On This Day in History for July 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • 657 Battle of Siffin during the first Muslim civil war between Ali ibn Abi Talib and Muawiyah I beside Euphrates River
  • 811 Battle of Pliska: Bulgarians under Krum beat Byzantines
  • 920 Rout of an alliance of Christian troops from Navarre and Léon against the Muslims at Pamplona.
  • 1267 Inquisition forms in Rome under Pope Clement IV
  • 1309 Henry VII is recognized King of the Romans by Pope Clement V
  • 1469 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor - Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV.
  • 1497 "Edward IV's son" Perkin Warbeck's army lands in Cork
  • 1499 Spanish conquistador Alonso de Ojeda discovers Curacao Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1519 Francisco Pizarro receives royal charter for the west coast of South America

Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador
Francisco Pizarro
  • 1524 James V declared fit to govern by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1529 Francisco Pizarro appointed governor of Peru
  • 1576 Muitende Spanish troops conquer Aalst

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1579 Francis Drake leaves San Francisco to cross Pacific Ocean

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1588 English Admiral John Hawkins knighted for his actions against the Armada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1656 Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn declares he is insolvent

  • 1663 France annexes Venaissin
  • 1678 England & Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
  • 1757 Battle at Hastenbeck: French army beats Duke of Cumberland

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1758 British battle fleet under gen James Wolfe conquerors Louisbourg

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1759 French troops vacate Ticonderoga NY
  • 1760 Austrian troops occupy Fort Glatz Silezie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) created in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • 1788 New York becomes 11th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1790 US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts
  • 1803 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
  • 1805 Naples/Calabria struck by Earthquake; about 26,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 Secret meeting of Simon Bolivar & Jose de San Martin

Military and Political Leader Simon Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simon Bolívar
Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1826 Vilnus Lithuanian riots cause death of many Jews
  • 1832 HMS Beagle anchors in Montevideo
  • 1835 1st sugar cane plantation started in Hawaii
  • 1847 Moses Garrish Farmer builds 1st miniature train for children to ride
  • 1847 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • 1858 Baron Lionel de Rothschild becomes the 1st Jewish person elected to the British Parliament
  • 1863 Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
  • 1864 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
  • 1864 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
  • 1864 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • 1865 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • 1865 The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington
  • 1866 Canoe Club opens in England
  • 1878 In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • 1881 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
  • 1887 1st Esperanto book published
  • 1891 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • 1891 France annexes Tahiti.
  • 1897 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • 1902 Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford
  • 1903 1st automobile trip across the United States (SF-NY) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker
  • 1908 United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1914 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • 1914 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrived from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • 1915 International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
  • 1916 The US Protests the 'Blacklist' issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1918 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • 1926 National Bar Association incorporates
  • 1926 Philippines government asks USA for a plebiscite on independence
  • 1928 Yanks score 11 runs in 12th beating Tigers 12-1
  • 1936 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1937 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1941 1st Dutch Austrians depart Hague
  • 1941 US embargo on oil-export to Japan
  • 1942 RC churches protest, Dutch bishops stand against spread of Judaism
  • 1943 120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record)
  • 1943 Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome
  • 1944 Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • 1944 Russian troops arrive in Weichsel
  • 1944 US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles
  • 1944 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1945 Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII
  • 1945 Japanese government disregards US ultimatum
  • 1945 US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb
  • 1945 Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled

  • 1946 President Harry Truman orders desegregation of all US forces
  • 1946 Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defense, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 Presient Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 directing "equality of treatment & opportunity" in US armed forces
  • 1950 KNIL (Royal Dutch East Indies Army) unites
  • 1951 Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • 1952 King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates [Black Saturday]
  • 1953 Cuban pirate radio station's 1st transmission at Santiago de Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the "26th of July Movement," against Fulgenico Batista's regime in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1953 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid.
  • 1955 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • 1956 Egypt seizes the Suez Canal
  • 1957 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • 1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, dictator of Guatemala, is assassinated
  • 1958 Army launches 4th US successful satellite, Explorer IV
  • 1958 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1960 Italian government of Fanfani forms
  • 1962 Maria Oeljanov, 1st airship with nuclear missiles, arrives in Cuba
  • 1963 Skopje, Yugoslavia, destroyed by earthquake, kills 1,000+
  • 1963 US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched
  • 1963 The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development votes to admit Japan.
  • 1964 Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa convicted of fraud & conspiracy
  • 1964 Train from Povoa de Varzin, Portugal derails near Oporto, 94 die
  • 1964 US union leader James Hoffa sentenced for fraud

Birthdays in History

  • 1030 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, St. Stanislaw (d. 1079)
  • 1467 Ferdinand II, King of Naples
  • 1678 Joseph I Habsburg, German king/Roman catholic emperor (1705-11)
  • 1739 George Clinton, NY, (D-R) 4th VP (1805-12)
  • 1796 George Catlin, US, author/painter (American Indian scenes)
  • 1799 Isaac Babbitt, invented babbitt's metal for bearings
  • 1801 John Drake Sloat, Ret Major General Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1867)
  • 1802 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, poet/politician, born in London, England
  • 1802 Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (d. 1855)
  • 1805 Constantine Brumidi, artist (Myrtle Murdock)
  • 1813 Isaac Baumann, Kassel Hesse, Germany, a Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa
  • 1820 John Marshall Jones, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1829 August Beernaert, Belgian premier (1884-94) (Nobel-1909)
  • 1842 Alfred Marshall, economist, born in London, England
  • 1855 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 George Bernard Shaw, dramatist (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

  • 1860 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama)
  • 1865 Philipp Scheidemann, German Parliament (SPD)/mayor of Kassel
  • 1872 George Louis Beer, historian (authority on British colonies)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Carl Jung
  • 1875 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (d. 1939)
  • 1877 Hubert Ahaus, missionary (Harvest Fields)
  • 1880 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Alexander J Kropholler, architect
  • 1885 Andre Maurois, Elbeuf, France, novelist/biographer
  • 1888 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, dies at 90
  • 1891 Jacques Pirenne, Belgian historian
  • 1893 George Grosz, German painter (Gott mit uns)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1963)

  • 1894 Ludovicus J Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken)
  • 1895 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person (d. 1922)
  • 1897 Paul Gallico, NY, novelist
  • 1899 Carel C van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art)
  • 1899 Danton Walker, Mariette Ga, columnist (Broadway Spotlight)
  • 1906 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence (d. 1943)
  • 1908 Salvador Allende Gossens, Chile's last elected president (1970-73)
  • 1909 Peter Thorneycroft, British politician (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Derek Riches, diplomat
  • 1919 James Lovelock, scientist
  • 1919 Kenneth Snowman, antiquarian
  • 1921 Jean Shepherd, American writer (d. 1999)
  • 1922 Blake Edwards, OK, writer/director (10, SOB, Breakfast at Tiffany's)
  • 1922 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board)
  • 1923 Peter Carey, permanent secretary (DTI)
  • 1923 Jan Berenstain, American author, (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Elias Motsoaledi, South African Umkhonto we Sizwe-commandant
  • 1924 John Kilgour, director of prison medical services (Home Office)
  • 1925 Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Ana María Matute, Spanish author
  • 1927 M H W Wells, CEO (Charterhouse Japhet)
  • 1928 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet (d. 1980)
  • 1928 Peter Lougheed, Canadian politician
  • 1929 Marc Lalonde, French Canadian politician
  • 1930 Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes
  • 1931 A M F (Sandy) Ross, managing-director (Mary Quant)
  • 1938 Keith Peters, physician
  • 1939 J W Howard, Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1939 Wopko Jensma, Middelburg, Eastern Province, South African poet and graphic designer
  • 1940 Brian Mawhinney, chairman (British Conservative Party)
  • 1940 Mary Jo Kopechne, Ted Kennedy's car passenger
  • 1942 Vladimír Mečiar, Slovak prime minister
  • 1943 Peter Hyams, director (2010, Capricorn 1, Relic, Timecop)
  • 1944 Rimantas Antanas-Antonovich Stankiavichus, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1946 Anne Wright, Vice-Chancellor (Sunderland U)
  • 1947 Pauline Clare, Chief Constable (Lancashire)
  • 1949 William M Shepherd, Oak Ridge Tn, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 27, 41, 52)
  • 1950 Paul McHale, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • 1951 William Surles "Bill" McArthur Jr, NC, astro (STS 58, 74, sk: 92)
  • 1952 Scott David Cook, CEO (Intuit-Quicken), born in Glendale, California
  • 1954 Lawrence Watt-Evans, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Sword of Bheleu)
  • 1959 Rick Bragg, American writer
  • 1962 Galina Chistyakova, Russian jumper (world record 1988)
  • 1964 Anne Provoost, Belgian author (In the Shadow of the Ark)
  • 1964 Ralf Metzenmacher, German painter and designer
  • 1967 Tim Schafer, American computer game designer
  • 1973 Lenka Šarounová, Czech astronomer
  • 1976 Brad Wilkins, American architect

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1849 Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott (28) weds Mary Bethune at bride's parents home

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott

HeartWedding of Interest

1895 Physicist and chemist Marie Curie (27) weds physicist Pierre Curie (36) in Sceaux, France

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie

HeartWedding of Interest

1942 Science fiction author Isaac Asimov (22) weds Gertrude Blugerman in Brooklyn, New York

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • 2013 Goo Goo Dolls frontman John Rzeznik (47) weds Melina Gallo at Calamigos Ranch in Malibu, California
  • 2014 Actress Piper Perabo (37) weds director Stephen Kay in NYC, New York

Deaths in History

  • 796 Offa, king of Mercia (75.-796)
  • 811 Nicephorus I, Byzantine Emperor (802-11), dies in battle
  • 1342 Charles I Robert van Anjou, King of Hungary (1307-42), dies
  • 1380 Emperor Komyo of Japan (b. 1322)
  • 1471 Paul II, [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), dies at 54
  • 1533 Atahualpo, Inca ruler, dies
  • 1592 Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron, French soldier (b. 1524)
  • 1611 Horio Yoshiharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1542)
  • 1630 Charles Emanuel I, the Great, Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon), dies
  • 1680 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet/courtier, dies
  • 1684 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician (b. 1646)
  • 1712 Thomas Osborne, English PM (1690-94), dies at 80
  • 1723 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1660)
  • 1728 John Friend, physician/politician, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863 Sam Houston, 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • 1867 King Otto of Greece (b. 1815)
  • 1881 George Borrow, writer, dies
  • 1910 Philipus J Hoedemaker, theologist, dies at 71
  • 1915 James Murray, philologist, dies
  • 1916 Sally Louisa Tompkins, American nurse and philanthrophist, only commissioned woman in US Confederate Army, dies at 82
  • 1918 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flyer (Victoria Cross), dies
  • 1919 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (b. 1836)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 William Jennings Bryan, American orator and statesman known as "The Great Commoner", dies at 65

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1925 Gottlob Frege, German Mathematician, dies at 76
  • 1935 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (b. 1871)
  • 1937 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), photojournalist dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • 1941 Benjamin Whorf, anthropologist, dies
  • 1941 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1942 Titus Brandsma, [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • 1942 Roberto Arlt, Argentinian writer (b. 1900)
  • 1944 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies at 66 of a heart ailment
  • 1946 Morris Hirshfield, Polish/US painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952 Eva Perón [Evita], Argentine First Lady and actress, dies of cancer at 33

First Lady of Argentina Eva Perón
First Lady of Argentina
Eva Perón
  • 1953 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greece premier (1945-50, 51-2), dies
  • 1954 Hans Lodeizen, [Johan Frederik], poet (Travel to Congo), dies at 26
  • 1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, president of Guatemala, murdered
  • 1959 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet/publisher (Amor), dies at 54
  • 1960 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • 1960 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (b. 1893)
  • 1970 Robert Taschereau, French Canadian lawyer and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1896)
  • 1974 Arthur K Watson, US businessman (IBM), dies at 55
  • 1977 Karac Plant, son of Robert Plant, dies of respratory failure at 6
  • 1980 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet (b. 1928)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Ed "Psycho" Gein, mass murderer ("Psycho" & "The Texas Chain Saw Massacre" based on him), dies at 78

Murderer and Body Snatcher Ed Gein
Murderer and Body Snatcher
Ed Gein

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 George Gallup, pioneer of public opinion polls, dies of a heart attack at 82

Inventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup
Inventor of the Gallup Poll
George Gallup
  • 1986 Averell Harriman, statesman, dies in Yorktown Heights, NY at 94
  • 1988 Fazlur Rahman Malik, Pakistani scholar (b. 1919)
  • 1992 Ron Webber, dies of cancer at 60
  • 1993 Matthew B Ridgway, US Army Chief of Staff (1953-55), dies at 98
  • 1994 Marino Iandioro, canned tomato pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1994 Thomas Davis, US movie editor/son of MGM-chief Frank D, dies at 26
  • 1995 George Romney, politician, dead Heart attack, dies at 88
  • 1995 Raymond Mailloux, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
  • 1996 Arthur William Raynes McDonald, radar Pioneer/pilot, dies at 93
  • 2000 John Tukey, American statistician (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Rex Barber, American WWII aviator (b. 1917)
  • 2001 Peter von Zahn, German journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2002 Jutta Hecker, German writer, dies at 97
  • 2005 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (b. 1908)
  • 2005 Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Lars Forssell, Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Marcey Jacobson, American photographer (b. 1911)
  • 2010 Sivakant Tiwari, senior legal officer of the Singapore Legal Service (b. 1945)
  • 2011 Margaret Olley, Australian artist (b.1923)
  • 2012 Franz West, Austrian artist, dies at 65
  • 2013 Rolf Haufs, German writer , dies at 77
  • 2015 Bobbi Kristina Brown, daughter of Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown, dies in a coma at 22
  • 2016 Forrest E. Mars Jr., American Candy Manufacturer (Mars), dies at 84