On This Day in History for July 31

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 145


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

30 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian's invasion of Egypt

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
  • 432 St Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 768 [Philip] begins & ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 781 The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
  • 1291 Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
  • 1423 Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant - the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
  • 1451 Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Christopher Columbus on his third voyage discovers the island of Trinidad

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1620 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden for England before heading to America
  • 1653 Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
  • 1655 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1658 Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol emperor
  • 1664 Pierre Corneille's "Othon" premieres in Paris
  • 1667 Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs New-Netherlands ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1703 Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Novelist
Daniel Defoe
  • 1737 Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
  • 1741 Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1751 Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses
  • 1771 Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam
  • 1777 Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • 1790 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
  • 1792 Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Philadelphia
  • 1794 All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
  • 1809 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
  • 1813 British invade Plattsburgh NY
  • 1849 Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
  • 1852 Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
  • 1855 Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg)
  • 1856 Christchurch, New Zealand, is chartered as a city.
  • 1861 9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1865 The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1874 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
  • 1876 US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
  • 1877 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1879 The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies
  • 1893 Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • 1893 Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • 1899 Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
  • 1900 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin
  • 1901 Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
  • 1905 Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • 1910 Chic Cub King Cole no-hits St Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game
  • 1910 Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration
  • 1911 Hungarian education is only taught in German

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1914 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
  • 1917 3rd battle of Ypres begins
  • 1919 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted
  • 1922 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minn)
  • 1922 General strike in Italy against fascist violence
  • 1923 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • 1925 Last allied occupying troops leave Ruhrgebied
  • 1925 Unemployment Insurance Act passed in Britain
  • 1929 Aristide Briand becomes premier of France for the 6th time
  • 1932 Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens-Philadelphia A's beat Indians 1-0
  • 1932 George Washington quarter goes into circulation
  • 1932 German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%)
  • 1935 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
  • 1937 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • 1938 NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
  • 1938 Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
  • 1940 38 U boats sinks this month (196,000 ton)
  • 1940 Riechskommissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals
  • 1941 U boats sink 21 allied ships this month: 94,000 ton
  • 1942 German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 1942 U-boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton
  • 1943 Transport #58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany
  • 1944 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
  • 1944 Transport #77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 US troops occupy Sansapor, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Pierre Laval, fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • 1948 US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY
  • 1951 Japan Airlines is established.
  • 1954 First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
  • 1956 Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings, 19-90 for match
  • 1958 Anti-Chinese uprising in Tibet
  • 1959 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
  • 1960 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
  • 1961 Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant
  • 1963 Arturo Illia elected President of Argentina
  • 1963 Cleve ties record of 4 consecutive HRs (Held, Ramos, Francona, Brown)
  • 1964 Al Parker glides 644 miles without a motor
  • 1964 US Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on Moon
  • 1965 Cigarette advertsing banned on British TV
  • 1969 Mariner 6 makes its closest approach to planet Mars at 3410 km
  • 1969 National Guard mobilizes in racial disturbances in Baton Rouge, La

CommunicationBlack Tot Day

1970 Black Tot Day: the last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy (started 1740)

  • 1970 Daniel O'Hagan (19), a Catholic civilian, is shot dead by the British Army during a serious riot in the New Lodge Road area of Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1971 Apollo 15 astronauts take 6½ hour electric car ride on Moon
  • 1971 Venezuela's Hydrocarbons Reversion Law mandates gradual transfer to government ownership of all "unexploited concession areas" by 1974 and "all their residual assets" by 1983
  • 1972 Dick Allen is 7th to hit 2 inside-the-park homers in a game
  • 1972 Thomas Eagleton withdraws as Democratic VP candidate
  • 1972 Operation Motorman: the British Army use 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to re-take the "no-go areas" controlled by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
  • 1972 Claudy bombing: nine civilians were killed when three car bombs exploded in County Londonderry, North Ireland; no group has since claimed responsibility
  • 1973 Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later
  • 1975 The Miami Showband killings: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, shoot dead three members of an Irish showband at Buskhill, County Down, Ireland
  • 1976 Seychelles Independence (Independence day)
  • 1977 E Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1977 John F Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA

Birthdays in History

  • 1143 Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
  • 1396 Philips, the Good, Duke of Burgundy//Brabant/Limburg/count
  • 1443 Albrecht III of Saxon-Meisen, duke of Saxon
  • 1527 Maximilian II, German King/Emperor (1564-76)
  • 1578 Catharina Belgica of Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1597 Sebastian Stosskopf, Elzassisch painter, baptized
  • 1598 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect (d. 1654)
  • 1654 Jacob Hop, Dutch politician/diplomat
  • 1702 Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter (d. 1768)
  • 1704 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer)
  • 1718 John Canton, English physicist (d. 1772)
  • 1724 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (d. 1801)
  • 1737 Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (d. 1813)
  • 1743 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • 1748 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist
  • 1803 John Ericsson, US, inventor (screw propeller)/shipbuilder-USS Monitor
  • 1816 George Henry Thomas, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1817 Philip Cook Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer
  • 1825 Thomas Hart Taylor, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1825 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1834 Peter H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformer/founder (Free Parish)
  • 1835 Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • 1835 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1837 William Clarke Quantrill, Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1841 George Melville, polar explorer, naval engineer
  • 1843 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet (d. 1918)
  • 1844 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist
  • 1854 Jose Canalejas contributes Mendez, premier of Spain (1910-12)
  • 1858 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant and philanthropist (d. 1966)
  • 1880 Munshi Premchand, Indian Author (d. 1936)
  • 1882 Grete Gulbransson, writer
  • 1884 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • 1886 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure (d. 1931)
  • 1886 Constant Permeke, Flemish painter and statues artist (Sow)
  • 1887 Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)
  • 1892 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll)
  • 1901 Jean Debuffet, French painter/sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages)
  • 1904 Brett Halliday, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Trenchard Cox, museum director

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Milton Friedman, economist (Nobel 1976), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman
  • 1914 Jose Ignacio Domecq, wine maker
  • 1914 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Robert Steel, academic
  • 1916 Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist
  • 1918 Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1919 Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Aushchwitz)
  • 1920 James Esdras Faust, American religious leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Whitney M Young Jr, civil rights leader, head of Urban League
  • 1921 Peter Benenson, British founder of Amnesty International (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Lucy Killea, (assemblywoman-California)
  • 1923 Ahmet Ertegun, CEO (Atlantic Records)
  • 1926 Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Walter Vogt, Swiss writer (Wüthrich) and psychiatrist, born in Zurich (d. 1988)
  • 1928 Bill Frenzel, (Rep-R-MN, 1971- )
  • 1929 Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist
  • 1929 Lynne Reid Banks, British author
  • 1930 Oleg Popov, Russian clown
  • 1932 Robert W Davis, (Rep-R-MI, 1979- )
  • 1932 John Searle, American philosopher
  • 1933 Cees Nooteboom, Dutch writer
  • 1940 Stanley Jaffe, producer (Fatal Attraction)
  • 1941 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician
  • 1943 Stephanie Forrester (Bold & the Beautiful)
  • 1943 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar
  • 1944 Robert C. Merton, American mathematician
  • 1945 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)
  • 1946 Karen Zerby, American religious leader
  • 1952 Pritawi Sudarmo, Indonesia, astronaut
  • 1952 João Barreiros, Portuguese writer
  • 1953 Hugh McDowell, chelloist (ELO-Telephone Line)
  • 1953 Ted Baillieu, Australian Politician
  • 1956 Deval Patrick, 71st Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1962 John Chiang, American politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 J. K. Rowling, English writer (Harry Potter novels), born in Yate, Gloucestershire

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 1966 Marina V A Mowatt, [Ogilvy], daughter of English princess Alexandra
  • 1967 Mitsuo Iwata, Japanese seiyū
  • 1969 Kenneth D. Schisler, American politician
  • 1970 Ahmad Akbarpour, Iranian writer
  • 1975 Simon Hirst, British radio DJ
  • 1990 Olga Galchenko, Russian juggler

Weddings in History

  • 1964 George Lascelles marries Patricia Tuckwell
  • 2010 Daughter of former US President Bill Clinton Chelsea Clinton (30) weds investment banker Marc Mezvinsky (32) at Astor Courts in Rhinebeck, New York
  • 2016 Herjavec Group CEO Robert Herjavec (53) weds former "Dancing with the Stars" Kym Johnson (39) in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

54 BC Aurelia Cotta, mother of Julius Caesar, dies at 66

Mother of Julius Caesar Aurelia Cotta
Mother of Julius Caesar
Aurelia Cotta
  • 855 Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
  • 1358 Etienne Marcel, French textile merchant/reformer/Boer leader, dies
  • 1396 William Courtenay, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1342)
  • 1508 Na'od, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1494)
  • 1556 Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest, theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus, dies in Rome at about 65
  • 1566 Bartholome de Casas, Spanish historian/bishop of Chiapa, dies at 92
  • 1648 Benedictus J van Haeften, poet (Regia thru Crucis), dies at about 60
  • 1653 Thomas Dudley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1576)
  • 1693 Willem Calf, Rotterdams still life painter, dies at 73
  • 1726 Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1695)
  • 1750 Johan V, King of Portugal, dies
  • 1763 James Kent, Fredericksburgh NY, legal scholar (Columbia), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1784 Denis Diderot, French writer/philosopher, dies at 70

Enlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot
Enlightenment Philosopher
Denis Diderot
  • 1795 Jose B da Gama, Portuguese poet (East Uraguay), dies at 54
  • 1811 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican hero priest, executed by Spanish
  • 1864 Louis Hachette, French publisher, dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 Andrew Johnson, 17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), dies of a stroke at 66

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1891 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French/Belgian painter, dies at 77
  • 1913 John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, dies of Bright's disease at 62
  • 1914 A J Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité/Les Preuves), murdered=
  • 1917 Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
  • 1917 Hedd Wyn, Welsh poet (b. 1887)
  • 1937 Charles Hires, American Inventor and Manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, dies at 85
  • 1940 Whitney Krakower, US gangster, murderrd by "Bugsy" Siegel
  • 1942 Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer, dies at 79
  • 1951 J of Oudshoorn, [John K Feylbrief], writer (Maze of Sentences), dies
  • 1953 Robert Taft, (Sen-R-Oh) "Mr Republican", dies in NY at 63
  • 1966 Alex E von Falkenhausen, German general, dies at 87
  • 1967 Richard Kuhn, German chemist, dies
  • 1972 Paul-Henri Spaak, Belgian premier/sect-gen (NATO, 1957-61), dies at 73
  • 1977 Stacy Moskowitz, shot to death by Son of Sam, at 20
  • 1981 Gen Omar Torrijos, leader of Panama, dies in plane crash
  • 1985 Eugene Carson Blake, sec-gen World Council of Churches, dies at 78
  • 1986 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (b. 1900)
  • 1988 Trinidad Silva, killed in auto accident at 38
  • 1990 Fernando Sancho, dies after operation for malignant tumor at 72
  • 1992 G Harold Carswell, supreme court justice candidate 1970, dies at 72
  • 1992 Joseph L George, dies of cancer at 65
  • 1992 Ralph Strait, dies of heart attack at 56
  • 1992 Sjoerd de Free, reporter (Radio Herrijzend Netherland), dies
  • 1993 Baudouin, king of Belgium (1951-93), dies at 62 from heart problems
  • 1993 Elmar Klos, director (Obzalovany, Obchod na Korze), dies at 83
  • 1993 Paul Henry, US Republicans Congressional leader, dies at 51
  • 1993 George Keyt, Sri Lankan painter, dies at 92
  • 1994 Caitlin Thomas, dies
  • 1994 G de Ru, chairman of Dutch Reformed Synode, dies
  • 1994 Pieter C Buitendijk, co-founder (Free Netherlands), dies at 92
  • 1996 Joan "Maudie" Warburton, painter, dies at 76
  • 1996 Michael Jinks, child care pioneer, dies at 59
  • 1997 Edith Fore, pitchwoman (I've fallen and I can't get up!), dies at 81
  • 1997 Ulrich Ernst Simon, theologian, dies at 63
  • 2000 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch Astronomer, dies at 81
  • 2001 Poul Anderson, American author (b. 1926)
  • 2001 Francisco da Costa Gomes, 16th President of Portugal (b. 1914)
  • 2001 Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b. 1910)
  • 2003 Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (b. 1933)
  • 2005 Wim Duisenberg, Dutch banker (b. 1935)
  • 2012 Gore Vidal, American author, dies from pneumonia at 86
  • 2016 Seymour Papert, South African mathematician, dies at 88