On This Day in History for July 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 132

  • 390 BC Roman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

64 Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
Nero
  • 1290 King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews
  • 1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
  • 1536 Pope's authority declared void in England
  • 1572 Willem of Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
  • 1630 Spanish troops occupy Mantua
  • 1656 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Karel X Gustaaf beats Johan II Kasimir and occupies Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1696 Tsar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1716 Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
  • 1737 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 1743 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (NY Weekly Journal)
  • 1753 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham Mass
  • 1766 Society of the Dutch Literary forms
  • 1768 Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song", America's 1st patriotic song
  • 1814 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
  • 1853 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
  • 1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • 1861 Battle of Blackburn's Ford, VA US57 CS68 - Manassas -
  • 1862 Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • 1863 Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • 1864 President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service
  • 1870 Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • 1872 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.
  • 1882 Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
  • 1897 Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 French troops occupy Casablanca
  • 1913 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • 1914 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1915 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins & ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • 1918 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • 1921 Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
  • 1923 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • 1924 KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (original title was the catchy "Four and a Half Years (of Struggle) Against Lies, Stupidity and Cowardice")

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1926 The South Africa author and journalist, Herman Charles Bosman, shoots and kills his stepbrother David Russell during a quarrel
  • 1931 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • 1932 Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign Ouchy Convention, a customs treaty
  • 1932 US & Canada sign a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
  • 1935 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Spanish Civil War : General Francisco Franco issues manifesto and leds uprising with army in Morocco

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano is sentenced to 30 to 50 years in state prison

  • 1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Calif

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1940 Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
  • 1942 Test flight of German Messerschmitt Me-262 using only its jet engines for the first time.
  • 1943 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • 1944 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944 Allies air raid railways at Vaires, Paris
  • 1944 Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
  • 1944 RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne & Berlin
  • 1944 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944 Polish troops under Gen Anders occupy Ancona Italy
  • 1944 US troop march into St Lo
  • 1947 British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 King George VI signs Indian Independence Act

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1947 US President Harry Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
  • 1947 Tigers shut out Yanks 2-0, end 19 game win streak
  • 1947 US begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
  • 1951 Uruguay accepts its constitution
  • 1955 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • 1955 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • 1956 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • 1958 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1960 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • 1960 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • 1961 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • 1962 Minn is 1st AL team to hit 2 grand slams in an inning as Bob Allison
  • 1963 Failed military coup in Syria
  • 1963 The United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid releases its second interim report pressing for international sanctions against South Africa, particularly the supply of arms, ammunition and petroleum
  • 1964 Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bkln)
  • 1965 Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
  • 1966 Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old
  • 1966 Gemini 10 launched (John Young & Michael Collins)
  • 1967 Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in NY
  • 1968 The Intel Corporation is founded in Santa Clara, California
  • 1970 Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo Sicily
  • 1970 Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Egyptian president Anwar Sadat throws out 20,000 Russian military aides

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1972 Mike Procter 8-73 with hat-trick, plus 51 & 102, Gloucs v Essex
  • 1972 The 100th British soldier to die in the Northern Ireland "troubles" is shot by a sniper in Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson holds meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1974 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 World's tallest structure, 646 metre Polish radio mast, completed
  • 1976 Stockhausens "Sirius" premieres in NYC
  • 1976 Thiokol conducts 2-min firing of space shuttle's SRB at Brigham, Ut
  • 1977 Hugh Leonard's "Da" premieres in London
  • 1977 Vietnam becomes member of UN
  • 1978 Egyptian & Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
  • 1979 Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Failed attack on Iran ex-premier Bakhtiar in Neuilly, France
  • 1980 Federal court voids Selective Service Act as it doesn't include women
  • 1980 Quett Masire installed as president of Botswana
  • 1980 Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
  • 1981 Polish communist party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
  • 1983 Despite being in 1st place in NL East, Phils fire manager Pat Corrales

Birthdays in History

  • 1340 Philip van Artevelde, wine salesman/lord lt of Flanders
  • 1501 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
  • 1504 Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism)
  • 1552 Rudolf II, of Habsburg, emperor of Germany (1576-1612)
  • 1634 Joannes Camphuys, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1684-91)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1635 Robert Hooke, Scientist (Micrographia), born in Isle of Wight, England

Scientist Robert Hooke
Scientist
Robert Hooke
  • 1718 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
  • 1720 Gilbert White, English "father of British naturalists"
  • 1796 Feargus O'Connor, County Cork, leader of English Chartists
  • 1797 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1811 William Makepeace Thackeray, England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair)
  • 1818 Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
  • 1823 Leonard Fulton Ross, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Pierre L Goossens, archbishop of Mechelen/Cardinal
  • 1837 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • 1845 Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • 1850 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • 1853 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Holland, physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1862 Victor, Prince Napoleon (Napoleon V), French pretender to throne
  • 1862 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general (d. 1933)
  • 1864 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Laurence Housman, England, author/playwright (Victoria Regina)
  • 1871 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • 1882 Manuel Galvez, Argentina writer/poet/historian (Paraguay)
  • 1884 Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d. 1979)
  • 1887 Vidkun Al Quisling, Norwegian minister of Defense/premier (1942-45)
  • 1888 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter
  • 1888 Sydney Horler, English detective writer
  • 1890 Charles Wilson, President of General Motors (1940-53)/Sec of Def (1953-57)
  • 1890 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1895 George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], American gangster, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1954)

American Gangster George
American Gangster
George "Machine Gun" Kelly
  • 1898 Herbert Marcuse, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1899 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman)
  • 1900 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], Ivanovo, Russia, writer and lawyer (Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits)
  • 1906 Clifford Odets, US, dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy)
  • 1906 S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-CA), educator (Language in Action)
  • 1908 Mildred Lisette Norman, American peace activist, earned the moniker Peace Pilgrim (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89) [7/5 OS]
  • 1909 Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Alexander Hyatt-King, scholar (Mozart)
  • 1912 Harry Levin, literary Scholar
  • 1912 Henry L "Hank" Miller, US pilot/lt adm (WW II-Pacific)
  • 1913 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede)
  • 1914 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • 1914 Jozef MLT Cals, Dutch premier (KVP, Mammoth Law)
  • 1915 Anthony Cox, English architect
  • 1915 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter
  • 1916 Isaac [Ietje] A Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer/minister of Education
  • 1916 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and South African President (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 John Glenn, American astronaut (1st American to orbit the earth) and politician (Senator D-Ohio), born in Cambridge, Ohio (d. 2016)

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1922 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Howard Roberts, choral director (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1924 John Cruickshank, French scholar
  • 1925 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty, Australia, 100m dash (Oly-bronze-1948)
  • 1926 Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (d. 1987)
  • 1927 Ludwig Harig, German writer, born in Sulzbach
  • 1928 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer
  • 1931 "Papa" Dee Allen, percussionist (War-World is a Ghetto), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1933 Aad Nuis, Dutch writer/undersecretary of Education (D66)
  • 1933 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), born in Zima, Siberia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
  • 1937 Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas) (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Alexander EHAML, prince of the Belgians/son of Leopold III
  • 1942 Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician
  • 1945 Danny McCullock, rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • 1946 Tim Lynch, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • 1947 Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician
  • 1948 Phil Harris, rocker (Ace)
  • 1948 Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1950 Jack Layton, Canadian politician
  • 1951 Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
  • 1953 Peter Greenall, English brewer (Greenall Witley)
  • 1955 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • 1955 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1958 Margo [AM] Vliegenthart, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • 1963 Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1964 Wendy Williams, radio host
  • 1969 Elizabeth Gilbert, American author (Eat Pray, Love), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1974 Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1977 Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1979 Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1994 Ricardo Dela Corte, Italy, test tube baby born to oldest (62) mother

Weddings in History

  • 1922 British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London

HeartWedding of Interest

1938 Physicist and Nobel laureate John Bardeen (30) weds Jane Maxwell

Physicist and Electrical Engineer John Bardeen
Physicist and Electrical Engineer
John Bardeen
  • 1992 Helen Windsor, daughter of British Duke and Duchess of Kent weds art dealer Timothy Taylor at Windsor Castle

HeartWedding of Interest

1998 Nelson Mandela marries 3rd wife Graça Machel on his 80th birthday

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Deaths in History

  • 640 Arnulf, bishop of Metz (614-640)/politician, dies at about 58
  • 715 Muhammad bin Qasim (b. 695)
  • 1100 Godfried IV van Bouillon, count of Antwerp, dies
  • 1374 Francesco Petrarch, Italian poet (Italia Mia), dies at 69
  • 1488 Alvise Cadamosto, Italian explorer (b. 1432)
  • 1544 René van Chalon, viceroy of Holland, dies in battle at 25
  • 1608 Joachim III Frederik, ruler (Brandenburg), dies at 61
  • 1610 Caravaggio [Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio], Italian painter, (Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy), dies at 38
  • 1639 Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar, German prince and general (b. 1604)
  • 1642 Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, gov of Ft Emmerik/Heusden, dies
  • 1650 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer, dies at 74
  • 1695 Joannes Camphuys, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 61
  • 1698 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian (b. 1633)
  • 1721 Jean Antoine Watteau, French painter, dies
  • 1730 François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (b. 1644)
  • 1792 John Paul Jones, American naval commander (b. 1747)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1817 Jane Austen, English novelist (Pride and Prejudice), dies at 41

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen
  • 1833 Joseph Comb, missionary to Moluccas, dies at 63
  • 1854 Abbas Hilmi I, viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 1863 William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate Major General, dies of injuries at 29
  • 1872 Benito Juarez, Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
  • 1884 Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • 1892 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), dies at 83
  • 1894 Leconte de Lisle, writer, dies at 75
  • 1899 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), dies at 67
  • 1916 Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
  • 1918 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • 1925 Louis Nazaire Bégin, Roman Catholic cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec (b. 1840)
  • 1931 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • 1937 Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)
  • 1938 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • 1944 George A Hartland, English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
  • 1944 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • 1948 Herman Gummerus, Finnish historian and politician (b. 1877)
  • 1950 Carl Clinton Van Doren, US literary (The Nation), dies at 64
  • 1952 Paul Saintenoy, Belgian architect (b. 1862)
  • 1953 Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 George Machine Gun Kelly, American gangster, dies at 59

American Gangster George
American Gangster
George "Machine Gun" Kelly
  • 1956 Willem J A Kerncamp, Dut overseas minister (Islam & Woman), dies at 57
  • 1958 Henry Farman, French aviation pioneer (double decker), dies at 84
  • 1961 Kit Guard, dies of cancer at 67
  • 1967 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazil pres (1964-67), dies at 66
  • 1968 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1892)
  • 1970 Lucien H d'Azambuja, Fren astronomer (chromosphere of Sun), dies at 86
  • 1981 Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff, Dutch para-psychologist, dies at 87
  • 1985 Shahnawaz Bhutto, son of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
  • 1987 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer, dies at 87
  • 1990 Georges Dargaud, French publisher (Astérix, Tintin), dies at 79
  • 1990 Karl Menninger, psychatrist (Menninger Clinic), dies at 96 of cancer
  • 1990 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (b. 1897)
  • 1991 Andre Cools, Belgian budget minister, murdered at 63
  • 1992 Jan Pelleboer, Dutch meteorologist, dies
  • 1992 Mollie Parnis, American fashion designer (Mamie Eisenhower), dies in her 90s (she had long refused to disclose her exact age)
  • 1992 Rudolf Ising, cartoonist (Looney Tunes, Merrie Melodies), dies at 88
  • 1992 Viktor Louis, Russian journalist, dies
  • 1993 John Beck, US producer (Harvey, Singing Nun), dies at 83
  • 1993 Robert Davis, dies of emphysema at 76
  • 1993 Sergei Y Vozovikov, Russian major/cosmonaut, dies in accident at 35
  • 1993 Vladimir Pavlovich Barmin, Chief designer of Soviet launch pads, dies
  • 1994 Gottfried Reinhardt, [Goldmann], German/US director, dies at 83
  • 1995 Fabio Casartelli, Italian olympian (Oly-gold-92), dies at 24
  • 1996 Hans Fellner, bookseller, dies at 71
  • 1997 Eugene M. Shoemaker, American planetary scientist and geologist (Shoemaker-Levy comet), dies at 69
  • 2001 James Hatfield, American author (b. 1958)
  • 2001 Fabio Taglioni, Italian automotive engineer (b. 1920)
  • 2002 Victor Emery, British theoretical physicist (b. 1933)
  • 2004 Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
  • 2004 Émile Peynaud, French oenologist (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 William Westmoreland, US general during the Vietnam War, dies at 91

  • 2007 Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician (b. 1908)
  • 2009 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran (b. 1896)
  • 2016 Billy Name [William Linich Jr], photographer (Andy Warhol's factory), dies at 76