On This Day in History for July 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 137

  • 939 The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
  • 1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
  • 1283 War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama departs on his first voyage - becomes first European to reach India by sea

Explorer Vasco da Gama
Explorer
Vasco da Gama
  • 1579 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1663 King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1672 William III is appointed stadholder by the States General in the Netherlands
  • 1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1693 NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
  • 1709 Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes, end of Swedish empire as a major power
  • 1716 Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen, a Danish-Norwegian force under Peter Tordenskjold trapped and defeated a similar Swedish force
  • 1758 British & Colonial assault on French forces at Ticonderoga, NY
  • 1776 Col John Nixon gives the 1st public reading of the Declaration of Independence to an assemblage of citizens in Philadelphia
  • 1777 Vermont introduces new constitution making it 1st US state to abolish slavery
  • 1778 George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army
  • 1792 France declares war on Prussia
  • 1796 US State Department issues 1st US passport
  • 1797 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
  • 1800 Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 1805 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1816 Frost in Waltham, Massachusetts during "year without a summer"
  • 1822 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
  • 1833 Russia & Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1835 Liberty Bell cracks (again)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin reaches Saint Helena in HMS Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 1849 St Paul's Place in the Bronx named

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853 Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1859 King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • 1861 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory
  • 1861 Skirmish at Florida, MI - A rebel encampment is attacked & dispersed
  • 1862 Theodore R Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity.
  • 1864 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • 1870 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • 1870 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection
  • 1874 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • 1876 White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
  • 1889 John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)
  • 1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • 1891 61°F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore & Phila
  • 1892 American Psychological Association organized, Worcester, Mass
  • 1892 St. John's, Newfoundland is devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
  • 1895 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1896 William Jennings Bryan's "cross of gold" speech at Democratic convention in Chicago

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Charles Tupper resigns as Prime Minister of Canada after losing the June 23rd election, his 69-day term the shortest in Canadian history

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper

BattleBattle of Interest

1898 US battle fleet under Admiral George Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1898 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • 1905 Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • 1905 The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Rumanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • 1907 Florenz Ziegfeld staged 1st `Follies' on NY Theater roof
  • 1908 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • 1911 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcont trip by horse
  • 1912 G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
  • 1912 Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 The Germans reply to US President Woodrow Wilson's second Lusitania note by saying that Americans may sail on clearly marked neutral ships, but Germany does not deal with Wilson's other demands

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference
  • 1923 Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
  • 1923 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • 1932 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
  • 1932 Herbert Sutcliffe scores his 100th 100, Yorkshire v Gloucs
  • 1933 Public Works Administration becomes effective
  • 1941 All Jews living in Baltic States are obligated to wear a Jewish Star
  • 1943 4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model uses last tank reserve
  • 1943 British air raid sinks U-232
  • 1943 Nationaal-Socialistische Beweging (Dutch National Socialist Movement) leader Anton Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler
  • 1943 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • 1944 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944 Japanese kamikaze attacks on US lines at Saipan
  • 1947 Demolition begins for UN HQ in NYC
  • 1947 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico
  • 1948 500th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church celebrated in Moscow
  • 1949 The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 prohibiting marriage or a sexual relationship between White people and people of other race groups is passed in South Africa
  • 1950 33.4 cm rain fall at York, Nebraska (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Gen Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief, UN forces in Korea

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1950 Leroy Deans awarded first Order of Purple Heart in Korea
  • 1951 Yankee Joe DiMaggio & manager Casey Stengel feud
  • 1953 US stops aid to Persia
  • 1954 Military junta selects colonel Armas president of Guatemala
  • 1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1957 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Fein leaders
  • 1960 Fidel Castro ends Havana's Intl League team, Sugar Kings move to NJ
  • 1961 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
  • 1961 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • 1963 Reports of Charlie Finley's intention to move KC A's to Oakland
  • 1963 US bans all monetary transactions with Cuba
  • 1965 Joe Morgan is 1st Houston player with 6 hits in a game
  • 1966 US airline strike (until Aug 19th)
  • 1966 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
  • 1967 Helen Weston of Detroit rolls a record 4,585 in 24 games
  • 1968 Israeli-Egyptian artillery duel along Suez Canal
  • 1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
  • 1969 IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
  • 1971 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 During street disturbances, British soldiers shoot dead two Catholic civilians in Free Derry; as a result, riots erupted in the city and the Social Democratic and Labour Party withdraws from Stormont in protest
  • 1972 US sells grain to USSR for $750 million
  • 1974 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin visits West Germany

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford announced he'll seek Republican presidential nomination

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan Burma, 20-foot-high seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
  • 1976 Randy Jones wins NL record 16 games before All Star break

Birthdays in History

  • 1528 Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherland
  • 1545 Don Carlos, son of Spanish king Philip II
  • 1593 Artemisia Gentileschi, Italian painter (d. 1653)
  • 1621 Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables)
  • 1760 Christian Kramp, French mathematician (d. 1826)
  • 1766 Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon (d. 1842)
  • 1792 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
  • 1809 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja)
  • 1819 Alexander Hays, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1819 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • 1821 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824 Waldimir "Kriz" Krzyzanowski, Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826 Benjamin Henry Grierson, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826 Robert Kingston Scott, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829 Pierre A Vicomte de Ponson du Terrail, French serial writer
  • 1830 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830 Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna of Altenburg (d. 1911)
  • 1831 John Pemberton, American pharmacist and inventor of Coca-Cola, born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)
  • 1836 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1917)

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1839 John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and founder of Standard Oil, born in Richford, New York (d. 1937)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1844 Mary Johnson Lincoln, educator (Boston Cooking School)
  • 1851 Arthur J Evans, English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 1867 Kathe Kollwitz, Germany, print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
  • 1869 William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • 1870 Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • 1871 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • 1882 Waverley John Anderson, Scottish viscount/governor of Bengal
  • 1885 Ann Jemima Flower, oldest resident of Netherlands
  • 1885 Emil Bloch, German philosopher
  • 1890 Walter Hasenvlever, German writer, born in Aachen (d. 1940)
  • 1891 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
  • 1891 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • 1892 Richard Aldington, writer
  • 1892 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • 1893 Fritz Perls, father of Gestalt therapy
  • 1894 Clemens VI Trefois, Flemish architect/sociologist
  • 1895 Anton G J van de Velde, Flemish writer/director (God & the Worms)
  • 1898 Alec Waugh, novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England
  • 1899 David Eli Lilienthal, US government organizer (Wisconsin)
  • 1901 Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist
  • 1904 Henri Cartan, French mathematician, born in Nancy (d. 2008)
  • 1905 Leonid Amalrik, Russian animator (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Philip Johnson, Cortalyou architect, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1907 George W Romney, (Gov-R-Mich)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73)
  • 1908 Nelson A Rockefeller, (Gov-R-NY) 41st VP (1974-77)
  • 1909 Petar Segedin, Croatian novelist (Holy Devil)
  • 1910 Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader (ANC/SACP)
  • 1913 Walter Kerr, NY drama critic (Sad Clowns)
  • 1914 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • 1915 Charles Hard Townes, physicist (developed lasers), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1919 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, author/physician/educator
  • 1926 John D Dingell, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1955- )
  • 1927 Maurice Hayes, Irish politician
  • 1928 Carol Henry, choreographer (Garry Moore Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1929 Shirley Ann Grau, author (Keepers of the House)
  • 1930 Valeri Aleksandrovich Yazdovsky, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1933 Antonio Lamer, French Canadian lawyer and chief justice
  • 1934 Ed Lumley, Canadian corporate executive and former politician
  • 1935 Vitali Ivanovich Sevastiyanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 9, 18B)
  • 1938 Marian Ackerman, women's rights advocacy administrator
  • 1942 Phil Gramm, (Sen-R Texas, 1985- )
  • 1943 Faye Wattleton, sociologist/pres (Planned Parenthood), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1945 Micheline Calmy-Rey, Swiss politician
  • 1946 Cynthia Gregory, LA, ballerina (NY Ballet Co)
  • 1947 Luis Fernando Figari, Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
  • 1947 Jenny Diski, English writer (Stranger on a Train), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1949 Wolfgang Puck, Austrian-born celebrity chef
  • 1952 Anna Quindlen, American columnist
  • 1958 Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician, born in Te Aviv
  • 1958 Andreas Carlgren, Swedish politician
  • 1964 Maryalice Demler, N Tonawanda NY, Miss NY-America (1991)
  • 1968 Akio Suyama, Japanese seiyu

Weddings in History

  • 1290 Princess Margaret (15), daughter of Edward I of England marries John II of Brabant at Westminster Abbey
  • 1551 Willem of Orange weds countess Anna van Egmond & Buren

HeartWedding of Interest

1800 Prime Minister of UK George Canning (30) weds heiress Joan Scott

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning

HeartWedding of Interest

1830 Magician Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin (24) weds Josèphe Cecile

HeartWedding of Interest

1835 Mathematician Ada Lovelace [Ada Byron] (19) weds Earl of Lovelace, William King (30)

Mathematician, Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician, Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace

HeartWedding of Interest

1891 Future US President Warren G. Harding (25) weds publisher Florence DeWolfe (30) in Marion, Ohio

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1972 English prince Richard marries Birgitte of Deurs (Henriksen)

Deaths in History

  • 810 Pepin, son of Charlemagne, King of Italy, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 975 Edgar, King of England (959-75), dies
  • 1115 Peter the Hermit, French priest, led the People's Crusade, dies at about 64
  • 1153 Eugene III, [Bernardo], Italian Pope (1145-53), dies
  • 1249 Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 51
  • 1253 Thibaud IV, poet/count of Champagne/King of Navarra, dies
  • 1496 Benedetto Bonfiglio, Italian painter, dies
  • 1531 Tilman Riemenschneider, German sculptor, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1538 Diego de Almagro, Spanish conquistador of Chile and Peru, executed at Las Salinas at about 63

Conquistador Diego de Almagro
Conquistador
Diego de Almagro
  • 1623 Gregory XV, [Alessandro Ludovisi], bishop of Bologna/Pope, dies at 69
  • 1656 Alexander van der Capellen, mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
  • 1679 Samuel J Columbus, Swedish poet (Odae Sveticae), dies
  • 1689 Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • 1695 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch scientist (b. 1629)
  • 1716 Robert South, English churchman (b. 1634)
  • 1721 Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
  • 1726 John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1784 Torbern Bergman, Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1822 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (Prometheus unbound), drowns at 29
  • 1826 Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)
  • 1850 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
  • 1855 Sir William Edward Parry, English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
  • 1859 F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • 1863 Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
  • 1870 John D Zocher Jr, architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • 1895 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • 1898 Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1909 Gaston AA marquis de Gallifet, Fren min of War (1899-1900), dies at 79
  • 1913 Louis Hémon, French-born writer (b. 1880)
  • 1917 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • 1932 Florenz Ziegfeld, US theatre producer (Ziegfeld Follies), dies
  • 1933 Anthony Hope, British author (b. 1863)
  • 1934 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer (b. 1848)
  • 1939 [Henry] Havelock Ellis, English sexologist (Man & Woman), dies at 80
  • 1941 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • 1943 Jean "Max" Moulin, French resistance fighter, executed
  • 1949 Antun Sa'ada, Syrian rightwing politician, executed in Lebanon
  • 1950 Othmar Spann, Austrian economist/sociologist (Wahre State), dies at 71
  • 1956 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, dutch min of Justice (Nobel 54), dies
  • 1956 Giovanni Papini, Italian author/poet (Un Uomo Finito), dies at 75
  • 1957 Grace Goodhue Coolidge, 1st lady (1923-29), dies at 78
  • 1957 William Cadbury, chocolate maker, dies at 89
  • 1959 Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand, 1st Americans killed in Vietnam War
  • 1962 Georges Bataille, French writer and philosopher (b. 1897)
  • 1967 Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani political figure (b. 1893)
  • 1979 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
  • 1979 Robert B. Woodward, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
  • 1985 Gardner Cowles Jr, US publisher (Look Magazine), dies at 82
  • 1985 Simon Kuznets, US economist (Nobel 1971), dies at 84
  • 1987 Gerardo Diego, Spanish poet (b. 1896)
  • 1987 Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1994 Christian-Jaque, French director (Babette s'and va-t-and guerre), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1994 Kim Il-sung, Founder, dictator and Supreme Leader of North-Korea (1948-94), dies of a heart attack at 82

Founder and Dictator of North Korea Kim Il-sung
Founder and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Il-sung
  • 1994 Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur and explorer (b. 1927)
  • 1995 Elizabeth Adams, madam, dies at 65
  • 1996 Amschel Rothschild, banker, dies at 41
  • 1996 Ernest Armstrong, British politician (L) and teacher, dies at 81
  • 1996 Thomas Mitchell, architect/engineer, dies at 90
  • 1997 Charles Drake, geologist, dies of heart attack at 92
  • 1999 Pete Conrad, American astronaut (b. 1930)
  • 2002 Ward Kimball, American animator (b. 1914)
  • 2004 Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • 2011 Mary Fenech Adami, First Lady of Malta (b. 1933)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2011 Betty Ford, First Lady of the United States (1974-77) and founder of the Betty Ford Center clinic, dies at 93

US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford
  • 2015 James Tate, American poet (Pulitzer Prize 1992), dies at 71
  • 2016 Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philantropist (Edhi Foundation), dies at 88
  • 2016 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), dies at 98