On This Day in History for July 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 636 Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire
  • 685 John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1148 Crusaders attack Damascus
  • 1215 Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen
  • 1253 Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent IV
  • 1298 Rindfleisch ("Beef") Persecutions - Jewish community in Wurzburg Germany massacred
  • 1431 G Cesarini opens Counsil of Basel (Ferrara/Florence)
  • 1453 Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1532 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg

King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1540 Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary
  • 1558 Battle of Grevelingen: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont beat France
  • 1572 William of Orange's troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
  • 1594 Groningen surrenders to Count Mauritius/Willem Louis
  • 1599 Caravaggio's 1st public commission for paintings
  • 1632 Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France.
  • 1664 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1726 Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1745 Charles Edward Stuart, "the Young Pretender", lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
  • 1764 James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
  • 1793 The Prussians conquer Mayence.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1798 Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1803 Robert Emmett leads rebellion in Dublin
  • 1812 Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I
  • 1829 American William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter)
  • 1833 Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
  • 1840 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada
  • 1848 Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
  • 1850 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office
  • 1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US
  • 1852 1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • 1858 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 1863 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • 1864 Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • 1870 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • 1874 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • 1877 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • 1877 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • 1880 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 1886 Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge
  • 1888 John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • 1900 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • 1900 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • 1904 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • 1906 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
  • 1913 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult
  • 1917 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • 1920 British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony
  • 1921 Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet
  • 1926 Belgian NMBS/SNCFB forms
  • 1926 French government of Poincaré forms
  • 1929 The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words.
  • 1930 Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
  • 1930 Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
  • 1931 Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
  • 1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
  • 1942 German troops conquer Rostow

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler's Directive number 45: order to occupy Stalingrad

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins.
  • 1943 Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • 1943 US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
  • 1944 Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
  • 1944 Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland
  • 1944 US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
  • 1944 US troops occupy Pisa Italy
  • 1945 Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1947 1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, RI
  • 1948 Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
  • 1952 General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • 1956 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • 1956 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs.
  • 1958 1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 VP Richard Nixon begins visit on USSR

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed.
  • 1964 As' Bert Campaneris HRs on 1st pitch, hits a 2nd HR on 2nd at bat
  • 1964 Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
  • 1966 Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens
  • 1966 Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!"
  • 1967 -27] 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1968 Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt
  • 1968 PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane
  • 1968 Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 police officers killed
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 Qaboos ibn Sa'id becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa'id ibn Taimur.
  • 1970 A ban on parades and public processions until January 1971 is announced by the Stormont government (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1971 The British Army carry out early morning raids across Northern Ireland and arrest 48 people
  • 1972 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched
  • 1973 Ozark AL plane knocked out of air by lightning, St Louis-36 die
  • 1973 Qaboos bin Said Al Said becomes Sultan & Prime Minister of Oman
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 US President Richard Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation
  • 1974 Greek military dictatorship collapses
  • 1975 Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends" premieres in London
  • 1976 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Muslims on hostage charges
  • 1978 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas

Birthdays in History

  • 645 Yazid I, Sixth caliph of Islam (d. 683)
  • 1301 Duke Otto of Austria (d. 1339)
  • 1339 Louis I, Duke of Anjou/King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers)
  • 1401 Francesco Sfoza, soldier
  • 1503 Anna Jagello, Queen of the Romans (d. 1547)
  • 1659 Antonius Schultingh, [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer
  • 1705 Francis Blomefield, English topographer (d. 1752)
  • 1775 Francois-Eugene Vidocq, French criminal and police detective
  • 1775 Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (d. 1812)
  • 1777 Philipp Otto Runge, German painter (d. 1810)
  • 1822 Darius Nash Couch, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • 1823 Coventry Kersey Dighton Patmore, English poet
  • 1824 Gabriel Colvin Wharton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1906)
  • 1827 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway)
  • 1828 Jonathan Hutchinson, surgeon/scientist
  • 1834 James "Cardinal" Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore
  • 1841 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • 1856 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian Hindi leader
  • 1857 French [M J Francois] Erens, lawyer/literary (Pursue Years)
  • 1861 Alexander W F Idenburg, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1909-16)
  • 1864 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and Prime Minister (d. 1903)
  • 1865 Friedrich Aereboe, Dutch landlord (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Max Heindel, Danish Christian occultist, astrologer, and mystic (d. 1919)
  • 1883 Alan Francis Brooke, 1st viscount Alanbrooke fieldmarshal [or Jul 4]
  • 1884 Albert Warner, US producer (Warner Bros)
  • 1886 Arthur Whitten Brown, aviator
  • 1886 John C Poortenaar, painter/etcher/cartoonist
  • 1886 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, writer/diplomat
  • 1886 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (d. 1976)
  • 1888 Raymond Chandler, Chic, mystery writer (Farewell My Lovely)
  • 1888 Gluyas Williams, SF, cartoonist (Fellows Citizen)
  • 1888 Milan Stoyadinovich, Serbia, fascist Yugoslavia PM (1935-39)
  • 1891 Maurus H Hulsman, Dutch priest/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1893 Karl Menninger, psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic)
  • 1894 Arthur Treacher, Brighton England, announcer (Merv Griffin Show)
  • 1898 Jacob Marschak, American economist (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Gustav Heinemann, President of West Germany
  • 1906 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist
  • 1906 Chandrasekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (d. 1931)
  • 1906 Vladimir Prelog, Sarajevo, Croatian-Swiss Chemist and Nobel Laureate
  • 1907 Elspeth Josceline Huxley, English author
  • 1910 Pimen, [Sergei Irzjekov], patriarch Russian-Orthodox Cathederal
  • 1913 Michael Foot, British politician (L) and writer, Leader of the Opposition (1980-83), born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil)
  • 1916 Ronald Ridout, school textbook author
  • 1917 Charles Kerruish, president (Tyndwald Isle of Man)
  • 1917 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • 1920 Marcel Maeyer, [de Maeyer], Belgian sculptor/graphic artist
  • 1921 David Lawmn, CEO (Prestige Group)
  • 1921 Harry Hookway, pro-chancellor (Loughborough University)
  • 1921 Peter Twiss, test pilot
  • 1922 Moses Rosen, chief Rabbi of Romania
  • 1923 Cyril M. Kornbluth, American writer (d. 1958)
  • 1924 Betsy Haworth, deacon/minister
  • 1926 Ludvik Vaculik, Czech writer (Two Thousand Words), born in Brumo, Zlín Region (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Al[fred] A McCandless, (Rep-R-CA, 1983- )
  • 1927 Elliot McKay See Jr, astronaut, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1966)
  • 1928 Hubert Selby Jr., American author (d. 2004)
  • 1929 Andrew Rutherford, warden (Goldsmith's College)
  • 1931 Jan Torell, Limhamm Sweden, director (New Land, Emigrants)
  • 1931 Richard Searby, deputy-chairman (News Corp Ltd-Australia)
  • 1931 Viktor Korchnoi, Russian-born chess grandmaster, born in Leningrad (d. 2016)
  • 1931 Te Atairangi Kaahu, Māori Queen (d. 2006)
  • 1932 Alistair Graham, headmaster (Mill Hill School)
  • 1933 Richard Rogers, English architect
  • 1934 Nicholas Barrington, high commissioner (Pakistan)
  • 1935 Hein Heinsen, Danish artist
  • 1936 Anthony Kennedy, 106th US Supreme Court justice (1988- ), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1937 Dave Webster, Led his football team to a National Championship in 1958
  • 1937 Bruce Surtees, cinematographer (Dirty Harry, Lenny), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1942 Myra Hindley, English murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1942 Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician
  • 1943 Dr. Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate (d. 2007)
  • 1944 Judith A Bosch, Dutch radio/TV-hostess (Tweekamp, Zeskamp)
  • 1947 Spencer Christian, weatherman (Good Morning America)
  • 1948 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician
  • 1950 Alex Kozinski, Romanian-born American judge
  • 1964 Ed Forchion, American marijuana activist
  • 1970 Thea Dorn, German writer
  • 1971 Aimee Rinehart, Miss Missouri USA (1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Monica Lewinsky, American White House intern (improper relationship with Bill Clinton), born in San Francisco, California

White House Intern Monica Lewinsky
White House Intern
Monica Lewinsky
  • 1976 Judit Polgár, Hungarian chess player

Weddings in History

  • 1986 Britain's Prince Andrew (26) weds Sarah Ferguson (26) at Westminster Abbey in London, England

Deaths in History

  • 945 Richarius, bishop of Luik (922-45), dies
  • 1227 Qiu Chuji, Chinese Taoist (b. 1148)
  • 1373 Birgitta van Sweden, Swedish saint, dies
  • 1403 Henry Percy, [Harry Hotspur], killed in battle at 39
  • 1403 Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel (executed) (b. 1343)
  • 1531 Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers
  • 1568 Don Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1581 Georges Lalaing, viceroy of Friesland, dies
  • 1584 John Day, English printer (b. 1522)
  • 1645 Michael Fjodorovitsj, tsar of Russia (1613-45)/1st Romanov, dies
  • 1690 Richard Gibson, minature painter, dies
  • 1692 Gilles Ménage, French scholar (b. 1613)
  • 1727 Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1764 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (b. 1703)
  • 1773 George Edwards, English naturalist (b. 1693)
  • 1781 John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-born Continental Congressman (b. 1724)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1793 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence), dies of typhoid fever at 72

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • 1803 Arthur Wolfe, 1st viscount Kilwarden/Chief Justice of Ireld, murdered
  • 1816 Elizabeth Hamilton, author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • 1844 Christian Gobrecht, 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 1853 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (b. 1798)
  • 1878 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President (1869-77) and Union general, dies of esophageal cancer in Mount McGregor NY at 63

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1904 John Simon, public health pioneer, dies
  • 1905 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76
  • 1909 Ernest F Cambier, Bel colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • 1916 William Ramsey, chemist, dies
  • 1920 Conrad Kohrs, German-born rancher (b. 1835)
  • 1924 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (b. 1850)
  • 1927 Saad Zaghlul, Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1930 Glenn Hammond Curtiss, aviation pioneer/airplane builder, dies at 52
  • 1942 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet/communist, executed at 32
  • 1942 Adam Czerniakow, Polish engineer (suicide) (b. 1880)
  • 1943 Emanuel Querido, Dutch publisher, murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • 1944 Bernard M Cohen, attorney, killed at Belsen concentration camp
  • 1944 Helmuth J von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed
  • 1944 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • 1946 James Maxton, politician, dies
  • 1951 Henri Philippe Pétain, French marshal (Verdun/Vichy regime), dies
  • 1955 Cordell Hull, statesman, dies
  • 1957 G Tomasi di Lampedusa, writer, dies at 61
  • 1964 Jan PML de Vries, Dutch germanist/folklorist, dies at 74
  • 1968 Henry Hallett Dale, physiologist, dies
  • 1969 Deli Floyd, writer, dies
  • 1973 Eddie Rickenbacker, WW I fighter pilot, dies at 82
  • 1979 Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (b. 1898)
  • 1980 Sarto Fournier, Mayor of Montreal (b. 1908)
  • 1980 Mollie Steimer, anarchist agitator and American political prisoner (b. 1897)
  • 1982 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, dies at 82
  • 1989 Donald Barthelme, American author (b. 1931)
  • 1990 Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese development of television (b. 1899)
  • 1994 Aad Ivens, Dutch checkers player, dies at 80
  • 1994 Henry William Collins, artist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Bob Rundick, poet/DJ, dies at 52
  • 1996 Jessica Lucy Mitford, author, dies at 78
  • 1996 John Corner, scientist, dies at 80
  • 1997 Andrew Cunanan, serial killer (Gianni Versage), commits suicide
  • 1999 Hassan II, King of Morocco (1961-99), dies of natural causes at 70
  • 2001 Eudora Welty, American author (b. 1909)
  • 2002 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (b. 1933)
  • 2002 Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2003 James E. Davis, New York City councilman (murdered) (b. 1962)
  • 2006 Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1914)
  • 2007 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, dies at 93
  • 2008 Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1924)
  • 2010 Daniel Schorr, American journalist (b. 1916)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2012 Sally Ride, American astronaut and 1st American woman in space, dies of pancreatic cancer at 61

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 2014 Dora Bryan, British actress, dies at 91
  • 2016 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, dies at 90