On This Day in History for July 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 1124 Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1438 French church/King Charles VII release Pragmatieke Sanctie of Bourges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1456 A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1495 King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
  • 1498 Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1520 Battle of Otumba Mexico: Hernán Cortés and the Tlaxcalans defeat a numerically superior Aztec force

Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1534 European colonization of the Americas: first known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.
  • 1543 French troops invade Luxembourg
  • 1550 Traditional date Chocolate thought to have been introduced to Europe
  • 1585 King Henri III & Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots lose all freedoms
  • 1647 People's uprising against high prices & Spanish rule in Naples

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • 1753 British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament (opens in 1759)
  • 1753 British parliament grants Jews citizenship
  • 1754 Kings College in NYC opens (renamed Columbia College)
  • 1768 Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann's novel
  • 1777 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • 1798 Quasi-War: the U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war.'
  • 1799 Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
  • 1801 Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
  • 1802 1st comic book "The Wasp" is published
  • 1807 France, Russia & Prussia sign Peace of Tilsit
  • 1814 Walter Scott's "Waverley" published
  • 1829 Royal Military Chapel forms
  • 1838 Central American federation is dissolved
  • 1850 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
  • 1861 Battle of Laurel Hill, VA
  • 1862 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • 1863 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1864 S Middleton, MD -Early's Washington Raid-
  • 1868 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • 1874 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1878 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • 1891 Marcellus F. Berry, an American Express employee is granted four copyrights for what he called "the travelers cheque"
  • 1892 Katipunan: the Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
  • 1898 US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii
  • 1900 Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • 1905 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)
  • 1908 Great White Fleet leaves SF Bay

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1908 The Democratic Party meets in Denver at the start of their convention; William Jennings Bryan is nominated as presidential nominee

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • 1911 Dorothea Lambert Chambers beats Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0 in a record
  • 1915 A Great Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload of 157 passengers crashes near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
  • 1916 The New Zealand Labour party is formed
  • 1923 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
  • 1928 Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.
  • 1929 Romania & Vatican sign concord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1937 Japanese & Chinese troops clash at the Marco Polo Bridge, beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
  • 1941 Nazis executed 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
  • 1941 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
  • 1941 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
  • 1942 Germany troop march into Woronezj
  • 1942 Milt all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 -10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1943 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • 1943 Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
  • 1943 Liberator bombers sinks U-517
  • 1943 German Submarine U-951 sunk by depth charges, off Cape St. Vincent in the North Atlantic
  • 1944 RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • 1944 Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
  • 1946 Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
  • 1947 Alleged and disputed Roswell UFO incident occured
  • 1948 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
  • 1948 Indians sign Satchel Paige at 42
  • 1950 1st Farnborough airshow held
  • 1952 SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Che Guevara sets out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1954 Formation of the TANU party (Tanganyika African National Union ) in Tanzania
  • 1956 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • 1957 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1958 William Shea outlines plans for a $12M stadium at Flushing Meadows NY
  • 1960 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • 1960 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • 1961 James R Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1965 Otis Redding records "Respect"
  • 1967 Beginning of the civil war in Biafra.
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1968 Rock group "Yardbirds" disband
  • 1969 Canada's House of Commons approves equality of French-English lang
  • 1969 German newspaper Der Spiegel reveals Bishop Defregger of Munich is a war criminal
  • 1972 1st women FBI members sworn in (Susan Lynn Roley & Joanne E Pierce)
  • 1972 Dutch Minister of Agt decides to ignore soft drug usage
  • 1972 Secret Talks Between IRA and British Government: Gerry Adams is part of a delegation to London for talks with the British Government
  • 1972 7 people are killed in separate incidents across Northern Ireland
  • 1973 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river (India)
  • 1973 All women board of directors takes control of ABA's Kentucky Colonels
  • 1973 Glenda Reiser (Canada) sets record women's mile (4:34.9)
  • 1973 Shoelace Park in the Bronx named
  • 1974 Brewer Don Money sets record of consecutive errorless games at 3rd (78)
  • 1976 Lt General Vernon A Walters, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA; succeeded by E Henry Knoche
  • 1977 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City
  • 1978 Solomon Islands declares independence from UK
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1980 Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
  • 1980 Institution of Sharia law in Iran
  • 1980 The Safra massacre in Lebanon.

Birthdays in History

  • 1053 Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
  • 1119 Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
  • 1528 Anna of Austria, Duchess of Bavaria, daughter of Ferdinand I (d. 1590)
  • 1586 Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman (d. 1646)
  • 1656 Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)
  • 1752 Joseph-Marie Jacquard, invented programmable loom
  • 1806 Michele Amari, Italian historian/minister of Education
  • 1813 William Scott Ketchum, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1871)
  • 1816 Isaac Fitzgerald Shepard, Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Alfred Pleasonton, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1897)
  • 1827 James Murrell Shackelford, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1827 William Montague Browne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1843 Camillo Golgi, Italian physician and medical researcher (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1906), born in Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • 1851 Lillien Jane Martin, psychologist, found gerontology clinic
  • 1853 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • 1855 Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
  • 1874 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • 1887 Dirk Koster, literary (New Noises)
  • 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist (I & The Village), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1893 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
  • 1900 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • 1904 Simone Beck, French chef (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Harry Von Zell, sidekick (George Burns Show)
  • 1906 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d. 1970)
  • 1907 Helene Johnson, American Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • 1907 Robert A[nson] Heinlein, US, sci-fi author (4 Hugos, Red Planet)
  • 1908 Evert W Beth, Dutch mathematician/philosopher
  • 1908 Harriette Arnow, Wayne Co, Ky, novelist (Dollmaker)
  • 1908 Revilo P. Oliver, American professor (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Margaret Walker Alexander, poet/novelist (For My People)
  • 1916 Luc Peire, Flemish painter/graphic artist
  • 1917 Lawrence F O'Brien, (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
  • 1917 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadoran politician (d. 2003)
  • 1919 William Moses Kunstler, defense attorney (Chicago 8)
  • 1921 Adolf von Thadden, German politician (d. 1996)
  • 1922 Pierre Cardin, fashion designer (Unisex), born in Paris, France
  • 1923 Richard Lumley, English insurance magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1925 Yvonne Mitchell, writer (Johnny Nobody, Genghis Khan), born in London, England
  • 1925 Wally Phillips, American radio personality (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Alan J Dixon, (Sen-D-IL, 1981- )
  • 1928 Colleen Summers, vocal overdubber, born in Pasadena, California
  • 1929 Marcel Liebman, Belgian historian
  • 1929 Reinhard Baumgart, German writer and critic, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 2003)
  • 1929 Hasan Abidi, Pakistani journalist and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1931 David Eddings, US, sci-fi author (Belgariad, Malloreon)
  • 1934 Robert McNeill Alexander, British zoologist (estimated speed of dinosaurs, born in Lisburn, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Carroll Hubbard Jr, American politician (Rep-D-KY, 1975-93), born in Murray, Kentuckey
  • 1940 Richard K Armey, (Rep-R-Texas, 1985- )
  • 1941 Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1945 Matti Salminen, Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
  • 1945 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • 1947 Felix Standaert, Belgian diplomat
  • 1947 Howard Rheingold, American author
  • 1947 Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal
  • 1954 Steve Gilchrist, Canadian politician (Cabinet Minister and Member of Provincial Parliament, in Ontario), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1959 Ben Linder, American engineer (d. 1987)
  • 1960 Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut
  • 1962 Shawn Paddock, rocker (Red Rockers)
  • 1966 Neil Tobin, American magician
  • 1967 Jason R Rich, writer (Celebrity Teen Talk), born in Irvington, New York
  • 1968 Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
  • 1971 Alistair Potts, British rower
  • 1973 Natsuki Takaya, Japanese manga-ka
  • 1975 Michael Voss, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 Felix Vasquez, New York City Housing Authority employee
  • 1983 Justin Davies, Australian rules footballer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1932 Author Damon Runyon (51) weds Patrice Amati del Grande

Journalist and Author Damon Runyon
Journalist and Author
Damon Runyon

HeartWedding of Interest

1946 39th US President Jimmy Carter (21) weds Rosalynn Smith (18) in Plains, Georgia

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • 2006 Three-time "Survivor" contestant Stephanie LaGrossa (26) weds Michael Ward in Seaside Heights, New Jersey
  • 2007 Celebrity chef Wolfgang Puck (38) weds handbag designer Gelila Assefa (38) in a three-day celebration on the Italian island of Capri
  • 2012 "The Office" Ellie Kemper (32) weds former "Conan O'Brien" writer Michael Koman at the Blessed Sacrament Roman Catholic Church in New York City
  • 2016 "Million Dollar Listing New York" realtor Ryan Serhant (32) weds lawyer Emilia Bechrakis on the island of Corfu in Greece

Deaths in History

  • 1129 Shirakawa, emperor of Japan (1072-86)/budhist monk, dies at 76
  • 1304 Benedict XI, [Niccolo Boccasini], Pope (1303-04), dies
  • 1307 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307), dies at 68
  • 1348 John Andreae, Italian canonist, dies
  • 1537 Madeleine de Valois, queen of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
  • 1572 Sigismund II Augustus, King of Poland (1548-72), dies at 51
  • 1573 Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (b. 1507)
  • 1647 Thomas Hooker, clergyman, father of American democracy, dies
  • 1694 Dokusho, Zen teacher, Obaku line, dies
  • 1701 William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
  • 1713 Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and privy councillor (b. 1632)
  • 1764 William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
  • 1771 Thomas Gray, English poet (Elegy), dies at 54
  • 1773 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician/astronomer, dies at 60
  • 1776 Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
  • 1790 Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
  • 1799 William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • 1814 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician, dies at 71
  • 1816 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
  • 1855 Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
  • 1861 John Willis Ellis, US governor of NC (1858-61), dies
  • 1865 Mary Surratt, & 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged
  • 1865 Lewis Paine, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1844)
  • 1865 David Herold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1842)
  • 1878 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1890 Henri Nestlé, Founder of Nestlé S.A. (b. 1814)
  • 1893 Guy de Maupassant, writer, dies at 42
  • 1901 Johanna Spyri, Swiss author children's classic "Heidi"(b. 1827)
  • 1913 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b.1841)
  • 1919 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies
  • 1922 Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
  • 1925 Clarence Hudson White American photographer (b.. 1871)
  • 1927 Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (b. 1846)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Arthur Conan Doyle, British writer (Sherlock Holmes), dies at 71

  • 1932 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880)
  • 1932 Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1844)
  • 1933 John M Acket, literary (New Friends), dies at 70
  • 1939 James Deacon White, ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi), dies at 91
  • 1944 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies
  • 1944 Georges Mandel, [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader (-1940), is executed by the Milice at 59
  • 1945 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • 1956 Gottfried Benn, writer, dies at 70
  • 1958 Raymond Hackett, dies at 55
  • 1965 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
  • 1966 Carmelita Geraghty, dies of heart attack at 65
  • 1969 Erskine Sanford, dies at 83
  • 1970 Allen Lane [Williams], English publisher (Penguin Books), dies at 67
  • 1970 Dame Laura Knight, British impressionist artist
  • 1971 Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
  • 1971 Ub Iwerks, American artist, director, and cartoonist (b1901)
  • 1972 Athenagoras, 268th patriarch of Constantinople, dies
  • 1972 King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
  • 1973 Max Horkheimer, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 78
  • 1976 Gustav Heinemann, German president, dies at 76
  • 1976 Norman Foster, dies at 75
  • 1981 Mildred Lisette Norman a.k.a. Peace Pilgrim, American pacifist and activist
  • 1983 George Cukor, director (My Fair Lady), dies on 84th birthday
  • 1983 Herman Kahn, US futurist/nuclear strategist, dies at 71
  • 1983 Vicki Morgan, mistress (Beautiful Bad Girl), murdered at 30
  • 1990 Bill Cullen, game show host (Price is Right), dies at 70 of cancer
  • 1990 Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle, Jes priest/apprentice Zen teacher, dies at 92
  • 1992 Ruurd Faber, mayor of Aalten (1971-75), dies at 79
  • 1994 Rosa Chacel, spanish Novelist, dies at 96
  • 1994 Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (b. 1924)
  • 1995 Gabor Ormai, viola Player, dies at 40
  • 1995 Geoffrey Freeman Allen, railway writer, dies at 73
  • 1996 Albrecht Luitpold Michael Wittelsbach, duke of Bavaria, dies at 91
  • 1998 Brigadier Theuns Swanepoel, South African Security Police notorious for ordering the police to shoot at protesting school children in 1976, 70
  • 1999 Captain Vikram Batra, Indian Army officer, awarded Param Vir Chakra (September 9,1974)
  • 2000 Mary Armour, Scottish painter, dies at 80
  • 2001 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, dies at 88
  • 2002 Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian business tycoon (b. 1933)
  • 2006 Juan de Ávalos, Spanish sculptor (b. 1911)
  • 2006 John Money, Sexologist (b. 1921)
  • 2008 Bruce Conner, American artist (b. 1933)
  • 2013 Donald Irwin, American politician, dies from heart failure at 86
  • 2014 Dick Jones, American actor, dies at 87