On This Day in History for January 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople.
  • 1296 Earl Floris V signs accord with French King
  • 1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned king of France
  • 1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1431 Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1464 1st meeting of States-General of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1493 1st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1522 Adriaan F Boeyens elected only Dutch pope (Adrian VI)
  • 1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1570 Tsar Ivan the Terrible kills 1,000-2,000 residents of Novgorod

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1718 France declares war on Spain
  • 1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
  • 1768 Philip Astley stages the first modern circus in London.
  • 1788 Connecticut becomes 5th state to ratify the US constitution
  • 1792 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
  • 1793 1st hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia, piloted by Jean Pierre Blanchard
  • 1793 Dutch Prince Willem V establishes 2 brigades Drive Artillery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1806 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1839 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 1839 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 1847 1st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • 1848 1st commercial bank in SF established
  • 1848 People's uprising in Palermo, Sicily
  • 1854 Astor Library opens in NYC
  • 1855 Clipper "Guiding Star" disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead
  • 1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 1858 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • 1861 A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
  • 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • 1866 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1878 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • 1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • 1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • 1880 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • 1880 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • 1894 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • 1894 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • 1901 NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • 1903 Wind Cave National Park, SD established
  • 1908 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
  • 1908 Muir Woods National Monument, California, established

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1912 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • 1915 Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, SF
  • 1916 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops are evacuated.
  • 1917 World War I: the Battle of Rafa occurs near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • 1922 KQV-AM in Pittsburgh PA begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 Rotterdam metalworkers strike ends
  • 1923 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • 1925 German Postal Minister A Hofle resigns due to corruption
  • 1927 Dmitri Shostakovitch' Octet opus 11 premieres in Moscow
  • 1927 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montreal, 78 children died
  • 1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA begins radio transmissions
  • 1933 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
  • 1936 Noel Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London
  • 1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
  • 1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
  • 1937 Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
  • 1940 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
  • 1940 J Thurber & E Nugent's "Male Animal" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1941 Maiden flight by Canada's British-built Avro Lancaster military plane
  • 1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
  • 1943 Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Elizabeth "Betty" Short, the black dahlia, is last seen alive.

Murder victim Elizabeth Short
Murder victim
Elizabeth Short
  • 1951 "Life After Tomorrow", 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
  • 1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
  • 1953 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
  • 1954 -87°F (-66°C), Northice Station, Greenland (Greenland record)
  • 1954 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Louise Bogan & Leonie Adams
  • 1956 Abigail Van Buren's "Dear Abby" column 1st appears in newspapers
  • 1956 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
  • 1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • 1957 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • 1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR
  • 1959 Dam across Tera River in Northwestern Spain collapses after heavy winter rains, killing 135
  • 1959 Pat O'Connor beats Dick Hutton in St Louis, to become NWA champ
  • 1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
  • 1961 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St Paul territory
  • 1962 Mister M (Dr X) beats Verne Gagne in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Mao Zedong writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1964 Anti-US rioting broke out in Panama Canal Zone
  • 1966 Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski revisionism
  • 1967 Georgia legislature seats Rep Julian Bond
  • 1968 1st ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 120 at Indiana
  • 1968 Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on Moon
  • 1969 First trial flight of Concorde supersonic jetliner, Bristol, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Prime Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill travels to London to meet Home Secretary James Callaghan and brief him on the growing violence in Northern Ireland

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
  • 1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted
  • 1972 Billionaire Howard Hughes says Clifford Irving's bio is a fake
  • 1972 Retired passenger liner Queen Elizabeth destroyed by fire in Hong Kong harbour

Birthdays in History

  • 1554 Gregory XV, [Alessandro Ludovisi], pope (1621-23)
  • 1571 Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (d. 1621)
  • 1624 Empress Meishō (d. 1696)
  • 1658 Nicolas Coustou, French sculptor (Descente de Croix)
  • 1695 John E Loovens, lawyer
  • 1699 Robert J Pothier, French lawyer
  • 1728 Thomas Warton, critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), born in Basingstoke (d. 1790)
  • 1745 Caleb Strong, 6th and 10th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1819)
  • 1773 Cassandra Austen, English watercolorist and sister of Jane Austen (d. 1845)
  • 1790 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Swedish poet (Lycksalighetens)
  • 1803 Christopher Gustavus Memminger, Secy Treas (Confederacy) (d. 1888)
  • 1811 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • 1816 John Palmer Usher, Secretary of the Interior under Lincoln during US Civil War (d. 1889)
  • 1819 James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • 1822 John Porter Hatch, volunteers Bvt Major General (Union), (d. 1901)
  • 1829 Adolf von Schlagintweit, German explorer (Tarimbekken)
  • 1829 Thomas William Robertson, England, playwright (Caste)
  • 1832 Esquire Maurits A de Savornin Lohman, Dutch governor of Suriname
  • 1832 Félix-Gabriel Marchand, journalist, author and politician, Premier of Quebec (d. 1900)
  • 1848 Princess Frederica of Hanover (d. 1926)
  • 1854 Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • 1856 Anton Askerc, Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • 1856 Lizette Woodworth Reese, US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • 1857 Henry B Fuller, American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • 1859 Carrie Chapman Catt, Ripon, Wisconsin, American women's suffrage leader and founder (League of Women Voters)
  • 1859 Frederik Pijper, Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
  • 1864 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)
  • 1866 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter/etcher
  • 1868 S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Joseph B Strauss, civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • 1873 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, born in Radi, Volhynia, (d. 1934)
  • 1875 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)
  • 1876 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • 1878 John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • 1881 Giovanni Papini, Italy, writer (Il Diavolo)
  • 1881 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic (Revaluations)
  • 1881 Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
  • 1890 Karel Capek, Czech, writer (R U R); coined the word "robot"
  • 1890 Kurt Tucholsky, German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co)
  • 1891 August Gailit, Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
  • 1892 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • 1894 Henryk Stazewski, Polish abstract painter/graphic artist
  • 1897 Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
  • 1900 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
  • 1901 Chic Young, cartoonist (Blondie)
  • 1903 Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Simone de Beauvoir, France, author (Mandarins, 2nd Sex)

  • 1911 Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling, British professor of occupational health, born in Kessingland, Suffolk (d. 1997)
  • 1911 Stafford WIlliam Somerfield, British newspaper editor
  • 1912 Ralph Tubbs, architect
  • 1913 Lavad "Dr Hepcat" Durst, vocal/piano
  • 1913 Peter John Norton, naval diplomat/artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Richard Nixon, Yorba Linda, California, 37th President (R) of the United States (1969-74)

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1916 Alain Bernardin, impressario (Crazy Horse Saloon)
  • 1916 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker (d. 2004)
  • 1920 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • 1922 Har G Khorana, India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968)
  • 1922 Ahmed Sékou Touré, President of Guinea (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Abdelhamid Benhadugah, novelist
  • 1926 Jean-Pierre Côté, Canadian politician, Lieutenant governor of Quebec (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Fernand J St Germain, (Rep-D-RI, 1961- )
  • 1928 Judith Krantz, American author (Scruples, Princess Daisy, Dazzle), born in NYC, New York
  • 1929 Heiner Muller, dramatist
  • 1929 Brian Friel, Irish dramatist "Irish Chekhov" (Dancing at Lughnasa), born in Omagh, County Tyrone, (d. 2015)
  • 1929 Dorothea Puente, American serial killer
  • 1931 Algi[rda]s [Jonas] Budrys, Prussia, sci-fi author (Man of Earth)
  • 1931 Geoffrey Wragg, British(?) reorganizer
  • 1933 Robert Garcia, (Rep-D-NY, 1978- )
  • 1933 Sonia Garmers, [Justina], Curacao, author (Dear Queen)
  • 1933 Wilbur Smith, Zambian-British novelist
  • 1935 Earl G. Graves, Sr., African-American Publisher
  • 1935 Brian Harradine, Australian independent Senator
  • 1936 Anne Rivers Siddons, American writer
  • 1937 Klaus Schlesinger, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 2001)
  • 1940 Ruth Dreifuss, Swiss politician
  • 1941 Gilles Vaillancourt, Quebec politician
  • 1942 Lee Kun-hee, Korean industrialist, chairman of Samsung
  • 1943 Robert Drewe, Australian author
  • 1943 Elmer MacFadyen, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1944 Ian Hornak, American Painter, Draughtsman and Sculptor (d. 2002)
  • 1947 Ronnie Landfield, American artist
  • 1952 Eveline L Herfkens, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1952 Hugh Bayley, British politician
  • 1953 Morris Gleitzman, British-Australian children's author
  • 1955 Michiko Kakutani, American literary critic
  • 1956 Mike Walczewski, American Public Address Announcer at Madison Square Garden
  • 1958 Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II
  • 1958 Stephen Neale, British philosopher
  • 1959 Rigoberta Menchú, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
  • 1963 Michael Everson, expert in writing systems and Unicode
  • 1971 Daniel Dumile, American hip hop artist
  • 1971 Hal Niedzviecki, Canadian author
  • 1971 Yusuke Naora, Japanese game art director
  • 1975 Kimberley Ann Scott Mathers, former wife of Eminem
  • 1977 Beth Troutman, American production assistant

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1982 Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge [Kate Middleton], English wife of Crown Prince William, born in Reading, Berksire

Wife of Prince William Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
Wife of Prince William
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

Weddings in History

  • 1428 Pope Martinus V declares Jacqueline, Countess of Haintaut's marriage to Humphrey Duke of Gloucester invalid
  • 1988 English earl of St Andrews marries Sylvana Tomaselli

Deaths in History

  • 1150 Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d'état.
  • 1282 Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)
  • 1283 Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China (executed) (b. 1236)
  • 1499 Johan Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), dies at 43
  • 1514 Anna, Duchess of Brittany, queen of Charles VIII of France (b. 1477)
  • 1543 Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)
  • 1562 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese warlord (b. 1514)
  • 1571 Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • 1598 Jasper Heywood, English translator (b. 1553)
  • 1677 Aernout "Aert" van der Neer, cartoonist/landscape painter, dies at 73
  • 1757 Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • 1757 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician (b. 1688)
  • 1766 Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • 1798 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea earl of Aranda, Spanish officer, dies at 79
  • 1799 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • 1800 Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1805 Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1828 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist/patriot (Neder-Rhijn), dies at 83
  • 1843 Caroline Herschel, "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
  • 1843 William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1848 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1849 Jan Kops, Dutch agriculturist/vicar, dies at 83
  • 1853 Juan N Gallego, Spanish poet/interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1858 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (suicide) (b. 1798)
  • 1873 Emperor Napoleon III of France (b. 1808)
  • 1876 Samuel Gridley Howe, American abolitionist (b. 1801)
  • 1877 Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1878 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • 1879 Don Joaquin BF Espartero, fieldmarshall/viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
  • 1893 Mohara, Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten
  • 1895 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1901 Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • 1902 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian lawyer/Interior minister, dies at 66
  • 1908 Abraham Goldfaden, US Yiddish stage performer (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908 Wilhelm Busch, writer, dies
  • 1911 Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1918 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), dies of tuberculosis at 34

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • 1927 Houston S Chamberlain, British/German race theorist, dies at 71
  • 1929 Heiner Muller, writer, dies
  • 1930 Edward W Buck, Dutch/US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66
  • 1931 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies
  • 1941 Ko Boezeman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • 1943 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1945 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • 1946 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • 1947 Karl Mannheim, sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947 Lambertus Zijl, sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1953 Hans Aanrud, Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89
  • 1958 Paul Fechter, German writer/historian (God's Magician), dies
  • 1958 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, dies at 89
  • 1960 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (b. 1880)
  • 1961 Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 1964 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1966 Albert Stevens, an American patient in secret medical trials who survived the highest known radiation dose in a human, dies of heart disease at 79

Human Medical Subject Albert Stevens
Human Medical Subject
Albert Stevens
  • 1975 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (b. 1901)
  • 1979 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (b. 1891)
  • 1984 Wolfgang Staudte, German director (Ciske de Rat), dies at 77
  • 1985 Robert Mayer, British businessman and philanthropist (b. 1879)
  • 1990 Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1992 William JF "Bill" Naughton, Irish/British playwright (Alfie), dies at 81
  • 1993 Felix Grucci, fireworks expert, dies of Alzheimer's disease at 87
  • 1993 Sir Paul Hasluck, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
  • 1995 Souphanouvong, [Red Prince], president of Laos (1975-87), dies at 85
  • 1996 Kurt Schmucker, German RFA minister of Economy (1963-66), dies
  • 1996 Michael Lynn Synar, politician, dies at 45
  • 1997 Edward Osobka-Morawski, prime minister of Poland (1945-47), dies
  • 1997 Junaidu ibn Buhari, scholar, dies at 90
  • 1998 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
  • 2000 Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author (b. 1909)
  • 2001 Maurice Prather, American photographer (b. 1926)
  • 2004 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)
  • 2008 William Quinn, Irish Republican Army soldier (b. 1950)
  • 2008 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
  • 2008 Sir John Harvey-Jones, chairman of ICI from 1982 to 1987 (b.1924).
  • 2009 T. Llew Jones, Welsh author (b. 1915)
  • 2012 Malam Bacai Sanhá, President of Guinea-Bissau, dies of diabetes at 64
  • 2012 William Roll, parapsychologist, dies at 85
  • 2013 James M. Buchanan, American economist and nobel laureate, dies at 93
  • 2014 Dale T. Mortensen, American economist and Nobel laureate, dies at 74