On This Day in History for July 16

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 131

  • 463 Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius
  • 622 Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra)
  • 1054 Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
  • 1054 Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during liturgy. Often dated start of the East-West Schism.
  • 1099 Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue & set it afire
  • 1212 Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Muslim power in Spain
  • 1251 The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stock a Brown Scapular (legend)
  • 1338 The six Electors of the Holy Roman Empire signed the Agreement of Rhense confirming Emperor Louis IV.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1429 Joan of Arc and the French army enter the city of Rheims

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1439 Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)
  • 1465 Battle at Montlhéry between Louis XI and the League of the Public Weal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Public debate between Martin Luther & theologist John Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, Luther denies the divine right of the Pope

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1548 La Paz, Bolivia, is founded
  • 1573 Alva demands submission of Zealand/Holland
  • 1618 Capt John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
  • 1661 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm
  • 1683 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1755 John Adams graduates Harvard

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1769 Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego the 1st mission in California

Missionary Junípero Serra
Missionary
Junípero Serra
  • 1790 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • 1798 US Public Health Service forms & US Marine Hospital authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1801 Pope Pius VII & 1st consul Napoleon sign concord

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1809 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo
  • 1819 Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen sets sail to explore Antarctica for Tsar Alexander I
  • 1856 Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 1857 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • 1861 Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • 1861 Manassas Campaign [->JUL 22]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1863 Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • 1867 Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
  • 1867 D R Averill patents ready-mixed paint
  • 1867 Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
  • 1880 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • 1894 Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
  • 1894 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1897 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1900 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • 1900 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • 1901 The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • 1904 Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
  • 1909 Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
  • 1912 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • 1914 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family

  • 1920 China joins the League of Nations
  • 1920 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • 1920 Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Encouraged by the British, King Constantine of Greece launches a drive to take Asia Minor from nationalists under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1924 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 1925 The first parliament in Iraq opened by King Feisal in Baghdad
  • 1926 Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
  • 1926 National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
  • 1927 Augusto Sandino begins 5½ year war against US occupation of Nicaragua
  • 1935 1st automatic parking meter in US installed (Oklahoma City, Ok)
  • 1936 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, NY
  • 1940 NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee
  • 1941 100°F (38°C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash
  • 1942 French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • 1942 Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
  • 1945 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
  • 1945 Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb
  • 1946 Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in SF history)
  • 1946 US court martial sentences 46 members of the SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
  • 1947 Bobo Newsom wins 200th game, 1st as a Yankee & Yanks 18th straight In nightcap Vic Rashi extends streak to 19
  • 1950 Single day 16 team HR record set at 37 (NL-25, AL-12)
  • 1951 King Leopold III of Belgium abdicates
  • 1951 Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Surrey at The Oval
  • 1956 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • 1956 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • 1956 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 US Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1960 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • 1963 Amazon river carries 190,000 m3/sec of water (record)
  • 1964 Republican convention selects Barry Goldwater as presidential candidate
  • 1965 Mont Blanc Road tunnel between France & Italy opens
  • 1966 Number of banned persons in South Africa totals 936; the individuals are banned under various laws, most prominently the Suppression of Communism and Riotous Assembly Acts
  • 1966 Nigeria becomes the first Anglophone independent state in Africa to become an associate member of European Economic Community
  • 1967 Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)

1stApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 launched, carrying 1st men to land on Moon

  • 1970 Iraq's constitution goes into effect
  • 1970 Reds spoil Pirates debut in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, 3-2
  • 1970 9th British Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Franco appoints prince Juan Carlos as deputy in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1971 The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) withdraw from Stormont (North Ireland Parliament) after no inquiry is announced into the shooting dead of Seamus Cusack and Desmond Beattie
  • 1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes 269th patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1972 Smokey Robinson & Miracles final live performance
  • 1973 During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes
  • 1975 Commissioner Bowie Kuhn is reelected for a 7-year term
  • 1976 Rock duo Loggins & Messina break-up after 6 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Premier/pres al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 1980 Polish railway workers block railway to Russia
  • 1981 India performs nuclear Test
  • 1981 Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously
  • 1982 George P. Shultz sworn in as US Secretary of State
  • 1982 NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth
  • 1982 Sun Myung Moon sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud
  • 1982 CDC report on AIDS symptoms in three hemophiliacs
  • 1983 20 killed in Britain's worst helicopter accident

Birthdays in History

  • 1194 Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
  • 1571 Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, baptized
  • 1611 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
  • 1704 John Kay, England, machinist, invented flying shuttle
  • 1714 Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer (d. 1800)
  • 1715 Charles, Prince de Rohan-Soubise, marshal of France
  • 1722 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), born in London (d. 1803)
  • 1723 Joshua Reynolds, England, portrait painter (Simplicity)
  • 1746 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian monk/discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • 1796 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1823 James Isham Gilbert, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829 Robert Brown Potter, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Peter Leyten, bishop of Breda (1885-1914)
  • 1839 Philipus J Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist
  • 1860 Jens Otto Harry Jespersen, linguist/philologist
  • 1862 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett [Iola], US civil rights activist (d. 1931)
  • 1865 George A Birmingham, [Rev James Owen Hannay], novelist
  • 1870 Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1928)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1877 Béla Schick, Hungarian/US children artist (Serum Krankheit)
  • 1884 Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 Frits Zernike, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953)
  • 1896 Mauritius R J Dekker [Boris Robazki], Dutch writer (Merkteken)
  • 1896 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), born in Oslo (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY)
  • 1902 Alexander Luria, Russian psychologist (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Leo Joseph Suenens, Cardinal (Belgium)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907 Orville Redenbacher, American popcorn magnate (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet Popcorn), born in Brazil, Indiana (d. 1995)

Businessman Orville Redenbacher
Businessman
Orville Redenbacher
  • 1908 Aruna Asaf Ali, politician
  • 1908 Maurice Adams, surgeon/British rear admiral
  • 1909 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, moral theologian
  • 1913 Hugh Ford, FRS mechanic engineer
  • 1915 Barnard Hughes, Bedford Hills NY, (Tron, Where's Poppa, Best Friends)
  • 1915 Baroness Llewelyn-Davies of Hastoe, deputy speaker (House of Lords)
  • 1915 Edward Miller, Master (Fitzwilliam College Cambridge)
  • 1916 Harold Locke, archdeacon of Loughborough
  • 1918 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Charles Graham, lord-lt of Cumbria UK
  • 1919 Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (d. 1999)
  • 1921 Bernard Rogers, supreme Allied commander Europe
  • 1921 Trevor Williams, scientific consultant
  • 1923 Reginald Prentice, British government minister
  • 1923 Chris Argyris, American educator
  • 1926 Brian Howard, deputy chairman (Marks & Spencer)
  • 1926 Philip Randle, biochemist
  • 1926 Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate (Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1927 John Freeland, Legal advisor UK foreign office
  • 1927 Shirley Hughes, author/illustrator
  • 1928 James Kilfedder, MP (Ulster Popular Unionist)
  • 1928 Ray Thornton, (Rep-D-Arkansas)
  • 1928 Robert Sheckley, US, sci-fi author (10th Victim, Mindswap)
  • 1928 Anita Brookner, English novelist (Hotel du Lac) and art historian, born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Michael Morland, High court judge
  • 1930 Michael Bilirakis, (Rep-R-Florida, 1983- )
  • 1931 Caroline Blackwood, writer
  • 1932 [Dick] Richard L Thornburgh, Penn, US Attorney General (1988-93)
  • 1934 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Richard Bryan, (Sen-D Nevada)
  • 1938 Tony Jackson, English bass player (The Searchers) (d. 2003)
  • 1939 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer
  • 1939 Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
  • 1941 George Young, MP/British minister of housing & planning
  • 1941 Hans Wiegel, Dutch commissioner of the queen (Frisia)
  • 1941 Jan G H Krajenbrink, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA)
  • 1942 Frank Field, MP (Labour)
  • 1943 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • 1943 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Diana Warwick, leader (Association of University Teachers)
  • 1945 Jos Stelling, director (Pointsman)
  • 1946 Barbara Lee, American politician
  • 1947 Roelof P Meyer, South African under minister of Law & Order etc
  • 1947 Alexis Herman, 23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1947 Assata Shakur, American activist
  • 1949 Cyndy Garvey, wife of Steve Garvey, talk show host (AM LA), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1950 Valery Yevgenyevich Maksimenko, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1950 Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Dennis Priestley, English darts player
  • 1951 Esther M Friesner[-Stutzman], US, sci-fi author (Witchwood Cradle)
  • 1951 Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist
  • 1952 Robert David Steele, American spy
  • 1953 Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
  • 1954 Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
  • 1956 Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • 1957 Alan Donnelly, MP (Labour)
  • 1957 Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer
  • 1958 Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist
  • 1958 Mike D. Rogers, American politician
  • 1959 Doug Herzog, American television executive
  • 1967 Christopher Rocancourt, French con artist
  • 1968 Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1973 Tim Ryan, American politician
  • 1977 Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 2006)

Weddings in History

  • 1659 Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II

HeartWedding of Interest

1857 Confederate general Thomas Jackson (33) weds Mary Anna Morrison in Lincoln County

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson

HeartWedding of Interest

1892 Impressionist Painter Claude Monet (51) weds longtime companion Alice Hoschedé

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • 1994 Anna Nicole Smith (26) weds ½ billionaire J Howard Marshall II (89)

HeartWedding of Interest

2000 Garfield cartoonist Jim Davis (54) weds Jill Davis

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • 2016 Survivor winner and cancer survivor Ethan Zohn (42) weds interior designer Lisa Heywood in North Bennington, Vermont

Deaths in History

  • 276 Mark Annius Florianus, emperor of Rome (276), murdered
  • 599 Monulphus, bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht (St Servaaskerk), dies
  • 1139 Walram II, duke of Limburg/Neth-Lutherans, dies
  • 1216 Innocent III [Lotario de' Conti di Segni], Italian Pope (1198-1216), dies at 54 or 55
  • 1324 Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (b. 1267)
  • 1342 King Charles I of Hungary
  • 1482 John van Schaffelaar, Gelders knight, dies
  • 1546 Anne Askew, English Protestant (burned at the stake) (b. 1521)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1557 Anne of Cleves, queen of England/4th wife of Henry VIII, dies at 41

Queen of England Anne of Cleves
Queen of England
Anne of Cleves
  • 1590 Bartholomaeus a Martyribus, [Fernandez], pontiff of Portugal, dies
  • 1594 Thomas Kyd, English dramatist (The Spanish Tragedy), dies at 35
  • 1647 Masaniello, [Tommaso Aniello] Neapolitan rebel (b. 1622)
  • 1664 Andreas Gryphius, German lyric poet and dramatist, dies at 47
  • 1686 John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
  • 1691 Francois-Michel Le Tellier, marquis de Louvois, statesman, dies
  • 1730 Elijiah Fenton, poet, dies
  • 1736 Thomas Yalden, poet/fable writer, dies
  • 1747 Giuseppe Maria Crespi, painter/etcher, dies
  • 1764 Ivan VI, Emperor of Russia (1740-41), murdered at 23
  • 1770 Francis Cotes, English painter (b. 1726)
  • 1782 Louise Ulrike, queen of Sweden/wife of Adolf Frederik, dies at 61
  • 1796 George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
  • 1827 Josiah Spode, potter, dies
  • 1831 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (b. 1763)
  • 1843 Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck, politician, dies at 68
  • 1857 Pierre-Jean de Baranger, poet, dies
  • 1864 Victor JB Girardey, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 27
  • 1871 Tad Lincoln, son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln
  • 1879 Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (b. 1800)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), dies at 63

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1886 Ned Buntline, [Edward Zane Carroll Judson], author, dies
  • 1887 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle at Woeringen), dies at 73
  • 1889 Michele Amari, Italian historian/minister of Education, dies at 83
  • 1890 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss novelist and poet, dies at 70
  • 1896 Edmond-Louis-Antoine Huot de Goncourt, novelist, dies at 74
  • 1896 William Hamilton Gibson, illustrator/author/novelist, dies
  • 1897 Levin Goldschmidt, German business law expert, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1915 ellen white, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, dies at 87

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1916 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, dies while serving in Iraq in WWI at 59
  • 1923 Louis M A Couperus, poet/writer (Books of Small Soles), dies at 60
  • 1939 Beatrice Erskine Lane Suzuki, Zen student, dies
  • 1944 John Post, Dutch farmer/resistance fighter (passage fight), executed
  • 1947 Horatio Mbelle, South African interpreter, community leader and politician, dies in Pretoria at 77
  • 1949 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian poet (b. 1866)
  • 1953 Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc, author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
  • 1955 Jean de Merode, [Marie-Louise Courtenay], Belgian princess, dies at 81
  • 1960 Albrecht von Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Italy), dies at 74
  • 1960 John Phillips Marquand, novelist, dies at 66
  • 1962 Jan M Romein, historian (Breaking of Two Ages), dies
  • 1971 H T Tsiang, dies at 65
  • 1973 Trijntje "Nine" van de Schaaf, author (Fries dorpsleven), dies at 91
  • 1976 Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat assassinated in 1976 by the Chilean DINA
  • 1979 James F Mcintyre, archbishop of Los Angeles, dies at 93
  • 1982 Leendert Braat, sculptor/writer (White World), dies
  • 1982 Charles Robberts, The first State President of South Africa, dies at 88
  • 1985 Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1990 Robert Blackburn, Irish educationist (b. 1927)
  • 1991 Cornelis Z Forster, [Da Kuneisi], Suriname granman/gaanman, dies
  • 1991 Frank Rizzo, (Mayor-D-Philadelphia, 1972-80), dies of a heart attack at 70
  • 1991 Robert Motherwell, US painter (Elegies to Spanish Rep), dies at 76
  • 1994 M Vink, surgeon (1st Dutch kidney transplant), dies at 78
  • 1995 Eleanore M "May" Sarton, Belg/US writer (Land of Silence), dies at 83
  • 1995 Max Factor Jr, makeup inventor, dies
  • 1995 Mordechai Gur, Israeli general, commits suicide at 65
  • 1995 Peter Francis de Sautoy, publisher, dies at 83
  • 1995 Stephen Spender, English poet and critic (Vienna, Edge of Darkness), dies at 86
  • 1996 Adolf von Thadden, German politician, (b. 1921)
  • 1998 John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 1999 Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, wife of John F. Kennedy, Jr. (b. 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1999 John F. Kennedy Jr., American publisher (George) and lawyer, dies in a plane crash at 38

Publisher and Lawyer John F. Kennedy Jr.
Publisher and Lawyer
John F. Kennedy Jr.
  • 2001 Maurice De Bevere, Belgian cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2002 John Cocke, American computer scientist (b. 1925)
  • 2003 Carol Shields, Canadian author (b. 1935)
  • 2004 George Busbee, Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Prince Gu of Korea (b. 1931)
  • 2006 Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas (b. 1948)