On This Day in History for January 31

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 314 St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 876 Charles becomes king of Italy
  • 1504 By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
  • 1531 Kings Ferdinand of Austria/Janos Zapolyai of Hungary accept each other
  • 1578 Battle of Gembloers (Gembloux); Dutch and English forces overcame the Spanish
  • 1596 Catholic League disbanded
  • 1609 Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
  • 1627 Spanish government goes bankrupt
  • 1675 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • 1696 Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
  • 1747 The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
  • 1779 Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
  • 1804 British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • 1814 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
  • 1817 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau" premieres in Vienna
  • 1846 After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
  • 1849 Corn Laws abolished in Britain

1stHistoric Invention

1851 Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk

Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk Gail Borden
Inventor and Manufacturer of Condensed Milk
Gail Borden
  • 1851 SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
  • 1854 Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
  • 1855 Western railroads blocked by snow
  • 1861 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
  • 1861 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)
  • 1862 Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • 1863 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 1865 Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1867 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
  • 1871 Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1876 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1891 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto.
  • 1893 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • 1895 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • 1900 The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
  • 1901 Boer generals Jan Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river, Transvaal
  • 1901 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
  • 1905 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • 1905 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
  • 1906 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • 1911 Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
  • 1915 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
  • 1916 Dutch Girl Guides form
  • 1917 Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
  • 1917 Mexican President Carranza announces a new constitution with many liberal elements; most of which his regime will not implement
  • 1918 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1919 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • 1920 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
  • 1920 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University.
  • 1925 Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
  • 1927 Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
  • 1927 NL Pres John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants
  • 1928 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
  • 1929 Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • 1930 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ
  • 1931 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
  • 1933 French government of Daladier takes power

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
  • 1940 C Turney & J Horwin's "My Dear Children" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • 1941 British army Layforce commando units set sail
  • 1943 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
  • 1943 General Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Soviet troops at Stalingrad
  • 1944 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
  • 1944 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • 1944 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
  • 1945 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
  • 1945 Soviet troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
  • 1946 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
  • 1948 J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
  • 1948 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman publicly announces support for the development of a hydrogen bomb

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1952 Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
  • 1953 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • 1953 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
  • 1953 NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
  • 1956 French government of Guy Mollet forms
  • 1956 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
  • 1957 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
  • 1957 Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.
  • 1958 James van Allen discovers radiation belt
  • 1958 US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1
  • 1959 Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1961 Ham the chimpanzee is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
  • 1961 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
  • 1961 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 & 115) v Aust at Adelaide
  • 1961 NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
  • 1961 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights
  • 1962 Gen Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1962 Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort "USS Falgout"
  • 1966 Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 9 towards Moon
  • 1968 Bobby Simpson takes 5-59 v India in his last Test for ten years
  • 1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia
  • 1968 Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32"), at Agata, USSR

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 120

  • 36 BC Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)
  • 877 Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)
  • 1512 King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1543 Tokugawa Ieyasu, Japanese Shogun who founded the first Tokugawa Shogunate and united Japan, born in Okazaki, Japan (d. 1616)

  • 1550 Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
  • 1597 John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
  • 1601 Pieter de Bloot, Dutch landscape painter
  • 1607 James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby
  • 1612 Hendrik Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz/mayor of Frisia
  • 1620 Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief
  • 1623 Francois de Laval, Catholic saint, 1st Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, born in Montigny-sur-Avre (d. 1708)
  • 1633 Nathaniel Crew, English bishop (Durham)
  • 1673 Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
  • 1686 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
  • 1734 Robert Morris, merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750 Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06)
  • 1752 Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
  • 1778 Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat, Austrian premiere of Bohemia (1848)
  • 1802 Jan C J van Speijk, Dutch naval hero
  • 1804 Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian author/poet/critic
  • 1810 Daniel Ruggles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1812 John Randolph Tucker, Capt (Confederate Navy), (d. 1883)
  • 1813 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist
  • 1817 Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia)
  • 1818 William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • 1820 William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1830 James G Blaine, the "Plumed Knight"
  • 1835 William Charles Lunalilo, Monarch of Hawaii (d. 1874)
  • 1857 George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
  • 1863 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • 1865 Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
  • 1865 Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
  • 1866 Emil Strauss, Germany, writer (Naked Man)
  • 1868 Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
  • 1869 Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
  • 1872 Zane Grey, American West novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)
  • 1877 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher
  • 1878 Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
  • 1881 Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)
  • 1881 Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist
  • 1881 Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina/choreographer, born in St Petersburg, (d. 1931)
  • 1882 Josephus RH van Schaik, Dutch lawyer/vice-premier
  • 1884 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • 1886 Alfonso Lopez, Colombia, statesman (Pres UN security council-1948)
  • 1890 Adolf Bach, German language/sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde)
  • 1893 Freya Stark, English explorer/ travel writer
  • 1896 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
  • 1900 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York City (d. 1982)
  • 1901 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer
  • 1902 Alva Myrdal, Uppsala Sweden, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize-1982)
  • 1902 Jean C M Picart le Doux, France, carpet designer
  • 1902 Julian H Steward, US anthropologist/professor
  • 1903 Gardner Cowles, Iowa, publisher/founder (Look Magazine)
  • 1904 E van Ruller, Dutch journalist/ARP-alderman/co-founder (Trouw)
  • 1905 Anna Blaman, [Johanna P Vrugt], Dutch writer (Wife & Friend)
  • 1905 John O'Hara, Pottstown Penn, novelist (Appointment at Samarra)
  • 1906 R W Bonham, founder (International Braille Chess Association)
  • 1909 Foley Newns, British colonial administrator
  • 1909 Miron Grindea, literary editor
  • 1910 Herbert Ashworth, CEO (Nationwide Building Society)
  • 1911 A G Ogston, president (Trinity College-Oxford)
  • 1911 Christina Foyle, book seller
  • 1914 Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith
  • 1914 Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
  • 1915 Garry Moore, [Thomas Garrison Morfit], Balt, host (I've Got a Secret)
  • 1915 John Profumo, British cabinet minister (Profumo scandal), born in London, England (d. 2006)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 Thomas Merton, French/American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), born in Prades, Pyrénées-Orientales, France

Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk Thomas Merton
Catholic Writer and Trappist Monk
Thomas Merton
  • 1915 William Crosbie, artist
  • 1916 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • 1916 Violet Cane, statistician
  • 1917 Erich Geiringer, general practitioner campaigner
  • 1919 Robert Lowry, Baron Lowry. Lord Chief Justice of Northern Ireland and a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary.
  • 1920 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • 1920 Stewart L Udall, St Johns Ariz, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69)
  • 1921 E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Michael Wilford, diplomat

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Norman Mailer, American novelist (Naked & the Dead, The Executioner's Song), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)

Novelist Norman Mailer
Novelist
Norman Mailer
  • 1924 Robert Gatehouse, former High Court judge
  • 1925 Benjamin Hooks, civil rights leader
  • 1925 Charles Aidman, American TV narrator (New Twilight Zone), born in Frankfort, Indiana
  • 1925 Fred Catherwood, British politician, Vice President of the European Parliament 1989-1992, born in Castledawson, County Londonderry (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Prunella Briance, founder (National Childbirth Trust)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Lorraine Warren, American paranormal investigator (Amityville haunting), born in Monroe, Connecticut

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
  • 1928 Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)
  • 1928 Richard Buckley, royal equerry
  • 1928 Robert Clatworthy, English sculptor, born in Bridgwater, Somerset
  • 1928 S. Newman Darby, American inventor of the sailboard, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 Jean Burroughs, educationalist
  • 1931 Nicholas Gordon Lennox, diplomat
  • 1932 Pieter Brattinga, Dutch graphic artist
  • 1933 Joseph D Early, (Rep-D-MA, 1975- )
  • 1933 Walter Paulis, mineworker/pilot/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1933 Bernardo Provenzano, Mafia Boss (Cosa Nostra), born in Corleone, Sicily (d.2016)
  • 1935 Oe Kenzaburo, Japanese novelist (Catch, Personal Matter)
  • 1937 Steve Karmen, jingle writer (I Love NY, This Bud's for You), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1937 Andrée Boucher, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1938 Ajip Rosidi, Indonesian poet/writer (Madjalah Sunda, Pesta)
  • 1938 Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, queen of Netherlands (1980- )
  • 1938 James G Watt, Colo, US Secretary of Interior (1981-83)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1560 Spanish king Philip II marries Elisabeth van Valois

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1842 10th US President John Tyler's daughter Elizabeth marries in White House

Deaths in History

  • 743 Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)
  • 1398 Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)
  • 1435 Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)
  • 1561 Menno Simonsz, Dutch priest/vicar (Foundation Book), dies
  • 1561 Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar
  • 1580 Henry, King of Portugal, Cardinal, Epilepticus and Regent. Reigned 1578-80 (b. 1512)

BattleExecution

1606 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, executed at 35

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • 1615 Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (b. 1543)
  • 1632 Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
  • 1665 Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
  • 1686 Jean Mairet, French dramatist (b. 1604)
  • 1720 Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
  • 1729 Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
  • 1736 Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)
  • 1788 [Bonnie Prince] Charles Edward Stuart, English pretender to throne (Jacobite rebellion), dies at 67
  • 1790 Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
  • 1794 Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
  • 1815 José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
  • 1828 Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter, dies at 35
  • 1844 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general (b. 1773)
  • 1856 Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet, dies at 17
  • 1861 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
  • 1864 Hamilton Rowan Gamble, US judge/governor of Missouri (1861-64), dies
  • 1888 John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
  • 1891 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1892 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
  • 1907 Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)
  • 1919 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79
  • 1933 John Galsworthy, England, writer (Forsythe, Nobel 1932), dies at 65
  • 1940 René "Sascha" Schickele, German writer (Erbe am Rhein), dies at 56
  • 1944 Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)
  • 1945 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • 1954 Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63
  • 1955 John R Mott, US theologist/founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 A. A. Milne, English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, dies at 74

Author A. A. Milne
Author
A. A. Milne
  • 1967 Otto Dibelius, German theologian/bishop, dies at 86
  • 1969 Meher Baba, Indian guru (b. 1894)
  • 1972 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, king of Nepal (1955-72), dies at 51
  • 1973 Ragnar Frisch, Norwegian economist (Nobel 1969), dies at 77
  • 1974 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Flandre), dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Samuel Goldwyn, Polish/English/US film magnate (MGM), dies of natural causes at 91

Hollywood Mogul Samuel Goldwyn
Hollywood Mogul
Samuel Goldwyn
  • 1976 Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (b. 1941)
  • 1990 Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
  • 1994 Pierre Boulle, French writer (Executioner), dies at 81
  • 1995 James Johnson, English MP (Labour, 1950..83), dies at 86
  • 1996 Gustave Solomon, mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1997 John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
  • 2000 Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)
  • 2001 Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2002 Francis Gabreski, American fighter pilot (b. 1919)
  • 2002 Henry Kloss, American audio engineer (acoustic loudspeaker), dies at 73
  • 2003 Michael Ogden, British barrister and judge (Ogden Tables), dies at 76
  • 2007 Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)
  • 2007 Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)
  • 2008 Zeltim Odie Peterson, famous pug (b. 1997)
  • 2012 Anthony Bevilacqua, American cardinal, dies at 88
  • 2012 Dorothea Tanning, American artist, dies at 101
  • 2012 Tristram Coffin, American folklorist, dies from pneumonia at 89
  • 2012 Mike Kelley, American artist, commits suicide at 57
  • 2013 Timir Pinegin, Societ sailor, dies at 85
  • 2015 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), dies at 94