On This Day in History for June 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 203

  • 4000 BC Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only)
  • 193 Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

794 Charles the Great (aka Charlemagne) opens general synod in Frankfurt

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1204 King Philip Augustus of France conquers Rouen.

BattleBattle of Interest

1215 Beijing, under control of Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • 1283 Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market
  • 1283 Treaty of Rheinfelden: Duke Rudolph II of Austria waives his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria.
  • 1459 Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
  • 1485 Matthias of Hungary takes Vienna from Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III
  • 1495 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1526 Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1533 Anne Boleyn crowned queen of England

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1562 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1568 Duke of Alva oversees beheading of 18 nobles in Brussels as part of Council of Troubles/Council of Blood
  • 1608 Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-government
  • 1638 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Mass
  • 1641 France & Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
  • 1649 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • 1657 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • 1660 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1670 English King Charles II & French King Louis XIV sign secret anti-Dutch treaty

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • 1676 Battle of Öland: allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, during the Scanian War (1675–79)
  • 1679 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog.
  • 1746 French troops conquer Antwerp
  • 1774 Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • 1789 1st US congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
  • 1792 Kentucky admitted as 15th US state
  • 1794 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.
  • 1796 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • 1796 Tennessee admitted as 16th US state
  • 1808 1st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • 1809 Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
  • 1813 Capt John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte swears fidelity to the Constitution of France.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1834 HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
  • 1835 6th national black convention (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin returns to Capetown

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1843 It snows in Buffalo & Rochester, NY, & Cleveland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • 1845 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1855 US adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 1857 Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal (The Flowers of Evil) is published.
  • 1861 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
  • 1861 British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
  • 1861 Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
  • 1861 US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
  • 1862 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Slavery abolished in all US possessions
  • 1864 -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
  • 1864 Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)

  • 1864 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool.
  • 1866 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • 1866 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • 1868 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • 1868 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.

1stHistoric Invention

1869 Thomas Edison granted his first patent for an electric vote machine (U.S. Patent 90,646)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1877 Society of American Artists forms
  • 1877 US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
  • 1879 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.
  • 1880 The first pay telephone service in the United States is installed in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1880 US census at 50,155,783
  • 1881 Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
  • 1886 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
  • 1888 California gets its 1st seismograph
  • 1890 US census at 62,622,250
  • 1898 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
  • 1900 British army occupies Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1905 Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
  • 1907 -27°F (-33°C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
  • 1908 John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
  • 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • 1911 1st US group insurance policy written, Passaic, NJ
  • 1911 1st Inter-Empire Championships close in London
  • 1913 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • 1915 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
  • 1916 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop
  • 1919 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • 1920 Adolfo de la Huerta becomes president of Mexico.
  • 1921 Race riot in Tulsa Oklahoma (21 whites & 60 blacks killed)
  • 1922 Royal Ulster Constabulary is founded.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Over 50,000 Fascists gather for a meeting in Bologna where Mussolini warns that he will lead a full-scale revolt against a government favoring 'anti-Fascist reaction'

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1926 Ignacy Mocicki elected president of Poland
  • 1927 Peace Bridge between US & Canada opens
  • 1933 Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
  • 1935 Driving test & license plates introduced in England
  • 1935 Yanks set solo HR record with 6 beat Boston 7-2
  • 1936 Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in NY
  • 1937 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Edith Wharton suffers a heart attack and collapses at the French country home of Ogden Codman

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1939 British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
  • 1939 Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
  • 1940 Coffee & tea rationed in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1940 Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
  • 1941 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, in Burlington, Kansas (state 24-hr record)
  • 1941 British troops occupy Bagdad, Iraq
  • 1941 Germany bans all Catholic publications
  • 1941 Germany occupies Crete after Allied evacuation

Birthdays in History

  • 1076 Mstislav I of Kiev (d. 1132)
  • 1300 Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
  • 1480 Tiedemann Giese, Polish Catholic bishop (d. 1550)
  • 1503 Wilhelm von Grumbach, German lt col
  • 1563 Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury and English Prime Minister (1598-1612), born in Westminster, Salisbury (d. 1612)
  • 1633 Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
  • 1675 Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
  • 1679 Johan Runius, Swedish poet (Dudaim)
  • 1762 Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (d. 1844)
  • 1765 Christiane Vulpius, wife of Johann W von Goethe
  • 1790 Salomon J Rappoport, Czech rabbi/learned (Ereg miliem)
  • 1790 Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (d. 1836)
  • 1796 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (d. 1832)
  • 1800 Edward Deas Thomson, Australian politician (d. 1879)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1801 Brigham Young, American religious leader (Mormon church), born in Whitingham, Vermont (d. 1877)

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • 1806 John Buchanan Floyd, Ex-Sect of War (Union), (d. 1863)
  • 1815 Otto of Greece (d. 1862)
  • 1825 John Hunt Morgan, Brigadier General (Confederate cavalry commander)
  • 1826 Carl Bechstein, German piano inventor
  • 1831 John Bell Hood, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1833 John Marshall Harlan, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1911)
  • 1843 Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • 1844 Galusha Pennypacker, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1916)
  • 1844 John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)
  • 1858 William W Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream)
  • 1862 Antonio JdC Feijo, Portuguese diplomat/poet (Bailatas)
  • 1878 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), born in Ledbury, Herefordshire (d. 1967)
  • 1881 Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1882 John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
  • 1892 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • 1899 Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1903 Blessed Vasyl Velychkovsky C.Ss.R Bishop and Martyr (d. 1973)
  • 1907 Sir Frank Whittle, English RAF engineer air officer and inventor of the turbojet engine, born in Coventry, England (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Percy Edwards, English entertainer (known for his animal impressions), born in Suffolk, England (d.1996)
  • 1909 Hans Vogt, Norwegian linguist (d. 1986)
  • 1913 Bill Deedes, British journalist (d. 2007)
  • 1917 William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Povel Ramel, Swedish entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1924 William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
  • 1925 Dilia Díaz Cisneros, Venezuelan teacher
  • 1928 Georgi Timofeyevich Dobrovolsky, Odessa, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11)
  • 1930 John Lemmon, English logician (d. 1966)
  • 1932 Philo [Rolf] Bregstein, Dutch writer (Dingen die niet Voorbijgaan)
  • 1933 Charles Wilson, (Rep-D-TX, 1973- )
  • 1934 Willy Roggeman, Flemish writer (Goldfish, Nardis)
  • 1935 John Edward Porter, (Rep-R-IL, 1980- )
  • 1935 Reverend Ike [Frederick J. Eikerenkoetter II], American televangelist (Joy of Living), born in Ridgeland, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • 1936 Gerald Scarfe, British illustrator
  • 1937 Colleen McCullough, Australian author (Tim, Indecent Obsession), born in Wellington, New Zealand
  • 1940 Kip Thorne, American physicist
  • 1947 Ron Dennis, CBE, F1 team principal (McLaren)
  • 1948 Tomáš Halík, Czech priest and public intellectual
  • 1950 Annemarie Jorritsma-Lebbink, Dutch minister of Traffic (VVD)
  • 1950 Gennadi Mikhailovich Manakov, colonel/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-10, TM-16)
  • 1953 David Berkowitz, American serial killer (Son of Sam)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1957 Jeffrey Hawkins, American inventor (PalmPilot, Treo), born in Huntington, New York

Inventor Jeffrey Hawkins
Inventor
Jeffrey Hawkins
  • 1958 Ahron Bregman, Israeli journalist
  • 1967 Roger Sanchez, American disc jockey
  • 1970 Joshua Compston, art impressario

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1889 Architect Frank Lloyd Wright (21) weds socialite Catherine Tobin

HeartWedding of Interest

1896 Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (41) marries Charlotte Frances Payne-Townshend (41) in Covent Garden, London.

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1925 Businessman Howard Hughes marries 1st wife Ella Rice

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes

HeartWedding of Interest

1972 Serial killer John Wayne Gacy (30) weds second wife Carole Hoff

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1996 81st UK Prime Minister David Cameron (29) weds businesswoman Samantha Sheffield (25) at the Church of St. Augustine of Canterbury in East Hendred, Oxfordshire

British Prime Minister David Cameron
British Prime Minister
David Cameron
  • 2005 "The Amazing Race 7" executive assistant Alex Ali weds Lynn Warren in Ottawa, Canada
  • 2013 "How to Make It in America" actress Lake Bell (34) weds tattoo artist Scott Campbell at The Marigny Opera House in New Orleans, Louisiana

Divorces in History

  • 1991 Roseanne Arnold & Tom Arnold wed again, they divorced later

Deaths in History

  • 195 BC Gaozu of Han, Emperor of China (202-195 BC), founder of Han Dynasty
  • 193 Didius Julianus, ship owner/emperor of Rome (193), murdered at 61
  • 1191 Philips van de Elzas, count of Vlanderen, dies
  • 1340 Jan III van Diest, bishop of Utrecht (1322-40), dies
  • 1434 Władysław II Jagiełło, King of Lithuania and later also Poland, dies (b.1351)
  • 1568 18 nobles beheaded in Brussels for treason and heresy by Duke of Alva and authority of Council of Troubles
  • 1568 Gijsbert van Bronkhorst-Batenburg, calvinist leader, beheaded
  • 1571 John Story, English Catholic martyr, executed at Tyburn by being hung, drawn and quartered

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1616 Tokugawa Ieyasu, Japanese Shogun who founded the first Tokugawa Shogunate and united Japan, dies from natural causes

  • 1625 Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
  • 1660 Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred) - hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • 1676 Creutz, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle
  • 1676 Uggla, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle
  • 1710 David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
  • 1713 Johan Runius, Swedish poet (Dudaim), dies at 34
  • 1729 Matthaeus de Cock, governor general of Dutch Indies (1725-29), dies at about 65
  • 1740 Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (b. 1657)
  • 1769 Edward Holyoke, President of Harvard University (b. 1689)
  • 1795 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist (b. 1744)
  • 1815 Louis Alexandre Berthier, French marshal (b. 1853)
  • 1823 Louis Nicholas Davout, French fieldmarshal, dies at 53
  • 1826 Jean Frédéric Oberlin, Alsatian pastor (b. 1740)
  • 1830 Sahajanand Swami, believed to be an incarnation of god by his followers, leaves his mortal body. (b. 1781)
  • 1841 David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • 1846 Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo Alberto Mauro Cappellari], Pope (1831-1846), dies at 80
  • 1861 John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war
  • 1864 Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of African Americans, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC
  • 1864 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 James Buchanan, 15th US president (1857-61), dies at 77

15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), dies at 76

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • 1873 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1876 Christo Botew, writer, dies
  • 1910 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, dies at 91
  • 1927 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (b. 1861)
  • 1941 Hugh S Walpole, British writer (Killer & the Slain), dies
  • 1942 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50
  • 1943 Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • 1946 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician, is executed after having been convicted of war crimes
  • 1948 Alex Gard, Russian-born caricaturist (b. 1900)
  • 1951 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian, dies at 85

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952 John Dewey, US philosopher (Common Faith), dies at 92

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • 1954 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (b. 1869)
  • 1959 Sax Rohmer, English author (b. 1883)
  • 1960 Paula Hitler, sister of Adolf Hitler. (b. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi officer (SS-Obersturmbannführer, Holocaust organizer), hanged in Israel at 56

SS officer Adolf Eichmann
SS officer
Adolf Eichmann

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Helen Keller, American blind & deaf author (Let us Have Faith) and lecturer, dies at 87

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1968 [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/interpreter, dies at 57
  • 1970 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologist (Nature & Destiny of Man), dies at 78

Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • 1973 Harvey S Firestone Jr, US tire manufacturer, dies at 75
  • 1979 Werner Forssmann, German urologist (Nobel 1956), dies at 74
  • 1980 Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)
  • 1981 Carl Vinson, (Rep-D-Ga, 1914-64), dies at 97
  • 1981 Naim Chadir, PLO-representative in Brussels, murdered
  • 1982 Hendrik Algra, Dutch teacher, journalist, and politician (ARP), dies
  • 1983 Anna Seghers, writer, dies at 82
  • 1983 Charles Tham, of Saxon-Coburg-Gotha, count of Flanders/Prince, dies
  • 1987 Errol W Barrow, PM of Barbados (1961-76), dies at 67
  • 1987 Rashid Karami, 10 time premier of Lebanon, dies in bomb attack at 65
  • 1992 Louise Hoff, entertainer, dies at 69
  • 1994 Juan J H Rovira, Spanish general, murdered
  • 1994 Willem C L "Wim" van der Grinten, lawyer/KVP-politician, dies at 80
  • 1995 Ronald Anthony "Tony" Clegg, property trader, dies at 58
  • 1996 Fernand Schokweiler, judge, dies at 60
  • 1996 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, president of India, dies at 83
  • 1996 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon, dies at 85
  • 1996 Stephen Jones, art historian, dies at 41
  • 1997 Nikolai Tikhonov, Soviet PM (1980-85), dies at 92
  • 1999 Christopher Sydney Cockerell, British engineer and inventor (b. 1910)
  • 1999 Christopher Cockerell, English inventor (Hovercraft), dies at 88
  • 2001 Queen Aiswarya of Nepal (b. 1949)
  • 2001 King Birendra of Nepal (b. 1945)
  • 2001 Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (b. 1920)
  • 2004 William Manchester, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2008 Tommy Lapid, Israeli journalist and politician (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer (b. 1936)
  • 2010 Lt. Gen. William H. Ginn, Jr., U.S. Air Force officer (b.1928)
  • 2014 Ann B. Davis, American actress, dies from a subdural hematoma from a fall at 88
  • 2015 Charles Kennedy, British politician (Liberal Democrat leader 1999-2006), dies at 55