On This Day in History for July 6

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 156

  • 1044 The Battle of Ménfő takes place.
  • 1189 Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.
  • 1253 Mindaugas is crowned King of Lithuania.
  • 1348 Papal bull of Pope Clement VI issued during the Black Death stating Jews not to blame and urging their protection
  • 1415 Jan Hus is burned at the stake.
  • 1483 England's King Richard III crowned
  • 1484 Portuguese sea captain Diogo Cão finds the mouth of the Congo River.
  • 1491 Opening ceremony of Daitokuji's Shinju at subtemple
  • 1495 Battle of Fornovo, near Parma: French King Charles VIII beats Holy League
  • 1560 England and Scotland sign Treaty of Edinburgh
  • 1573 Pacificatie of Boulogne: new peace treaty with huguenots
  • 1573 Córdoba, Argentina, is founded by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1590 English admiral Francis Drake takes Portuguese Forts at Taag

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1609 Majesteitsbrief: Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemia freedom of religion
  • 1621 Dutch governor general John Pieterszoon Coen takes Banda islands, 15,000 die
  • 1630 Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf land at Peenemunde
  • 1634 Johan van Walbeeck's ships bypass St-Anna Bay, Curaçao
  • 1641 Battle at La Marfée Sedan: Earl Soisson beats French government army
  • 1652 Fire on Dutch Dam (Amsterdam's city hall burns)
  • 1669 LaSalle leaves Montreal to explore Ohio River
  • 1673 French troops conquer Maastricht as part of the Franco-Dutch War
  • 1685 Battle at Sedgemoor: King James II beats Duke of Monmouth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1699 Pirate Capt William Kidd is captured in Boston

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1770 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • 1775 Congress issues "Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms," listing grievances but denying intent to be independent

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 American Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"

  • 1777 British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • 1782 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)
  • 1785 Congress unanimously resolves US currency named "dollar" & adopts decimal coinage
  • 1787 French government proclaims end to stamp/land tax
  • 1787 Orange troops occupy Area at Duurstede
  • 1798 US law makes aliens "liable to be apprehended, restrained, ... & removed as alien enemies"
  • 1801 Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • 1840 Christian Hebbel's "Judith" premieres in Berlin
  • 1848 Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1853 National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • 1853 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American
  • 1854 1st Republican state convention (Jackson, Mich)
  • 1858 Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • 1862 Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
  • 1863 Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • 1863 Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • 1864 Battle of Chattahoochee River, GA [->JUL 10] US730 CS600
  • 1869 Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
  • 1882 14 Russian Jews from Bilu arrive in Jaffa, Palestine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1885 Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • 1886 Horlick's of Wisconsin offers 1st malted milk to public

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 Jose Rizal forms La Liga Filipina in Manila

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1892 Striking steel workers in Homestead, Pa, fire on scabs, killing 7
  • 1892 Dadabhai Naoroji elected as first Indian Member of Parliament in Britain.
  • 1893 The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200.
  • 1894 Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
  • 1898 US Senate agrees to annex Hawaii
  • 1903 George Wyman arrives in NYC by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
  • 1904 Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1904 The US Democratic Party nominates little known New York judge Alton B. Parker for presidential nominee - virtually assuring the election of Theodore Roosevelt

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
  • 1908 Robert Peary's expedition sails from NYC for north pole
  • 1912 Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1919 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)
  • 1920 Yankees score 14 in 5th inning & beat Washington Senators, 17-0
  • 1922 Dutch auto/airplane manufacturer Trompenburg declares bankruptcy
  • 1923 Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • 1923 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • 1924 1st photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, US-England
  • 1928 1st all-talking motion picture shown in NY (Lights of NY)
  • 1928 Worlds largest record hailstone 1.5 lbs (7 inchs in diameter) at the time falls in Potter, Nebraska
  • 1932 1st class postage back up to 3 cents from 2 cents
  • 1935 Rotterdam architect A van de Steurs Museum Boymans opens
  • 1936 114°F (46°C), Moorhead, Minnesota (state record)
  • 1936 121°F (49°C), Steele, North Dakota (state record)
  • 1936 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell.
  • 1939 German Nazis close last Jewish enterprises

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Anne Frank's family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1942 Von Hoth' IV Pantser army fights with Voronezj
  • 1943 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed
  • 1943 US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched
  • 1944 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington, D.C.

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 US General Patton lands in France

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford Conn)

AgreementUnited Nations Charter

1945 Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to ratify the Charter of the United Nations

  • 1945 US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom
  • 1945 Wash Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games
  • 1947 The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
  • 1949 Freak heat wave sent central coast of Portugal to 158°F for 2 minutes
  • 1950 German DR recognizes Oder-Neisse borders with Poland
  • 1952 Last tram ride in London
  • 1954 Tunisian government of M'zali, resigns
  • 1956 Indians' Jim Busby hits a grand slam in two consecutive at bats

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1958 Adolfo Lopez Mateos elected President of Mexico
  • 1959 Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
  • 1960 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • 1961 Portuguese ship explodes near Mozambique, kills 300
  • 1962 Emir Said al-Djazairi takes van Algerian throne in Syria
  • 1962 Mantle hits his 3rd & 4th consecutive homer
  • 1962 Nuclear test shot Sedan; part of Operation Plowshare.
  • 1963 South African workers' union leader Billy Nair arrested

Birthdays in History

  • 1542 Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Willem/Juliana van Stolberg
  • 1638 Gerrit A Berckheyde, Dutch painter
  • 1668 Peter Burmannus, [Pieter Burman], Dutch attorney/classicist
  • 1686 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (d. 1758)
  • 1747 John Paul Jones, naval hero ("I have not yet begun to fight")
  • 1753 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, baptized
  • 1755 John Flaxman, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey tomb stones)
  • 1766 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born naturalist (d. 1813)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1781 Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore, born in off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica (d. 1826)

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • 1782 Luis [Philippus] Brion, Curacao commander of Colombian fleet
  • 1782 Maria Louisa of Spain, queen of Etruria (d. 1824)
  • 1785 William J Hooker, English botanist/director (Kew Gardens)
  • 1789 Maria Isabella of Spain, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1846)
  • 1793 Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch lawyer/min of Internal Affairs (1848-49)
  • 1796 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55)
  • 1814 Justus McKinstry, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist (d. 1905)
  • 1818 Adolf Anderssen, Prussia, world chess champion (1851-66)
  • 1819 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German Physician and Physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1821 Edward Winston Pettus, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1832 Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke of Austria, first and only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire, born in Vienna, Austria

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1838 Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian scholar (d. 1923)
  • 1856 Edward Anseele, Belgian minister of Rail/PTT
  • 1859 Verner von Heidenstam, Sweden, poet/novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916)
  • 1868 Petrus A Euwens, Dutch vicar/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • 1868 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • 1873 Paul Keller, German writer (Ferien vom Ich)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1876 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Benwood, West Virginia

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
  • 1877 Niceto A Zamora y Torres, premier/president of Spain (1931-36)
  • 1878 Eino Leino, Finnish poet (d. 1926)
  • 1881 Josef Winckler, German dentist/writer (Quadriga, Pumpernickel)
  • 1884 Andre Dunoyer de Segonzac, French painter/cartoonist
  • 1884 Harold Vanderbilt, NY, America Cup (1930,34,37)/inv contract bridge
  • 1884 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (town hall Hilversum/Beehive Rotterdam)
  • 1885 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1892 Baron Willy Coppens de Houthulst, Belgian WW I pilot
  • 1896 Thomas W McKnew, president (National Geographic Society)
  • 1897 Richard Krautheimer, art Historian
  • 1903 Axel Theorell, Sweden, biochemist, studied enzymes (Nobel 1955)
  • 1904 Erik Wickberg, Salvation Army general (d. 1996)
  • 1907 M C Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter and wife of Diego Rivera
  • 1912 Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer (d. 2006)
  • 1916 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1970)
  • 1918 Bert [Lambertus H] Voeten, Dutch journalist/poet (Crossing)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Nancy Reagan [Anne Francis Robbins], US First Lady (1981-89), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Dmitri Polyakov, Soviet Major General and spy for the CIA, born in Ukraine (d. 1988)

Soviet General and Cold War Spy Dmitri Polyakov
Soviet General and Cold War Spy
Dmitri Polyakov
  • 1923 Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general/pres (1989-90), born in Karow, (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Robert Michael White, test pilot (X-15), born in NYC, New York
  • 1925 Huub H Jacobse, member of Dutch 2nd chamber (Liberal)
  • 1926 Nicky Hilton, 1st husband of Elizabeth Taylor
  • 1927 [Jan] Hein Donner, Dutch chess master
  • 1930 Francoise Mallet-Joris, [F Lilar], Belgian writer (Signs & Wonders)
  • 1930 Hans-Jürgen Heise, German writer, born in Bublitz (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 14th Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader of Tibet's Lamaistic Buddhists, born in Taktser, Qinghai, China

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1940 Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan
  • 1944 Byron Berline, American fiddle player, born in Caldwell, Kansas
  • 1945 Rik Elswit, rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place)
  • 1945 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 George W. Bush Jr, 43rd President of the United States (2001-09) and 46th Governor of Texas (1995-2000) (R-TX), born in New Haven, Connecticut

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 1946 Jamie Wyeth, Penn, artist (An American Vision-Boston)
  • 1948 Wadih Saadeh, Lebanese-Australian poet
  • 1948 Tom Curley, American media executive
  • 1950 John Byrne, American comic book author & artist
  • 1950 Hélène Scherrer, Canadian politician
  • 1952 Hilary Mantel, English novelist (Wolf Hall), born in Glossop, Derbyshire
  • 1955 William Wall, Irish writer
  • 1960 Jozef/Josef Pribilinec, Czech, speed walker (world record 10K)
  • 1972 D-Styles, American scratch DJ
  • 1975 Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist
  • 1979 Nicolas Daniel Maricio, Prince of Netherlands

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1893 British Prince George Duke of York (later George V) marries Princess Victoria of Teck (Queen Mary) at St James's Palace

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V

HeartWedding of Interest

1956 Journalist Ben Bradlee (34) weds Antoinette Pinchot

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Ben Bradlee
  • 1966 American science fiction writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 4th wife Nancy Hackett
  • 2006 "National Treasure" director Jon Turteltaub (42) weds co-founder of Creative Visions Foundation Amy Eldon at Saddlerock Ranch and Vineyard in Malibu, California
  • 2014 Talent manager Scooter Braun (33) weds philanthropist Yael Cohen (28) in Whistler, British Columbia

Deaths in History

  • 1189 Henry II, King of England (1154-89), dies at 56
  • 1218 Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1166)
  • 1415 Jan Hus, Bohemian reformer (b. 1369), burned for heresy by the Church at Constance, Germany
  • 1476 Regiomontanus, [Johannes Muller of Königsberg], German astronomer (b. 1436)
  • 1533 Ludovico Ariosto, Italian poet (Orlando Furioso), dies at 57
  • 1535 Sir Thomas More, philosopher, author (Utopia) and statesman, executed (beheaded) for treason at 57
  • 1553 Edward VI Tudor, King of England (1547-53), dies at 15
  • 1568 Johann Oporinus, Swiss book publisher/publisher, dies at 61
  • 1583 Edmund Grindal, English bishop of London/archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • 1585 Thomas Aufield, English Catholic martyr (b. 1552)
  • 1587 Michael Lauterbeck, assassinated Fries viceroy Willem Louis, executed
  • 1684 Peter Gunning, English royalist churchman (b. 1614)
  • 1758 George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general
  • 1802 Daniel Morgan, American Revolutionary general and politician (b. ~1735)
  • 1809 Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (b. 1775)
  • 1813 Granville Sharp, British abolitionist (b. 1735)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1835 John Marshall, 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), dies at 79

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States John Marshall
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
John Marshall
  • 1854 Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (Ohm's law), dies at 65
  • 1863 Strong Vincent, US Union brig-general, dies
  • 1864 Samuel Allen Rice, US Union brig-gen, dies of injuries at 36
  • 1868 Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
  • 1871 Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • 1893 Guy de Maupassant, French author (b. 1850)
  • 1901 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
  • 1907 August Johann Gottfried Bielenstein, German Linguist, Theologian (b. 1826)
  • 1914 Delmira Augustini, Uruguayan poet, murdered at 27
  • 1916 Odilon Redon, French painter (b. 1840)
  • 1918 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • 1922 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (b. 1863)
  • 1932 Kenneth Grahame, English author (The Wind in the Willows), dies at 73
  • 1934 Warden Uncle, [Edward Vermeulen], Flemish landlord/writer, dies at 73
  • 1952 Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, French Canadian politician (b. 1867)
  • 1959 George Grosz, German cartoonist/painter (Ecce Homo), dies at 65
  • 1960 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
  • 1961 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter, dies at 93
  • 1961 Enrique Larreta, [E Rodriguez Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer, dies at 86
  • 1961 Woodall Rodgers, American politician (b. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 William Faulkner, US author (Nobel 1949), dies at 64

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1962 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1872)
  • 1962 Georg, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1899)
  • 1966 Anne Nagel, dies of cancer at 50
  • 1970 Marjorie Rambeau, dies at 80
  • 1971 Horst Lange, German writer (The Long Lament), dies at 66
  • 1971 Thomas C Heart, US admiral/commander (Asiatic fleet), dies
  • 1972 Sam de Grasse, dies at 97
  • 1975 Otto Skorzeny, German/Austrian SS (Mussolini/Ardennen), dies
  • 1976 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (b. 1887)
  • 1986 Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (b. 1908)
  • 1989 Janos Kádár, premier of Hungary (1956-58), dies at 77
  • 1990 Paul Wynne, KGO-TV SF reporter, dies of AIDS at 46
  • 1990 Nathaniel Wyeth, American chemist and inventor (created PET plastic beverage bottle), dies at 78
  • 1992 Edgardo Pallero, Argentina producer (Los hijos de fierro), dies
  • 1993 Ruth Lady Fermoy, maternal grandmother of Princess Diane, dies at 84
  • 1995 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer, dies at 79
  • 1995 Helene Johnson, American Harlem Renaissance poet, dies at 87
  • 1999 Carl Gunter Jr, American politician (b. 1938)
  • 1999 Barry Winchell, American soldier (b. 1977)
  • 2002 Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (b. 1932)
  • 2004 Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (b. 1932)
  • 2005 Bruno Augenstein, German-born mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2005 L. Patrick Gray III, American FBI director (b. 1916)
  • 2005 Evan Hunter, American novelist (b. 1926)
  • 2005 Claude Simon, Malagasy-French writer, (Nobel Prize Literature 1985), dies at 91
  • 2009 Robert McNamara, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1916)
  • 2009 Leo Mol, Ukrainian Canadian artist and sculptor (b. 1915)
  • 2009 Vasily Aksyonov, Russian writer (b. 1932)
  • 2012 Charles David Ganao, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo, dies at 85