On This Day in History for July 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 154

  • 311 St Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 626 Incident at Xuanwu Gate: in fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng
  • 706 Remains of Chinese Emperor Gaozong, his wife Empress Wu Zetian and family members interred in Qianling Mausoleum by Emperor Zhongzong, outside Chang'an on Mount Liangshan
  • 963 The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea
  • 1140 Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht
  • 1214 Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England attempt to reclaim Normandy from France
  • 1298 Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1505 After an encounter with a violent thunderstorm, Martin Luther declares that he will become a monk

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1555 Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola.
  • 1561 Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz.
  • 1576 Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea
  • 1578 Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.
  • 1582 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.
  • 1600 Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
  • 1613 The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall.
  • 1644 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert
  • 1679 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.
  • 1681 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason
  • 1687 King James II disbands English parliament
  • 1698 Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
  • 1776 NJ Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds
  • 1776 Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1787 Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1794 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria
  • 1808 Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • 1823 Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia.
  • 1839 Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another

CommunicationThe Day an Alligator Fell from the Sky

1843 An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina

  • 1847 Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849 Giuseppe Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1850 Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 1858 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 1861 Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory
  • 1862 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
  • 1863 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • 1863 R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • 1864 Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • 1864 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • 1865 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • 1867 1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC
  • 1870 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau
Assassin
Charles J. Guiteau
  • 1885 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
  • 1890 Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
  • 1894 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • 1900 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

  • 1903 AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
  • 1906 Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time
  • 1915 Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1916 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • 1917 Riots in East St Louis Mo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1926 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized
  • 1927 Jericho Earthquake in Palestine kills about 500
  • 1928 British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
  • 1934 General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

  • 1940 Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1940 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British PM Churchill meets Major General Bernard Montgomery

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta.
  • 1941 DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
  • 1941 Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
  • 1941 Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London
  • 1943 Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • 1943 Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane
  • 1944 Field Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 1946 Dutch Beel government forms
  • 1946 Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam
  • 1947 Military coup discovered in France
  • 1950 Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit
  • 1950 Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan, burns down.
  • 1950 Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic.
  • 1951 Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt
  • 1951 Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland
  • 1951 Island advisor of Curacao installed
  • 1951 Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
  • 1952 Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • 1954 Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan
  • 1956 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • 1957 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1961 Maris hits 29th & 30th en route to 61 homers
  • 1962 Cubans minister of Foreign affairs RaulCastro arrives in Moscow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Fidel Castro visits Moscow

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1964 Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 1st France nuclear test on Mururoa atoll
  • 1967 Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) & 1st amateur to US Women's open golf tournament
  • 1968 An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
  • 1969 Ireland bowl out West Indies for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts
  • 1970 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels

Birthdays in History

  • 419 Valentinian III, Roman emperor (425-55)
  • 1029 Caliph Al-Mustansir of Cairo (d. 1094)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1262 Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (1305-12), born in Château de l’Isle, La Roche-Bernard, Brittany (d. 1312)

Duke of Brittany Arthur II
Duke of Brittany
Arthur II
  • 1363 Mary, Queen of Sicily (d. 1401)
  • 1489 Thomas Cranmer, England, archbishop/reformer/martyr
  • 1492 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess (d. 1495)
  • 1644 Abraham a Santa Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court vicar
  • 1647 Daniel Finch 2nd earl of Nottingham, English min of foreign affairs
  • 1652 Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans)
  • 1665 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian (d. 1726)
  • 1667 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal (d. 1740)
  • 1698 Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena (d. 1780)
  • 1724 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet
  • 1756 Christian G Korner, German lawyer/father of Karl
  • 1810 Robert Augustus Toombs, Secy State (Confederacy), (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • 1820 George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (d. 1878)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 69-day term), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1915)

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • 1822 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains)
  • 1830 John Bordenave Villepigue, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834 Hendry P G Quack, lawyer/economist/secr Dutch Bank
  • 1836 Henry Eugene Davies, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • 1847 Marcel Bertrand, French mine engineer (tectonic geology)
  • 1849 Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • 1862 William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Cuno, German ship owner/republic chancellor (1922-23)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1877 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1881 Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
  • 1884 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Marcel Tabuteau, Compiègne France, oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54)
  • 1888 Selman Waksman, Russ/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
  • 1890 Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer (d. 1980)
  • 1893 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center) (d. 1950)
  • 1896 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist (d. 1965)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1903 Olav AFEC of Schleswig-Holstein-S-G, King Olav V of Norway (1957-91)
  • 1904 Gerarda "Meik" Rueter, Dutch (sculptress, if that word exists)
  • 1905 Jean-Rene Lacoste, France, US Open (1926)/alligator shirt designer
  • 1906 Hans Bethe, physicist (Nobel 1967), peace worker
  • 1907 Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist/painter
  • 1908 Jean Sinclair, teacher/campaigner

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1909 Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times)
  • 1910 Hans Gunther Adler, German writer
  • 1911 Diego Fabbri, Italian, playwright/leader (Vatican movie bureau)
  • 1914 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist (d. 1990)
  • 1915 8th duke of Wellington, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1915 Bert Decorte, Flemish poet
  • 1916 Barry Gray, [Bernard Yaroslaw], interviewer (started call-in radio)
  • 1916 Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
  • 1917 Pierre Dubois, Dutch literary
  • 1918 Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1919 Jean Craighead George, American writer
  • 1920 Eliseo Diego, latin American poet
  • 1923 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Poland, poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Patrice E Lumumba, Zaire, revolutionary/1st premier of Congo
  • 1925 Patrice Emery Lumumba, Katakokombe region of the Kasai Province of Belgian Congo, first Prime Minister of an independent Congo,
  • 1926 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Imelda Marcos, Filipino politician and First Lady of the Philippines (1965-86) who famously collected over 1,000 pairs of shoes, born in Manila, Philippines

First Lady and Politican Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politican
Imelda Marcos
  • 1929 John A. Cade, American politician
  • 1930 Carlos Saul Menem, President of Argentina (1989- )
  • 1932 Dave Thomas, founder (Wendy's Restaurants)
  • 1933 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1935 Dick Dolman, economist/Dutch politician 2nd Chamber
  • 1935 Ed Bullins, playwright, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
  • 1939 John H Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91)
  • 1939 M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, US, sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
  • 1939 Michael N Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware)
  • 1939 Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1939 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • 1942 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • 1942 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • 1946 Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin, daughter of Pres LBJ
  • 1951 Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
  • 1952 Linda M Godwin, Cape Girardeau Mo, PhD/astronaut (STS 37, 59, 76)
  • 1955 Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • 1958 Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
  • 1959 Wendy B Lawrence, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1964 Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
  • 1969 Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
  • 1971 Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
  • 1972 Darren Shan, Irish children's author
  • 1976 Ivan Tomić, Croatian buissnesman
  • 1978 Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • 1981 Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist

Weddings in History

  • 1932 Platinum blonde screen goddess Jean Harlow (21) weds MGM producer Paul Bern (42)
  • 1939 Syndicated columnist Ann Landers (21) weds business executive Julius Lederer
  • 1952 Zulu-leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi marries Irene Mzila
  • 1955 Desmond Tutu marries Leah Nomalizo Shinxani
  • 1959 Belgian Albert, Prince of Liège marries Dona Paola, Princess Ruffo di Calabria in Brussels
  • 2011 Charlene Princess of Monaco (33) weds Prince Albert II of Monaco (53) at the Church of St Devote of Monaco
  • 2013 Actor John Barrowman (46) weds longtime boyfriend Scott Gill in California

Deaths in History

  • 783 Bert(h)a/Berthrada, mother of Charles the Great, dies
  • 862 St. Swithun, Bishop of Winchester(b. 789)
  • 936 Henry I the Vogelaar, German king (919-36)/duke of Saxon 912-36, dies
  • 1298 Adolf van Nassau, RC-German king (1292-98), dies in battle at about 43
  • 1504 Stephen III (Stefan the Great), ruler of Moldavia (1457-1504), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566 Nostradamus, [Michel de Nostre-Dam], French astrologist, dies at 62

Astrologer/Prophet Nostradamus
Astrologer/Prophet
Nostradamus
  • 1582 Akechi Mitsuhide, Japanese samurai (b. 1528)
  • 1619 Olivier de Serres, French farming pioneer (silkworms), dies
  • 1621 Thomas Harriot, English astronomer
  • 1644 William Gascoigne, introduced telescopic sights, is killed at 24
  • 1656 François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander (b. 1611)
  • 1674 Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1614)
  • 1684 John Rogers, president of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • 1700 Lambert Doomer, painter/cartoonist, dies at about 77
  • 1708 Willem of Nassau, mister of Zuylenstein/lt-gen/baron Enfield, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1743 Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Whig: 1742-43) statesman who served in government from 1715 until his death, dies at about 70

British Prime Minister Spencer Compton
British Prime Minister
Spencer Compton
  • 1746 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian (b. 1656)
  • 1778 Bathsheba Spooner, American murderer
  • 1798 John Fitch, American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies
  • 1822 Denmark Vesey, & 5 aides hanged at Blake's Landing, Charleston, SC
  • 1833 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine politician (b. 1757)
  • 1843 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1857 Carlo Pisacane, Italian patriot (b. 1818)
  • 1861 Peter A de Genestet, vicar/poet, dies at 31
  • 1863 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
  • 1914 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1915 Gen Porfirio [Jose de la Cruz] Diaz, president Mexico, dies
  • 1918 Mohammed V Resjad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies
  • 1920 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (b. 1846)
  • 1926 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion), dies
  • 1931 Stephen Babcock, American Agricultural Chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • 1932 Manuel II, last King of Portugal (1908-10), dies at 43
  • 1937 Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
  • 1939 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor of Rotterdam (1906-22), dies
  • 1940 Ben[jamin] Turpin, US comic (Saps at Sea, His New Job), dies
  • 1946 Anthony Overton, publisher/cosmetics manufacturer/banker, dies at 81
  • 1949 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49), dies at 67
  • 1951 Earnest F Sauerbruch, German nazi/surgeon, dies at 75
  • 1955 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961 Ernest Hemingway, American author and Nobel laureate, dies from suicide at 61

  • 1963 Seth Barnes Nicholson, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter, dies at 71
  • 1966 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (b. 1900)
  • 1968 Francis Brennan, US cardinal of Philadelphia, dies at 74
  • 1970 Jessie Street, Australian civil rights activist, dies
  • 1972 Joseph F Smith Jr, leader US mormon chuch, dies at 95
  • 1973 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (b. 1892)
  • 1977 Vladimir V Nabokov, Russian/US writer (Lolita), dies at 78
  • 1978 Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
  • 1984 Paul Dozois, Quebec politician (b. 1908)
  • 1987 Karl Linnas, accused Nazi, dies of heart failure in Russia
  • 1987 Michael Bennet, choreographer (Chorus Line), dies of AIDS at 44
  • 1990 Muntu Myeza, South African anti-apartheid activist, dies in auto at 39
  • 1992 Borisav Pekic, Serbian writer/politician, dies
  • 1992 Franco Cristaldi, Italian producer/Claudia Cardinale's husband, dies
  • 1993 Sir Edward Dunlop, Australian war hero (b. 1907)
  • 1994 Maung Maung, premier of Burma (1988), dies at 69
  • 1994 Ralph C Rinzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys), dies at 59
  • 1995 George Seldes, journalist, dies at 104
  • 1995 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust, dies at 48
  • 1996 Hugh Davson, physiologist/writer, dies at 86

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1999 Mario Puzo, American author, dies at 78

Novelist Mario Puzo
Novelist
Mario Puzo
  • 2003 Reinhard Baumgart, German writer and director, dies at 73
  • 2004 Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese writer (b. 1919)
  • 2004 John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist (b. 1919)
  • 2010 Beryl Bainbridge, Author (b. 1932)
  • 2011 Itamar Franco, Brazilian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2013 Arlan Stangeland, American politician, dies at 83
  • 2016 Elie Wiesel, Jewish Auschwitz survivor and author (Night), Nobel Prize winner 1986, dies at 87
  • 2016 Michael Cimino, American director (The Deer Hunter), dies at 77
  • 2016 Michel Rocard, French politician, Prime Minister of France (1988-91), dies at 85
  • 2016 Patrick Manning, Trinidad and Tobago politician, Prime Minister (1991-95, 2001-10), dies at 69