On This Day in History for July 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 115

  • 259 St Dionysius elected as Pope, succeeding Sixtus II
  • 1099 First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 1298 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1306 King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France
  • 1456 Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats Sultan Murad II
  • 1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
  • 1489 "Tractate Niddah" a talmudic edition, 1st printed
  • 1489 Treaty of Frankfurt signed between Maximilian of Austria and King Charles VIII of France
  • 1515 First Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland & Holy Roman Empire - rise of the Habsburgs influence
  • 1535 Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1582 Willem of Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
  • 1587 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off NC
  • 1627 English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [OS=June 12]
  • 1632 Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro-palace for king Philip IV
  • 1648 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre during Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • 1686 City of Albany, NY chartered
  • 1691 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • 1729 Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil
  • 1731 Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
  • 1739 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia & subsequently successfully laid seige to Belgrade

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 George Washington takes command of the Continental Army

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1793 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
  • 1796 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by Gen Moses Cleveland
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • 1859 V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England v Surrey
  • 1864 Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US soldiers die
  • 1865 V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire
  • 1893 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado
  • 1898 Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • 1901 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • 1901 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • 1905 Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • 1912 In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • 1916 A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10
  • 1917 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • 1918 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • 1919 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • 1922 Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St Louis teams are on top
  • 1926 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
  • 1926 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record)
  • 1933 1st solo flight round the world 7d 19hrs (Wiley Post)
  • 1933 Caterina Jarboro sings "Aida", NYC-1st negro prima donna in US
  • 1934 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
  • 1935 Lester Walton appointed US minister to Liberia
  • 1937 Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 US Senate rejects FDR's proposal to enlarge Supreme Court

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge (NY)

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer meets Hitler seeking peace talks

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 4th Soviet army forms with 80 tanks
  • 1942 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins
  • 1942 Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
  • 1946 Militant Zionist organisation Irgun bombs the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people of various nationalities and injuring 46.
  • 1947 -8°F (-13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
  • 1950 Frank Worrell completes 261 v England at Trent Bridge
  • 1950 King Leopold returns to Belgium after 6 years in exile
  • 1951 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • 1952 Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 1954 US Virgin Islands adopt constitution (Revised Organic Act)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1959 Benjamin Britten's "Missa Brevis" in D premieres
  • 1959 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 1960 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • 1962 1st US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off
  • 1963 Sarawak achieves independence from British colonial rule

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Home as leader of the British Conservative party

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1967 1st major appearance by Vanilla Fudge (Village Theater NYC)
  • 1967 Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the Monkees' tour
  • 1968 Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system
  • 1969 Aretha Franklin arrested for disturbing the peace in Detroit
  • 1969 USSR launches Sputnik 50 & Molniya 1-12 communications satellite
  • 1971 Sudanese military counter-coup under premier Numeiry
  • 1972 10.84" (27.53 cm) of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hr record)
  • 1972 Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus
  • 1972 2 Catholics are abducted, beaten, and shot dead in a Loyalist area of Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US House of Representives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1981 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced in a Rome, Italy court to life
  • 1982 Academic Text Processing Service forms in Seattle
  • 1983 -128.6°F (-89.2°C) recorded, Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • 1983 Angels OF Brian Downing error ends his record streak at 244 games
  • 1983 Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world
  • 1983 Poland's PM Januzelski lifts martial law
  • 1986 US House of Representatives impeaches Judge Harry E. Claiborne for tax evasion
  • 1987 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome
  • 1987 Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)
  • 1987 US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
  • 1988 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research
  • 1989 Kristin Huxhold, 18, of Missouri, crowned America's Junior Miss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1991 Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in 1978

Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer
Serial Killer
Jeffrey Dahmer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes prison

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1992 Soyuz TM-15 launches
  • 1993 Soyuz TM-17 lands
  • 1994 23rd & last part of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (since July 16th)
  • 1994 Doc Gooden admitted to Betty Ford Center
  • 1994 Military coup in Gambia: Pres Dawda Jawara flees
  • 1994 William Sigei runs world record 10k (26:52.53)
  • 1995 Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), lands
  • 1995 Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina

Birthdays in History

  • 1210 Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1478 Philip I, (the Handsome), 1st Habsburg King of Spain (1504-06)
  • 1510 Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
  • 1535 Katarina Stenbock, wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
  • 1559 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
  • 1621 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury/minister (1660-73)
  • 1647 Margaretha M Alacoque, French mystic/saint
  • 1649 Clement XI, [Giovanni F Albani], Italy, Pope (1700-21)
  • 1711 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
  • 1713 Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
  • 1722 Jean-Noel/Joannes Natalis Paquot, Belgian priest/historian
  • 1733 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
  • 1755 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • 1763 James Geddes, American Engineer (Erie Canal), born in Carlisle Pennsylvania (d. 1838)
  • 1784 Friedrich W Bessel, German astronomer (star parallax, Bessel Function)
  • 1807 Karolina Pawlowa, writer
  • 1820 Louis Powell Harvey, Governor (Union), (d. 1862)
  • 1822 Hamilton Prioleau Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1897)
  • 1822 John George Walker, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1830 William Sooy Smith, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1916)
  • 1834 Daniel McCook Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1844 William Archibald Spooner, reverend/inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England
  • 1848 Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1849 Emma Lazarus, poet ("New Colossus" - on the base of Statue of Liberty), born in New York City

  • 1872 David D Salas, Antillian writer (Josefina)
  • 1878 Lucien Febvre, French historian (Un destin: Martin Luther)
  • 1882 Edward Hopper, US painter (House by the Railroad)
  • 1887 Gustav Hertz, German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)
  • 1888 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, mom of JFK, RFK & Ted, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1995)

Kennedy Family Matriarch Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
Kennedy Family Matriarch
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
  • 1892 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal
  • 1894 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • 1895 James Arthur Calata, African National Congress (ANC) leader and Anglican clergyman
  • 1898 Alexander Calder, sculptor (mobiles, stabiles), born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • 1898 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
  • 1908 Amy Vanderbilt, American authority on etiquette (Complete Book of Etiquette, Complete Cook Book), born in NYC, New York
  • 1910 Edith Abbo, daughter of Mien Wenneker/Dutch Prince Henry
  • 1915 Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author. (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Hipolito M Ocalia, Curacao, landscape painter
  • 1917 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • 1918 Pim [Albrecht W] Lyre, Dutch lawyer/son of prince Henry
  • 1920 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman
  • 1920 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester
  • 1921 William V Roth Jr, (Sen-R-Delaware, 1971- )
  • 1923 Robert J Dole, (Sen-R Kansas, 1969-95)/presidential candidate (R-1996)
  • 1923 Bob Dole, American politician
  • 1926 Peter Michael Grayson, British showman, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Charles Huxtable, General commander (English ground armies)
  • 1932 Oscar de la Renta, Dom Rep, designer (Coty Hall of Fame-1973)
  • 1932 William Wilkinson, businessman/conservationist
  • 1933 Chuck Cassey, choral director (Jimmy Dean Show), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1936 Tom Robbins, American author

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 Alex Trebek, Canadian-American TV game host (High Rollers, Jeopardy), born in Sudbury, Ontario

Host of Jeopardy! Alex Trebek
Host of Jeopardy!
Alex Trebek
  • 1940 Judith Walzer Leavitt, American college professor
  • 1943 Yoran Ben Ami, Israel, producer/president (Triumph Pictures)
  • 1943 Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
  • 1946 Paul Schrader, director (Blue Collar) and writer (Taxi Driver), born in Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 1947 Curt Weldon, (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • 1947 Gilles Duceppe, Canadian politician
  • 1948 S. E. Hinton, American author
  • 1949 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai and PM of UAE
  • 1964 Don Van Natta, Jr., American journalist
  • 1967 Lauren Booth, British journalist
  • 1972 Seth Fisher, American comic book artist and penciller (d.2006)
  • 1973 Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
  • 1978 Martyn Lee, English radio presenter
  • 1989 Caroline Giuliani, daughter of Rudy (Mayor-R- 1994- ), born in NYC, New York
  • 2002 Prince Felix of Denmark
  • 2013 Prince George of Cambridge, son of Prince William and Catherine, Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, England (3rd in line to the English throne), born in London, England

Weddings in History

  • 1515 Anna of Bohemia (12) marries Karel van Ferdinand of Austria
  • 1515 Louis of Hungary (9) marries Maria of Bohemia & succession to Hungarian throne

HeartWedding of Interest

1972 Business magnate Richard Branson (22) weds Kristen Tomassi

Business Magnate Richard Branson
Business Magnate
Richard Branson
  • 1982 Biggest mass wedding, Rev Sun Myung Moon weds 2,200 couples in NYC

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1940 Jacqueline Kennedy's parents John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier III and Janet (Norton Lee) divorce


Deaths in History

  • 1035 Robert II/I, Duke of Normandy, dies
  • 1362 Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
  • 1387 French Ackerman, Ghent rebel/leader of Reisers, murdered at about 57
  • 1461 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), dies at 58
  • 1477 Adolf van Egmond, duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen, dies in battle at 39
  • 1497 Francesco Botticini, Italian painter, dies at about 52
  • 1499 Neithart Fox, [Jonker Fox], German passage leader, slain in battle
  • 1525 Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
  • 1619 Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
  • 1633 Trijntje Keever, presumed to have been the tallest woman ever (b.1616)
  • 1645 Gaspar de Guzman, premier of Spain (1621-43), dies at 58
  • 1676 Clement X, [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), dies at 86
  • 1726 Hugh Drysdale, British Colonial Governor of Virginia
  • 1734 Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1789 Joseph-François Foulon, French administrator (b. 1715)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1802 Marie Francois Xavier Bichat, a founder of histology, dies from falling down stairs at 30

Anatomist and Physiologist Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
Anatomist and Physiologist
Marie Francois Xavier Bichat
  • 1826 Giuseppe Piazzi, monk/mathematician (found 1st asteroid), dies at 80
  • 1832 Napoleon II of France (b. 1811), son of Napoleon I dies of tuberculosis
  • 1852 Auguste Marmont, French marshal (b. 1774)
  • 1861 Barnard Elliot Bee, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 37
  • 1864 James Birdseye Mcpherson, US Union gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • 1864 William Henry Talbot Walker, Confederate gen-mjr, dies in battle at 47
  • 1869 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • 1902 Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (b. 1822)
  • 1903 Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)
  • 1908 William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
  • 1909 D v Liliencron, writer, dies at 65
  • 1915 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • 1916 James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
  • 1918 Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
  • 1920 William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
  • 1922 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
  • 1922 John Motley Morehead III, American Chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), dies at 67
  • 1929 Edouard baron Empain, Belgian builder (Heliopolis), dies at 76
  • 1932 Roosje Vos, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 71
  • 1932 Roses Fox, Trade union leader, dies at 71
  • 1932 Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist (b. 1853)
  • 1932 Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and radio pioneer (b. 1866)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1934 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, shot dead at 31 by federal agents at the Biograph Theater in Chicago

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (1921-30, 1935-48), dies of pneumonia at 75

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1952 August Balthazar, Belgian politician, dies at 58
  • 1958 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, dies at 62
  • 1967 Carl Sandburg, poet (Abraham Lincoln: Prairie Years), dies at 89
  • 1968 Giovanni Guareschi, Italian author: Don Camillo/Peppone, dies at 60
  • 1970 George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (b. 1912)
  • 1974 Wayne L Morse, (Sen-D-Oregon), dies at 73
  • 1979 Soschtschenko, writer, dies at 83
  • 1980 Fred Kaps [Abram PA Bongers], magician (world champ 1955), dies at 54
  • 1988 Duane Jones, dies of cardiopulmonary arrest at 51
  • 1989 Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
  • 1990 George Wood, dies of diabetes complications at 56
  • 1992 Souleiman Franjieh, president Lebanon (1970-76), dies
  • 1996 Courtney Alexandre Henriques Laws, community leader, dies at 65
  • 1996 Leon Shenandoah, native American leader, dies at 81
  • 1996 Peter Ludwig, businessman/art collector, dies at 71
  • 1996 Richard Day, engineer/development expert, dies at 48
  • 2000 Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (b. 1925)
  • 2001 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (b. 1909)
  • 2003 Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
  • 2003 Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
  • 2004 George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Jean Charles de Menezes, Brazilian electrician killed by Scotland Yard (b. 1978)
  • 2006 José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
  • 2006 James E. West, mayor of Spokane, Washington (b. 1950)
  • 2007 Laszlo Kovacs, Hungarian-born cinematographer (b. 1933)
  • 2009 Richard M. Givan Supreme court chief justice (b. 1921)
  • 2012 George A. Miller, American psychologist, dies at 92
  • 2016 Thomas Sutherland, American hostage (Lebanon) and academic, dies at 85