On This Day in History for July 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 132

  • 526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1109 Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1191 English King Richard I / the Lionheart & Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

  • 1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1537 Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Diego de Almagro
Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1542 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
  • 1549 Kett's uprising occupies Norwich, England
  • 1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [NS=June 22]
  • 1630 New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1679 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined

  • 1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1691 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • 1691 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • 1700 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • 1704 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • 1730 Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
  • 1745 Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [NS]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1771 James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs, England

Captain/Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1774 Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence

  • 1774 Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
  • 1776 Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
  • 1785 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands
  • 1801 2nd Battle of Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish (six days after losing the 1st Battle of Algeciras)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1817 1st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1850 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass
  • 1862 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 1862 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • 1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • 1874 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • 1878 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • 1882 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, D.C.
  • 1898 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
  • 1900 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • 1901 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • 1901 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • 1902 Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage
  • 1902 Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as British Prime Minister on 11 July
  • 1905 The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • 1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
  • 1909 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)
  • 1912 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
  • 1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • 1917 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1918 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • 1920 Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • 1921 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
  • 1926 Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
  • 1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
  • 1935 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1937 -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
  • 1943 Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • 1943 National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
  • 1943 Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
  • 1943 Russian offensive at Orel
  • 1943 WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1944 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • 1944 US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • 1946 Benjamin Britten's "Rape of Lucretia" premieres in Glyndebourne
  • 1948 1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
  • 1949 Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
  • 1950 Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten & F Fischer to death
  • 1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill
  • 1952 East German SED decides to form German DR army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal
  • 1955 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • 1957 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
  • 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1960 Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence
  • 1960 Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched
  • 1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • 1960 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • 1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
  • 1966 10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
  • 1966 Start of 3 day race riot in Chicago, looting brings out National Guardsmen
  • 1966 US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia & Denver mints
  • 1967 5th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-0
  • 1967 Race riot in Newark, NJ, 26 killed, 1,500 injured & over 1,000 arrested
  • 1967 Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
  • 1968 Couve de Murville forms government in France
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 As the 'marching season' reaches its height there is serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven; many familles in Belfast are forced to move from their homes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco in 57 days

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1970 Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
  • 1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
  • 1972 Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla
  • 1972 Twelve years after the banning of the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress, a new political movement, the Black People Convention is formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • 1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
  • 1974 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights
  • 1975 Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire

Birthdays in History

  • 1394 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
  • 1644 Arnold Moonen, Dutch vicar/literature (David's holy saint graduals)
  • 1730 Josiah Wedgwood, England, pottery designer/manufacturer (Wedgwood)
  • 1794 Heinrich Christian Pander, Russian zoologist
  • 1803 Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
  • 1807 Silas Casey, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1817 Henry David Thoreau, American naturalist and pacifist (Walden Pond), born in Concord, Massachusetts (d. 1862)

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1821 Daniel Harvey Hill, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
  • 1828 Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
  • 1840 Abraham Goldfaden, Eastern European Yiddish dramatist
  • 1849 William Osler, Canada, physician/author (circulatory system)
  • 1850 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852 Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (1916-22, 1928-30), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1933)

Argentine President Hipólito Yrigoyen
Argentine President
Hipólito Yrigoyen

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1854 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera) and founder of the Eastman Kodak Company, born in Waterville, New York (d. 1932)

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1863 Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • 1864 George Washington Carver, botanist (studied the peanut) [or Jan 10]
  • 1868 Stefan George, Germany, lyric poet (Algabal)
  • 1870 Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
  • 1876 Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
  • 1881 Ludwig Rubiner, writer [or June 12]
  • 1884 Amedeo Modigliani, Italy, painter/sculptor (Reclining Nude)
  • 1888 Tojohiko Kagawa, Japan, Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat)
  • 1892 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
  • 1895 R Buckminster Fuller, architect/inventor (geodesic dome)
  • 1900 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • 1902 Gunther Anders, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971), born in Parral, Chile (d. 1973)

  • 1905 John C F, son of English King George V
  • 1908 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician
  • 1909 2nd viscount Camrose, British Conserv Lower house leader (1941-45)
  • 1909 Souphanouvong, [Red Prince], president of Laos (1975-87)
  • 1909 Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Johanna Moosdorf, writer
  • 1912 Broderick Vernon Chinnery-Haldane, photographer
  • 1913 Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
  • 1915 Michael Fenton Haddon, mining engineer
  • 1917 Andrew Wyeth, Chadds Ford Pa, painter (Christina's World)
  • 1920 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, West Point New York, American artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920 Pierre Berton, Canadian author (War of 1812), born in Whitehorse, Yukon (d. 2004)

  • 1921 Trevor Illtyd Williams, scientific writer
  • 1922 Clark MacGregor, politician (involved in Watergate)
  • 1922 James E[dwin] Gunn, US, sci-fi author (Station in Space, Immortal)
  • 1922 Mark O Hatfield, (Sen-R Oregon, 1967- )
  • 1925 Roger Smith, CEO (General Motors)
  • 1927 Gualberto T Hernandez, perfect minister Neth Antilles
  • 1928 Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 Bob Traxler, (Rep-D-MI, 1974- )
  • 1931 Lord Clinton, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1932 Harold William Woolhouse, plant scientist
  • 1933 Donald E. Westlake, American author
  • 1935 Barrie Wilson, British religious scholar (How Jesus Became Christian), (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Mickey Edwards, (Rep-R-OK, 1977- )
  • 1937 Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997-2002
  • 1938 Eiko Ishioka, Costume Designer (Academy Award, Bram Stoker’s Dracula), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2012)
  • 1944 Bill McCollum, (Rep-R-Florida, 1981- )
  • 1947 Richard C. McCarty, American professor of psychology
  • 1948 Richard Simmons, exercise guru (Deal-a-Meal)
  • 1948 Ben Burtt, American sound designer
  • 1952 Voja Antonić, Serbian inventor and writer
  • 1957 Rick Douglas Husband, Amarillo Texas, USAF mjr/astronaut
  • 1959 Rolonda Watts, talk show hostess (Rolanda)
  • 1970 Juba Kalamka, American artist/activist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Malala Yousafzai, Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize recipient, born in Mingora, North-West Frontier Province

Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai
Human Rights Activist
Malala Yousafzai

Weddings in History

  • 1472 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.

HeartWedding of Interest

1543 England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

HeartWedding of Interest

1918 Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso

HeartWedding of Interest

1980 US Senator Elizabeth Warren (31) weds law professor Bruce Mann

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • 2007 World's tallest man who measures 7'9" Bao Xishun (56) weds Xia Shujian (28) in a traditional Mongolian ceremony at the tomb of Kublai Khan in Beijing, China

Deaths in History

  • 783 Bertha "with the great feet", wife of French King Pippin III, dies
  • 1073 Johannes Gualbertus, Italian monk/saint, dies
  • 1429 John [Jean C] Gerson, Fren theologist (Theologica mystic), dies at 65
  • 1441 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
  • 1450 Jack Cade, slain in a revolt against English King Henry VI

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1536 Desiderius Erasmus, humanist/priest (Novum instrumentum omne), dies at 69

Humanist and Theologian Erasmus
Humanist and Theologian
  • 1545 Maria Manuela van Portugal, niece of Spanish king Philip II, dies
  • 1575 Renée/Renata de France, duchess of Ferara/daughter of Louis XII, dies
  • 1584 Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
  • 1633 Simon Besler, composer, dies at 49
  • 1640 Henry Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz, dies
  • 1664 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682 Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
  • 1693 John Ashby, English admiral
  • 1712 Richard Cromwell, English Lord Protector (1658-59), dies at 85
  • 1749 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1804 Alexander Hamilton, US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken

1st US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton
1st US Secretary of Treasury
Alexander Hamilton
  • 1844 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
  • 1845 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
  • 1849 Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1874 Fritz Reuter, writer, dies at 63
  • 1898 Paul Voulet, French captain/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
  • 1899 Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman, gov of Suriname, dies at 67
  • 1902 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), dies at 74
  • 1910 Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
  • 1916 Aritius S Talma, Dutch minister of Agriculture, dies at 52
  • 1917 Fournier, Swiss/French postage stamp merchant/forger, dies
  • 1918 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
  • 1929 Robert Henri, US painter (The Eight), dies at 63
  • 1933 Willem H Drucker, lawyer, dies at 45
  • 1934 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
  • 1935 Alfred Dreyfus, French officier (Dreyfus Affair), dies
  • 1945 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1949 Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • 1950 Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1956 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), dies at 80
  • 1961 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1966 D T Suzuki, Zen Buddhism scholar, dies in Tokyo Japan at 96
  • 1980 John W Davis, Pres (WV State college), dies at 92
  • 1981 Ben Seijes, historian (WW II), dies at 73
  • 1988 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer, dies at 79 of palsy
  • 1988 Raymond W Goldsmith, US economist, dies at 83
  • 1990 Richard R Briggs, dies after short illness at 71
  • 1992 Albert Pierrepont, last British executioner (433 men/17 women), dies
  • 1993 Gusti Huber, Mother of Bibi Besch, dies of heart failure at 78
  • 1993 Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
  • 1994 David Malcolm Lewis, expert in Greek Epigraphy, dies at 56
  • 1994 James Bysse Joll, historian, dies at 76
  • 1996 Andrew Rodger Waterson, scholar Naturalist, dies at 84
  • 1996 John Boon, English publisher (MiIls and Boon), dies at 79
  • 1996 John William Chancellor, journalist, dies at 68
  • 1996 William Darling, journalist, dies at 73
  • 1998 Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 2000 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II (b. 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2002 Edward Lee Howard, CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy, dies at 50 after breaking his neck during a fall

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 2004 Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2005 John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, Chief executive of British Airways since its privitisation (b. 1917)
  • 2007 Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality (b.1947)
  • 2007 Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure (b. 1951)
  • 2008 Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H. W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)
  • 2010 Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer (b. 1939)