On This Day in History for January 29

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 124

  • 661 Rashidun Caliphate ends
  • 904 Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed antipope Christopher.
  • 1258 Mongols defeated by Dai Viet at the battle of Dong Bo Dau
  • 1523 Sermon of Constanz: Zwingli defends 67 Schlussreden
  • 1574 Sea battle of Reimerswaal - Admiral Boisot beats Spanish fleet
  • 1587 Deventer & Zutphen surrender to Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1595 William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet is thought to have been first performed. Officially published early 1597.

  • 1676 Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia.
  • 1732 Paris churchyard of Saint-Medard closed after Jansenistic ritual

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1802 John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress
  • 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition: Russia and Prussia are defeated by France in the Battle of Brienne
  • 1834 President Jackson orders first use of US troops to suppress a labor dispute

AgreementTreaty of Waitangi

1840 First Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi Captain William Hobson arrives in the Bay of Islands, NZ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1845 Edgar Allan Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC)

  • 1848 Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate

Legislator and Orator Henry Clay
Legislator and Orator
Henry Clay
  • 1856 Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)
  • 1860 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 1861 US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
  • 1863 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • 1872 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina

BattleBattle of Interest

1879 Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 1st successful gasoline powered car patented by Karl Benz in Karlsruhe, Germany

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1891 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
  • 1892 The Coca-Cola Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1895 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • 1896 Emile Grubbe is the first doctor to use radiation treatment for breast cancer
  • 1900 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • 1903 Dutch railroad workers strike
  • 1904 1st athletic letters given (Univ of Chicago football team)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • 1906 Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km
  • 1907 Charles Curtis becomes U.S. Senator from Kansas, first Native American to become a Senator
  • 1908 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates
  • 1912 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA
  • 1913 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • 1916 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • 1917 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; 32 of her crew died
  • 1918 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Co for $40 a week

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • 1921 Hurricane hits Washington & Oregon
  • 1922 Union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras & El Salvador dissolved
  • 1923 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 1924 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 British Liberal Party chooses David Lloyd George as leader

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1927 4th German government of Marx forms
  • 1929 Seeing Eye Guide Dog organization forms in USA
  • 1932 Test debut of Bill O'Reilly, vs South Africa at Adelaide
  • 1941 Alexandros Koryzis becomes Prime Minister of Greece
  • 1942 1st broadcast of Roy Plomley's "Desert Island Discs" on BBC radio
  • 1942 German & Italian troops occupy Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942 Peru & Ecuador sign Protocol of Rio (boundary determiniation)
  • 1943 New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal
  • 1943 Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 U.S. cruiser "Chicago" is heavily damaged by Japanese bombers on the first day of the Battle of Rennell Island
  • 1944 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944 USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched.
  • 1944 World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy.
  • 1944 World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Arthur Miller's "All My Sons" premieres in NYC

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller
  • 1948 Pakistan Socialist Party is founded
  • 1949 Great Britain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand & Switzerland recognize Israel
  • 1951 Baseball signs 6 year All-Star pact for TV-radio rights for $6 million
  • 1955 John Williams Cox buys Yankee Stadium, sells grounds to Knights of Columbus, later leaves structure to Rice University (1962)
  • 1956 F Durrenmatt's "Der Besuch der Alten Dame" premieres in Zurich

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Graham Greene's "Potting Shed" premieres in NYC

  • 1958 Murderer, Charles Starkweather, captured by police in Wyoming
  • 1959 Walt Disney's "Sleeping Beauty" released
  • 1959 'The Great Smog' hits London, many die of chest and lung-related illnesses
  • 1961 US female Figure Skating championship won by Laurence Owen
  • 1961 US male Figure Skating championship won by Bradley Lord
  • 1964 Unmanned Apollo 1 Saturn launcher test attains Earth orbit
  • 1966 Lawry & Simpson complete 244 opening stand v England, Adelaide
  • 1966 Snow storm in north east US kills 165
  • 1966 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1966 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Allen
  • 1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) adopts constitution
  • 1969 Sheahan & Connolly hang on for exciting draw Australia v West Indies
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 Test debut of Dennis Keith Lillee, v England at Adelaide
  • 1972 5th ABA All-Star Game: East 142 beats West 115 at Louisville
  • 1974 Kuwait announces 60 percent government participation in BP-Gulf concession
  • 1975 West Indies win fifth test against India to take exciting series 3-2
  • 1976 Zeiss planetarium in Hague destroyed by fire
  • 1976 Bombs set off in London's West End by the IRA; 1 person is injured
  • 1978 Sweden outlaws aerosol sprays due to their harmful effect on the ozone layer, becoming the first nation to enact such a ban.
  • 1979 Brenda Spencer kills 2, inspires Boomtown Rats "I Don't Like Mondays"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Chinese vice-premier Deng Xiaoping visits Washington, D.C.

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1979 Emerson, Lake & Palmer disband after 10 years together

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter commuted Patricia Hearst's 7 year sentence to 2 years

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1980 6 Iranian-held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1985 Oxford University refuses to award Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher an honorary degree

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1986 193.8 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
  • 1986 Yoweri Museveni sworn in as president of Uganda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 William J Casey, ends term as 13th director of CIA

CIA Director William Casey
CIA Director
William Casey
  • 1987 The president of the Philippines puts down a rebellion against their government in Manila
  • 1988 Canadian Ben Johnson breaks own 50-yard dash world record at 5.15
  • 1988 United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s
  • 1989 Cleveland's Chris Dudley misses 5 free throws during 1 foul attempt

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1584 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel (1625-47), born in Delft, Dutch Republic (d. 1647)

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1632 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (d. 1703)
  • 1688 Emmanuel Swedenborg, Sweden, religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)
  • 1689 Hubert K Poot, Dutch poet
  • 1700 Daniel Bernoulli, Basel Switz, mathematician (10 time French award)
  • 1717 Jeffrey Amherst, English gov-gen of America/fieldmarshal
  • 1718 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1794)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1737 Thomas Paine, English-American political essayist (Common Sense, Age of Reason), born in Thetford, England (d. 1809)

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1749 King Christian VII of Denmark (d. 1808)
  • 1754 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland (d. 1806)
  • 1756 Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee III, Congressman, Governor of Virginia and American General
  • 1761 Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin, Switz, US minister of Finance (1801-14)
  • 1763 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), born in Poserna, Saxony-Anhalt, (d. 1810)
  • 1783 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus) [NS=Feb 9]
  • 1798 Henry Neele, poet, born in London, England
  • 1803 James Outram, Bulterley Hall Derbyshire, general
  • 1810 Earnest E Kummer, German mathematician
  • 1821 Isaac Ferdinand Quinby, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1891)
  • 1823 Franklin Gardner, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1836 Benjamin Franklin Potts, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • 1836 James Meech Warner, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1843 William McKinley, 25th US President (Republican: 1897-1901), born in Niles, Ohio (d. 1901)

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • 1846 Karol Olszewski, Polish scientist (d. 1915)
  • 1850 Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • 1850 Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)
  • 1854 Willem PC Knuttel, Dutch bibliographer/librarian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860 Anton Chekhov, Russian playwright (Cherry Orchard), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1904)

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1866 Romain Rolland, France, writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)
  • 1867 Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, Spain, writer (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse)
  • 1873 Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italy, explorer/climber (Mt St Elias)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 John D. Rockefeller Jr, American financier and philanthropist, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1877 Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
  • 1878 Barney Oldfield, Ohio, daredevil
  • 1895 Muna Lee, American poet (d. 1965)
  • 1898 Karl Bjarnhof, Danish blind journalist/writer (History of Sascha)
  • 1900 Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
  • 1901 Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected commercial practical cathode ray tube)
  • 1903 Cornelis H Edelman, Dutch geologist
  • 1905 Barnett Newmann, New York, US painter, (postpainterly abstraction)
  • 1908 Adam Clayton Powell, (Rep-D-NY, 1945-70)
  • 1909 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Paul Hodder-Williams, publisher
  • 1910 Colin Middleton, Irish artist (d. 1983)
  • 1911 George Burns, British major-general
  • 1911 Peter von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1986)
  • 1912 Jacob "Jaap" Balk, journalist (AH, Onder de Keizerskroon)
  • 1913 Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Frederic Ramsey Jr, folklorist/author
  • 1915 Halfdan Rasmussen, Danish poet/WWII resistance fighter (Skoven)
  • 1916 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • 1919 Norman F Simpson, British playwright (One Way Pendulum)
  • 1920 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • 1920 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concetration camp supervisor (d. 1946)
  • 1923 Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], US, dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)
  • 1924 Brian Trubshaw, British test pilot, first to fly Concorde, born in Liverpool (d. 2001)
  • 1924 John Gregson, British Labour politician and Lord
  • 1924 Marcelle Ferron, Quebec painter and stained glass artist (d. 2001)
  • 1924 Peter Voulkos, American artist (d. 2002)
  • 1926 Abdus Salam, theoretical physicist
  • 1927 Edward Abbey, US author (Desert Solitaire)
  • 1928 Marinus Peijnenburg, Dutch politician
  • 1929 Elio Petri, Italy, director (Property is no theft)
  • 1930 Derek Bailey, English guitar virtuoso (d. 2005)
  • 1933 A C Alston, bibliographer
  • 1933 Margaret Laird, Commissioner (Third Church Estates)
  • 1936 Patrick Caulfield, British painter and printmaker, born in London (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Germaine Greer, Australian feminist/author (Female Eunich), born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1939 O P Kolomitsev, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Arnaldo Tamayo-Mendez, Cuba, cosmonaut (Soyuz 38)
  • 1942 F R Hartley, Vice-Chancellor (Cranfield University)
  • 1942 Richard Needham, British MP
  • 1943 Charles Fitzgerald-Lombard, Abbot of Downside
  • 1944 Hans Plomp, Dutch writer/poet (Venus in Holland)
  • 1944 Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda
  • 1944 Patrick Lipton Robinson, Jamaican judge
  • 1945 James Nicholson, British MEP
  • 1945 Jim Nicholson, Irish politician
  • 1947 Israel Wetrin, managing director (Elonex)
  • 1947 Linda B. Buck, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1953 Hwang Woo-Suk, South Korean biomedical scientist
  • 1957 Grazyna Miller, Italian poet, translator, and journalist
  • 1970 Paul Ryan, US politician (R-Wisconsin) and Speaker of the House (2015-), born in Janesville, Wisconsin
  • 1991 Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor, Son of the Duke of Westminster

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1839 English Naturalist and author of Origin of the Species author Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

HeartWedding of Interest

1917 Sculptor Auguste Rodin (76) weds Rose Beuret

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin

HeartWedding of Interest

1923 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Deaths in History

  • 969 Peter, tsar of Bulgaria (927-69), dies
  • 1240 Pelagio Galvani, Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (b. va. 1165)
  • 1342 Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (b. 1279)
  • 1559 Thomas Pope, English politician, benefactor, dies at about 52
  • 1608 Frederick I, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1557)
  • 1647 Francis Meres, English writer (b. 1565)
  • 1663 Robert Sanderson, Bishop of Lincoln (1660-63), dies
  • 1676 Tsar Alexis I of Russia (b. 1629)
  • 1678 Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • 1696 Ivan V, co-tsar of Russia (1682-89), dies
  • 1706 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
  • 1737 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1743 Andre Hercule Fleury, French cardinal (1726-43), dies
  • 1763 Louis Racine, French poet (b. 1692)
  • 1814 Johann G Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • 1820 King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738). Reigned 1760-1820.
  • 1824 Louise MC countess of Albany, Henegouws salon owner, dies at 71
  • 1829 Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras, French politician (b. 1755)
  • 1859 Seth Thomas, American Manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, dies at 73
  • 1870 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1797)
  • 1871 Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
  • 1879 Antonia MB Antonucci, Italian cardinal/diplomat, dies at 80
  • 1888 Edward Lear, poet/author, dies at 75
  • 1899 Alfred Sisley, painter, dies
  • 1899 Robert J Fruin, Dutch historian (80-year war), dies at 75
  • 1906 Christaan IX, King of Denmark (1893-1906), dies
  • 1910 Edouard Rod, French/Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e), dies at 52
  • 1912 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, dies at 54
  • 1917 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general in Egypt, dies at 75
  • 1928 Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig/field marshal (WW I), dies at 66
  • 1933 Sara Teasdale, American poet (b. 1884)
  • 1934 Fritz Haber, German chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65
  • 1941 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek gen/dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69
  • 1944 William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • 1946 Harry L Hopkins, US min of Business (Loan & Lease law), dies at 55
  • 1948 Tomislav II of Croatia, 4th Duke of Aosta, Italian aristocrat (b. 1900)
  • 1950 Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1885)
  • 1951 James Bridie, [Osborne Henry Mavor], dramatist, dies
  • 1955 Hans Hedtoft, premier of Denmark (1947.. 55), dies at 51

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 H[enry] L[ouis] Mencken, US essayist/critic (Smart Set), dies at 75

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1963 Robert Frost, American poet (New Hampshire, 4 Pulitzers), dies at 88

  • 1966 Josef Winckler, German dentist/writer (Tolle Bomberg), dies at 84
  • 1970 Basil H Liddell Hart, English military historian, dies at 74
  • 1984 Frances Goodrich, (Diary of Anne Frank), dies at 93 of lung cancer
  • 1988 James R Killian Jr, MIT pres (1948-59), dies at 83
  • 1991 Yasushi Inoue, Japanese historian, dies
  • 1993 Hank Werba, [Herman Werblowski], US journalist (Variety), dies at 79
  • 1995 Arthur Guy Clutton-Brock, English agronomist (Rhodesia), dies at 88
  • 1995 Chris de Marigny, painter/designer, dies at 52
  • 1995 Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect, dies at 69
  • 1995 Richard Desborough Burnell, oarsman, dies at 77
  • 1996 Jack Sutherland, journalist, dies at 79
  • 1996 John Terence Reese, bridge master, dies at 82
  • 1997 Eric Schneider, murderer of 2 teachers, executed in MO at 35
  • 1997 Louis Pauwels, writer/editor, dies at 76
  • 1997 Osvaldo Soriano, writer, dies at 54
  • 1998 Joseph Alioto, mayor of San Francisco (b. 1916)
  • 2003 Frank Moss, American politician (b. 1911)
  • 2004 M. M. Kaye, British writer (b. 1908)
  • 2004 Janet Frame, New Zealand writer (b. 1924)
  • 2005 Ephraim Kishon, Israeli satirst (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Dia Abdul Zahra Kadim, Iraqi extremist leader (b. 1970)
  • 2008 Raymond Jacobs, American soldier (b. 1925)
  • 2009 Hélio Gracie, Brazilian martial artist (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Alfred Mabbs, British Archivist (Public Records Office), dies at 87
  • 2012 Oscar Luigi Scalfaro, Italian politician, dies at 93
  • 2013 Frank Hahn, British economist, dies at 87
  • 2014 Ashutosh Mahara, Indian spiritual leader and founder of the Divine Light Awakening Mission, which claims 30 million followers, dies at 68
  • 2015 Colleen McCullough, New Zealand-born Australian author (The Thorn Birds), dies at 77