On This Day in History for July 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II
  • 1420 Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1535 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1581 English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested
  • 1698 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
  • 1714 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
  • 1769 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
  • 1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
  • 1789 Bastille Day - the French Revolution begins with the fall of the Bastille Prison
  • 1791 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
  • 1798 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land & slaves
  • 1798 US Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous & malicious" writing against government
  • 1822 Slave revolt in South Carolina under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas
  • 1823 Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
  • 1832 Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
  • 1845 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
  • 1850 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
  • 1853 1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace
  • 1853 Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 US President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1853 New Zealand holds its first general election
  • 1861 Gen McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, VA with 40,000 troops
  • 1861 Naval Engagement at Wilmington NC - USS Daylight establishes blockade
  • 1863 Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • 1863 Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • 1864 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • 1865 Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
  • 1868 Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1877 General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • 1891 John T Smith patents corkboard
  • 1902 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • 1909 Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
  • 1911 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1916 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • 1916 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
  • 1918 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • 1921 Nicola Sacco & Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of killing their shoe company's paymaster
  • 1927 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
  • 1932 Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
  • 1933 Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
  • 1933 NSDAP (Nazis) becomes only political party in Germany
  • 1933 Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 & 9-44, at Leyton
  • 1934 116°F (47°C), Orogrande NM (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
  • 1934 NY Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
  • 1934 Ruth hits 700th career home run
  • 1936 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
  • 1936 116°F (47°C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 Benito Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifesto

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1940 Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
  • 1940 Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
  • 1941 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
  • 1941 Cease fire of Joan of Arc (ends combat in Lebanon & Syria)
  • 1941 Jam rationed in Holland
  • 1942 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • 1942 Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
  • 1944 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • 1944 US assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 1945 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock
  • 1946 Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland
  • 1948 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
  • 1950 RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
  • 1951 Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
  • 1951 George Washington Carver monument unveiled
  • 1952 SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
  • 1953 1st US National monument dedicated to a Negro-George Washington Carver
  • 1954 117°F (47°C), East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • 1954 118°F (48°C), Warsaw & Union, Missouri (state record)
  • 1955 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • 1957 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • 1958 General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq overthrowing the monarchy
  • 1958 Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th & last encyclical Meminisse juvat
  • 1959 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Mass
  • 1960 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • 1961 Astro's Eddie Matthews hits HR #500
  • 1961 Finland's Miettunen government forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate

  • 1962 Borehole for Mont Blanc tunnel finished
  • 1962 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Oriole Bob Johnson's 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
  • 1965 Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
  • 1965 Israeli/Jordanian border fights
  • 1965 US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
  • 1966 Richard Speck rapes & kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
  • 1967 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
  • 1968 Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes-out 18, beats Reds 6-1
  • 1969 "Futbol War" between El Salvador & Honduras begins
  • 1969 The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
  • 1969 A 67-year-old Catholic civilian dies after being attacked by RUC officers in Dungiven; many consider this the first death of 'the Troubles'
  • 1969 Francis McCloskey, a Catholic civilian, dies one day after being hit on the head with a baton by an officer of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) during street disturbances in Dungiven, County Derry
  • 1972 Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic National Committee
  • 1972 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • 1973 Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to Everly Brothers
  • 1974 Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by ump from 2 games in 1 day
  • 1974 Bundy victims Janice Ott & Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA
  • 1975 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1976 Jimmy Carter wins Democratic presidential nomination in NYC

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 1976 USSR banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • 1454 Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1486 Andrea del Sarto, Italy, painter (Recollets)
  • 1602 Jules Mazarin, France, cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
  • 1608 George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • 1676 Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet (d. 1816)
  • 1756 Thomas Rowlandson, English painter/cartoonist/etcher
  • 1762 Joseph Lakanal, Serres Ariège, French Politician and Educator
  • 1785 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (d. 1851)
  • 1794 John G Lockhart, [Scorpion], biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott)
  • 1801 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Ludwig A Benedek, Austrian general
  • 1816 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1818 Nathaniel Lyon, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Richard Henry Jackson, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831 William Dwight, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1888)
  • 1834 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, artist (Whistler's Mother)
  • 1857 Maytag, inventor (washing machine)
  • 1862 Florence Bascom, US, 1st American woman PhD
  • 1862 Gustav Klimt, Austria, Art Nouveau painter
  • 1865 Annie Jones, Virginia, bearded lady

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England (d. 1926)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • 1869 Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
  • 1874 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • 1874 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • 1885 King Sisavang Vong of Laos (d. 1959)
  • 1890 Ossip Zadkine, [Zadkin], Russ/French sculptor (Destroyed City)
  • 1893 John G Strijdom, premier of South-Africa (1954-58)
  • 1893 Clarence J. Brown, Newspaper publisher and politician (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1896 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Richard Clarkson, aerodynamicist
  • 1902 Truman J Hedding, US vice-admiral (WW II)
  • 1903 Irving Stone, US, author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
  • 1906 Tom Carvel, ice cream mogul (Carvels)
  • 1908 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 William Hanna, American animator (Hanna-Barbera-Tom and Jerry, Scooby Doo), born in Melrose, New Mexico (d. 2001)

Animator William Hanna
Animator
William Hanna
  • 1911 J de Graaf, Dutch ethicist/president (Church & Peace)
  • 1912 Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Fritz Erler, German politician (SDP)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Gerald Ford [Leslie King], 38th US President (R: 1974-77) and 41st US Vice President (R: 1973-74), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2006)

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1913 Nigel Thomas Loveridge Fisher, politician
  • 1914 Sidney George Gray, company secretary
  • 1916 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)
  • 1916 Phyllis Stedman, politician
  • 1918 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Geoffrey Wilkinson, chemist
  • 1921 Leon Garfield, English children's author (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Sixto Durán Ballén, Ecuadorian politician, President of Ecuador (1992-96), born in Boston, America (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard
  • 1923 Frances Lear, Larchmont NY, Woman's magazine publisher (Lears)
  • 1924 James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1928 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, artist/teacher
  • 1931 Donald Eugene Webb, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec (1970-76, 1985- ), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1934 Leo Joseph Koury, Pitts, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1936 Robert F Overmyer, Lorain Ohio, Col USMC/astronaut (STS 5, STS 51B)
  • 1937 Yoshiro Mori, Japanese politician
  • 1938 Jerry Rubin, activist (Chicago 7)/stockbroker
  • 1939 George E. Slusser, American scholar and writer
  • 1939 Ljubisa Beara, Bosnian general convicted of overseeing Srebrenica Massacre, born in Sarajevo (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Susan Howatch, English author
  • 1941 Tatyana Dmitryevna Kuznetsova, cosmonaut
  • 1941 Maulana Karenga, American author and activist
  • 1941 Andreas Khol, Austrian politician
  • 1942 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1946 Maureen O'Connor, Mayor (San Diego)
  • 1947 Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer
  • 1949 Lukas D Barnard, head of South Africa secret service (NIS)
  • 1950 Bruce Oldfield, British mode-designer
  • 1951 Esther Dyson, Zurich Switz, computer publisher (Release 1.0)
  • 1952 Joel Silver, producer (Warriors, Xanadu, Die Hard), born in South Orange, New Jersey
  • 1952 Franklin Graham, American evangelist
  • 1955 L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
  • 1959 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1960 Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • 1963 Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist
  • 1966 Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator
  • 1967 Patrick J. Kennedy, politician
  • 1973 Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player
  • 1977 Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden
  • 1979 Axel Teichmann, German cross-country skier

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1820 British PM Robert Peel (32) weds Sir John Floyd's daughter Julia at St George's, Hanover Square in London

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel

HeartWedding of Interest

1930 1st Filipino President Emilio Aguinaldo (61) weds second wife Maria Agoncillo (51) at Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1966 Sex symbol of the 1960s Brigitte Bardot (31) weds German millionaire playboy Gunter Sachs (33) in Las Vegas

Deaths in History

  • 664 Deusdedit of Canterbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 937 Arnulf, Duke of Bavaria
  • 1223 King Philip II of France (1180-1223) dies at 57
  • 1298 Jacob de Voragine, Italian bishop/writer (Golden Legend), dies
  • 1575 Richard Taverner, English Bible translator
  • 1614 Camillus de Lellis, Italian soldier/monastery founder/saint, dies at 64
  • 1671 Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (b. 1599)
  • 1711 Johan Willem Friso, Prince of Orange/(Nassau-Dietz), drowns at 23
  • 1723 Claude Fleury, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1742 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1744 Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of True Poetry), dies at 28
  • 1762 Cornelis Hop, Amsterdams regent/diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1766 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
  • 1770 David 't Kindt, Flemish architect (Mammelokker, Ghent), dies at 71
  • 1774 James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1779 George Ross, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 49
  • 1780 Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
  • 1789 Jacques de Flesselles, French provost (assassinated) (b. 1721)
  • 1789 Bernard-René de Launay, governor of the Bastille, murdered during the Storming of the Bastille (b.1740)
  • 1790 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (b. 1717)
  • 1793 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist, dies in battle at 44
  • 1812 Christian G Heyne, German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 1816 Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela freedom fighter, dies at 66
  • 1817 Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, Swiss author (b. 1766)
  • 1827 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • 1830 Anthony FRE Haersolte, member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • 1834 Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1850 August Neander, German theologian (b. 1789)
  • 1876 Thomas Hazlehurst, English Methodist chapel builder (b. 1816)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Billy the Kid, [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, dies of gunshot wounds at 21

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1902 Mark M Antokolski, Russian/French sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1904 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger, the face of Boer resistance against the British during the South African or Second Boer War (1899–1902), heart failure at 78
  • 1907 William Henry Perkin, English chemist and inventor (b. 1838)
  • 1939 Alphonse Mucha, Czech painter, decorative artist (b. 1860)
  • 1948 Palmiro Togliatti, Italy's CPI chairman, assassinated
  • 1950 Āpirana Ngata, a prominent Maori New Zealand politician and lawyer, dies at 76
  • 1954 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez, Spanish playwright, dies at 87
  • 1958 Abdoel Illah, crown prince of Iraq, murdered
  • 1958 Faisal II, King of Iraq (1939-58), assassinated at Baghdad
  • 1958 Franciscus J Feron, vicar-general of Roermond, dies at 62
  • 1958 Noeri el-Said, premier of Iraq, murdered
  • 1959 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, dies at 79
  • 1965 Adlai Stevenson, US amb to UN/presidential candidate (D, 1952, 56), dies
  • 1966 Julie Manet, French painter (b. 1878)
  • 1967 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (b. 1880)
  • 1968 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian sailor/author, dies at 76
  • 1968 Westbrook Van Voorhis, announcer (March of Time), dies at 64
  • 1968 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (b. 1892)
  • 1974 Henri Smajda, Tunis/French publisher (Combat), commits suicide at 77
  • 1974 Carl Spaatz, American World War II general and 1st Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, dies at 83
  • 1984 Ernest Tidyman, American writer (b. 1928)
  • 1986 Raymond Loewy, US industrial designer, dies at 92
  • 1989 Frank Bell, British educator (b. 1916)
  • 1990 Philip Leacock, dies of collapsed lungs at 73
  • 1991 Nic van Bridges, Flemish poet, dies
  • 1994 Robert Jungk, German/French/Us/Austrian philosopher/historian, dies
  • 1995 Michael Naylor, English insurance broker (Endsleigh Insurance), dies at 59
  • 1996 Frederick Angus Armstrong, journalist, dies at 82
  • 1996 Kenneth Tompkins Bainbridge, physicist, dies at 91
  • 1996 Kim Besly, activist, dies at 69
  • 1998 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (b. 1909)
  • 2000 William Roscoe Estep, American Baptist historian (b. 1920)
  • 2000 René Ríos Boettiger, Chilean cartoonist (b. 1911)
  • 2002 Joaquín Balaguer, President of the Dominican Republic (b. 1906)
  • 2003 Éva Janikovszky, Hungarian novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2003 François-Albert Angers, French Canadian economist (b. 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 Cicely Saunders, English Nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, dies of cancer at 87

Nurse and Social Worker Cicely Saunders
Nurse and Social Worker
Cicely Saunders
  • 2010 Mădălina Manole, Romanian pop recording artist (b. 1967)
  • 2012 Sixten Jernberg, Swedish skier, dies at 83