On This Day in History for July 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 251

  • 69 Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

70 Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
Titus
  • 251 The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
  • 649 Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
  • 1097 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
  • 1200 In China, sunglasses are invented
  • 1233 Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
  • 1252 King Alfonso X "el Sabio" of Castile/Leon crowned
  • 1253 Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
  • 1347 Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha, daughter of Jan III
  • 1390 French & Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
  • 1517 1st burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands
  • 1517 Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
  • 1535 Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
  • 1543 England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1569 Latvian Parliament accepts Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
  • 1600 Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Neth
  • 1656 1st Quakers (Mary Fisher/Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
  • 1674 Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
  • 1689 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
  • 1690 Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish/Dutch army
  • 1690 Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
  • 1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [OS]
  • 1747 Battle at Lafeld: France beat British/Dutch army

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

  • 1782 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
  • 1795 John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of US Supreme Court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 Louis Napoleon abdicates as king of the Netherlands
  • 1816 French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
  • 1820 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
  • 1823 9th US Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
  • 1823 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1831 Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1839 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
  • 1847 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
  • 1850 At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • 1858 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1859 Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
  • 1861 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
  • 1861 US War Dept decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
  • 1862 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • 1862 Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
  • 1862 US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
  • 1862 Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
  • 1862 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • 1862 The Russian State Library is founded.
  • 1863 -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
  • 1863 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • 1863 Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg, VA [->JUL 31] -front US3695 CS---

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1869 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • 1869 US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • 1870 James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
  • 1871 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1873 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • 1874 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • 1874 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • 1874 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • 1875 Universal Postal Union established
  • 1877 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • 1878 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • 1879 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • 1879 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • 1881 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
  • 1881 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
  • 1881 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.
  • 1883 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • 1885 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1889 US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • 1890 Great Britain & Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
  • 1890 Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
  • 1896 Harbor of Ymuiden opens
  • 1896 Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier of Canada
  • 1897 Bronx acquires Hutton Square

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1899 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • 1899 SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • 1902 Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
  • 1902 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG)
  • 1902 US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1907 World's 1st air force established (US Army)
  • 1907 The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
  • 1910 Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
  • 1911 Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
  • 1911 The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
  • 1913 Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • 1914 Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party
  • 1915 Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
  • 1915 Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
  • 1916 British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • 1916 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
  • 1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

Birthdays in History

  • 1381 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], catholic bishop and and 1st Patriarch of Venice
  • 1481 Christian II of Denmark, Sweden and Norway (d. 1559)
  • 1506 Louis II, king of Hungary/Bohemia (1516-26)
  • 1511 Hadrianus Junius, [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist
  • 1534 Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway (1559-88)
  • 1560 Charles van Croij, prince of Chimay/duke of Aarschot
  • 1574 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (d. 1656)
  • 1633 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (d. 1698)
  • 1646 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig (d. 1716)
  • 1723 Pedro R de Campomanes, Spanish economist/historian/literary
  • 1725 Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (d. 1807)
  • 1742 Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer (types of Lichtenberg)
  • 1780 Karl von Clausewitz, Prussian strategist
  • 1788 Jean-Victor Poncelet, mathematician, founded projective geometry
  • 1802 Gideon Welles, Secy Navy (Union), (d. 1878)
  • 1804 George Sand, France, (female) novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • 1807 Thomas Green Clemson, mining engineer, endowed Clemson University
  • 1810 Walter White, secretary (NAACP)
  • 1812 Willem J d'Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dutch genealogist/heraldicus
  • 1818 Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist
  • 1833 Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert, Bvt Major General (Union Army)
  • 1834 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet (d. 1908)
  • 1840 Robert S Ball, Irish mathematician/astronomer
  • 1844 Verney L Cameroon, English explorer (Tanganyika)
  • 1863 William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
  • 1869 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
  • 1872 Louis Bleriot, 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel
  • 1874 Michel H Campen, author/critic (Bikoerim)
  • 1879 Leon Jouhaux, France, socialist/co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951)
  • 1881 Piet[er] L Kramer, architect (Amsterdam School)
  • 1883 Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)
  • 1892 James M Cain, novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1893 Walter Francis White, Atlanta Georgia
  • 1898 Andre-Marie Charue, bishop of Namen Belgium
  • 1899 Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr, fictional character "Indiana Jones"
  • 1899 Konstantinos Tsatsos Greek politician and president (1975-1980)
  • 1901 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, philanthropist
  • 1902 Billy Wyler, director (Ben Hur, Mrs Miniver)
  • 1902 Jose Luis Sert, Spanish/US architect
  • 1903 Amy Johnson, British pilot, first female pilot to fly alone Britain to Australia, born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 1941)
  • 1904 Mary Calderone, physician/founder (planned parenthood)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Estée Lauder, CEO (Estée Lauder cosmetics) (d. 2004), born in New York City

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder
  • 1908 Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
  • 1909 Juan Carlos Onetti, novelist
  • 1909 Madge Evans, Manhattan TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born in NYC, New York
  • 1911 Sergei Sokolov, Soviet marshal
  • 1912 Ahmad H al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal/president/premier
  • 1912 David Brower, environmentalist/president (Sierra Club)
  • 1912 Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (d. 1989)
  • 1913 Jo Sinclair [Ruth Seid], American writer (Wasteland), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Earle Warren, alto sax player
  • 1915 Jean Stafford, US writer (Boston Adventure, Lion & Carpenter)
  • 1915 Viscount Leverhulm, English large landowner (Unilever)
  • 1915 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Hans Bender, German poet
  • 1921 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), born in Serowe, Botswana (d. 1980)
  • 1926 Robert Fogel, American economic historian and Nobel laureate, born in NYC, New York
  • 1926 Carl Hahn, German automotive executive
  • 1929 Gerald M Edelman, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in Ozone Park, NY, (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Andreas JAI Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Schipluiden/Leiderdorp)
  • 1930 Margaret A Brewer, American soldier, in Durand Michigan, first female General officer in US Marine Corps. (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Leslie Caron, French-American actress (Gigi, Father Goose), born in Boulogne-Biliancourt, Seine
  • 1932 Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Ebrahim I Ebrahim, South African ANCer/Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader
  • 1939 Charles Hatcher, (Rep-D-GA, 1981- )
  • 1940 Kenneth Clarke, British minister
  • 1941 Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist, (1994 Nobel laureate for G-protein discoveries), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Myron Scholes, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1942 William Carney, (Rep-R-NY, 1979-86)
  • 1950 David Duke, American politician, K.K.K. member
  • 1953 Henry Percy, 11th duke of Northumberland, godchild of Elizabeth II

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961 Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales, born in Sandringham, England (d. 1997)

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
  • 1961 Kalpana Chawla, Karnal India, astronaut (STS 87)
  • 1963 Edward Tsang Lu, astronaut (STS 84), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1971 Wanda Gonzalez, Miss Connecticut USA (1996)
  • 1979 Forrest Griffin, American mixed martial artist
  • 1981 Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1900 Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand

HeartWedding of Interest

1902 British admiral John Jellicoe (42) weds Gwendoline Cayzer at Holy Trinity in London

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe

HeartWedding of Interest

1916 Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary `Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver, Colorado

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1982 Over 2000 Unification Church couples marry at NYC Madison Square Garden
  • 1995 Crown Prince of Greece and the oldest son of the deposed King Constantine of Greece, Pavlos (28) weds Robert W. Miller's daughter Marie-Chantal Miller (26) at London's Cathedral of Saint Sophia
  • 1995 Princess Stephanie of Monaco (30) weds her bodyguard Daniel Ducruet (31) in a civil ceremony in Monaco

Deaths in History

  • 251 Decius, Roman Emperor (b. 207)
  • 251 Herennius Etruscus, joint Roman Emperor with father Decius (b. ca. 227)
  • 868 Ali al-Hadi, Shia Imam (b. 828)
  • 1109 King Alfonso VI of Castile (b. 1040)
  • 1277 Baibars, Mameluk sultan of Egypt (b. 1223)
  • 1378 Jan I V van Arkel, bishop of Utrecht/Luik, dies
  • 1523 Hendrik Voes, Flemish priest/church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1523 John of Esschen, Flemish priest/church reformer, burned at stake
  • 1589 Christophe Plantin, French/Belgian book publisher, dies
  • 1614 Isaac Casaubon, French-born classical scholar (b. 1559)
  • 1622 William Parker, 4th Baron Monteagle, English peer and politician (helped stop Gunpowder Plot) (b. 1575)
  • 1627 Nathaniel Bacon, English painter, dies at 41
  • 1681 Oliver Plunkett, Irish saint (b. 1629)
  • 1708 Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • 1723 Willem van de Pose, gov of Cape Colony (1699-1797), dies at about 59
  • 1774 Henry Fox Holland, English corrupt politician, dies at 68
  • 1776 Francis Salvador, 1st Jew to die in American Revolutionary War
  • 1782 Charles Watson-Wentworth 2nd marquis of Rockingham, dies at 52
  • 1819 Jemima Wilkinson, American preacher (b. 1752)
  • 1839 Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 1847 George F Kersting, German painter, dies at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860 Charles Goodyear, American inventor (vulcanization process for rubber), dies at 59

  • 1863 John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
  • 1885 Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens), dies at 73
  • 1894 Julius PJA van Nyevelt, Dutch min of Foreign affairs, dies at 77
  • 1894 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective (b. 1819)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), dies at 85

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 1925 Jan P Veth, Dutch painter/lithographer/art historian, dies at 61
  • 1939 Louis Davids [Simon David], cabaret performer/chorus performer, dies
  • 1943 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • 1943 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • 1943 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • 1943 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1943 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • 1949 Louis Davids, [Simon David], cabaret artist, dies at 65
  • 1950 Eliel Saarinen, Finish-American architect (Chicago Trib building), dies at 76
  • 1953 Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
  • 1953 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist, dies
  • 1958 Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch writer (I Go Me Own Way), dies
  • 1958 Harry Nicholls Holmes, Dr (crystallized vitamin A), dies at 78
  • 1961 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (b. 1894)
  • 1963 Camille Chautemps, premier France, dies
  • 1966 Pauline Boty, English artist, dies of cancer at 29
  • 1974 Juan Perón, Argentine military officer and President of Argentina (1946-55, 73-74), dies of a heart attack at 78
  • 1976 Anneliese Michel, German woman said to be possessed by demons (b. 1952)
  • 1978 Kurt Student, German Luftwaffe general (b. 1890)
  • 1980 Charles Percy Snow, British writer (Friends & Associates), dies at 75
  • 1981 Carlos de Oliveira, Portuguese writer (b. 1921)
  • 1981 Rushton Moreve, American bass player (b. 1948)
  • 1983 R Buckminster Fuller, inventor/philosopher, dies in LA at 87
  • 1984 Moshe Feldenkrais, Ukrainian-born educator (b. 1904)
  • 1990 Jurriaan Schrofer, graphic designer, dies
  • 1991 Joost Baljeu, painter/founder-editor Structure, dies
  • 1992 Franco Cristaldi, Italian producer (Amarcord), dies
  • 1992 Francisco Mendes, Guinea-Bissauan politician (b. 1933)
  • 1994 Johanna Ader-Appels, resistance fighter/author, dies
  • 1995 Ronald Farrow, radio producer/priest, dies at 49
  • 1995 Wolfman Jack, disc jockey (Midnight Special), dies at 57
  • 1996 Richard Michael Fraser, political administrator, dies at 80
  • 1997 Joshua Hassan, first Chief Minister of Gibraltar (1964-69, 72-87), dies at 81
  • 1999 Forrest Mars Sr., American candy magnate (b. 1904)
  • 2000 Sarah Payne, British murder victim (b. 1992)
  • 2001 Nikolay Basov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1922)
  • 2004 Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
  • 2009 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer (b. 1917)
  • 2009 Marwa El-Sherbini, Egyptian housewife (b. 1977 or 1976)
  • 2013 William Gray III, American politician, dies from natural causes at 71
  • 2014 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, dies at 76
  • 2015 Sir Nicholas Winton, English Humanitarian ('British Schindler' - saved 600 children from Nazis), dies at 106
  • 2015 Lawrence Herkimer, American "Grandfather of Cheerleading" (founded National Cheerleading Association, patented the pom-pom), dies at 89