On This Day in History for July 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 388 Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis
  • 754 Pope Stephen II, [III] makes Pippin de Korte, King of France
  • 1148 Second Crusade: Crusaders abandon their seige of Damascus
  • 1330 Battle of Velbuzd: Serbian forces defeats Bulgarian army
  • 1434 Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon
  • 1579 Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England
  • 1609 Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
  • 1635 Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans
  • 1696 De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance
  • 1708 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • 1717 Prussian king Frederik Willhelm I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
  • 1741 Capt Bering discovers Mount St Elias, Alaska
  • 1742 Prussia & Austria sign peace treaty
  • 1790 Henry James Pye appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1794 French Revolution figure Robespierre & 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris
  • 1808 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • 1821 Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1849 Memmon is first clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of NY
  • 1851 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 1858 First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • 1858 Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • 1862 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • 1864 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642
  • 1866 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • 1868 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • 1883 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 British government led by Lord Salisbury forms

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard
  • 1896 City of Miami incorporated
  • 1898 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • 1898 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
  • 1900 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • 1904 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • 1904 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • 1906 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
  • 1911 96°F (35.6°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1914 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • 1915 Because of virtual anarchy, US Marines go ashore in Haiti on orders from President Wilson; this will lead to an occupation that will last until 1934

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1919 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • 1926 US & Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
  • 1930 114°F (46°C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child, which earns him the nickname "Mad Dog"

Mob Hitman Mad Dog Coll
Mob Hitman
Mad Dog Coll
  • 1932 Battle between unemployed war veterans & federal troops, 4 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 US President Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1933 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), NYC
  • 1933 Spain recognizes the USSR
  • 1934 118°F (48°C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
  • 1937 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • 1937 Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
  • 1938 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • 1939 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 1940 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • 1942 Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • 1942 Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US President FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
  • 1945 Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • 1945 US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

1945 US Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9

  • 1947 Iuliu Maniu's Farmers' Party is banned in Romania
  • 1948 I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
  • 1948 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • 1954 Ernest Bloch's 4th string quartet premieres
  • 1955 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • 1957 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992.
  • 1959 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • 1959 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1962 19 die in a train crash in Steelton Pa
  • 1962 Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean
  • 1964 England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
  • 1964 Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1967 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
  • 1971 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning
  • 1973 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
  • 1973 Skylab 3's astronauts (Bean, Garriott & Lousma) launched
  • 1974 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck (Belem, Brazil)
  • 1976 Tangshan Earthquake: over 240,000 killed (8.2 magnitude). Largest loss of life by an earthquake in the 20th century
  • 1976 Eldon Joersz & Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph
  • 1977 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
  • 1977 Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin Hooks
  • 1978 600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in NY
  • 1978 At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees
  • 1978 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Dave Kingman becomes 6th to have a 2nd 3 HR game
  • 1979 France performs nuclear Test
  • 1980 Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes president
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 NASA launches Telstar-3A
  • 1985 Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru

Birthdays in History

  • 1165 Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher
  • 1347 Margherita of Durazzo, queen of Naples (d. 1412)
  • 1456 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (Arcadia)
  • 1514 Maximilian of Burgundy, viceroy of Holland
  • 1609 Judith J Leyster, Dutch house painter, baptised
  • 1659 Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1715)
  • 1719 Jan Nepveu, governor-general of Suriname (1769-79) [or Aug 27]
  • 1745 Piotr A von der Pahlen, milt governor (St Petersburg)
  • 1746 Thomas Heyward, soldier, signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1750 Fabre d'Églantine French dramatist and politician, creator of the French Republican calendar (d. 1794)
  • 1778 Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1869)
  • 1804 Ludwig A Feuerbach, German philosopher (Man is what he eats)
  • 1809 Ormsby McKnight Mitchel, astronomer/Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1815 Stefan Dunjov, Banat Bulgarian military figure (d. 1889)
  • 1825 William Duncan Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1833 James Henry Lane, Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate), born in Mathews Court House, Virginia (d. 1907)
  • 1844 Gerard Manley Hopkins, England, poet (Windhover)
  • 1857 Ballington Booth, Brighouse, England, Officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America
  • 1860 Elias M. Ammons, governor of Colorado (d. 1925)
  • 1860 Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia (d. 1922)
  • 1863 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator ("The Tale of Peter Rabbit"), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1867 Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (d. 1951)
  • 1868 George Morren, Flemish painter/sculptor, born in Antwerp (d. 1941)
  • 1868 Thomas P Krag, Norwegian writer (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran)
  • 1870 Henri Jaspar, premier of Belgium (1927-31)
  • 1872 Albert P Sarraut, Fren gov-gen of Indo-China (1911..19)/PM (1933/36)
  • 1874 Ernst Cassirer, Germany, philosopher/educator (Essay on Man)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887 Marcel Duchamp, French sculptor and painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in Blainville-Crevon, France (d. 1968)

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Karl Popper, Austro-British philosopher (Logic of Forschung), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1902 Kenneth F Fearing, US, poet (Dead Reckoning)
  • 1904 [John] Selwyn [Brooke] Lloyd, British statsman
  • 1905 Charles William Hutton, architect
  • 1907 Earl S Tupper, inventor (Tupperware)
  • 1909 Malcolm Lowry, English novelist (Under the Volcano)
  • 1910 Bill Goodwin, announcer (Jolson Story, Burns & Allen), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1910 Clive Robertson Caldwell, British fighter pilot
  • 1915 Charles Townes, American Physicist (Nobel Prize 1964 for mazer-lazer principle), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Jacques Piccard, Switzerland, undersea explorer (bathyscaph Trieste)
  • 1923 Kent L Lee, US vice-admiral (WW II-Marianas/Palau)
  • 1923 Mary Jane Odell, Iowa, secretary of state
  • 1923 Michio Watanabe, politician
  • 1924 Peter James Frederick Green, CEO (LLoyd's of London)
  • 1925 Bruce Matthews, newspaper executive
  • 1925 Kenneth M Stewart, euro MP for Merseyside West
  • 1925 Baruch S. Blumberg, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1927 John Ashbery, American poet

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, American First Lady (1961-63), born in Southampton, New York (d. 1994)

  • 1929 Remco [Wouter] Campert, Dutch literary/poet/son of Jan Campert
  • 1930 Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (d. 2006)
  • 1934 Norman D Shumway, (Rep-R-California, 1979- )
  • 1938 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), born in Sydney, New South Wales (d. 2012)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru (1990-2000), born in Lima, Peru

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Jim Davis, American cartoonist and creator of the comic strips "Garfield" and "U.S. Acres", born in Marion, Indiana

Garfield Cartoonist Jim Davis
Garfield Cartoonist
Jim Davis
  • 1946 Douglas H Bosco, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
  • 1946 Fahmida Riaz, Pakistani writer and feminist
  • 1947 Alexei Sergeyevich Borodai, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1948 Sergei Bodrov, Khabarovsk Russia, director (Katala, Somebody to Love)
  • 1950 Shahyar Ghanbari, Iranian poet
  • 1951 Anthony A. Williams, Mayor of Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 Santiago Calatrava, Spanish architect
  • 1952 Monique Vajiralongkorn, Crown Prince/Heir Apparent to Thailand throne
  • 1952 Yoshitaka Amano, Japanese artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela (1998-2013), born in Sabaneta, Barinas State, Venezuela (d. 2013)

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 1954 Gerd Faltings, German mathematician
  • 1960 Yōichi Takahashi, Japanese mangaka of Captain Tsubasa and Hungry Heart Wild Striker
  • 1961 Scott E Parazynski, Little Rock Ark, MD/astronaut (STS 66, 86, sk:95)
  • 1963 Patrizia Pellegrino, Naples Italy, (Italy's Miss Teenager 1980)
  • 1969 Dana White, UFC President
  • 1971 Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Leader of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), born in Samarra, Iraq

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Alexis Tsipras, Greek politician (Greek President 2015), born in Athens

Prime Minister of Greece Alexis Tsipras
Prime Minister of Greece
Alexis Tsipras

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1540 English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1683 Anne Stuart marries prince Georges of Denmark

HeartWedding of Interest

1727 Philosopher Jonathan Edwards (23) weds Sarah Pierpont

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards

HeartWedding of Interest

1847 Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck (32) weds noblewoman Johanna von Puttkamer (23) in Kolczyglowy, Poland

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck

HeartWedding of Interest

1906 Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin (27) weds Ekaterina Svanidze (21) at St. David's Church in Tiflis

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin

HeartWedding of Interest

1983 Russian president Vladimir Putin (30) weds flight attendant Lyudmila Shkrebneva (25)

Russian President Vladimir Putin
Russian President
Vladimir Putin
  • 1997 Two-time Grammy Award winner Sheena Easton (38) weds documentary director Timothy Delarm (35) in Las Vegas

Deaths in History

  • 450 Theodosius II de Jongere, emperor Austrian Empire, dies
  • 1057 Victor II, [Gebhard], Pope (1055-57), dies
  • 1101 Su Tung-p'o, Chinese poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher, dies at 64
  • 1128 William Clito, Count of Flanders (b. 1102)
  • 1230 Duke Leopold VI of Austria (b. 1176)
  • 1285 Queen Keran of Armenia, consort of Leo III of Armenia
  • 1330 Michael III, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies in battle
  • 1527 Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador


1540 Thomas Cromwell, King Henry VIII's chief minister, executed

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
  • 1631 Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
  • 1655 Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist/novelist, dies at 36 in Paris
  • 1655 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai/monk/propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • 1667 Abraham Cowley, English poet (Mistress/Sex libri plantarum), dies
  • 1675 Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
  • 1685 Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English statesman (b. 1618)
  • 1711 Gerard Lairesse, painter, buried
  • 1718 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1723 Mariana Alcoforado, nun (schreef no Lettres Portuguese), dies at 63
  • 1746 John Peter Zenger, journalist, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies
  • 1762 George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
  • 1794 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39
  • 1794 Maximilien Robespierre, Fr revolutionary/avocat (1781), guillotined
  • 1811 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Coriolan), dies
  • 1818 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1835 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
  • 1842 C Brentano, writer, dies at 63
  • 1844 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain (b. 1768)
  • 1849 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), dies
  • 1863 James Deshler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 30
  • 1864 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at about 44
  • 1869 Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • 1869 Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • 1872 Friedrich Kaiser, astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies
  • 1878 George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (b. 1820)
  • 1895 Joannes Kappeyne van Coppello, Internal minister (1877-89), dies at 72
  • 1904 Plehve, Russian foreign minister (bomb under carriage), dies
  • 1907 James Henry Lane, US Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate) and professor, dies at 74
  • 1915 Vilbrun G Sam, rebellion leader/president of Haiti, lynched
  • 1937 Joseph Lee, father of Playgrounds movement, dies
  • 1939 William J Mayo, US surgeon/co-founder Mayo Clinic, dies at 78
  • 1956 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher/graphologist, dies at 83
  • 1957 Edith Abbott, American social worker, educator, and author (b. 1876)
  • 1965 Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author (b. 1894)
  • 1967 Karl W. Richter, Lieutenant, USAF, American aviator (b. 1942)
  • 1968 Charles W Mayo, US surgeon, dies at 70
  • 1968 Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 1944), dies at 89
  • 1969 Ramón Grau, Cuban president (b. 1882)
  • 1971 Diane Arbus, [Nemerov], photographer (Vogue), commits suicide at 48
  • 1971 Charles E. Pont, American artist (b. 1898)
  • 1972 Charu Majumdar, Indian revolutionary leader (b. 1918)
  • 1976 Jacob Soetendorp, rabbi, dies at 62
  • 1981 Fr. Stanley Rother, Roman Catholic Priest, Martyr and Missionary to Guatemala (b. 1935)
  • 1986 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter/sculptor (Iron Tower), dies at 91
  • 1987 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81
  • 1990 Armando Frid, of Argentina (Born May 24, 1866 Guin rec), dies at 124
  • 1994 Bernard Delfont, Rus/British impresario (Thorn EMI), dies at 84
  • 1994 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist, dies at 69
  • 1994 Selwyn Powell, art Editor, dies at 82
  • 1996 Mickey Fenn, docker/socialist, dies at 58
  • 1996 Roger Tory Peterson, ornithologist/artist, dies at 87
  • 1997 Louis Cohen, physicist, dies at 71
  • 1997 Seni Pramoj, PM of Thailand (1945-46, 75, 76), dies
  • 1998 Lenny McLean, English bareknuckle fighter (b. 1949)
  • 1999 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, dies at 87
  • 2000 Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist and historian (b. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2002 Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1910)

Nobel Prize Winning Chemist Archer John Porter Martin
Nobel Prize Winning Chemist
Archer John Porter Martin
  • 2003 Lady Valerie Goulding, Irish politician and activist (b. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (1962), dies of colon cancer at 88

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • 2004 Tiziano Terzani, Italian journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 Ronald MacDonald, British major-general (WWII), dies at 93
  • 2006 David Gemmell, British writer (b. 1948)
  • 2007 Jim LeRoy, Airshow pilot (b. 1961)
  • 2009 Reverend Ike [Frederick J. Eikerenkoetter II], American televangelist (Joy of Living), dies at 74
  • 2010 Ivy Bean, English internet celebrity (b. 1905)
  • 2011 Abdul Fatah Younis, Former Libyan Interior Minister, assassinated for pro-Gadaffi ties (b. 1944)
  • 2013 William Scranton, American politician, dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 96
  • 2014 Margot Adler, American journalist, dies from endometrial cancer at 68
  • 2015 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), dies at 87
  • 2016 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer and activist, dies at 90