On This Day in History for June 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 172

  • 1184 BC Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes.
  • 631 Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold and silk for the release of Chinese prisoners captured during transition from Sui to Tang from northern frontier; succeeds in freeing 80,000
  • 758 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1231 Harderwijk (Netherlands) becomes a city
  • 1345 Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners.
  • 1429 Hundred Years' War: The start of the Battle of Jargeau.
  • 1488 Battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland
  • 1517 Sir Thomas Pert reaches Hudson Bay
  • 1572 Spanish co-land guardian Duke of Medinaceli arrives in Lock
  • 1578 England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore & colonize North America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1594 Philip II recognized the rights and privileges of the local nobles and chieftains in the Philippines, which paves way to the creation of the Principalía (i.e., elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines).

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1644 Florentine scientist Evangelista Torricelli describes his invention of the mercury barometer in 1643 in a letter to Michelangelo Ricci
  • 1666 -14] Vierdaagse Sea battle (Ruyter-Monk vs Prince Ruprecht)
  • 1676 Battle at Öland: Danish & Dutch fleet under CM Tromp beats Sweden
  • 1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II
  • 1690 English king William III departs to Ireland
  • 1699 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination treaty of Spain
  • 1726 Cardinal Fleury succeeds Duke of Bourbon as French premier

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1742 Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 Captain James Cook discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1774 Jews of Algiers escape attacking Spanish Army

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 Continental Congress creates committee (Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston) to draft a Declaration of Independence

  • 1788 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788 Russian explorer Gerasim Izmailov reaches Alaska.
  • 1793 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • 1816 Gas Light Co of Baltimore founded
  • 1825 The first cornerstone is laid for Fort Hamilton in New York City.
  • 1837 The Broad Street Riot occurres in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans.
  • 1838 Iowa Territory is organized
  • 1859 Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada
  • 1864 -12] Battle of Trevillian Station, VA (Central Railroad)
  • 1864 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf washed away in storm
  • 1864 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: Gen Hobsons unit caught
  • 1864 Battle of Laurel Hill, WV
  • 1864 Confederate warship CSS Alabama runs into harbor of Cherbourg
  • 1866 The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
  • 1870 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • 1878 DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • 1891 Puerto Rican flag adopted
  • 1895 Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • 1896 US Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized
  • 1898 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • 1898 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • 1900 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
  • 1901 Cook Islands annexed & proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • 1904 German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • 1905 Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • 1907 Northants all out for 12 v Gloucestershire
  • 1911 Universal Negro Improvement Association founded by Marcus Garvey
  • 1911 The Greek national assembly adopts a more liberal constitution
  • 1913 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • 1917 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1921 Brazil adopts women suffrage
  • 1924 Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • 1924 Koos Vorrink elected President of AJC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Charles Lindbergh is awarded the 1st Distinguished Flying Cross

  • 1934 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
  • 1935 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey.
  • 1936 Presbyterian Church of America founded at Philadelphia
  • 1936 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England.
  • 1937 Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
  • 1938 5.0 Earthquake in Belgium kills 2, strongest in 45 years
  • 1938 England declare at 8 for 658 v Australia at Trent Bridge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 King & Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Italy declares war on allies/raids Malta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to Orleans

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940 World War II: British forces bomb Genoa and Turin in Italy.
  • 1940 World War II: First attack of the Italian Air force on the island of Malta.
  • 1941 2nd great raid on Jews of Amsterdam
  • 1941 Vichy-French planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 20 Jews
  • 1942 German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa
  • 1942 US & USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
  • 1943 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • 1943 Heinrich Himmler orders liquidation of Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland
  • 1944 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • 1944 1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC
  • 1944 KP gang surprise attack on Dome Arnhem jail
  • 1947 WW II sugar rationing finally endd in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • 1949 Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:28.2)
  • 1951 Mozambique becomes an oversea province of Portugal
  • 1951 NY Times reports the NYC subway will auction off things found
  • 1955 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • 1957 12 die in a train crash in Vroman Colo
  • 1958 UN Security council sends observers to Lebanon
  • 1959 Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by US Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)
  • 1960 House packed with wedding celebrants collapses killing 30 (Pakistan)
  • 1961 Norm Cash becomes 1st Det Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 US President John F. Kennedy accepts an honorary degree from Yale

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1962 Brothers John and Clarence Anglin and fellow inmate Frank Morris escape from Alcatraz Island prison, the only ones to do so
  • 1963 Gov Wallace tries to prevent blacks registering at University of Alabama
  • 1963 Greek government of Karamanlis resigns
  • 1963 US President JFK says segregation is morally wrong & that it is "time to act"
  • 1964 Manfred Mann record Do Wah Diddy Diddy Dum Diddy Do
  • 1964 West Germany seeks talks with Czechoslovakia
  • 1966 "(I'm A) Road Runner" by Jr Walker & The All-Stars peaks at #20
  • 1966 "I Am A Rock" by Simon & Garfunkel peaks at #3
  • 1966 French & German media mistakenly report death of Roger Daltry
  • 1967 Race riot in Tampa Florida; National Guard mobilizes

Birthdays in History

  • 1403 John IV, Duke of Brabant (d. 1427)
  • 1456 Anne Neville, wife of Richard III of England (d. 1485)
  • 1540 Barnabe Googe, English poet (d. 1594)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1572 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet (Volpone, Alchemist), born in London (d. 1637)

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • 1588 George Wither, English writer (d. 1667)
  • 1696 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (d. 1758)
  • 1713 Edward Capell, English critic (d. 1781)
  • 1719 Franz K von Velbruck, German free mason/prince-bishop of Luik
  • 1723 J G Palitzsch, 1st saw Halley's comet on return, Prolitz
  • 1741 Joseph Warren, American doctor and soldier (d. 1775)
  • 1776 John Constable, England, landscape painter (Hay Wain)
  • 1807 James Findlay Schenck, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • 1808 Charles Henry Poor, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • 1815 Julia Margaret Cameron, English photographer (d. 1879)
  • 1816 Robert Huston Milroy, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Samuel Davis Sturgis, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1889)
  • 1823 James Lawson Kemper, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1829 Hendrik Gerhard, Founder (Dutch Social-Democratic)
  • 1840 Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter/etser
  • 1842 Alfred, Liechtenstein noble/politician
  • 1842 Carl von Linde, German engineer and industrialist (d. 1934)
  • 1846 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer (d. 1920)
  • 1847 Millicent Garrett Fawcett, leader (English women's movement)
  • 1863 Eduard David, German undersecretary (constitution of Weimar)
  • 1865 Jan H Leopold, Dutch poet (translated Omar Khayyam)
  • 1867 Charles Fabry, discoverer (ozone layer in upper atmosphere)
  • 1876 Alfred L Kroeber, Hoboken NJ, author (Anthropologist looks at History)
  • 1877 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 Jeannette Rankin, 1st woman elected to US Congress (R-Montana), born in Missoula, Montana (d. 1973)

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • 1883 Frank O King, Cashton Wisc, cartoonist (Gasoline Alley)
  • 1886 David Steinman, American bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), born in NYC, New York
  • 1888 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1892 Edward B B Shanks, British poet/critic
  • 1894 Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • 1895 Nikolai Bulganin, Premier of USSR (1955-58), born in Gorky, Russia (d. 1975
  • 1897 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)
  • 1899 Yasonari Kawabata, Japan, novelist (Thousand Cranes)
  • 1900 Lawrence E Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1904 Daphne Fielding, socialite/writer
  • 1906 Clifford Leofric Purdy Bishop, bishop
  • 1907 Anton D Hildebrand, children's book writer (Man in the Moon)
  • 1907 Paul Mellon, US, oil magnate/pres (Washington National Gallery of Art)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanic explorer (Calypso), born in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France (d. 1997)

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1912 William Baziotes, painter (abstract expressionist)
  • 1913 John Elliott Terry, managing director (National Film Finance Corp)
  • 1914 Hendrik Berkhof, Dutch theologist (Church & Emperor)
  • 1914 Jack Mann, pilot/hostage
  • 1915 David Kindersley, font designer/cutter
  • 1915 Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1917 James Bostock, painter/engraver
  • 1917 Joseph B. Wirthlin, LDS apostle
  • 1920 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, King of Nepal (1955-72)
  • 1920 Irving Howe, US, writer/critic (World of Our Fathers)
  • 1921 Beatrice "Fiet" van Ommeren-Samson, Suriname writer
  • 1921 Michael Meyer, UK, novelist/Ibsen translator (Hedda Gabler)
  • 1922 Erving Goffman, sociologist (presentation of self in everyday life)
  • 1922 Michael Cacoyannis, director (Zorba the Greek, Trojan Women)
  • 1923 Gerard Vaughn, MP (Conservative)
  • 1925 William Styron, Va, novelist (Confess of Nat Turner, Sophie's Choice)
  • 1927 Beryl Grey, prima ballerina
  • 1927 John Aspinall, owner (casino, zoos)
  • 1927 Marcus Fox, conservative MP/chairman (1922 Committee)
  • 1928 Fabiola de Mora y Aragon, Spanish Queen of Belgium
  • 1928 Gerard van Leijenhorst, Dutch undersecretary of the Interior (CDA)
  • 1930 Anatoli Fyodorovich Voronov, Russia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12a backup)
  • 1930 Charles B Rangel, (Rep-D-NY, 1971- )
  • 1931 Lord Cameron of Lochbroom, lord advocate
  • 1932 Athol Fugard, Middleburg South Africa, anti-apartheid writer (Blood Knot)
  • 1932 Timothy Sainsbury, British minister of state
  • 1934 Anthony Evans, British high court judge
  • 1934 Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
  • 1936 George Bryan Ingham, artist
  • 1937 Robin Warren, Australian pathologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
  • 1939 Barry George Barrington Porter, politician
  • 1939 Barry Porter, MP (Conservative)
  • 1939 Christina Crawford, author, Joan's daughter (Mommie Dearest)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Henry Hill Jr., mobster and FBI informant (inspired Goodfellas), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 1944 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • 1944 Barry Stevens, British/Neth, choreographer (Personals, Young Again)
  • 1944 James "Ox" D A van Hoften, astronaut (STS 11, STS 20), born in Fresno, California

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Robert Munsch, Canadian children's author (The Paper Bag Princess, Love You Forever), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Children's Author Robert Munsch
Children's Author
Robert Munsch
  • 1946 Michael Wilkes, commander (UK Field Army)
  • 1947 Henry Cisneros, first Hispanic to serve as mayor of a major U.S. city (San Antonio), later Secretary of Housing and Urban Development in the Clinton Administration
  • 1947 Laloo Prasad Yadav, Indian politician
  • 1948 Anthony Nelson, British Sec of Treasury
  • 1949 George Willig, stuntman (climbed World Trade Center in 1977)
  • 1949 Benjamin Vasserman, Estonian graphic artist
  • 1951 Jan Fransen, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1951 Mark D Siljander, (Rep-R-MI, 1981- )
  • 1951 Yasumasa Morimura, Japanese appropriation artist
  • 1955 Tony Allcock, English bowls player (World Singles Champion (1986-87, 2002), born in Leicestershire
  • 1963 Sandra Schmirler, Canadian curler (d. 2000)
  • 1965 Manuel Uribe Garza, morbidly obese Mexican
  • 1968 Staci Baldwin, Miss Washington USA (1996)
  • 1974 Tanya Pogatchnik, Miss Montana USA (1996)
  • 1982 Eldar Rønning, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • 1989 Jeff Linton Osbourne, son of Jeffrey & Sheri

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1509 King Henry VIII marries wife #1 Catherine of Aragon

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
Spanish Princess, Queen of England Catherine of Aragon
Spanish Princess, Queen of England
Catherine of Aragon

HeartWedding of Interest

2011 Recording artist Lily Allen (26) weds Sam Cooper (32) at St. James The Great church in Gloucestershire, England

Recording Artist & Fashion Designer Lily Allen
Recording Artist & Fashion Designer
Lily Allen

Deaths in History

  • 1183 Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
  • 1216 Henry of Flanders, Emperor of the Latin Empire
  • 1249 Adelheid van Schaarbeek, Flemish mystic/saint, dies
  • 1479 Johannes a San Facundo, Spanish Augustine saint, dies
  • 1488 James III, King of Scots, dies in battle
  • 1557 King John III of Portugal (b. 1502)
  • 1560 Marie Guise, French wife of King James V of Scotland and mother and regent of Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 44
  • 1666 Cornelis Evertsen the Old, Swiss vice-admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • 1674 Susanna van Baerle, Dutch poet/wife of Geeraert Burns, dies at 52
  • 1695 André Félibien, French architect (b. 1619)
  • 1698 Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Enchanted World), dies at 64
  • 1712 Louis Joseph, duc de Vendôme, Marshal of France (b. 1654)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1727 King George I of Great Britain (b. 1660)

King George I
King
George I
  • 1766 Elisabeth Farnese, princess of Parma/queen of Spain, dies at 73
  • 1796 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
  • 1811 Charles Frederick, liberal ruler of Baden, dies at 82
  • 1825 Daniel D Tompkins, 6th US Vice President (1817-25), dies at 54
  • 1828 Dugald Stewart, Scot philosopher (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1847 John Franklin, English sea captain and explorer (b. 1786)
  • 1852 Karl Briullov, Russian painter (b. 1799)
  • 1856 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist, dies at 76
  • 1858 Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman (b. 1773)
  • 1879 Willem, (crown)prince of Orange, dies of bronchitis or murder at 39
  • 1882 Louis Maigret, Roman Catholic prelate (b. 1804)
  • 1886 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet, dies at 40
  • 1903 Draga Masin, wife of Serbian king Aleksandar I, murdered at 35
  • 1903 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b. 1837)
  • 1906 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Das Lied der Menschheit), dies at 50
  • 1908 Georg Adler, German statehouse head, dies at 45
  • 1911 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist (b. 1815)
  • 1912 Leon Dierx, French poet (Amants), dies at 74
  • 1913 Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
  • 1914 Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1848)
  • 1924 Alexander F de Savornin Lohmann Jr, Dutch minister (CHU), dies at 87
  • 1929 Gyula Andressy Jr, Hungarian minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 68
  • 1930 Henry Clay Folger Jr, CEO (Folger Shakespeare Library), dies at 72
  • 1934 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • 1936 Robert E. Howard, American author (b. 1906)
  • 1936 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene), dies at 58
  • 1937 R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • 1941 Daniel Carter Beard, founder of the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1850)
  • 1949 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • 1949 Oton Zupanic, Slavs poet (Zimzelen pod snegom), dies at 71
  • 1955 Jacques Lemaigre-Dubreuil, French industrialist, murdered
  • 1956 Corrado Alvaro, Italian writer (Poesie grigio-verdi), dies at 61
  • 1963 Quang Duc, Buddhist monk, immolates himself on a street in Saigon
  • 1965 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
  • 1969 John L Lewis, formed (Congress of Industrial Org), dies at 89
  • 1970 Aleksandr F Kerenski, Russian premier (1917), dies at 89
  • 1970 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, taught reading through phonetics, dies
  • 1970 William 'Billy Batts' Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
  • 1974 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (b. 1898)
  • 1974 Eurico Gaspar Dutra, President of Brazil (b. 1883)
  • 1981 Eppo Doeve, Dutch graphic artist/cartoonist/painter, dies at 73
  • 1984 Enrico Berlinguer, secr-general (CP) Italy, dies
  • 1985 Karen Ann Quinlan, comatose patient, dies in Morris Plains NJ at 31
  • 1986 Robert E Howard, sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror), dies at 80
  • 1986 Chesley Bonestell, American-born engineer, architect, and artist (b. 1888)
  • 1988 Giuseppe Saragat, president of Italy (1964-71), dies at 89
  • 1992 Marjorie Newell Robb, oldest living survivor of Titanic, dies at 103
  • 1992 Marlene Hazlett, entertainer, dies of cancer
  • 1993 Muriel C Bradbrook, English writer (Rise of Common Player), dies at 84
  • 1994 Jack Hannah, animator, dies at 90
  • 1994 Kitty Rosalind Muggeridge, author, dies at 90
  • 1995 Luigi Innocenti, designer, dies at 71
  • 1996 Kevin Meadows, gay rights activist, dies at 21
  • 1997 Thalassa Cruso, gardening expert (PBS), dies of Alzheimer's at 87
  • 1998 Catherine Cookson, British novelist (b. 1906)
  • 2001 Timothy McVeigh, American terrorist (by execution; b. 1968)
  • 2003 David Brinkley, American television reporter (b. 1920)
  • 2004 Egon von Furstenberg, Swiss fashion designer (b. 1946)
  • 2004 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Vasco Gonçalves, Portuguese general (b. 1922)
  • 2006 Bruce Shand, father of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Michael Bartosh, computer expert and author (b. 1977)
  • 2007 Imre Friedmann, American scientist (b. 1921)
  • 2008 Võ Văn Kiệt, former prime minister of Vietnam (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Zenani Mandela, Nelson Mandela's great granddaughter (b. 1997)
  • 2012 Norman F Lent, American republican Congressman, dies from cancer at 81
  • 2013 Robert Fogel, American economic historian and Nobel Laureate, dies at 86
  • 2014 Ruby Dee, American actress, dies at 91