On This Day in History for July 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 911 Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy
  • 1156 Siege of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
  • 1244 Khwarezmian Tatars sack Jerusalem, decimating the city's Christian population and driving out the Jews
  • 1302 Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) near Kortrijk, Belgium. Flemish coalition defeat French army
  • 1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
  • 1347 Heir to the Bohemian throne elected German anti-king Charles IV
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" meets
  • 1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He sets sail to explore the world for the first time
  • 1423 Arnold van Egmont becomes Duke of Gelre
  • 1476 Giuliano della Rovere is appointed bishop of Coutances
  • 1525 Trial against "heretic" John Pistorius at The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicates England's King Henry VIII

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1576 Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
  • 1588 French King Henri III accept demands of Catholic League

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1616 Samuel de Champlain returns to Quebec.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1635 Armies of Savoye/Mantua/Parma occupy Milan
  • 1673 Netherlands & Denmark sign defense treaty
  • 1690 Battle of Drogheda Boyne (William III beat deposed James II)
  • 1708 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • 1735 Mathematical calculations suggest that it was on this day that Pluto moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun for the last time before 1979.
  • 1740 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Tsarina Anne
  • 1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia, is almost completely destroyed by fire.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Captain James Cook begins his third voyage

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1781 Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US
  • 1792 Prussia army moves into French territory
  • 1798 US Marine Corps established by an act of Congress
  • 1801 French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1811 Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoir on the molecular content of gases

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Scientist
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 John Keats writes "In the Cottage Where Burns is Born", "Lines Written in the Highlands", & "Gadfly"

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1848 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • 1848 London's Waterloo Station opens
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Mountain VA - Gen Morris forces retreat of rebels
  • 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain, VA - Rosecrans forces rebels to surrender
  • 1862 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • 1863 Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • 1863 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • 1864 Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
  • 1864 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C.
  • 1877 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • 1882 British fleet bombards Alexandria
  • 1888 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
  • 1888 Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • 1889 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city

1stHistoric Invention

1892 US Patent Office says Joseph Swan rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • 1893 A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • 1895 Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • 1897 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
  • 1900 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1905 Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement
  • 1906 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
  • 1915 German cruiser Königsberg sinks off Dar-es-Salam
  • 1916 US Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 1916 Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • 1919 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work
  • 1920 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • 1921 Mongolia gains independence from China (National Day)
  • 1924 Muslim-Hindu rebellion in Delhi, India
  • 1925 Queen Wilhelmina names H Colijn head of government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR became 1st US president to travel through Panama Canal

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx & Queens opens
  • 1940 British & German dogfight above Lyme Bay
  • 1940 Marshall Henri Petain, French hero of World War One, becomes head of the collaborative Vichy government of France.
  • 1941 German troops attack Dnjepr
  • 1943 7th day of battle at Kursk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Counter attack by Hermann Goering's Armoured division in Sicily

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily
  • 1943 US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily
  • 1943 Massacres of Poles in Volhynia.
  • 1944 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • 1946 Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1948 1st air bombing of Jerusalem

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1952 Gen Eisenhower nominated as Republican US presidential candidate

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 1st White Citizens Council organizes in Indianola, Miss
  • 1955 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • 1955 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • 1960 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • 1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta & Niger declare independence
  • 1960 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • 1961 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • 1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
  • 1962 Brothers Hank & Tommie Aaron homer in same inning
  • 1962 Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
  • 1962 Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 South-African ANC Walter Sisulu/Andrew Mlangeni/Govan Mbeki arrested

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 Israeli Mapai-party nominates David Ben-Gurion

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1968 Start of Colin Cowdrey's 100th Test, 1st person to do so
  • 1971 Chilean parliament nationalizes American copper mines
  • 1971 The Irish Republican Army set off a number of bombs in the centre of Belfast injuring a number of people
  • 1973 Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris, 122 killed
  • 1974 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • 1974 World Football League plays 1st games
  • 1976 1st US football club in Austria forms (FAAFC-1st Austrian American)

Birthdays in History

  • 154 Bar Daisan, [Bardesanes], Syrian theologist
  • 1274 Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1306-29)
  • 1366 Anne of Bohemia, consort of Richard II of England (d. 1394)
  • 1540 Adolf van Nassau, German son of Willem the Rich/Juliana of Stolberg
  • 1558 Robert Greene, Elizabethan dramatist (Friar Bacon)
  • 1561 Luis de Góngora, Spanish poet (d. 1627)
  • 1603 Kenelm Digby, English privateer (d. 1665)
  • 1628 Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord (d. 1701)
  • 1657 Frederik I, King of Prussia (1701-13)
  • 1662 Maximilian II Emanuel, elect of Bayern
  • 1694 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French carpet designer
  • 1697 Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer/cartographer
  • 1709 Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, Swedish chemist (d. 1785)
  • 1723 Jean-François Marmontel, French historian and writer (d. 1799)
  • 1738 Albert-Kasimir, duke of Saxon/viceroy of Hungary/Netherlands
  • 1751 Caroline Matilda of Wales, queen consort of Denmark and Norway (d. 1775)
  • 1754 Thomas Bowdler, famous prude, bowdlerized Shakespeare

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1767 John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States (D) (1825-1829), born in Braintree, Massachusetts (d. 1848)

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
  • 1810 Eugene L Simonis, Belgian sculptor
  • 1811 Joseph Lanman, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1874)
  • 1811 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1816 French A Durlet, Belgian sculptor/architect
  • 1825 Edward Henry Hobson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • 1826 Alexander Afanasyev, Russian folklorist (d. 1871)
  • 1832 Charilaos Trikoupis, Greek politician (d. 1896)
  • 1838 John Wanamaker, merchant (Wanamakers Dept Store)
  • 1841 William Paul Roberts, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • 1844 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia
  • 1846 Leon Bloy, French writer (d. 1917)
  • 1850 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader (d. 1938)
  • 1851 Millie & Christine McCoy, American siamese twins born slaves in Whiteville, North Carolina (d.1912)
  • 1857 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist
  • 1860 Johannis J van Laar, Dutch chemist (thermodynamics)
  • 1861 George William Norris, (Rep/Sen-Neb) (Lame duck-amendement)
  • 1864 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
  • 1866 R Beer-Hofmann, writer
  • 1866 Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • 1871 Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
  • 1885 Roger de la Fresnaye, French sculptor/painter
  • 1886 Boris Grigoriev, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • 1888 Carl Schmitt, German nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • 1888 Lyman Bryson, Valentine Nebr, educator (UN Casebook)
  • 1889 Alfred E Green, Perris CA, director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)
  • 1890 Arthur W Tedder of Glenguin, British air marshal (WW II)
  • 1890 Georg Annenkov, Russian/French painter
  • 1894 Walter Wanger, [Feuchtwanger], US producer (Stagecoach)
  • 1895 Dolly Wilde, English socialite (d. 1941)
  • 1897 Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Hendrik J Pos, Dutch philosopher/CEO (Committee of Watchfulness)
  • 1898 Herman de Man, [Salomon H Hamburger], Dutch writer/Radio Orange

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899 E. B. White, American writer (Charlotte's Web, Elements of Style), born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1985)

Writer E. B. White
Writer
E. B. White
  • 1902 Leo Collard, Belgian minister of Education (1946/54-58)
  • 1902 Samuel Abraham Goldsmith, Dutch/US phycist
  • 1903 Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (d. 1976)
  • 1906 Herbert Wehner, German communist/anti-communist politician (SPD)
  • 1910 John Francis Boyd, journalist
  • 1913 Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger, US, sci-fi author (Space Lords)
  • 1913 Cordwainer Smith, American writer (d. 1966)
  • 1915 Colin Purdie Kelly, US, 1st US air hero (during WW II)
  • 1915 George Ivan Smith, diplomat
  • 1916 Gough Whitlam, (ALP) Australia, PM (1972-75)
  • 1924 Claus Bremer, German dramatist, born in Hamburg (d. 1996)
  • 1924 César Lattes, Brazilian physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Ralph D Abernathy, US, president (SCLC)
  • 1926 Frederick Buechner, American author
  • 1928 Nic Jonk, sculptor/painter (Jonas & the Whale)
  • 1929 David Kelly, actor (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Fawlty Towers), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2012)
  • 1930 Harold Bloom, American literary critic
  • 1931 Hans Klein, politician
  • 1931 Herman de Vries, Dutch sculptor
  • 1931 Tullio Regge, Italian physicist
  • 1933 Olga Havlova, political activist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Giorgio Armani, Italian fashion designer (American Gigolo), born in Piacenza, Italy

Fashion Designer Giorgio Armani
Fashion Designer
Giorgio Armani
  • 1935 Oliver Napier, Northern Irish politician
  • 1937 Pai Hsien-yung, Taiwanese writer
  • 1939 Seth Gaaikema, Dutch night club performer
  • 1940 Terry Patchett, politician
  • 1940 Yvon Charbonneau, French Canadian union leader and politician
  • 1944 Peter de Savary, English financier/multi-millionaire
  • 1944 Myra Gale Brown, former wife of Jerry Lee Lewis
  • 1945 Patrick Joseph McGrath, Catholic bishop
  • 1946 Edward J Markey, (Rep-D-MA, 1976- )
  • 1946 Cuthbert Johnson, Benedictine abbot.
  • 1947 Bo Lundgren, Swedish politician
  • 1950 Pervez Hoodbhoy, Pakistani nuclear physicist
  • 1951 Lawrence J Delucas, PhD/astronaut (STS 50), born in Syracuse, New York
  • 1952 John Kettley, English weather forecaster
  • 1964 Kyrill, Prince of Preslav, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1968 Michael Geist, Canadian academic
  • 1983 Evan Roberts, American radio broadcaster
  • 1987 Matej Gaspar, Yugoslavia, 5,000,000,000th person (UN)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1867 Businesswoman Hetty Green (32) weds Edward Henry Green

The Witch of Wall Street Hetty Green
The Witch of Wall Street
Hetty Green

HeartWedding of Interest

1877 Scientist and inventor Alexander Graham Bell (30) weds Mabel Hubbard (19) at the Hubbard estate in Cambridge, Massachusetts

HeartWedding of Interest

1954 Football coach Al Davis (25) weds Carol Segal

American Football Coach and Executive Al Davis
American Football Coach and Executive
Al Davis

Deaths in History

  • 155 Pius I, bishop of Rome (approx 140-155)/saint/martyr, dies
  • 472 Anthemius, Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 937 King Rudolph II of Burgundy
  • 969 Olga of Kiev, Regent and ruler of Kievan Rus, dies at about 79
  • 1174 Amalrik I, [Morri], French King of Jerusalem, dies
  • 1183 Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1302 Jacques de Châtillon, count of Saint-Pol/gov of Flaanders, dies
  • 1302 Pierre Flote, French 1st legist/chancellor of king Philip IV, dies
  • 1302 Robert II of Artois, French soldier (b. 1250)
  • 1382 Nicholas van Oresme, French philosopher/bishop of Lisieux, dies at 62
  • 1535 Joachim I Nestor, ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 51
  • 1540 Jan Szapolyai, anti-king of Hungarian, dies
  • 1553 Mauritius, duke/monarch of Saksen (1547-53), dies of injuries at 32
  • 1581 Peder Skram, Danish senator and naval hero
  • 1593 Giuseppe Arcimboldo, 1st surrealist painter, dies (birth date unkn)
  • 1649 Margaret Coventry, 1st English earl of Shaftesbury, dies
  • 1667 John Fox, Amsterdam writer, buried
  • 1679 William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
  • 1686 Michel Anguier, French sculptor, dies at 75
  • 1688 King Narai of Siam (b. 1629)
  • 1690 Friedrich H duke van Schomberg, marshal, dies in battle at 75
  • 1766 Elizabeth Farnese, wife of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
  • 1774 Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer
  • 1775 Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • 1797 Ienăchiţă Văcărescu, Wallachian writer (b. 1740)
  • 1806 James Smith, Irish/US attorney/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 87
  • 1825 Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
  • 1844 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
  • 1847 Joachim G le Sage at Trousers, RC foreman/publicist, dies at 71
  • 1866 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), commits suicide at 52
  • 1874 Xavier FMG earl Merode, Belgium pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • 1876 Ottho G Heldring, vicar (H-gestichten), dies at 72
  • 1882 Eugene L Simonis, Belgian sculptor, dies on 72nd birthday
  • 1889 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author/poet, dies at 34
  • 1896 Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian (Olympia), dies at 81
  • 1898 Charles Chanoine, French lt/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
  • 1909 Simon Newcomb, celestial mechanics authority (Stars), dies at 74
  • 1914 Julius Rodenberg, [Levy], German writer (Die Deutsche Rundschau), dies
  • 1916 Rik Wouters, Belgian painter/sculptor (Doll Virgin), dies
  • 1921 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist, dies at 57

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • 1942 Simon de la Bella, Dutch president (NVV), dies in Dachau
  • 1944 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • 1948 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semite theologist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Aga Khan III, Pakistani 48th Shia Iman, dies at 79

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • 1958 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Owen D. Young, American industrialist (RCA) and diplomat (Young Plan), dies at 87

Diplomat and Industrialist Owen D. Young
Diplomat and Industrialist
Owen D. Young
  • 1964 Maurice Thorez, sec-general French communist party, dies at 64
  • 1966 Delmore Schwartz, US poet/critic (Shenandoah), dies at 52
  • 1967 Guy Favreau, French Canadian lawyer, politician and judge (b. 1917)
  • 1971 John W Campbell, US, sci-fi writer (Space Beyond), dies at 61
  • 1974 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1891)
  • 1975 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, dies at 89
  • 1979 Claude Wagner, French Canadian judge and politician (b. 1925)
  • 1983 Ross Macdonald, American-Canadian writer (b. 1915)
  • 1987 Yaakov Yitzchak Ruderman, American Rosh Yeshiva (b. 1901)
  • 1991 Hitoshi Igarashi, Japanese interpreter (Satanic Verses), murdered
  • 1992 Annette Fischer, Danish chairman Amnesty Intl, dies
  • 1992 Antoon J Hubben, mayor of Maasbree/President KVM/Unie BLHP, dies at 73
  • 1993 Deng Yingchao, high ranking communist China official, dies at 88
  • 1993 Henri van Soede, sub commandant (WW II), dies at about 83
  • 1993 Kelly Ahrendt, 1st death by rabies in NY since 1954, dies
  • 1993 Sergey Vozovikov, cosmonaut, dies during underwater test at 34
  • 1994 Alan David Melville, polymath, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1994 Gary Kildall, creator of CP/M, dies at 52

Computer scientist Gary Kildall
Computer scientist
Gary Kildall
  • 1994 James Topping, author of CP/M, dies at 52
  • 1994 Wim Jurg, corrector/chairman (Werelddambond FMJD), dies at 49
  • 1995 John Cruickshank, French scholar, dies at 70
  • 1996 Martin Corbett, gay activist, dies at 51
  • 2000 Pedro Mir, Dominican poet (b. 1913)
  • 2000 Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1921)
  • 2004 Laurance Rockefeller, American conservationist and philanthropist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 John Spencer, English snooker player (b. 1935)
  • 2007 Lady Bird Johnson, First Lady of the United States (b. 1912)
  • 2007 Alfonso López Michelsen, 32nd Colombian President (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Ed Mirvish, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1914)
  • 2007 Glenda Adams, Australian author (b. 1939)
  • 2008 Michael DeBakey, American surgeon and inventor (b. 1908)
  • 2009 Ji Xianlin, Chinese linguist and paleographer (b.1911)
  • 2013 Eugene Wilkinson, American naval officer, dies at 94
  • 2015 Satoru Iwata, Japanese CEO of Nintendo (Nintendo DS and Wii), dies of cancer at 55
  • 2015 Claudia Alexander, Canadian-born American NASA Scientist (led Galileo mission to Jupiter), dies of cancer at 56