On This Day in History for July 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 155

Event of interestEvent of Interest

306 Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops

Roman Emperor Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Constantine the Great
  • 1139 Count Alfonso I of Portugal proclaimed King
  • 1261 Constantinople recaptured by Nicaean forces under Alexios Strategopoulos for Emperor Michael VIII, re-establishing Byzantine Empire.
  • 1360 Jews are expelled from Breslau, Silesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1511 Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque first assault the prosperous trading city of Malacca, Malay Peninsula

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1519 San Cristobal de la Habana forms in Cuba
  • 1521 About 300 heretics burned in Vrijdagmarkt Gent
  • 1536 Sebastián de Belalcázar on his search of El Dorado founds the City of Santiago de Cali.
  • 1538 The City of Guayaquil is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1547 Henry II of France is crowned.

King of France Henry II
King of France
Henry II
  • 1564 Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1567 Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas, modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
  • 1570 Battle at Arnay-le-Duc Bourgundy: Huguenots-French government army
  • 1585 Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics
  • 1593 France's Protestant King Henri IV converts to Roman Catholic faith
  • 1652 Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • 1670 Austrian Emperor Leopold I expels 4,000 Jews from Vienna
  • 1670 Don Juan Domingo Zuniga y Fonseca becomes gov-gen of Southern Neth
  • 1693 Ignacio de Maya founds the Real Santiago de las Sabinas, now known as Sabinas Hidalgo, Nuevo León, México.
  • 1722 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border.
  • 1729 North Carolina becomes a royal colony
  • 1745 Jacoibite Rising Bonnie Prince Charlie lands on Eriskay, Hebrides
  • 1758 Seven Years' War: the island battery at Fortress Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.
  • 1759 British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War)

AgreementMagna Carta

1775 Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta

  • 1792 Dutch patriots exiles finds "Bataafs Legion"
  • 1792 The Brunswick Manifesto issued to population of Paris promising vengeance if French Royal Family harmed.
  • 1795 The first stone of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is laid.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1797 Horatio Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed conquest attempt of Tenerife (Spain).

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1799 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1814 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British
  • 1814 English engineer George Stephenson introduces the 1st steam locomotive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 General Agustin de Iturbide crowned Agustin I, 1st Emperor of Mexico

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide
  • 1824 Costa Rica annexes Guanacaste from Nicaragua.
  • 1832 1st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Mass-1 dies
  • 1835 Ibrahim Pasha's army attacks Jewish settlers of Hebron Palestine
  • 1837 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph was successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone on 25 July 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London.
  • 1848 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
  • 1850 Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)
  • 1853 Joaquin Murietta, the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
  • 1854 Walter Hunt is awarded the first U.S. patent for a paper shirt collar
  • 1860 1st US intercollegiate billiard match (Harvard vs Yales)
  • 1861 Washington, D.C. - Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union & uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • 1861 Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, NM Terr - Rebels attack Union troops
  • 1863 Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia
  • 1866 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • 1866 David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Ulysses S. Grant named 1st general of Army

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1868 US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • 1871 Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • 1897 Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories.
  • 1898 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
  • 1901 Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
  • 1903 Castle on top of Telegraph Hil, San Francisco closes
  • 1907 Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan.
  • 1908 Ajinomoto Co. is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • 1909 France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel
  • 1912 Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • 1913 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • 1913 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • 1914 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • 1914 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing
  • 1916 Explosion at Lake Erie & Cleveland Waterworks
  • 1917 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
  • 1918 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, Calif
  • 1918 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1923 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1
  • 1930 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st & 4th innings vs Cleveland
  • 1934 Failed nazi coup in Austria
  • 1936 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • 1938 Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • 1938 Revolutionary offensive of Ebro Spain (Hollander Piet)
  • 1939 5th & last Dutch government of Colijn, forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 FDR bans selling benzine/gasoline to Japan

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • 1943 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1943 Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl
  • 1943 RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam
  • 1944 -26] Japanese banzai-attack on Guam
  • 1944 1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262)
  • 1944 Operation Cobra: US forces begin major offensive in Normandy with air bombardment
  • 1944 World War II: Operation Spring - one of Canada's bloodiest days, 18,444 casualties and 5,021 killed
  • 1946 US detonates underwater A-bomb at Bikini (5th atomic explosion)
  • 1952 Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth (Constitution Day)
  • 1953 NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens
  • 1956 Italian liner Andrea Doria sinks after colliding with the Stockholm
  • 1956 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • 1957 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • 1957 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 The African Regroupment Party (PRA) holds its first congress in Cotonou.
  • 1959 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • 1960 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 Belgian Senate accept Law on language regulations
  • 1963 US, Russia & Britain sign nuclear Test ban treaty
  • 1964 Bob Simpson out for 311 at Old Trafford
  • 1964 Race riot in Rochester NY
  • 1965 Folk-rock begins, Dylan uses electric guitar at Newport Folk Festival

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Mao Zedong swims the Yangtze River

Chinese Communist Revolutionary Mao Zedong
Chinese Communist Revolutionary
Mao Zedong

Birthdays in History

  • 975 Thietmar, bishop of Merseburg, German chronicler
  • 1016 Casimir I, Duke of Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1109 Afonso I, the Conqueror, king of Portugal (1143-85)
  • 1336 Albert, Count of Holland (d. 1404)
  • 1404 Philips van Saint-Pol, Duke of Brabant
  • 1421 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician (d. 1461)
  • 1517 Jacques Peletier (du Mans), French poet/scientist
  • 1562 Kiyomasa Kato, Japanese warlord (d. 1611)
  • 1575 Christoph Scheiner, Germany, astronomer
  • 1626 Geeraerdt Brandt, Dutch theologist/poet/historian
  • 1639 Thomas Tompion, Northill Bedfordshire, English clock maker (cylinder tunnel)
  • 1658 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (d. 1703)
  • 1683 Pieter Langendijk, painter/etcher/playwright (Wiskunstenaars)
  • 1691 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini)
  • 1715 Immanuel J Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry)
  • 1750 Henry Knox, American general (d. 1806)
  • 1761 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer
  • 1775 Anna Symmes Harrison, Ohio, 9th 1st lady (1841)
  • 1795 James Barry, female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army)
  • 1797 Princess Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge (d. 1889)
  • 1799 David Douglas, Scottish botanist (d. 1834)
  • 1804 Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Education
  • 1816 Christian B Freiherr von Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition)
  • 1822 Schuyler Hamilton, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1903)
  • 1824 Richard James Oglesby, Union (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • 1839 Francis Garnier, French explorer (d. 1873)
  • 1840 Flora Adams Darling, founded Daughters of American Revolution

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Painter Thomas Eakins
Thomas Eakins
  • 1848 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • 1857 Frank Sprague, Milford Connecticut, American Inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system in Richmond, Virgina
  • 1860 Princess Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught (d. 1917)
  • 1861 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Anstruther Scotland, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault
  • 1865 Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist/educator (Contact with Plants)
  • 1866 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist
  • 1867 Max Dauthendy, German painter/author (Ewige Hochzeit)
  • 1867 Alexander Rummler, American painter (d. 1959)
  • 1870 Jan D Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders)
  • 1870 Maxfield Parrish, American illustrator (d. 1966)
  • 1874 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Lublin Poland, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber
  • 1882 George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain, Navy Cross (d. 1942)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884 Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1934)

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Davidson Black
  • 1885 Benito Lynch, Irish/Argentine writer (Caranchos de la Florida)
  • 1896 Richard N Gale, English general/airborne commander (Normandy)
  • 1900 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola)
  • 1901 Walter Breedveld/Reinier de Muntel, writer (Een ship vergaat)
  • 1902 Eric Hoffer, longshoreman/author (True Believer)
  • 1905 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian/British novelist (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981)
  • 1905 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, writer and illustrator (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Joseph Mitchell, writer
  • 1913 John Cairncross, linguist (5th Man)
  • 1915 David Napley, solicitor
  • 1916 Lucien Saulnier, Quebec politician (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Jane Frank, American artist (d. 1986)
  • 1919 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha/Muchila)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958)

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1921 John Christopherson, artist/collector
  • 1923 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Frank Church, (Sen-D-Id, 1957-81)
  • 1927 Midge Decter, anti woman's lib (Liberated Woman...), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1927 Sadiq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani politician (d. 2000)
  • 1929 Somnath Chatterjee, Indian communist leader
  • 1930 Alice Parizeau, Polish-born Quebec writer and essayist (d. 1990)
  • 1931 Cornelis P van Dijk, Dutch minister of the Interior
  • 1932 Paul Joseph Weitz, Erie Pennsylvania, astronaut (Skylab 2, STS 6)
  • 1935 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman/billionaire/arms dealer
  • 1935 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader
  • 1936 Glenn Murcutt, Australian architect
  • 1937 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist
  • 1941 Peter Suschitzky, Polish-British cinematographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1941 Emmett Till, American lynching victim, born in Chicago, Illinois

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • 1942 Felix Ph Ingold, writer
  • 1944 Molly Bennett Aiken, founder (riding for the handicapped)
  • 1946 John Gibson, American media host
  • 1948 Brian M[ichael] Stableford, UK, sci-fi author (Day of Wrath)
  • 1955 Bantubonke Holomisa, minister of Defense of Transkei (1988- )
  • 1955 Kike Elomaa, Finnish bodybuilder
  • 1957 Daniel W Bursch, Bristol PA, Lt Cmdr USN/Astronaut (STS 51, 68, 77)
  • 1957 Ray Billingsley, comic strip cartoonist (Curtis)
  • 1960 Alain Robidoux, Canadian snooker player
  • 1963 Denis Coderre, French Canadian politician
  • 1963 Julian Hodgson, English chess player
  • 1965 Torey Lovullo, infielder (Oakland A's), born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1966 Christine C. Quinn, American politician
  • 1967 Tommy Skjerven, Norwegian football referee
  • 1970 Nicholas CEJ Windsor, son of the English Duke of Kent
  • 1973 Mur Lafferty, American podcaster and writer
  • 1974 Lysa Jackson, Miss South Carolina USA (1996)
  • 1976 Jovica Tasevski-Eternijan, Macedonian poet
  • 1978 Louise Brown, English, 1st person born through in vitro fertilisation (IVF), born in Oldham
  • 1978 Louise Joy Brown, Oldham England, world's first test tube baby
  • 1979 Allister Carter, English professional snooker player

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1814 Inventor Charles Babbage (21) weds Georgina Whitmore at St. Michael's Church in Devon, England

Inventor Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage

HeartWedding of Interest

1839 British PM William Gladstone (29) weds Catherine Glynne (27) in England

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1988 Heiress Julia Stimson Thorne (43) divorces politician John Kerry (44) after 18 years of marriage

United States Secretary of State John Kerry
United States Secretary of State
John Kerry

Deaths in History

  • 306 Gaius Flavius V Constantius, under-emperor of Rome 297-306, dies
  • 1409 King Martin I of Sicily
  • 1471 John Soreth, French general, dies
  • 1492 Innocent VII, [Giovanni B Cibo], Italian Pope (1484-92), dies
  • 1539 Lorenzo Campeggi(east), archbishop of Bologna/diplomat, dies at 65
  • 1564 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1558-64), dies at 61
  • 1570 Ivan Viskovati, chancellor of Russia, executed
  • 1580 Baltazar Alvarez, Spanish jesuit/writer, dies at 47
  • 1593 Steven Haghen, navigator/governor of Ambon (1617-18), dies at 61
  • 1616 Andreas Libavius, German alchemist, dies
  • 1624 Steven van der Haghen, admiral/gov on Ambon 1617-8, dies at about 61
  • 1643 Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, English statesman (b. 1584)
  • 1676 François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French writer (b. 1604)
  • 1681 Urian Oakes, English-born President of Harvard University (b. 1631)
  • 1721 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral of Zealand, dies at 66
  • 1739 Johannes van der Hagen, vicar/genealogy/chronologist, dies at 73
  • 1759 Theodoor Verhaegen, Flemish sculptor, dies
  • 1790 Johann Bernhard Basedow, German education reformer (b. 1723)
  • 1790 William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey (b. 1723)
  • 1791 Isaac Low, American Continental Congressman (b. 1735)
  • 1794 Andrea-Marie Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), dies
  • 1804 William Forsyth, English gardening expert (Forsythia), dies
  • 1826 Pavel I Pestel, Russian officer, hanged at 33 [OS Jul 13]
  • 1826 Kondraty Fyodorovich Ryleyev, Russian poet and revolutionary (b. 1795)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1834 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British poet, dies at 61

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • 1842 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (b. 1766)
  • 1843 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (b. 1766)
  • 1853 Joaquin Murieta, Mexican born Californian outlaw
  • 1861 Jonas Furrer, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1805)
  • 1864 Clement Hoffman Stevens, Us banker/inventor/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 42
  • 1865 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1887 John Taylor, American religious leader (b. 1808)
  • 1918 Carlos Guido y Spano, Argentine poet (Mexico, canto epico), dies
  • 1918 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer, dies at 47
  • 1927 Matilde Serao, [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne), dies
  • 1932 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron/writer (It Bolleken), dies [or 1936]
  • 1934 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian chancellor assassinated by nazis
  • 1934 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist (b. 1889)
  • 1934 François Coty, French perfume manufacturer (b. 1874)
  • 1944 Lesley J McNair, US Lieutenant General killed by friendly fire at St-Lo
  • 1946 Narziss Oh, German psychology, dies
  • 1958 Harry Warner, US movie pioneer (Warner Bros), dies at 81
  • 1959 Isaac Halevi Herzog, chief rabbi of Israel (1936-59), dies at 71
  • 1962 Thibaudeau Rinfret, Canadian jurist and Chief Justice (b. 1879)
  • 1963 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (b. 1877)
  • 1966 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, dies after being hit by a car at 40
  • 1967 W Gombrowicz, writer, dies at 62

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Louis St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada, dies of natural causes at 91

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent
  • 1982 Beene Dubbelboer, writer (Turfgasgenerator), dies at 76
  • 1982 Hal Foster, Canadian-American cartoonist (Prince Valiant) (b. 1892)
  • 1986 Vincente Minnelli, American director (Gigi, Goodbye Charlie), dies in LA at 76
  • 1987 Malcolm Baldrige, Secretary of Commerce, dies of internal injuries
  • 1987 Eric Mntonga, co-director of the Institute for a Democratic Alternative for South Africa (IDASA), found on a dirt road a day after he had been detained at a police station
  • 1987 Charles Stark Draper, American Scientist and Engineer (Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology), dies at 85
  • 1989 Steve Rubell, American night club owner (b. 1943)
  • 1991 Kaganovitch, Russian minister of Transport for Stalin, dies
  • 1993 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, American Chemist and Meteorologist (cloud seeding), dies at 87
  • 1995 Janice Elliott, English novelist, dies at 63
  • 1996 Raymond O'Malley, teacher, dies at 87
  • 1997 Margaret Farrer, midwife, dies at 83
  • 2002 Abdur Rahman Badawi, Egyptian existentialist philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Carl Brashear, first African-American U.S Navy Master Diver (b. 1931)
  • 2007 Bernd Jakubowski, German goalkeeper (b. 1952)
  • 2007 Jesse Marunde, American strongman competitor (b. 1979)
  • 2008 Randy Pausch, American professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, known for his "Last Lecture" (b. 1960)
  • 2008 Tracy Hall, American inventor (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Jeff Fehring, Australian rules footballer (b. 1955)
  • 2009 Harry Patch, the last surviving soldier to have served in the trenches in World War I, dies at 111 (b. 1898)
  • 2014 Salah Abu Hassanein, leader of Islamic Jihad's military wing, dies in Israeli airstrike
  • 2014 Bel Kaufman, American actor, dies at 103