On This Day in History for July 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 110

  • 574 John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1174 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
  • 1522 Hunger appeal by women of Utrecht
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
  • 1568 Dean of St Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
  • 1573 Haarlem surrenders after 7 months to Spanish army
  • 1643 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 1645 Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1700 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772 Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent)

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1787 Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 1787 Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 population
  • 1794 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
  • 1832 Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft
  • 1836 US patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837 Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1851 John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 1854 US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
  • 1854 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
  • 1861 Battle of Corrick's Ford, VA (Carrick's Ford) - Union army takes total control of western Virginia CS20 US53
  • 1862 Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150 (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 1863 Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
  • 1863 Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
  • 1863 Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • 1865 Horace Greeley reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • 1865 P T Barnum's museum burns down
  • 1868 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1871 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1876 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman empire
  • 1878 Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • 1882 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
  • 1898 SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens
  • 1911 Great Britain and Japan renew their alliance of 1902 for another four years; the reason Japan joins WWI on the Allies side
  • 1917 Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • 1919 Race riots in Longview & Gregg counties Texas
  • 1923 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia
  • 1925 French occupation force begins evacuating country

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1926 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:20.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1930 David Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
  • 1935 Richard Strauss resigns as chairman of Reichskulturkammer
  • 1935 US-Russian commerce treaty takes effect
  • 1936 112°F (44°C), Mio, Michigan (state record)
  • 1936 114°F (46°C), Wisconsin Dells, Wisc (state record)
  • 1938 Kroller-Muller museum opens in Holland
  • 1941 Eddie Mayo (LA-Pacific Coast League), spits in face of ump Ray Snyder
  • 1941 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
  • 1942 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by nazis
  • 1942 German occupiers imprison 800 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • 1942 SS shoots 1,500 Jews in Josefov Poland
  • 1943 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
  • 1944 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • 1949 Pope Pius XII excommunicates communist catholics
  • 1950 René Pleven forms French government
  • 1953 Battle of the Kumsong River begins - last major battle of the Korean war
  • 1954 Dean Stone gets credit for AL win, although he didn't retire a batter, he threw out Shoendienst trying to steal home, AL-11 NL-9
  • 1955 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London.
  • 1960 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1960 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 500 Indonesian parachutist land on New-Guinea
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 Early Wynn, wins his 300th & last game at 43
  • 1963 Indian government announces it will cut last remaining links with South Africa by refusing landing facilities to South African aircraft
  • 1966 Richard Speck murders 8 nurses in Chicago
  • 1967 Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
  • 1968 French government-Couve de Murville forms
  • 1969 Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon
  • 1969 North Ireland loyalist Ian Paisley addresses a crowd at Loughgall, County Antrim, and is reported to have said: "I am anti-Roman Catholic, but God being my judge, I love the poor dupes who are ground down under that system."
  • 1970 Building begins of Amsterdam metro
  • 1970 The annual 'Twelfth' parades passes off without serious incident in Northern Ireland
  • 1972 A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British Army soldiers
  • 1973 Bobby Murcer's 3 homers accounted for all RBIs, beating KC 5-0
  • 1973 Hector de Campora resigns as President of Argentina
  • 1974 India's 1st one-day international (v England, Headingley)
  • 1975 8.5" (21.6 cm) of rainfall, Dover, Delaware (state record)
  • 1976 Court martial begins in USSR for Valeri Sablin (Hunt for Red Oct)
  • 1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • 1978 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • 1978 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
  • 1978 Lee Iacocca fired as Ford Motor Pres by chairman Henry Ford II
  • 1978 Russian dissident Ginsburg/Piatkus/Sjtsjaranki sentence to work camp
  • 1978 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
  • 1980 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Train crash at Aalter Belgium, 5 killed
  • 1982 Iran launches first attack into Iraq
  • 1983 The Transvaal Attorney General announces that Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) and three associates will face terrorism charges, South Africa
  • 1984 Jeff Beck quits Rod Stewart's tour after 7 shows
  • 1984 The last sitting of an all-white Parliament in South Africa
  • 1985 "Live Aid" concerts held at both Wembley Stadium (London) and John F. Kennedy Stadium (Philadelphia) raises over $70 million for African famine relief
  • 1986 Zola Budd and Annette Cowley are banned from the Commonwealth Games, a direct consequence of Britain's refusal to support economic sanctions against the apartheid government of South Africa
  • 1988 Sting performs his 1st Rain Forest benefit concert
  • 1992 The Tripartite Alliance, consisting of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party and Congress of South African Trade Union, outlines a mass action plan for August
  • 1994 Jeff Gillooly sentenced to 2 years for attack on Nancy Kerrigan
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), launches
  • 1996 Cigar wins record 16th straight win, (ties Citation in 1940)
  • 1997 Indonesian ferry sinks, killing at least 77

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

100 BC Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader, born in Rome (d. 44 BC), (or July 12)

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 1396 Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy
  • 1527 John Dee, alchemist/astrologer/mathematician (d. 1609), born in London, England
  • 1579 Arthur Dee, English physician (d. 1651)
  • 1590 Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italy, Pope (1670-76)
  • 1607 Václav Hollar, Bohemian-born artist (d. 1677)
  • 1608 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary/Bohemia/German Emperor (1637-57)
  • 1745 Robert Calder, British naval officer (d. 1818)
  • 1770 Alexander Balashov, Russian general (d. 1837)
  • 1773 Wilhelm H Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art)
  • 1776 Caroline of Baden, queen of Bavaria (d. 1841)
  • 1793 John Clare, Northamptonshire peasant poet (Shepard's Calendar)
  • 1798 Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1815 James Alexander Seddon, Secy War (Confederacy), (d. 1880)
  • 1816 Gustav Freytag, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • 1826 Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
  • 1841 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • 1859 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1863 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • 1864 John Jacob Astor IV, American entrepreneur (d. 1912)
  • 1872 Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP
  • 1884 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
  • 1888 Fernando A N de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet (Mensagem)
  • 1889 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Isaak Babel, Rus short-story writer/dramatist (Red Calvary) [or 6/13]
  • 1896 Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1898 Martin David, German/Neth law historian
  • 1898 Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • 1900 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • 1901 Tillie Ehrlich Lewin, leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • 1903 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Walter Landor, designer
  • 1913 Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Hellerup Denmark, Danish shipping magnate, (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • 1921 Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (1972-3, 75-82), born in Copenhagen (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Hilary Grover Barratt Brown, conservationist
  • 1927 Karl I Pelgrom, Dutch sculptor
  • 1927 Simone Veil, Pres European parliament (France)
  • 1928 Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • 1932 Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1934 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
  • 1934 Wole Soyinka, Nigeria, dramatist (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986)
  • 1935 Jack F Kemp, (Rep-R-NY)/right-wing/US Secretary of Housing (1989-93)
  • 1940 Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul), born in Opelousas. Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1942 Rod Chandler, (Rep-R-WA, 1983- )
  • 1944 Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor (Rubik's cube), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1945 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • 1946 Michael Shea, US, sci-fi author (Fat Face, Polyphemus), (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • 1948 Robert Underwood, (Rep-D-Guam)
  • 1948 Ronald K Machtley, (Rep-R-Rhode Island)
  • 1950 George D "Pinky" Nelson, Iowa, PhD/astro (STS 41C, STS 61-C, STS-26)
  • 1950 Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)
  • 1951 Rob Bishop, American politician
  • 1953 Mila Mulroney, wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney
  • 1957 Cameron Crowe, director (Jerry Maguire, Fast Times at Ridgemont High)
  • 1957 Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • 1959 Danitra Vance, comedienne (SNL, Little Man Tate, Limit Up)
  • 1960 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1961 Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1967 Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
  • 1967 Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger
  • 1969 Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
  • 1974 Jean ..., Miss Suriname 1993

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1914 British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband


Deaths in History

  • 574 John III, Italian Pope (561-74), dies
  • 939 Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies
  • 1024 Henry II, the Monk, German King (1002-24), dies
  • 1105 Rashi, [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki], Jewish intellectual, dies
  • 1205 Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
  • 1309 Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1357 Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1380 Bertrand du Guesclin, French King of Granada, dies at about 60
  • 1399 Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
  • 1402 Jianwen Emperor of China (b. 1377)
  • 1551 John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1621 Albrecht/Albertus, archduke of Austria, dies at 61
  • 1626 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman (b. 1563)
  • 1628 Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
  • 1629 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, dies at 44
  • 1683 Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • 1693 Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
  • 1705 Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator (b. 1649)
  • 1755 Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh
  • 1760 Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans (b. 1696)
  • 1761 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)
  • 1762 James Bradley, 3rd English Astronomer Royal, dies at 69
  • 1777 Guillaume Coustou Jr, French sculptor (Apollo/Mars/Venus), dies at 61
  • 1785 Stephen Hopkins, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 78
  • 1789 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist (b. 1715)
  • 1793 Jean Paul Marat, French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
  • 1807 Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1860 John Ackersdijk, Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 1861 Robert Selden Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1863 John S Bowen, US architect/Confederate gen-major, dies at 32
  • 1877 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 1882 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
  • 1889 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1890 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer and presidential candidate (b. 1813)
  • 1896 Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz, German chemist (b. 1829)
  • 1922 Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1925 Gerben Postma [Ids], Fries writer (Lytse Fryske Spraekleare), dies
  • 1927 James E K Aggrey, Ghana/US theologist, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • 1936 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1943 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter, dies at 50

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • 1954 Irving Pichel, dies at 63
  • 1954 M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter/wife of Diego Rivera, dies at 47
  • 1955 Beulah Ecton Woodard, US sculptor, dies at 59
  • 1955 Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
  • 1960 Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
  • 1960 Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • 1967 Cornelis A Eman, chairman (State of Aruba Peoples Party), dies at 51
  • 1969 Madiba Thembekile, Nelson Mandela's son, dies in a car accident at 24
  • 1974 Patrick MS Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948), dies at 76
  • 1976 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
  • 1976 Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915)
  • 1979 Corine Griffith, dies at 84
  • 1980 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), dies of pancreatic cancer at 59
  • 1982 Edith Heerdegen, dies at 69
  • 1983 Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
  • 1987 Patience Collier, dies
  • 1988 Huub Bals, Dutch film promotor, dies at 51
  • 1988 Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104
  • 1989 Abdul Rahman Qassemlu, Iran Kurds leader, murdered
  • 1989 Arnaldo Ochoa Sanchez, Cubans general, executed
  • 1990 Lois Moran Young, dies of cancer at 81
  • 1991 Cor Ria Leeman, Flemish (youth)writer, dies
  • 1993 Davey Allisson, race car drive, dies in a plane crash at 32
  • 1993 Edwin "Rick" Bakker, author (Rick's Report/AIDS Diary), dies at 31
  • 1994 Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate, dies at 50
  • 1995 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (b. 1920)
  • 1996 Walter Hassan, engineer, dies at 91
  • 1997 Alexandra Danilova, ballet great, dies at 92
  • 1997 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
  • 2002 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2008 Bronisław Geremek, Polish social historian and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2014 Thomas Berger, American novelist, dies at 89
  • 2014 Nadine Gordimer, South African author & Nobel laureate, dies at 90
  • 2016 Bernardo Provenzano, Mafia Boss (Cosa Nostra), dies in a prison hospital at 83