On This Day in History for July 27

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 145

  • 432 St Celestine I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1214 1st battle of Bouvines - King Philips II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England;as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname Jhn "Lackland")
  • 1230 Treaty of San Germano between Emperor Frederik II & Pope Gregory IX
  • 1280 Sogen Mugaku, founder of Engakuji temple, arrives in Japan from China
  • 1298 Albert (Albrecht) I, son of Rudolf of Habsburg, crowned King of the Germans
  • 1360 Danish King Waldemar IV destroys Visby, Gotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1501 Nicolaus Copernicus formally installed as a canon of Frauenberg Cathedral

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1549 1st Christian missionary in Japan, Jesuit priest Francis Xavier reaches Japan but is not permitted to enter any port until 15 August
  • 1563 French army recaptures Le Havre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings first tobacco to England from Virginia

Explorer Walter Raleigh
Explorer
Walter Raleigh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1641 Prince Frederick Henry captures castle of Gennep

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1643 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1655 Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • 1655 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • 1661 English Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • 1663 English Parliament accepts Staple Act
  • 1689 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • 1694 Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
  • 1713 Russia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714 Battle at Hango (Hangut): Russians beat Swedish fleet
  • 1714 British Queen Anne dismisses premier Robert Haley
  • 1720 The second important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Grengam.
  • 1789 US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department
  • 1794 Coup of thermidor/fall of Robespierre in Paris
  • 1795 Spain & France sign peace treaty
  • 1809 Battle of Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • 1816 US troops destroy Fort Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves
  • 1830 Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 1836 Adelaide, South Australia, founded
  • 1837 US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1839 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England
  • 1844 Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1861 Battle of Mathias Point, VA - Rebel forces repel a Federal landing
  • 1861 Battle of St Augustine Springs, NM Terr
  • 1861 Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Union General George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potomac Army

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1862 Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
  • 1862 Steamer "Golden Gate" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • 1864 Battle of Darbytown, VA (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • 1865 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
  • 1866 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
  • 1880 A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • 1880 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • 1884 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system
  • 1888 Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle
  • 1891 Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • 1897 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • 1897 Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
  • 1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • 1914 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • 1917 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele
  • 1918 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY
  • 1919 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • 1920 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • 1921 2nd government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto

  • 1922 International Geographical Union forms in Brussels
  • 1927 Mel Ott, 18, hits his 1st league home run (inside the park)
  • 1928 AVRO, General Vereniging Radio Omroep, forms
  • 1928 Tich Freeman becomes only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July.
  • 1929 Dike of Wieringermeerpolder finished
  • 1931 Chilean president Carlos Ibáñez forced out
  • 1931 Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr & SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • 1932 Paul Gorgoulov, assassin of French president Doumer, sentenced to death
  • 1934 French socialist/communist party of People's Front forms
  • 1935 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang & Hoangh, kills 200,000
  • 1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts
  • 1940 Bugs Bunny debuts in "Wild Hare"
  • 1941 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1941 German army enters Ukraine
  • 1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China
  • 1943 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1944 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • 1944 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • 1944 US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy
  • 1945 US Communist Party forms
  • 1947 Yogi Berri starts record 148 game errorless streak
  • 1948 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley
  • 1948 Otto Skorzeny escapes anti-nazi camp at Darmstadt
  • 1949 1st jet-propelled airline (De Havilland Comet) flies
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman promises aid to Taiwan
  • 1953 North Korea & UN sign armistice
  • 1953 Vatican disallows priest holiday work in factory
  • 1953 Dizzy Dean, Al Simmons Chief Bender, Bobby Wallace, Harry Wright, Ed Barrow, & Bill Klem & Tom Connolly are inducted into Hall of Fame
  • 1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
  • 1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • 1955 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • 1956 Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings at Manchester
  • 1957 St James' Theatre in London closes
  • 1959 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1960 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 Mariner 2 launched to Venus; flyby mission

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 Martin Luther King Jr. jailed in Albany Georgia

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear Test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1963 Fritz Von Erich beats Verne Gagne in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 General Amin al-Hafez becomes president of Syria
  • 1965 Pierre Harmel forms Belgium government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Arabs Federation premier Hoesein Al Bayoomi resigns

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1452 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan (1494-1508) who commissioned The Last Supper, born in Vigevano (Modern day Lombardy), Italy (d. 1508)

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1518 Elizabeth Talbot, countess of Shrewsbury/builder of country houses
  • 1612 Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40)/conquered Baghdad
  • 1625 Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, English soldier, admiral and patron to Samuel Pepys, born in Barnwell (d. 1672)
  • 1667 Jean Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1748)
  • 1733 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, born in Cockfield, County Durham, England (d. 1779)
  • 1740 Jeanne Baré, French explorer, born in Loire Valley, France (d. 1803)
  • 1752 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • 1768 Charlotte Corday, murdered Jean-Paul Marat in bath, born in Saint-Saturnin, France (d. 1793)
  • 1773 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, born in Porsgrunn, Norway (d. 1844)
  • 1777 Thomas Campbell, poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic)
  • 1784 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1839)
  • 1801 George Biddle Airy, 7th Astronomer Royal
  • 1812 Thomas Lanier Clingman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1820 John Franklin Farnsworth, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824 Alexandre Dumas fils, France, playwright/novelist (Camille)
  • 1833 Thomas George Bonney, English geologist, born in Rugeley, United Kingdom (d. 1923)
  • 1835 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer, Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Pietrasanta, Italy (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1848 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland), German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium
  • 1849 John Hopkinson, Manchester, U.K., British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law)
  • 1853 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (d. 1921)
  • 1857 Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge, orientalist/museum curator
  • 1857 Jose Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rico, found Federalist Party in 1900
  • 1870 Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc, England, author (Path to Rome)
  • 1878 Th to de Weeme, painter
  • 1879 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1882 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Ernst May, German architect (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Gerald F Bogan, US vice-admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
  • 1896 Henri Longchambon, French politician (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Audley Moore, civil rights activist, humanitarian [Queen Mother]
  • 1900 Charles Vidor, direct (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1903 Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician (d. 2002)
  • 1904 Agnes Yarnall, sculptor, artist, author laa, 1987
  • 1904 Kenneth Tompkins Bainbridge, physicist
  • 1906 Herbert Jasper, Canadian physiologist and neurologist (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and activist (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Denis Rickett, private secretary to Clement Attlee
  • 1908 Lord Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour)
  • 1910 Bea Marcia Anastasia verbrook Christoforides, writer
  • 1910 Julien Gracq, [Louis Poirier], French writer (Andre Breton)
  • 1911 Wilfrid Ewart Oulton, airman
  • 1911 Rayner Heppenstall, British novelist (d. 1981)
  • 1912 Hilde Domin, [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Eva Jones, poet/novelist
  • 1913 Mary Green, headmistress (Kidbrooke School)
  • 1913 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria)
  • 1913 George L. Street III American Navy Submariner (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Asfa Wossen, Crown prince of Ethiopia/son of emperor Haile Selassi
  • 1917 John Cunningham, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • 1917 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • 1920 James Munn, commissioner (British University)
  • 1923 Masutatsu Oyama, Japanese Kyokushin founder (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Vincent Canby, critic (NY Times)
  • 1926 Peter Coker, English painter, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Sat Mahajan, Indian politician
  • 1927 Allen Breed, USA, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1929 Jack Higgins, [Harry Patterson], novelist
  • 1930 Ronald Dearing, chairman (British Post Office)
  • 1930 Shirley Williams, co-founder (Social Democratic Party)/labour minister
  • 1931 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian politician
  • 1932 Beverly B Byron, (Rep-D-MD, 1979- )
  • 1932 Curnick M Ndlovu, Jailed South Africian worker's union leader
  • 1932 Robert Cowan, CEO (Highlands & Islands Enterprises)
  • 1933 Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer (d. 1995)
  • 1934 John Pardoe, CEO (Sight & Sound Education)/Liberal MP
  • 1936 J. Robert Hooper, American politician
  • 1937 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances)
  • 1937 Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator
  • 1938 Gary Gygax, American role-playing game creator (d. 2008)
  • 1939 James McGee, pathologist/professor (Morbid Anatomy at Oxford)
  • 1944 Aleksandr Ivanovich Dedkov, cosmonaut
  • 1946 Toktar Ongarbajewitch Aubakirov, Kazakhstan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • 1947 Wayne Dowdy, (Rep-D-MS, 1981- )
  • 1953 Wim G J M van de Camp, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA)
  • 1954 G. S. Bali, Indian politician
  • 1955 Cat Bauer, American novelist
  • 1960 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King
  • 1961 Daniel C Burbank, Lt cmdr USCG/astronaut, born in Manchester, Connecticut
  • 1977 Foo Swee Chin, Singaporean comic book artist
  • 1986 Ryan Griffen, Australian rules footballer
  • 1994 Princess Mafalda-Ceceilia of Bulgaria

Weddings in History

  • 1365 Isabella of England marries Enguerrand of Coucy at Windsor

HeartWedding of Interest

1857 Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I (25) weds princess Charlotte of Belgium (17) in Brussels

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I

HeartWedding of Interest

1927 British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (39) weds Elizabeth Carver in Chiswick, England

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1981 British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, proving to be a national event with massive viewer numbers

Deaths in History

  • 82 St Joseph of Arimathea, dies
  • 432 Celestine I, Italian Pope (422-32), dies
  • 916 Kliment/Clemens van Ohrid, Bulgaria bishop of Ohrid/saint, dies
  • 1101 Conrad II, King of Germany and Italy (b. 1074)
  • 1128 Willem van Normandia, earl of Flanders, dies in battle
  • 1214 Eustaes van Machelen, Flemish knight, dies in battle
  • 1214 Stefan van Longchamp, French knight, dies in battle
  • 1227 Otto II van Lippe, bishop of Utrecht (1216-27), dies
  • 1233 Ferrand of Portugal, earl of Flanders, dies at 45
  • 1276 King James I of Aragon (b. 1208)
  • 1365 Duke Rudolf IV of Austria (b. 1339)
  • 1498 Vespasiano da' Bisticci, Italian book seller/writer, dies at about 77
  • 1638 Johan VIII de Jongere, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • 1656 Salomo Glassius, German theologian (b. 1593)
  • 1675 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne Vicomte de Turenne, gen (France), dies
  • 1689 John Graham, of Claverhouse, 1st viscount Dundee/soldier, fatally wounded at the Battle of Killiecrankie at 41
  • 1759 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, biologist/astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1770 Robert Dinwiddie, British colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1693)
  • 1811 Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla, Mexican priest/freedom fighter, executed
  • 1828 Gilbert Charles Stuart, painter, dies
  • 1833 Bartolommea Capitanio, Italian monastery founder/saint, dies at 26
  • 1841 Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, poet/novelist, dies
  • 1844 John Dalton, Engl physicist/chemist (molecular theorist), dies at 77
  • 1863 William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
  • 1864 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • 1876 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, dies at 90
  • 1883 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott V Sandford), dies at 70
  • 1916 Charles Fryatt, British capt of SS Brussels, executed by Germans, dies
  • 1917 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1841)
  • 1929 Raoul Pictet, Swiss physicist who invented liquid nitrogen and was a pioneer of cryogenics, dies at 83
  • 1931 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)
  • 1934 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79
  • 1941 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist, dies at 83
  • 1942 William Matthew Finders Petrie, Egyptologist, dies
  • 1946 Gertrude Stein, US/Fren author/poet (Ida, Tender Buttons), dies at 72
  • 1958 Claire Chennault, American military leader (b. 1893)
  • 1962 Edward Godfrey Richard Aldington, novelist/biographer, dies
  • 1962 Richard Adlington, writer, dies at 70
  • 1962 James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger, American aerospace pioneer (b. 1895)
  • 1962 Conrad Elvehjem, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin), dies at 61
  • 1965 Henri Daniel-Rops, French writer and historian (b. 1901)
  • 1968 Anton van Duinkerken, [Willem J M A Asselbergs], literary, dies
  • 1970 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, dictator of Portugal (1932-68), dies
  • 1976 Ray Brennan, retired US Air Force captain, American Legion bookkeeper and the 1st American to die of "Legionnaire's Disease", dies of an apparent heart attack at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1980 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (1941-79), dies in Cairo at 60

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • 1981 William Wyler, US director (Ben Hur), dies at 79
  • 1984 Oswald Jacoby, US contract bridge champion, dies at 81
  • 1988 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (b. 1901)
  • 1990 Kim Thomas-Friedland, news anchor (FNN), dies at 32
  • 1990 Salim Ali, Indian Ornithologist (Birdman of India), dies at 90
  • 1992 Max Dupain, Australian photographer (b. 1911)
  • 1994 H Minderop, founder/chairman (TROS-radio/TV), dies
  • 1994 Rosa Chacel, Spanish author, dies at 96
  • 1994 Tatiana Tauer, harpist, dies at 48
  • 1994 Kevin Carter, a South African photojournalist and Pulitzer Prize winner & member of the Bang-Bang Club, suicide at 33
  • 1995 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher, dies at 56
  • 1996 Ivan V. Lalić, Serbian poet, dies at 65
  • 1996 Jane Beverly Drew, English modernist architect, dies at 85
  • 1996 Peter James Frederick Green, CEO (LLoyd's of London), dies at 71
  • 1999 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician (b. 1912)
  • 2003 Vance Hartke, American politician (b. 1919)
  • 2005 Swami Shantanand, Mahasamadhi Day, Indian Saint, Philosopher (b. 1934)
  • 2005 Marten Toonder, Dutch comic writer (b. 1912)
  • 2006 Maryann Mahaffey, American politician (b. 1925)
  • 2008 Isaac Saba Raffoul, Mexican Businessman (b. 1923)
  • 2008 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, dies at 91
  • 2011 Bejaratana Rajasuda, Princess of Thailand (b. 1925)
  • 2013 Lindy Boggs, American politician, dies from natural causes at 97
  • 2015 [Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen] Abdul Kalam, 11th President of India, dies at 83
  • 2016 James Alan MacPherson, American writer, 1st black writer to win Pulitzer Prize, dies at 72