On This Day in History for January 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 147

  • 236 St Anterus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 269 St Felix I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 936 Duke Alberik II of Spoleto appoints his son Pope Leo VII
  • 1338 Jacob of Arteveld elected mayor of Ghent
  • 1407 Bloody battles between Hoeksen & Kabeljauwen in Dordrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1431 Joan of Arc handed over to Bishop Pierre Cauchon

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1496 Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.

Painter, Scientist & Visionary Leonardo da Vinci
Painter, Scientist & Visionary
Leonardo da Vinci

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Martin Luther excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1638 Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • 1638 Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • 1653 The Coonan Cross Oath is taken in the Saint Thomas Christian community in an effort to avoid submission to Portuguese rule in India
  • 1667 Resistance of Androsovo in Russia-Poland
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlies army leaves Glasgow, [NS=1/14]
  • 1749 Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
  • 1750 Tax revolt in Haarlem Neth
  • 1752 East Indies invasion "Geldermalsen" leaves at Malacca: 92 killed

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1780 Danish national anthem "Kong Kristian...," 1st sung
  • 1815 France, the United Kingdom, and Austria form an alliance against Russia and Prussia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1823 Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • 1825 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 1831 1st US building & loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • 1833 Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic
  • 1834 The government of Mexico imprisons Stephen F. Austin in Mexico City.
  • 1840 1st deep sea sounding by James Clark Ross in south Atlantic at 2425 fathoms (14,450 feet)
  • 1848 Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
  • 1852 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 1853 Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York
  • 1861 Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • 1861 US Ft Pulaski & Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1865 Con Orem & Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
  • 1868 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
  • 1870 Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
  • 1871 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • 1872 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • 1885 The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • 1888 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • 1889 Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood
  • 1890 1st US college-level dairy school opens at University of Wisconsin
  • 1896 Emperor Wilhelm congratulates Pres Kruger on the Jameson Raid
  • 1899 The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • 1902 Reg Duff 104 on Test debut, v England at MCG
  • 1910 British miners strike for 8 hour working day
  • 1911 US postal savings bank inaugurated
  • 1911 The Government of India announces that emigration to Natal, Southern Africa, is prohibited with effect from 1 July
  • 1911 The Russian Turkestan city of Almaty is destroyed by a magnitude 7.7 earthquake
  • 1912 Southern Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to the Panama-Pacific Exposition in San Francisco free
  • 1918 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1919 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • 1920 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • 1921 Turkey makes peace with Armenia
  • 1922 1st living person identified on a US coin (Thomas E Kirby) on the Alabama Centennial half-dollar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Benito Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1926 Greek gen Theodorus Pangulos names himself dictator
  • 1932 Martial law is declared in Honduras to stop revolt by banana workers fired by United Fruit.
  • 1933 Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1938 March of Dimes established to fight polio
  • 1939 Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives
  • 1940 WPG-AM in Atlantic City NJ consolidates with WBIL & WOV as "new" WOV
  • 1941 Canada & US acquire air bases in Newfoundland (99 yr lease)
  • 1941 Italian counter offensive in Albania
  • 1942 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • 1943 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • 1943 Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
  • 1944 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 1945 Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1945 Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
  • 1945 Greek General Plastiras forms government
  • 1945 John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
  • 1945 US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 Admiral Chester W. Nimitz begins planning assaults on Okinawa and Iwo Jima in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

NYC Gangster Charles
NYC Gangster
Charles "Lucky" Luciano
Governor of New York Thomas E. Dewey
Governor of New York
Thomas E. Dewey
  • 1947 1st opening session of Congress to be televised
  • 1947 William Dawson becomes 1st black to head congressional committee
  • 1949 The central bank of the Philippines, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, is founded
  • 1951 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians "exposed" as British/US agents
  • 1952 Australia beat W Indies by one wicket at the MCG, last stand 38
  • 1953 Frances Bolton and her son, Oliver from Ohio, become the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in the U.S. Congress.
  • 1955 Jose Ramon Guizado becomes president of Panama
  • 1956 A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
  • 1957 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Edmund Hillary reaches South Pole overland

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
  • 1958 Lindsay Kline takes a hat-trick v South Africa at Cape Town
  • 1958 The West Indies Federation is formed.
  • 1959 Alaska admitted as 49th US state
  • 1961 Adam Clayton Powell elected Chairman of House Education & Labor
  • 1961 US breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba
  • 1962 Ground is broken for the Houston Astrodome

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Pope John XXIII
Pope
John XXIII
  • 1966 Floyd B McKissick, named national director of CORE
  • 1967 "Tonight Show" is shortened from 105 to 90 minutes
  • 1967 Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys is indicted for draft evasion
  • 1969 Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr seated by Congress
  • 1970 Marxist government takes over in Congo
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) explodes a bomb in Callender Street, Belfast, injuring over 60 people
  • 1974 Arias Navarro succeeds Carrero Blanco as premier of Spain

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

106 BC Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher, born in Arpinum (d. 43 BC)

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Cicero
  • 1196 Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1624 William Tucker, 1st African American child born in America
  • 1680 Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker
  • 1698 Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • 1710 Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
  • 1719 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1722 Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • 1730 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
  • 1760 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1763 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
  • 1777 Louis Poinsot, French instrument worker
  • 1777 M A Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican monarch of Lucca/Piombino
  • 1778 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1789 Carl G Carus, German physician/psychologist/philosopher
  • 1793 Lucretia Coffin Mott, US, teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • 1802 Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
  • 1803 Douglas William Jerrold, author/playwright/wit (Punch Mag), born in London, England
  • 1810 Antoine T d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia) [or Jul 24]
  • 1810 Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega, Danish West Indies, baroness
  • 1819 Thomas Hill Watts, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1892)
  • 1819 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1829 John G R Acquoy, theologist/church historian
  • 1829 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1835 Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
  • 1836 Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • 1840 Father Joseph Damien de Veuster, Belgium, helped lepers in Hawaii
  • 1855 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1862 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1868 Franz V M Cumont, Belgian religious historian
  • 1870 Henry Handel Richardson, Australia, novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • 1873 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
  • 1879 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1884 Eli S Jones, US, evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
  • 1886 John G Fletcher, US, poet (Epic of Arkansas)
  • 1887 Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
  • 1887 August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • 1891 Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 J. R. R. Tolkien, British author (The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings), born in Bloemfontein, South Africa (d. 1973)

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • 1893 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
  • 1900 Dorothy Arnzer, director
  • 1901 Eric Voegelin, Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)
  • 1901 Ngo Dinh Diem, pres/dictator of South Vietnam (1955-63)
  • 1902 Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson, diplomat/politician
  • 1903 Charles Foulkes, Canada, general
  • 1905 Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer
  • 1906 Roman Brandstaetter, writer
  • 1910 Thomas Stuart Willan, historian
  • 1911 John Sturges, US, director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7)
  • 1912 Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • 1917 Vernon A. Walters, American diplomat and US permanent rep to the UN (1989-91), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Morten Nielsen, Denmark, poet/resistance fighter
  • 1924 Andre Franquin, cartoonist
  • 1924 Henry M Fazzie, South African Union/UDF-leader
  • 1924 Roy Harding, British teacher
  • 1924 Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • 1928 Frank Ross Anderson, Canada, International Chess Master (1954)
  • 1929 Marilyn Lloyd, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )
  • 1929 Sergio Leone, Italian, director (Fist Full of Dollars)
  • 1930 Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright
  • 1932 Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1934 Carla Hills, American lawyer and politician (Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1975-77), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Janice Crosio, Australian politician
  • 1942 John Marsden, Australian lawyer, gay activist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • 1946 Cissy King, American entertainer
  • 1947 Sergey Filipovich Protchenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • 1951 Frank Chikane, sec-gen of South African Council of Churches
  • 1951 Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • 1952 Jim Ross, American wrestling announcer
  • 1954 Ned Lamont, American businessman
  • 1957 Bojan Križај, Slovenian skier
  • 1962 Francesca Lia Block, American author
  • 1963 Alex Wheatle MBE, black British novelist
  • 1975 Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)
  • 1979 Francesco Bellissimo, Italian mangaka
  • 1988 Rodrigo de la Cadena, Mexican artist and performer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1783 US Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall (27) weds Mary Willis Ambler in Hanover County, Virginia

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall

HeartWedding of Interest

1923 German politician Hermann Goering (30) weds Carin Hulda (34)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

Deaths in History

  • 235 Pope St Anterus (b. unknown)
  • 1098 Walkelin, first Norman bishop of Winchester (b. unknown)
  • 1322 Philip V, the Tall, King of France (1316-22), dies
  • 1437 Catherine of Valois, wife of Henry V of England (b. 1401)
  • 1501 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
  • 1543 Juan Cabrillo, conqueror of Cen America, discoverer of California, dies
  • 1552 Henry II of Bavaria, bishop of Utrecht (1524-29), dies at 64
  • 1560 Peder Palladus, Danish church reformer (Visitasbog), dies at about 56
  • 1570 Bartholomeus Latomus, [Steinmetz], Flemish archbishop of Trier, dies
  • 1571 Joachim II Hector, elector (Brandenburg), dies at 65
  • 1641 Jeremiah Horrocks, English astronomical prodigy, dies at 22
  • 1656 Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
  • 1661 Maria I Stuart, Queen of England/husband of Willem II, dies at 29 [NS]
  • 1670 George Monck, English general(-to the-sea), dies at 61
  • 1690 Hillel ben Naphtali Zevi, Lithuanian rabbi (b. 1615)
  • 1701 Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
  • 1743 Ferdinando Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer (b. 1657)
  • 1759 Marquis & Marquess of Tavora, Portuguese nobles, executed
  • 1779 Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • 1795 Josiah Wedgwood, British, ceramic craftsman/woodworker, dies at 64
  • 1813 Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • 1826 Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
  • 1841 Wilhelmus Kist, writer/director of Dutch (Official) Gazette, dies at 82
  • 1865 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • 1870 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, dies at 46
  • 1875 Pierre Larousse, French editor (b. 1817)
  • 1882 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • 1895 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer with Nathaniel Currier (b. 1824)
  • 1898 James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
  • 1903 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837)
  • 1911 Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek author (b. 1851)
  • 1912 Felix Dahn, German histrian, jurist and poet, dies at 77
  • 1915 James E Flecker, British diplomat/novelist (Hassan), dies at 30
  • 1916 Grenville M. Dodge, American Civil War Union Army Major General (b. 1831)
  • 1923 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39
  • 1927 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (b. 1856)
  • 1931 Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
  • 1933 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23), dies at 56
  • 1938 Arthur Boon, Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
  • 1943 Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia (b. 1863)
  • 1944 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • 1945 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • 1945 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • 1946 William Joyce, (Lord Haw Haw), hanged in Britain for treason
  • 1956 Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic (Germany) (b. 1876)
  • 1960 Victor Seastrom, entertainer, dies at 80
  • 1963 Oscar Backing, Austria/Neth viola player, dies at 83
  • 1965 Betty Harte, entertainer, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Jack Ruby, assassin who killed assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, dies of pulmonary embolism at 55

Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald Jack Ruby
Killer of Lee Harvey Oswald
Jack Ruby
  • 1969 Jean Focas, Greco-French astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 1970 Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)
  • 1972 Frans Masereel, Flem WWII resistance fighter (Le Soleil), dies at 82
  • 1975 Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (False Flag), dies at 77
  • 1975 Walter Linck, Swiss sculptor, dies at 71
  • 1976 Michael V Love, US test pilot (X-24), dies in F-4 crash at 37
  • 1977 Avraham Ofer, Israeli minister of housing, commits suicide
  • 1977 Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician, dies at 75
  • 1979 Conrad Hilton, US founder (Hilton Hotels), dies at 91
  • 1980 Axel Springer Jr, German photographer, commits suicide at 38

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), killed by her servant at 69

Naturalist and Author Joy Adamson
Naturalist and Author
Joy Adamson
  • 1981 Princess Alice of Albany (b. 1883)
  • 1988 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), dies at 82
  • 1988 Rose Ausländer, German poet (b. 1901)
  • 1989 Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1992 Radomiro Tomic, Chilean president (1970), dies
  • 1993 Peter Brocco, blacklisted in the 1950's, dies of heart attack at 89
  • 1994 Roel Bazen, Dutch sound technician (Van Kooten & The Bie), dies at 48
  • 1995 Gerard W Taylor, South African/British surgeon, dies at 74
  • 1995 Robert Nesbitt, impresario, dies at 88
  • 1996 Geoffrey Pardoe, engineer, dies at 67
  • 1996 Terence Tenison Cuneo, artist, dies at 88
  • 2002 Freddy Heineken, Dutch beer executive (b. 1923)
  • 2004 Des Corcoran, Premier of South Australia (b. 1928)
  • 2005 Koo Chen-fu, Chinese negotiator (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Will Eisner, American comic book artist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 JN Dixit, Indian government official (b. 1936)
  • 2006 Bill Skate, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (b. 1954)
  • 2007 William Verity Jr., United States Secretary of Commerce 1987-1989 (b. 1917)
  • 2007 Michael Yeats, Irish Fianna Fáil senator 1961-1981 and son of W.B. Yeats (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Sir Cecil Walker, Ulster Unionist Member of Parliament for North Belfast 1983-2001 (b. 1924)
  • 2008 Werner Dollinger, German politician and economist (b. 1918)
  • 2009 Ulf G. Lindén, Swedish entrepreneur (b. 1937)
  • 2009 Hisayasu Nagata, Japanese politician (b. 1969)
  • 2010 Professor Sir Ian Brownlie, International law specialist
  • 2010 Mary Daly, American theologian and feminist scholar (b. 1928)
  • 2012 Wylie Walker Vale, American Endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, dies at 70.
  • 2012 Robert L Carter, American civil rights activist and judge, dies after complications from a stroke at 94
  • 2012 Winifred Milius Lubell, American illustrator and writer, dies of congestive heart failure at 97
  • 2012 Josef Skvorecky, Czech writer and publisher, dies at 87
  • 2012 Harold Zirin, American astronomer, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2015 Edward W. Brooke (R-Mass), first popularly elected African American to the US Senate (1967-79), dies at 95

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke