On This Day in History for January 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 112


Event of interestEvent of Interest

98 Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.

Roman Emperor Trajan
Roman Emperor
Trajan
Roman Emperor Nerva
Roman Emperor
Nerva
  • 661 Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with death of Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate
  • 672 St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 847 Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1142 Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
  • 1302 Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
  • 1343 Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
  • 1538 States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
  • 1556 Willem of Orange becomes a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
  • 1593 Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno
  • 1662 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1671 Pirate Henry Morgan lands at Panama City

Pirate Henry Morgan
Pirate
Henry Morgan
  • 1695 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1710 Tsar Peter the Great sets first Russian state budget

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1785 1st US state university chartered, Athens, Georgia
  • 1823 President Monroe appoints first US ambassadors to South America
  • 1825 U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
  • 1864 Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
  • 1864 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
  • 1870 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • 1870 After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
  • 1870 Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated

1stHistoric Invention

1880 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1886 First British government of Salisbury resigns
  • 1888 National Geographic Society formed in Washington, D.C.
  • 1891 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • 1894 Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • 1896 Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
  • 1897 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • 1900 Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
  • 1900 Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
  • 1902 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
  • 1905 Maurice Rouvier forms government in France
  • 1906 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
  • 1908 Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
  • 1909 The Young Left is founded in Norway.
  • 1914 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • 1915 US Marines occupy Haiti
  • 1916 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • 1917 Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
  • 1918 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • 1918 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • 1924 Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1924 The Natal Indian Congress and the Natal Indian Association jointly organise a mass meeting in Durban, South Africa in opposition to the Class Areas Bill
  • 1926 US Senate agrees to join World Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • 1933 Otto Meisnner (Head of the German President's Office) dines with British ambassador Sir Horace Rumbold
  • 1934 French government of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
  • 1934 VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
  • 1939 First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
  • 1940 -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)
  • 1941 Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
  • 1942 -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
  • 1943 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • 1944 Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with the loss of 600,000 killed
  • 1945 Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
  • 1945 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland
  • 1945 Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
  • 1948 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
  • 1948 1st tape recorder sold
  • 1949 Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
  • 1951 US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
  • 1953 Netherlands end Marshall aid
  • 1958 Ferenc Munnich succeeds Kadar as premier of Hungary
  • 1963 Jevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
  • 1964 Barlow & Graeme Pollock complete 341 stand at Adelaide Oval
  • 1964 Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican Pres bid
  • 1965 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite
  • 1965 Groundbreaking for "Dragon Gateway" at Grant Avenue
  • 1967 A fire in the Apollo I Command Module kills astronauts Grissom, White & Chaffee during a launch rehearsal
  • 1967 Treaty signed banning military use of nuclear weapons in space
  • 1969 14 spies hanged in Baghdad
  • 1969 9 Jews publicly executed in Damascus, Syria
  • 1969 Ian Paisley sentenced to 3 years
  • 1971 Montgomery St Station, last link in Bay Area Rapid Transit in San Francisco, 'holed thru'
  • 1971 The body of a man who had been shot dead is found in Belfast
  • 1972 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers shot dead by IRA in an attack on their patrol car in the Creggan Road, Derry
  • 1972 The British Army and the Irish Republican Army engage in gun battles near County Armagh; British troops fire over 1,000 rounds of amunition
  • 1973 US & North Vietnam's William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and miltary draft
  • 1973 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
  • 1973 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
  • 1976 9th ABA All-Star Game: Denver 144 beats ABA 138 at Denver
  • 1976 Morocco-Algeria battles in West Sahara
  • 1976 Viv Richards scores his 1st Test century against Australia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1982 Mauno Koivisto installed as President of Finland
  • 1982 Roberto S Cordova installed as president of Honduras
  • 1983 World's longest underwater tunnel (53.90 km) opens, Honshu-Hokkaid
  • 1985 15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 returns to Earth
  • 1987 Midnight Rockers beat Buddy Rose & Doug Somers for AWA World Tag Team
  • 1988 Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves nomination of Judge Anthony Kennedy to US Supreme Court
  • 1989 German war criminals Fischer & Aus der Funten freed
  • 1991 Dutch Pacifist Socialistic Party disbands
  • 1991 Nadine Strossen is 1st female president of the ACLU

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Presidential candidate Bill Clinton (D) & Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1993 DC-3 crashes in Kinshasa, killing 12
  • 1994 Carlos Reina succeeds pres Callejas in Honduras
  • 1994 Romanian social democrats form government with anti-Semites
  • 1996 15 day old conjoined twins separate:Sarah Morales survives, Sarahi dies

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • 1443 Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
  • 1546 Joachim III Frederick, elector (Brandenburg)
  • 1556 Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 1585 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
  • 1603 Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
  • 1621 Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
  • 1662 Richard Bentley, Oulton, scholar/controversialist
  • 1679 Jean-Francois de Troy, French painter
  • 1701 Johann N von Hontheim, German church historian/suffragan (bishop)
  • 1723 Johann A Cramer, prime minister/poet
  • 1741 Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1775 Friedrich von Schelling, German philosopher (Views on Christianity), born in Leonberg, Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1854)

  • 1805 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • 1805 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1805 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1808 David F Strauss, Germany, theologist (Jesus' Life)
  • 1814 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
  • 1821 John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Thomas Leiper Kane, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • 1824 Jozef Israels, Dutch painter
  • 1826 Richard Taylor, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1828 Samuel Allen Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1830 William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1832 Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson], English author (Alice in Wonderland), born in Daresbury, England (d. 1898)

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • 1834 Robert Sanford Foster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
  • 1841 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1848 Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1850 Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
  • 1851 Rafael Obligado, Argentina, writer (Santos Vega)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859 Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin (d. 1941)

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1872 Learned Hand, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals), born in Albany, New York
  • 1882 Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italy, writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)
  • 1885 Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • 1887 Carl Blegen, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1889 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • 1891 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
  • 1893 Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
  • 1903 John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist
  • 1903 Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)
  • 1905 Luther Diamond, radio personality
  • 1908 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (Hearst Newspapers) and 1955 Pulitzer Prize winner, (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Lawrence Durrell, Darjeeling, Indian/British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet)
  • 1912 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher
  • 1912 E. R. Braithwaite, diplomat and writer (To Sir with Love), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2016)
  • 1914 Anna Larina, revolutionary
  • 1918 William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • 1919 David Seville, [Ross Bagdasarian], (Alvin & Chipmunks), born in Fresno, California
  • 1919 H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
  • 1921 Donna Reed, Denison Iowa, (From Here to Eternity, Wonderful Life)
  • 1922 Wilfrid Bourne, QC/Clerk of the Crown in Chancery
  • 1924 Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
  • 1924 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • 1924 William van Straubenzee, British MP
  • 1925 Geoffrey Tucker, British political consultant
  • 1925 John Bury, British stage designer who worked with Peter Hall (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Fritz Spiegl, Austrian journalist (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Hans Modrow, a German politician, premier of East Germany
  • 1929 Richard Du Cann, lawyer QC
  • 1929 Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1930 Esteban Edward Torres, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • 1930 Roger Sims, British MP
  • 1931 Mordecai Richler, Montreal author, (Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz)
  • 1931 Nigel Vinson, British Lord and inventor, born in Kent, England
  • 1931 Ronald "Buster" Edwards, British Great Train Robber turned flower-seller, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1932 Neville Trotter, British MP
  • 1933 Mohamed Al Fayed, CEO (Harrods)
  • 1933 Rita Hennessy, matron-in-chief (QARANC)
  • 1934 Donald Spiers, controller (Aircraft MoD)
  • 1934 Edithe Cresson, premier of France (1991-92)
  • 1934 Federico Mayor Zaragoza, UNESCO director (1987- ), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1934 Julian Ogilvie Thompson, CEO (De Beers)
  • 1935 Gillian Beer, professor/president (Clare Hall-Cambridge)
  • 1936 Ismail Kadare, Albanian author/poet (Dimri i Madh)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Samuel Ting, American physicist and Nobel Laureate, born in Ann Arbor, Michigan

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Samuel Ting
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Samuel Ting
  • 1938 Timothy Elworthy, Captain of The Queen's Flight
  • 1939 N R Bomford, head master (Harrow School)
  • 1940 Brian T O'Leary, astronaut, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1943 A H Harper, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • 1944 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • 1945 Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)
  • 1945 Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • 1947 Vyron Polydoras, Greek politician
  • 1948 Chuck Larsen, rocker (Snuff)
  • 1949 Ethan Mordden, American author
  • 1950 Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician
  • 1950 Derek Acorah, English spirit medium
  • 1954 Peter Laird, American comic-book artist
  • 1954 Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist
  • 1955 John G. Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States
  • 1955 Alexander Stuart, British author
  • 1958 Alan Milburn, British MP
  • 1958 James Grippando, American novelist
  • 1958 Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
  • 1959 Göran Hägglund, Swedish politician
  • 1959 Keith Olbermann, American news presenter
  • 1961 Jean-Paul Banos, Lavelanet France, Canada sabre (Oly-9/10-88, 92, 96)
  • 1961 Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer

Weddings in History

  • 1186 Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

98 Marius Cocceius Nerva, emperor of Rome (96-98), dies of a stroke at about 67

Roman Emperor Nerva
Roman Emperor
Nerva
  • 661 Death of Ali, the final Sunni Rashidun and first Shia Imam.(b. 599 or 600)
  • 672 Vitalianus, pope (657-72)/saint, dies
  • 847 Sergius II, pope (844-47), dies
  • 1164 Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies
  • 1490 Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
  • 1540 Angela Merici, Italian monk/monastery, dies
  • 1565 Robrecht de Berghes, prince-bishop of Liege (1557-64), dies
  • 1612 Maarten van Valckenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 77
  • 1625 Adriaen Valerius, notary/Neth Gedenck-clanck, dies at about 49
  • 1638 Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • 1669 Gaspar de Crayer, Flemish painter, dies at 87
  • 1699 William Temple, statesman, dies
  • 1731 Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian instrument maker - considered the inventor of the piano, dies at 75
  • 1740 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
  • 1763 John Theodor of Bavaria, prince-bishop of Liege/cardinal, dies
  • 1814 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, philosopher, dies
  • 1814 Philip Astley, theatre manager, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1816 Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood/admiral, dies at 92

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • 1850 J Gottfried Schadow, German sculptor/cartoonist/writer, dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1851 John James Audubon, conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65

Ornithologist John James Audubon
Ornithologist
John James Audubon
  • 1857 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • 1858 Gerrit van der Linde Jz, Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
  • 1859 Carl A Agardh, Swedish botanist/bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
  • 1860 János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)
  • 1864 Franz von Klenze, German architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
  • 1866 John Gibson, British sculptor, dies at 75 (b. 1790)
  • 1880 Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
  • 1889 Ivan S Aksakov, Russian journalist, dies at 65
  • 1893 James G Blaine, US minister of foreign affairs, dies at 62
  • 1910 Thomas Crapper, English plumber and inventor (ballcock), dies at 73
  • 1919 Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
  • 1921 Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian soldier (b. 1891)
  • 1922 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81
  • 1927 Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army
  • 1927 Blessed Jurgis Matulaitis-Matulevičius (Matulewicz), Lithuanian bishop
  • 1940 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
  • 1942 Kaarel Eenpalu, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1888)
  • 1955 Ernst Penzoldt, writer, dies
  • 1967 Alphonse Juin, French marshal, dies at 78
  • 1967 Edward Higgins White II, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Gemini 4), dies at 36
  • 1967 Roger B Chaffee, astronaut, dies at 31 in Apollo I fire
  • 1967 Virgil I (Gus) Grissom, astronaut, dies at 40 in Apollo I fire
  • 1970 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
  • 1971 Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
  • 1972 Richard Courant, German/US mathematician, dies at 84
  • 1974 Georgios Grivas, Greek gen/oppos leader on Cyprus (EOKA), dies at 75
  • 1974 Paula Ludwig, Austrian German poet, dies at 74
  • 1975 Bill Walsh, American producer and writer (b. 1913)
  • 1979 Qalander Ba Ba Auliya, Sufi master (b. 1898)
  • 1981 Leo Collard, Belgian minister of Education (1946/54-58), dies at 78
  • 1988 Massa Makan Diabaté, Malian author (b. 1938)
  • 1989 Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
  • 1992 Francesca Primus, columnist (Back Stage), dies at 45
  • 1992 Gene Harris, entertainer, dies after long illness
  • 1995 Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/MI6-spy/priest, dies at 76
  • 1995 Jean Tardieu, French dramatist, dies at 91
  • 1995 Willem R "Wim" van der Zee, gen-sec Council of Churches, dies at 64
  • 1996 Barbara Skelton, writer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Julian Hill, research chemist, dies at 91
  • 1996 Olga Havlova, political activist, dies at 63
  • 1996 Ralph Webster Yarborough, politician, dies at 92
  • 1997 Cecil Lewis, airman/writer, dies at 98
  • 1997 Matthew Coady, journalist, dies at 73
  • 2003 Henryk Jabłoński, President of Poland (b. 1909)
  • 2003 Louis Archambault, Quebec sculptor (b. 1915)
  • 2004 Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Salvador Laurel, Vice President of the Philippines (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Johannes Rau, 8th President of Germany (b. 1931)
  • 2006 Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (disappeared) (b. 1965)
  • 2008 Gordon B. Hinckley, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2008 Suharto, 2nd President of Indonesia (1967-98), dies at 86

2nd President of Indonesia Suharto
2nd President of Indonesia
Suharto
  • 2008 Louie Welch, mayor of Houston (b. 1918)
  • 2008 Gordon B. Hinckley, President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
  • 2009 John Updike, American Novelist (b. 1932)
  • 2009 R. Venkataraman, 8th President of India (b. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2010 J. D. Salinger, American novelist (The Catcher in the Rye), dies at 91

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • 2010 Howard Zinn, American historian (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Kevin White, American politician, dies at 82
  • 2015 Charles Townes, American Physicist (Nobel Prize 1964 for mazer-lazer principle), dies at 99
  • 2016 Artur Fischer, German Inventor with more patents than Edison, dies at 96