On This Day in History for July 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 142

  • 1099 City of Jerusalem is captured and plundered by Christian forces during the First Crusade
  • 1205 Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitudea and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus
  • 1207 King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1240 A Novgorodian army led by Alexander Nevsky defeats the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1307 Duke Henrik of Corinthia chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1381 John Ball, a leader in the Peasants' Revolt, is hung, drawn and quartered in the presence of Richard II of England.
  • 1410 Battle of Grunwald (Second Battle of Tannenburg), one of Medieval Europe's largest battles during Poland-Lithuanian Teutonic War. Polish King Władysław Jagiełło and Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas defeat Teutonic Ulrich von Jungingen
  • 1500 Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
  • 1500 Baglione family massacre at the "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione & Lavinia Colonna in Perugia
  • 1501 Explorer Pedro Cabral back in Lisbon
  • 1524 Emperor Karel I bans German national synode
  • 1538 Peace talks between Karel & King Francois I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1662 King Charles II charters Royal Society in London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1741 Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska. He sends men ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
  • 1755 French ambassador recalled from London
  • 1779 American troops under Gen A Wayne conquer Ft Stony Point, NY
  • 1783 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
  • 1787 Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
  • 1789 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, is named by acclamation colonel-general of the new National Guard of Paris.
  • 1795 "Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 The Rosetta Stone is found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon's Egyptian Campaign

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1806 Zebulon Pike begins his journey to explore the American Southwest
  • 1808 French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
  • 1815 Napoleon surrenders to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon at Rochefort after his earlier defeat at the Battle of Waterloo
  • 1823 A fire destroys the ancient Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls in Rome.
  • 1830 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk & Fox, sign fourth Treaty of Prairie du Chien giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa & Missouri
  • 1840 Great Britain, Russia, Austria & Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1850 John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North v South at Lord's
  • 1856 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1862 CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • 1863 Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • 1864 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 & injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • 1867 San Francisco Merchants' Exchange opens
  • 1869 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
  • 1870 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1870 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
  • 1870 Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • 1888 Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1900 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 1901 NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • 1902 Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex v Surrey
  • 1904 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • 1906 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
  • 1911 46" of rain (beginning 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
  • 1912 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • 1914 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • 1915 The head of German propaganda in the US, Dr Heinrich Albert, loses his briefcase on a subway in New York City; an examination of its content reveals an extensive network of German espionage and subversion across the US
  • 1915 The Austro-German forces launch an offensive along the Eastern Front
  • 1916 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • 1916 Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash

  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins
  • 1920 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • 1922 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in US, at NY zoo
  • 1923 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • 1926 VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
  • 1927 Massacre in Vienna: 89 protesters are killed by the Austrian police
  • 1929 1st airport hotel opens-Oakland, Ca

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 US President Herbert Hoover cuts own salary 15%

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world
  • 1934 Continental Airlines commences operations.
  • 1936 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • 1937 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • 1937 Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
  • 1939 Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • 1940 1st betatron placed in operation, Urbana, Il
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
  • 1940 Physicist Donald Kerst becomes the first person to accelerate electrons using electromagnetic induction, reaching energies of 2.3 MeV, when his betatron device (for particle acceleration) becomes operational

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Howard Florey and Norman Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures (Penicillin)

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Britain's MAUDE Report edited by James Chadwick approved, concludes an atomic bomb is feasible

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick
  • 1942 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • 1942 Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
  • 1944 Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb
  • 1946 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • 1948 Israel bombs Cairo during Arab-Israeli War
  • 1948 Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
  • 1948 US President Harry Truman nominated for another term (Philadelphia)
  • 1952 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins
  • 1953 ANC members, Walter Sisulu and Duma Nokwe leave South Africa and go overseas under false names
  • 1954 110°F (43°C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
  • 1954 1st commercial jet transport plane built in US tested (Boeing 707)
  • 1955 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • 1956 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • 1957 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 President Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • 1960 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • 1961 Spain accepts equal rights for men & women
  • 1962 Algeria becomes member of Arab League
  • 1962 Netherlands & Indonesia reach agreement over New Guinea
  • 1963 Paul McCartney is fined £17 for speeding
  • 1964 Barry M Goldwater (Sen-R-Az) nominated for president by Republicans
  • 1965 "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars
  • 1965 Athanassiades Novas succeeds Papandreo as premier of Greece
  • 1967 LA Wolves beat Wash Whips 6-5 in OT to be United Soccer Ass champs
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Commercial air travel begins between US & USSR
  • 1968 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1968 NJ Americans moved to Comack & become NY Nets (ABA)

Birthdays in History

  • 1273 Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and religious leader (d. 1352)
  • 1353 Vladimir the Bold, Russian prince (d. 1410)
  • 1471 Eskender, Emperor of Ethiopia (d. 1494)
  • 1553 Archduke Ernest of Austria (d. 1595)
  • 1573 Inigo Jones, architect (Old St Paul's Cathedral, Coven Garden), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1606 Rembrandt van Rijn, Dutch painter (Night Watch), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1669)

  • 1631 Jens Juel, Danish diplomat (d. 1700)
  • 1701 Pierre Joubert, became oldest known Canadian (113 y 124 d at death)
  • 1704 August Gottlieb Spangenberg, founder of Moravian Church in North America
  • 1737 Princess Louise-Marie of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1787)
  • 1779 Clement Clarke Moore, US professor and author ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), born in NYC, New York (d. 1863)
  • 1796 Thomas Bulfinch, mythologist (Bulfinch's Mythology)
  • 1798 Charles H Bell, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1875)
  • 1808 Henry Cole, promotor (Great Exhibition of 1851)
  • 1808 Henry Edward Manning, cardinal/archbishop (Westminster)
  • 1812 Benno Adam, animal painter
  • 1812 James Hope-Scott, English barrister (d. 1873)
  • 1817 John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1837 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • 1848 Vilfredo F D Pareto, Italian economist/sociologist
  • 1850 Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
  • 1851 Eduardo Gutiérrez, Argentinian author (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858 Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), born in Moss Side, Manchester (d. 1928)

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst
  • 1865 Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe
  • 1865 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Maggie Mitchell Walker, 1st woman bank director/philanthropist
  • 1871 Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
  • 1875 Jean van den Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter
  • 1878 Willem Paerels, Neth/Belgian painter/graphic artist
  • 1892 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • 1894 Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer and inventor (d. 1989)
  • 1899 Seán Lemass, Irish leader (d. 1971)
  • 1901 Pyke F C Koch, Dutch surrealistic painter (Dolores' Breakfast)
  • 1902 Jean Rey, Belgian President of European Commission (1967-70)
  • 1903 Kumaraswami Kamaraj, Indian politician (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Rudolf Arnheim, German-born author (d. 2007)
  • 1906 Edmund Davies, British lord of appeal
  • 1907 Paterson Fraser, British air marshal
  • 1909 Enid Kathleen Hutchinson, adult educationalist
  • 1911 Juliet Pannett, English portrait painter
  • 1911 Lord Shackelton, explorer/government minister
  • 1911 Edward Shackleton, English explorer (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Ralph Hammond Innes, English author
  • 1913 Abraham Sutzkever, Yiddish language poet and memoirist.
  • 1914 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Alexander Durie, vice president (British AA)
  • 1915 Ron Smith, union leader (British Postal Workers)
  • 1916 George Maduro, Dutch Antillian resistance fighter (Willemsorde/Madurodam), born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1945)
  • 1917 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Iris Murdoch, novelist (Severed Head, Unicorn), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1920 Eldon Rudd, (Rep-R-AZ, 1977- )
  • 1920 Ruthven Wade, British Air Chief marshal
  • 1922 Jef Houthuys, chairman Belgian labor union (ACV 1968-87)
  • 1922 Jeffrey Benson, CEO (600 group)
  • 1922 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia, journalist/dissident
  • 1924 David Cox, warden (Nuffield College, Oxford)
  • 1924 Jeremiah A Denton, (Sen-R-AL, 1981-86)
  • 1926 John Graham, British ambassador to NATO
  • 1926 Driss Chraïbi, Moroccan author
  • 1926 Leopoldo Galtieri, Argentine dictator (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Carl Woese, American microbiologist
  • 1929 Larry Lamb, newspaper editor
  • 1930 Charles Kelly, chief constable (Staffordshire England)
  • 1930 Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (d. 2004)
  • 1930 Stephen Smale, American mathematician
  • 1931 Clive Cussler, Aurora Illinois, American writer (Raise The Titanic, Sahara)
  • 1931 Eugene Louw, South African minister of Internal affairs
  • 1933 James Ball, British economist
  • 1934 Simon Gournlay, president (British National Farmer's Union)
  • 1936 George V. Voinovich, US politician (R), Senator and Governor of Ohio, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • 1938 Carmen Callil, publisher
  • 1939 Ronald Hadfield, chief constable (West Midlands England)
  • 1942 Henry McCubbin, MEP (Labour)
  • 1942 Philip R Sharp, (Rep-D-Indiana, 1975- )
  • 1943 Diligenti quintuplets, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1943 Jocelyn Burnell, astronomer
  • 1945 Jürgen Möllemann, German politician (d. 2003)
  • 1946 Hassabal Bolkiah Mu'izzadin Waddaulah, sultan of Brunei
  • 1949 WiIlliam Faure, producer
  • 1949 Carl Bildt, Swedish politician
  • 1950 Colin Barnett, Australian politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Arianna Huffington, Greek-American author, syndicated columnist and creator of The Huffington Post, born in Athens, Greece

Author and creator of The Huffington Post Arianna Huffington
Author and creator of The Huffington Post
Arianna Huffington
  • 1952 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • 1952 Jill Long, (Rep-D-Indiana)
  • 1952 Judy McGrath, American television executive
  • 1953 Jean-Bertrand Aristide, president of Haiti (1991, 1994- )
  • 1953 John Denham, Seaton, Devon, England, MP (Labour)
  • 1954 Boris Polak, Israel, Men's 50M Free Rifle 3 Positions (Oly-20-1996)
  • 1957 Kate Kellaway, English literary critic
  • 1958 Mac Thornberry, American politician
  • 1960 Alexander W Dunlap, astronaut, born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • 1961 Scott Ritter, UN weapons inspector in Iraq
  • 1965 David Miliband, British politician
  • 1969 Christina Novak, Miss Arizona USA (1996)

Weddings in History

  • 1500 "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione & Lavinia Colonna in Perugia family Baglione massacre
  • 1952 Gerald D. Lascelles (under English princess Mary) weds Angela Dowding
  • 2011 Former Rhode Island Congressman Patrick Kennedy (44) weds Amy Petitgout in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1996 Prince Charles and Princess Diana sign divorce papers

His Royal Highness Prince Charles
His Royal Highness
Prince Charles
Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer

Deaths in History

  • 668 Constantius II, emperor of Byzantium, dies at 37
  • 1085 Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia & Calabria, dies at 70
  • 1262 Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1222)
  • 1274 John F Bonaventura, Ital/French theologist/dominican/saint, dies
  • 1291 Rudolf I, King of Germany & Holy Roman Empire, dies
  • 1381 John Ball, English priest/ideologist of Boer uprising, hanged
  • 1406 Duke William of Austria (b. c.1370)
  • 1410 Ulrich von Jungingen, German Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, killed at the Battle of Grunwald (b. 1360)
  • 1411 Johannes Parvus, [Jean Petit], French theologist, dies
  • 1416 John, Duke of Berry, captain of Paris, dies
  • 1417 Willem J Eggert, financier (W E Center, Purmerend), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1521 Juan Ponce de León, Spanish explorer and conquistador who searched for the fountain of youth and the first European to discover Florida, dies at 61

Explorer and  Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1571 Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
  • 1609 Annibale Carracci, painter, dies
  • 1614 Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, French historian and biographer (b. c.1540)
  • 1655 Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1570)
  • 1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles 2, executed
  • 1738 Alexander Voznitsyn, Rus Naval officer converted to Judaism, executed
  • 1738 Baruch Leibov, converted Russian Naval officer to Judaism, executed
  • 1750 Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1751 John Wilson, botanist, dies
  • 1765 Charles-André van Loo, French painter (b. 1705)
  • 1767 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (b. 1746)
  • 1784 Johan B Straub, South German sculptor, dies
  • 1828 Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (b. 1741)
  • 1839 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, dies at 36
  • 1844 Claude Charles Fauriel, French historian (b. 1772)
  • 1856 Margaretha J de Neufville, author (The Kidnap), dies at 81
  • 1862 David Emanuel Twiggs, US Confederate gen-mjr (Monterrey), dies at 72
  • 1865 Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink, Dutch historian, dies at 55
  • 1868 William Thomas Morton, dentist (1st to use ether), dies
  • 1869 A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK
  • 1881 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • 1883 Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
  • 1885 Rosalia de Castro, Spanish writer and poet in the Galician language ('Séculos Escuros') (b. 1837)
  • 1898 Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1825)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Anton Chekhov, Russian writer (Uncle Vanya), dies at 44

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • 1906 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), dies at 67
  • 1916 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), dies of heart failure at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Hermann Emil Fischer, German chemist, dicovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), commits suicide at 66

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Hermann Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Hermann Emil Fischer
  • 1929 Hugo Von Hofmannsthal, playwright/poet, dies
  • 1931 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian economist (b. 1868)
  • 1933 Irving Babbitt, American writer (Democracy & Leadership), dies at 67
  • 1934 Jules Renkin, Belgian PM (1931-32), dies
  • 1935 Pieter WA Cort van de Linden, Dutch premier (1913-18), dies at 89
  • 1937 Walter Gay, artist, dies
  • 1939 Johon Mellanby, physiologist, dies
  • 1939 Percy Scott Worthington, architect, dies
  • 1940 Donald Calthrop, dies at 52
  • 1940 Robert Wadlow, world's tallest man (8'11.1"), dies at 32
  • 1947 Henry Kolker, German-American actor and director (Holiday, Baby Face, Mad Love), dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 John J. Pershing [Blackjack], American general and WWI commander, dies of coronary artery disease at 87

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • 1953 Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios (b.1882)
  • 1957 Marie C of Zeggelen, author (Dessajongen), dies at 87
  • 1957 James M. Cox, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1957 Vasily Maklakov, Russian orator and liberal politician (b. 1869)
  • 1958 Nuries-Said, Iraqi soldier/statesman, assassinated, dies
  • 1959 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (The Dream), dies
  • 1959 Vance Palmer, Australian author, dies at 73
  • 1960 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
  • 1961 John E. Brownlee, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
  • 1965 Francis Cherry, American politician (b. 1908)
  • 1968 Lura Anson, dies in Woodland at 76
  • 1969 Peter Van Eyck, dies after long illness at 56
  • 1971 Guy Wilkerson, dies of cancer at 71
  • 1974 Christine Chubbuck, television news reporter (b.1944)
  • 1976 Paul William Gallico, writer, dies at 78
  • 1977 Konstantin Fedin, writer, dies
  • 1979 Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, President of Mexico (b. 1911)
  • 1982 Wendy Caulfield, 1st Green River victim, found near Seattle
  • 1988 Eleanor Estes, author (Ginger Pye, Moffats), dies at 82
  • 1992 Chingiz Mustafayev, Azerbaijan's most noted journalist (b. 1960)
  • 1992 Hammer DeRoburt, first President of Nauru (b. 1922)
  • 1993 Bobby Kent, alleged Florida bully murdered by his friends (b. 1973)
  • 1994 Jeanne Bieruma Oosting, Dutch painter/illustrator, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Gianni Versace, Italian fashion designer (Versace), shot and murdered by Andrew Cunanan at 50

Fashion Designer Gianni Versace
Fashion Designer
Gianni Versace
  • 2003 Roberto Bolaño, Chilean writer (b. 1953)
  • 2006 Robert H. Brooks, founder of Hooters of America (b. 1937)
  • 2010 James E. Akins, American diplomat and advisor to Richard Nixon (b. 1926)
  • 2015 Wan Li, Chinese reform politician, dies at 98