On This Day in History for July 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • 1132 Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily.
  • 1148 Louis VII of France lays siege to Damascus during the Second Crusade.
  • 1411 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place.
  • 1487 Citizens of Leeuwarden, Netherlands, rebel against ban on foreign beer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Canada, claims it for France

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1567 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1577 Spanish army/German mercenaries conquer Namur
  • 1577 Treason of Don Juan in Brussels
  • 1581 States of Holland/Zealand recognized by Wiliam of Orange
  • 1651 Anthony Johnson, a free African American, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1673 Edmund Halley enters The Queen's College, Oxford, as an undergraduate

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1683 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • 1692 French defeat William III of England at Steinkirk (Enghein)
  • 1701 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds trading post at Ft Pontchartrain, which later becomes the city of Detroit
  • 1704 English & Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1712 Battle at Denain: France under Villars beat Dutch army

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1758 George Washington elected to Virginia House of Burgesses representing Frederick County

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1783 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1793 France passes 1st copyright law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1799 William Clark (of Lewis & Clark) is willed the slave York

Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark
  • 1823 Slavery is abolished in Chile.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1824 Harrisburg Pennsylvanian newspaper publishes results of 1st public opinion poll, with a clear lead for Andrew Jackson

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1832 Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by Wyoming's South Pass
  • 1833 HMS Beagle departs Maldonado Uruguay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Brigham Young & his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1847 Rotary-type printing press patents by Richard March Hoe, NYC
  • 1851 Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 1861 Skirmish at Taylor Mountain, (W)VA - CS Gen Wise retreats
  • 1863 Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • 1866 Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 1870 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • 1877 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • 1883 Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • 1886 China takes British protectorate of Burma
  • 1900 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • 1901 O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
  • 1902 In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1905 Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar
Nicholas II
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1908 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • 1910 Matador Juan Belmonte (18) kills his 1st bull

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 American explorer Hiram Bingham discovers Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • 1911 Cleve's League Park hosts 1st unofficial ML All Star game (benefit game for Addie Joss' family). Cleveland Naps lose to All Stars 5-3
  • 1915 Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die
  • 1919 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • 1923 Allied Powers & Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • 1927 The Menin Gate war memorial is unveiled at Ypres.
  • 1929 NY to SF foot race ends (2½ months) winner is 60 year old Monteverde

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1929 US President Herbert Hoover proclaims Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounces war

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1931 George Gunn gets 183 & son of a gunn George Vernon 100* same innings

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1931 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile (8:59.6)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1931 A fire at a home for the elderly in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania kills 48 people.
  • 1933 German judge Vogt signs deed of accusation against Van der Lubbe
  • 1934 1st ptarmigan hatched & reared in captivity, Ithaca, NY
  • 1935 1st greetings telegram sent in Britain
  • 1935 The world's first children's railway opens in Tbilisi, USSR.
  • 1936 118°F (48°C), Minden, Nebraska (state record)
  • 1936 121°F (49°C), near Alton, Kansas (state record)
  • 1936 Generals Mola & Cabanellas form Spanish anti-government
  • 1937 Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • 1940 1st illegal "Newsletter of Pieter It Hen" publishes in Netherlands
  • 1940 Linthorst Homan, de Quay & Einthoven forms Dutch Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 FDR demands Japanese troops out of Indo-China

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1941 Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania
  • 1942 German troops occupy Rostov-on- Don in Southern Russia for the 2nd time
  • 1943 Operation Gomorrah begins - RAF begins bombing Hamburg (till 3rd August), creating firestorm and killing 42,600
  • 1944 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions
  • 1944 Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Majdanek
  • 1944 US troops land on Tinian
  • 1945 US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • 1946 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • 1948 4 Duluth Minn Dukes (St Louis Cards Class C farm team) die in crash
  • 1950 V-2/WAC Corporal rocket launch; 1st launch from Cape Canaveral
  • 1952 112°F (44°C), Louisville, Georgia (state record)
  • 1952 US President Harry Truman settles 53-day steel strike
  • 1955 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow" premieres in London

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 14 people named 1st life peers in UK
  • 1959 500,000th Dutch TV set registered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 US VP Richard Nixon argues with Nikita Khrushchev, known as "Kitchen Debate"

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1961 Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba
  • 1961 Edwin Newman becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • 1963 124 Unification church couples wed in Korea
  • 1963 Dutch government of Marijnen forms
  • 1964 -27) race riot in Rochester, New York, 4 killed
  • 1965 Rock group "The Animals" 1st time in British charts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Charles de Gaulle says 'Vive le Quebec libre! Long live free Quebec!'

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1967 Chinese army/air force/fleet repress uprising in Wuhan City
  • 1967 Norway requests European Common Market membership
  • 1967 Race riots in Cambridge, Maryland
  • 1968 Hoyt Wilhelm's 907th breaks Cy Young's record for pitching appearances

1stApollo 11 Bootprint

1969 Apollo 11 returns to Earth

  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 Jigme Singye Wangchuk becomes king of Bhutan at 16
  • 1972 Bugojno group is caught by Yugoslav security forces.
  • 1974 Supreme Court unanimously rules Nixon must turn over Watergate tapes
  • 1976 John Naber is 1st to swim 200m backstroke under 2 minutes
  • 1977 Seattle's John Montague pitches 6 2/3 innings of perfect relief tying 2 game record of retiring 33 consecutive batsmen
  • 1978 Billy Martin resigns as Yankee manager after "one is a born liar the other a convicted one" comment about Steinbrenner & Jackson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter names Paul Volcker as Chairman of the Federal Reserve

Chairman of the Federal Reserve and Economist Paul Volcker
Chairman of the Federal Reserve and Economist
Paul Volcker
39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • 1660 Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (d. 1718)
  • 1720 Louise Ulrike, queen of Sweden and wife of Adolf Frederik, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1782)
  • 1725 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist, born in Wapping, London (d. 1807)
  • 1738 Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, Dutch author and poet (Sara Burgerhart), born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • 1757 Vladimir Borovikovsky [Vоlоdymyr Borovyk], Russian painter, born in Myrhorod (now Ukraine) (d. 1825)
  • 1759 Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia (1802-21), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Italy (d. 1824)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1783 Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan political and military leader (freed 6 Latin American republics from Spanish rule), born in Caracas (d. 1830)

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1786 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
  • 1796 Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer and statesman, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1865)
  • 1796 John Middleton Clayton, U.S. Secretary of State (1849-50) and U.S. Senator from Delaware, born in Dagsboro, Delaware (d. 1856)
  • 1798 John Adams Dix, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boscawen, New Hampshire (d. 1879)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1802 Alexandre Dumas, French author (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo), born in Aisne, France (d. 1870)

  • 1803 Alexander Jackson Davis, American architect (gothic revivalist), born in NYC, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1815 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1817 Adolf WAKF, grand duke of Luxembourg (1890-1905)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey

Gang Leader Bill the Butcher
Gang Leader
Bill the Butcher
  • 1826 Francisco Solano Lopez, President of Paraguay (1862-70), born in Asunción, Paraguay (d. 1870)
  • 1826 Ivan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist (d. 1902)
  • 1827 Julius Adolph de Lagnel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1912)
  • 1841 Raimundo Madrazo y Garretta, painter
  • 1851 Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • 1856 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1857 Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917), born in Fredericia, Denmark (d. 1943)
  • 1858 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920)
  • 1860 Alfons Mucha, Czech artist (d. 1939)
  • 1862 Johan A de Sleeve, [Adwaita], philosopher/classical/poet (Brahman)
  • 1864 Frank Wedekind, German playwright (The "Lulu" plays)
  • 1867 Edward Frederic Benson, English novelist, born in Wellington College, Berkshire, England (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet, born in Apopa, El Salvador (d. the same day 1908)
  • 1870 Fred Law Olmsted Jr, landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York
  • 1874 Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and writer (d. 1917)
  • 1877 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1954)
  • 1878 Lord Dunsany, [Edward JMD Plunkett], Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods)
  • 1884 Abraham Rutgers, Dutch governor (Suriname, 1928-33)
  • 1886 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Snow Dusting), born in Nihonbashi, Tokyo (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Robert Graves, writer/poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England
  • 1896 Hermann Kasack, German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom), born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Elmar Berkovich, Hungarian/Dutch designer (Eindhoven Theatre)
  • 1897 Karl von Mechow, German writer (Auf Dem Wege, Vorsommer), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1960)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 Amelia Earhart, American aviator and 1st woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1939)

  • 1898 Frank Mortelmans, Belgian painter
  • 1900 Zelda Fitzgerald, 1st wife of F Scott
  • 1904 James R Killian Jr, MIT pres (1948-59)
  • 1910 Edward Ford, registrat Order of Merit
  • 1910 Harry Horner, Austro-Hungarian-born American stage and film designer (The Heiress), born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1994)
  • 1914 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, born in Colchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Edwin Mirvish, owner (Old Vic)
  • 1914 Kenneth B Clark, Canal Zone, civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto)
  • 1914 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)
  • 1915 Frank Thistlethwaite, vice chancellor (University of East Anglia)
  • 1915 Enrique Fernando, Philippino jurist (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Egon Ronay, Hungarian food critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 2010)
  • 1916 John D MacDonald, novelist (Deep Blue Goodbye)
  • 1917 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller
  • 1919 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Alexander H. Cohen, Broadway producer (Beyond the Fringe), born in NYC, New York
  • 1920 Bella Abzug, (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74)
  • 1922 Charles Mathias Jr, (Sen-R-MD, 1969-86)
  • 1922 Madeleine Ferron, French Canadian writer
  • 1924 David Loram, British vice-admiral (Supreme Allied Commander)
  • 1924 Janine Charrat, French ballerina/choreographer
  • 1924 Lord Digby, lord-lt for Dorset
  • 1924 Charles K. Johnson, American President of the Flat Earth Society, born in San Angelo, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1925 Ignacio Aldecoa, Spanish writer (Gran Sol, Caballo the Pica)
  • 1926 James Hele, high master (St Paul's School)
  • 1927 James J Howard, (Rep-D-NJ, 1965- )
  • 1929 Hedda J Garza, writer/political activist
  • 1929 Peter Yates, director (Breaking Away, Bullitt)
  • 1930 Boris Nikolayevich Belousov, cosmonaut
  • 1930 Charles Hambro, English banker/multi-millionaire/CEO (Hambros)
  • 1931 Ermanno Olmi, Italian director
  • 1931 Éric Tabarly, French sailor (d. 1998)
  • 1932 William D Ruckelshaus, headed Environmental Protection Agency
  • 1934 Thomas Ambler, CEO (Texaco)
  • 1934 Sante Kimes, American convicted con artist and murderess
  • 1935 Pat Oliphant, Australia, cartoonist (7 Pres: The Art of Oliphant)
  • 1935 Trevor Chinn, CEO (Lex)
  • 1936 Ruth Buzzi, Westerly RI, comedienne (Laugh-In, Margie-That Girl)
  • 1937 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • 1937 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • 1938 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • 1938 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • 1939 Barry [Norman] Malzberg, sci-fi author (Revelations, Beyond Apollo)
  • 1940 Carroll A Campbell Jr, (Rep-R-SC, 1979-86)
  • 1940 Stanley Hauerwas, American theologian
  • 1943 Henk Vos, chemical analyst/Dutch politician (PvdA) 2nd Chamber
  • 1945 Azim Premji, Indian businessman
  • 1947 Michael Coveney, drama critic
  • 1947 Neil McIntosh, CEO (VSO, Center for British Teaching)
  • 1949 Marjanne Sint, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1950 Goutam Ghose, director (Patang, Voyage Beyond, Paar)
  • 1951 Chris Smith, New Zealand politican (Labour), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1952 Vin Weber, (Rep-R-MN, 1981- )
  • 1953 Claire McCaskill, American politician, junior senator from Missouri
  • 1956 Charles Crist, Governor of Florida
  • 1964 Banana Yoshimoto, Japanese author
  • 1968 Colleen Doran, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1968 Malcolm Ingram, Canadian director
  • 1972 Rev. Jen Miller, American performance artist
  • 1976 Chris[tian] Patrick Raymond Ahrens, Whitefish Bay Wis, rower (Oly-96)

Weddings in History

  • 1554 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem

HeartWedding of Interest

1982 Physicist and astronaut Sally Ride (31) weds astronaut Steven Hawley (30) in Salina, Kansas

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride

Deaths in History

  • 1115 Matilda, Countess of Tuscany (b. 1046)
  • 1240 Konrad von Thüringen, fifth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights
  • 1345 Jacob van Artevelde, statesman, murdered
  • 1568 Prince Don Carlos of Spain (b. 1545)
  • 1594 John Boste, Catholic saint and martyr (b. 1544)
  • 1612 Ottavio M Frangipani, Pope elect, dies
  • 1712 Cornelis earl of Nassau, general-major/mister of Woudenberg, dies
  • 1756 George Vertue, engraver, dies
  • 1758 John Dyer, British poet, dies at 58
  • 1768 Nathanial Lardner, English theologian (b. 1684)
  • 1837 Charles Hodges, English/Dutch portrait painter
  • 1842 John Sell Cotman, landscape painter, dies
  • 1846 Louis Napoleon, French King of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 67

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1862 Martin Van Buren, 8th US president (1837-41), dies of heart failure at 79

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1868 George Cattermole, painter/illustrator, dies
  • 1900 Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • 1908 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet, dies at 41 (b. the same day 1867)
  • 1910 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (b. 1841)
  • 1927 Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (b. 1892)
  • 1931 Marie WF Treub, Dutch economist/minister of finance, dies at 75
  • 1944 Jan Postma, leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • 1954 Mary Church Terrell, educator/civil rights leader, dies at 90
  • 1964 Erwin F Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer, dies
  • 1967 Little Billy Rhodes, dies of stroke at 72
  • 1969 Witold Gombrowicz, Polish author (Ferdydurke, Dziennik), dies at 64
  • 1970 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman (b. 1897)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 James Chadwick, English physicist (Nobel 1935, discovered neutron), dies at 82

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick
  • 1986 Fritz A Lipman, discoverer (co-enzymes, Nobel 1953), dies at 87
  • 1990 Alan Clarke, director (Elephant, Road, Scum, Firm), dies at 54
  • 1991 Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American writer (Yentl, Nobel 1978), dies at 87
  • 1991 Karl Ellis, dies at 41
  • 1992 Arlette-Leonie Arletty, dies at 94
  • 1992 Khaled Mahmoud Saeed, asst to Palestine terrorist Abu Nidal, murdered
  • 1992 Lillian Oppenheimer, orgamist, dies of a heart attack at 93
  • 1992 Sam Berger, Canadian football owner (b. 1900)
  • 1993 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, dies at 79
  • 1993 Francis Bouygues, French entrepreneur/billionaire, dies at 70
  • 1993 Lonnie D'Orsa, film and TV director, dies at 96
  • 1994 Grete Schickedanz, German head mistress, dies at 82
  • 1995 Don Richard Carpenter, novelist, dies at 64
  • 1997 Andrew Cunanan, serial killer (Gianni Versage), commits suicide
  • 1997 Saw Maung, general/president of Myanmar (Burma) (1988-92), dies
  • 1997 William J. Brennan, Jr. American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), dies at 91
  • 2000 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (b. 1925)
  • 2005 Richard Doll, English epidemiologist (b. 1912)
  • 2007 Albert Ellis, American psychologist (b. 1913)
  • 2009 E. Lynn Harris, American Author (b. 1955)
  • 2010 Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player (b. 1949)
  • 2011 Frank Dietrich, German politician (b. 1966)
  • 2012 John Atta Mills, Ghanaian President, dies at 68
  • 2012 Robert Ledley, American scientist (invented the CT scanner), dies at 86