)
  • 1968 Yvor Winters, American poet (b. 1900)
  • 1973 Meijer Sluyser, Dutch journalist/commentator (VARA), dies at about 71
  • 1974 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, dies at 85
  • 1976 João Branco Núncio, Portuguese Bullfighter (b. 1901)
  • 1979 Nelson Rockefeller, former VP & (4X Gov-R-NY), dies at 70
  • 1985 James Cameron, journalist, dies
  • 1989 Paul Daels, Flemish chairman (IJzerbedevaart committee), dies
  • 1990 FHP "Boy" Trip, Dutch minister, dies
  • 1990 Lewis Mumford, American historian (b. 1895)
  • 1991 Johnny van Doorn, Dutch writer/poet, dies at 46
  • 1992 Okke Jager, Dutch theologist/writer/poet, dies at 63
  • 1993 Axel Von Dem Bussche, German aristocrat, dies
  • 1993 Jan Gies, Dutch resistance fighter (helped Anne Frank), dies at 87
  • 1993 Robert Jacobsen, Danish sculptor (large iron sculptures), dies at 80
  • 1993 Jeanne Sauvé, Governor-General of Canada (b. 1922)
  • 1995 Bernardo Leighton, Chilian politician (1964-70), dies
  • 1995 Geoffrey Penwill Parsons, piano accompnaist, dies at 65
  • 1995 Louis Heren, journalist, dies at 65
  • 1996 Harold Brodkey, writer, dies at 65
  • 1996 Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1921)
  • 1997 Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/the Rhine, dies at 83
  • 1997 Sarah Lucas, theatre administrator, dies at 53
  • 1997 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)
  • 1998 Walter Edmonds, writer (Drums Along the Mohawk), dies at 93
  • 2000 Kathleen Hale, British author (b. 1898)
  • 2000 A. E. van Vogt, Canadian-born author (b. 1912)
  • 2003 Hugh Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, English historian (b. 1917)
  • 2003 George Younger, 4th Viscount Younger of Leckie, British politician (b. 1931)
  • 2006 Khan Abdul Wali Khan, Pakistani opposition leader and Pashtun nationalist (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Carol Lambrino, son of Carol II of Romania and Zizi Lambrino (b. 1920)
  • 2007 Hans J. Wegner, Danish furniture designer (b. 1914)
  • 2013 Hiroshi Nakajima, Japanese doctor, dies at 84
  • 2015 Tom Uren, Australian politician, Australian heritage and conservation campaigner, dies at 93