On This Day in History for July 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 154


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

48 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 552 Origin of Armenian calendar
  • 988 The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey
  • 1040 Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry, according to legend, to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
  • 1212 The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
  • 1460 Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520 King Charles V France & King Henry VIII of England sign treaty of Calais

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1568 Battle on Eems: Dutch Water garrison beats Spanish
  • 1584 Spanish army leader Richebourg conquers Liefkenshoek, Belgium
  • 1598 Spanish theater plays "Moros y Los Cristianos" in Rio Grande
  • 1609 Catholic German monarchy forms Catholic League
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers reach La Rochelle [NS=June 20]
  • 1629 1st non-Separatist Congregational Church in US founded (Salem, MA)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1645 Battle at Langport, Somerset: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1652 England declares war on The Netherlands - beginning of the 1st Anglo-Dutch war
  • 1690 Battle of Beachy Head - French fleet defeat Anglo-Dutch fleet under Cornelis Evertsen
  • 1739 King George II authorised the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
  • 1746 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees in disguise to Isle of Skye
  • 1775 Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
  • 1778 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss discovers that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1800 The British Indian Government establishes the Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent.
  • 1806 The Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
  • 1832 President Jackson vetoed legislation to re-charter 2nd Bank of US
  • 1847 Urbain J J Leverrier & John Couch Adams, codiscoverers of Neptune, meet for 1st time at home of John Herschel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850 Millard Fillmore sworn in as president of US (replacing Taylor)

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • 1861 Lincoln writes to Kentucky's militia & says Union troops will not enter that state
  • 1862 US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • 1863 Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • 1863 Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339
  • 1866 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

  • 1877 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • 1886 George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • 1890 Wyoming becomes 44th state of US (1st with female suffrage)
  • 1892 1st concrete-paved street built (Bellefountaine, Ohio)
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • 1905 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • 1908 H Kamerlingh Onnes makes helium liquid (-269°C)
  • 1911 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • 1912 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • 1913 134°F (57°C), Greenland Ranch, California (US record)
  • 1913 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • 1913 Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • 1915 British/South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • 1917 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • 1918 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • 1919 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1919 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
  • 1923 2-pound hailstones kill 23 & many cattle (Rostov, Russia)
  • 1923 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • 1924 Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
  • 1924 Railroad worker strike ends in Amsterdam
  • 1925 Jury selection took place in John T Scopes evolution trial
  • 1925 USSR's official news agency TASS forms
  • 1925 Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
  • 1926 Lake Denmark, NJ arsenal explodes, kills 21, $75m damage
  • 1928 Senator Milt Gaston hurls record tying 14-hit shutout
  • 1929 US issues newer, smaller-sized paper currency
  • 1932 Jack Burnett gets 9 hits, Eddie Rommel relieves in 2nd 18-17 victory in 18 as his A's beats Indians in longest relief job
  • 1933 1st police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 1st sitting US president to visit South America, FDR in Colombia

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Carl Hubbell strikes out Ruth, Gehrig & Foxx in All star game
  • 1936 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)
  • 1936 110°F (43°C) at Runyon, New Jersey (state record)
  • 1936 111°F (44°C) Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • 1936 112°F (44°C) at Martinsburg, West Virginia (state record)
  • 1936 New Straits Convention allows Turkish rearmament of Dardanelles
  • 1937 Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
  • 1938 "Yankee Clipper" completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Howard Hughes flies around the world in 91 hours

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1940 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • 1941 Jedwabne Pogrom is a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
  • 1942 Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
  • 1942 Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1943 6th day of battle at Kursk
  • 1943 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • 1944 German submarine U-821 sunk by RAF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 "Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • 1945 Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • 1946 Belgian government of Acker resigns
  • 1947 200 die when train derailed & fell into a river in Canton, China
  • 1947 Cleveland Indian Don Black no-hits Philadelphia A's, 3-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1948 Lydda Airfield captured by Israeli army
  • 1949 1st practical rectangular TV tube announced-Toledo, Ohio
  • 1951 Armistice talks to end Korean conflict began at Kaesong
  • 1953 Pravda reports arrest of Beria [affiliate of imperialist]
  • 1956 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1956 Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu, Mamelodi, east of Pretoria, South Africa, a soldier of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC
  • 1958 1st parking meter installed in England (625 installed)
  • 1958 Ex-king Norodom Sihanoek appointed premier of Cambodia
  • 1960 Belgium sends troops to Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1962 Telstar, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1964 Jesus Alou is 1st Giant in 40 years to get 6 hits in a game
  • 1964 Moise Tsjombe becomes premier of Congo

Birthdays in History

  • 1419 Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1452 King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
  • 1509 John Calvin, Protestant religious reformer/theologian
  • 1517 Odet de Coligny, Cardinal of Châtillon/bishop
  • 1526 Philip III van Croij, duke of Aarschot/earl of Porcien
  • 1592 Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (d. 1660)
  • 1614 Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (d. 1686)
  • 1625 Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
  • 1638 David Teniers III, Flemish painter (carpet cartons)
  • 1666 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)
  • 1682 Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India (d. 1719)
  • 1682 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (d. 1716)
  • 1711 Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain (d. 1783)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1723 William Blackstone, jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), born in London, England

  • 1736 Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1807)
  • 1792 George Mifflin Dallas, (D) 11th VP (1845-49)
  • 1797 Pieter L Uys, South African pioneer (Great Pull)
  • 1804 Emma Smith Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (d. 1889)
  • 1818 John Stuart "Cerro Gordo" Williams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1820 Andrew Porter, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1872)
  • 1821 Christopher Columbus Augur, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824 Rudolf von Benningsen, German lawyer/politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1830 Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean/French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

  • 1832 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Lucius Eugene Polk, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1834 James A McNeill Whistler, US/British painter (Whistler's Mother)
  • 1839 Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)
  • 1852 Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter, German foreign minister

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1865 Jan "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch philanthropist (Steurtjes)
  • 1867 Max Prinz von Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918)
  • 1870 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism)
  • 1871 Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
  • 1874 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (d. 1971)
  • 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, SC, educator (Bethune-Cookman College)
  • 1879 Harry Nicholls Holmes, Penn, Dr (crystallized vitamin A)
  • 1883 Johann Blaskowitz, German general
  • 1886 John SSPV Gort, viscount of Limerick/fieldmarshal of Palestine
  • 1888 Giorgio De Chirico, Greece, Metaphysical painter (Soothsayer)
  • 1888 Toyohiko Kagawa, Christian social reformer, born in Kobe, Japan
  • 1895 Maarten P Vrij, Dutch lawyer/criminologist/member High Court
  • 1895 Nahum Goldmann, Switz, pres Zionist World Organization
  • 1896 Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Lloyd Goodrich, American Arts Museum director
  • 1897 Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
  • 1897 Jack "Legs" Diamond", American bootlegger (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
  • 1902 Günther Weisenborn, German writer and German Resistance fighter, born in Velbert (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950)
  • 1903 John Wyndham P L B Harris, US, sci-fi author (Day of the Triffids)
  • 1905 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
  • 1911 Djuanda Kartawidjaja, premier of Indonesia
  • 1912 Francis Showering, brewer
  • 1913 Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (d. 1985)
  • 1914 Joe Shuster, Canadian-born cartoonist (d. 1992)
  • 1917 Reg Smyth, English cartoonist (Andy Capp)
  • 1920 Owen Chamberlain, physicist/co-discoverer (antiproton, Nobel-1959)
  • 1921 Harvey Ball, American inventor (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Earl Hamner Jr, creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", born in Schuyler, Virginia (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Jean Kerr, novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • 1923 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (d. 1987)
  • 1923 John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi(see Iwo Jima) (d. 1994)
  • 1927 David Dinkins, (1st African American Mayor-D- 1990-93), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician
  • 1928 Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar
  • 1928 Bernard Buffet, French painter (d. 1999)
  • 1929 Winnie Ewing, Scottish politician
  • 1931 Del Insko, harness racer (toothpick in mouth, 1969 money leader)
  • 1931 Julian May, US, sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat)
  • 1932 Jorgen Becker, German writer, born in Cologne
  • 1934 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Wilson Whineray, All Black (1957-65), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Barbara B Kennelly, (Rep-D-Connecticut, 1982- )
  • 1938 Paul Andreu, French architect
  • 1939 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1940 Dawid J "Dawie" de Villiers, South African minister of energy (1989- )
  • 1940 Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur
  • 1941 Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk, Poland, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30)
  • 1941 David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist
  • 1944 Beaky, rocker (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich)
  • 1947 John Trevor Key, photographer
  • 1950 Prokopis Pavlopoulos, Greek politician
  • 1952 Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician
  • 1956 Tom McClintock, American politician
  • 1957 Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war/political activist
  • 1965 Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
  • 1974 Idalmis Marina Vidal, Miss Florida USA (1996)
  • 1976 Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 Schapelle Corby, Australian convicted drug smuggler

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1898 Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin marries fellow revolutionary Nadezhda "Nadya" Krupskaya in Shushenskoye.

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin

HeartWedding of Interest

1919 Author Aldous Huxley (25) weds epidemiologist Maria Nys in Bellem, Belgium

HeartWedding of Interest

1926 Cuban president Fulgencio Batista (25) weds Elisa Godínez y Gómez (25)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

HeartWedding of Interest

1994 Fred Norris (from the Howard Stern Show) marries Allison Furman

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern

Divorces in History

  • 1975 Cher files for divorce from Gregg Allman, 10 days after they married

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

138 Hadrian, Roman emperor (117-138), dies at 62

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
Hadrian
  • 518 Anastasius I Dikoros, [Dyrrhachium/Durazzo], Byzantine emperor, dies
  • 649 Li Shimin, Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China (626-49), dies at 51
  • 983 Benedict VI, Italian Pope (974-83), dies
  • 1086 Knut IV, the Saint, king of Denmark (1080-86), murdered
  • 1099 El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)
  • 1103 Erik I Ejegod, the good hearted, King of Denmark (1095-1103), dies
  • 1290 King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
  • 1460 Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham, English military leader (b. 1402)
  • 1480 King René I of Naples (b. 1410) last heir of house of Anjou
  • 1535 Jacob Van Campen, Reconstruction bishop, beheaded

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1559 Henry II, King of France (1547-59), dies

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1573 Willem van Bronkhorst, Brattenburg/Stein/army leader, dies
  • 1584 William I "the Silent" [William of Orange], Earl of Nassau, assassinated at 51 in his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard
  • 1590 Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
  • 1621 Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
  • 1653 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
  • 1680 Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
  • 1683 François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
  • 1686 Ercole Ferrata, Italian sculptor/restauranteur, dies at 76
  • 1686 John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
  • 1690 Jan van Brakel, Dutch vice admiral (Chatham), dies in battle at 48
  • 1692 Bridget Bishop, 1st person to be hanged in Salem witch trials Massachusetts USA
  • 1762 Johann F Gronovius, physician/botany, dies at 76
  • 1776 Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
  • 1806 George Stubbs, British animal painter, dies at 81
  • 1838 Willem earl van Hogendorp, Dutch colonial governor, dies at about 43

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1851 Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (daguerreotype), dies at 63

Photographer and Inventor Louis-Jacques Daguerre
Photographer and Inventor
Louis-Jacques Daguerre
  • 1863 Clement Clarke Moore, American Professor and writer ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83
  • 1863 Paul Jones Semmes, US businessman/Confederate brig-general, dies at 48
  • 1881 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)
  • 1884 Paul Charles Morphy, US lawyer/chess wizard, dies at 47
  • 1902 Albert FA, king of Saxon (1873-1902), dies at 74
  • 1908 Eliza Laurillard, vicar/poet/writer, dies at 78
  • 1908 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (b. 1839)
  • 1910 Johann G Galle, German discoverer of Neptune by telescope, dies
  • 1915 Hendrik W Mesdag, painter (Panorama Mesdag), dies
  • 1920 Eugenie M de Montijo y de Guzman, Emperor of France, dies at 94
  • 1920 John A "Jacky" Kilverston, adm/designer (dreadnought), dies at 79
  • 1920 Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
  • 1924 Johannes B van Heutsz, gov-gen of Dutch Indies (1904-09), dies at 73
  • 1927 Kevin O'Higgins, Irish Free State VP, assassinated
  • 1937 Johan[nes] B Schepers, Fries writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • 1954 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1877)
  • 1955 Henry W Methorst, Dutch director (Central Bureau of Statistic), dies
  • 1957 Sholem Asch, Polish/Israeli writer (East River), dies at 77
  • 1965 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Le cavalier seul), dies at 66
  • 1971 Harry M O'Connor, dies of pneumonia at 98
  • 1971 Mohamed Madbouh, Moroccan general/putschist, shot to death
  • 1975 Achiel H van Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58), dies at 77
  • 1978 Joe Davis, English snooker player (b. 1901)
  • 1981 Ken Rex McElroy, American resident of Skidmore, Missouri known as "the town bully", murdered at 47 in an unsolved killing in front of a crowd of 30-46 in Skidmore's main street
  • 1982 Gustav MR von Koenigswald, German/Dutch paleontologist, dies at 79
  • 1985 Fernando Pereira, military activist, murdered
  • 1988 Errol John, playwright, dies at 63
  • 1989 Thomas E "Tommy" Trinder, English comic (Bitter Springs), dies at 80
  • 1990 Hans Faverey, poet, dies
  • 1990 Irene Champlin, dies after long illness at 59
  • 1991 Gerome Ragal, author (Hair), dies of cancer at 48
  • 1993 Masugi Ibuse, Japanese author (Kuroi ame (Black rain)), dies at 95
  • 1993 Ruth Krauss, author (Carrot Seed), dies at 91
  • 1994 Earl Strum, referee (NBA), dies of brain cancer at 66
  • 1995 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman, dies at 74
  • 1996 Eladio Rusconi, writer/publisher/businessman, dies at 79
  • 2000 Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1909)
  • 2002 Jean-Pierre Côté, French Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
  • 2003 Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
  • 2003 Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
  • 2003 Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
  • 2005 A.J. Quinnell, English writer (b. 1940)
  • 2005 Freda Wright-Sorce, American radio performer (b. 1955)
  • 2005 Jimmy Franklin and Bobby Younkin, airshow performers
  • 2006 Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (b. 1965)
  • 2007 Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric (b. 1951)
  • 2007 Doug Marlette, American cartoonist (b. 1949)
  • 2007 Zheng Xiaoyu, director of the State Food and Drug Administration of the People's Republic of China (b. 1944)
  • 2008 Hiroaki Aoki, founder of Benihana (b. 1938)