On This Day in History for June 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 1325 Ibn Battuta begins his travels, leaving his home in Tangiers to travel to Mecca (gone 24 years)
  • 1373 Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance (world's oldest extant) signed in London
  • 1392 Assassination attempt on Pierre de Craon Van Clisson of France fails

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1547 King Ferdinand of Austria subjects himself on Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1611 John Fabricius dedicates earliest sunspot publication
  • 1665 Battle of Lowestoft, off Suffolk, England: English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1707 Hungary declares itself independent under Ferenc Rákóczi II
  • 1721 England signs Treaty of Madrid
  • 1727 Spain underwrites Preliminairy of Paris
  • 1753 Austria, England & Modena sign secret military treaty
  • 1774 Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves
  • 1777 Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
  • 1777 Marquis de Lafayette lands in US
  • 1789 Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington
  • 1792 King Louis XVI dissmisses French government
  • 1798 Mission San Luis Rey de Francia founded in California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1828 Simon Bolívar proclaimed dictator

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1837 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio
  • 1863 Second Battle of Winchester VA
  • 1863 Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon", Christchurch, NZ
  • 1863 Skirmish at Berryville Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1866 US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • 1868 Oscar J Dunn (a black) is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
  • 1871 Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • 1878 Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
  • 1881 The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
  • 1886 Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Vancouver, BC
  • 1886 King Ludwig II of Bavaria found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM at 40. Builder of palace of Neuschwanstein and patron of Wagner
  • 1888 US Congress creates Department of Labor
  • 1889 2' of snow accumulates in Rawlins, Wyoming
  • 1890 Eagle Ave in the Bronx is cut out & named
  • 1898 Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
  • 1900 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.
  • 1902 Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland
  • 1907 Lowest temp ever in 48 US states for June, 2°F in Tamarack Calif
  • 1910 Pilot Charles Hamilton makes 1st 1-day round-trip from NY to Phila
  • 1910 William D Crum, a South Carolina physician, appointed minister to Liberia
  • 1912 NY Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game
  • 1913 Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
  • 1914 Eleftherios Venizelos annouces that Greece intends to annex Chios and Mytilene, two large islands off the Turkish coast; Greece and Turkey have been heading towards conflict for months over claims to Aegean islands
  • 1917 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries.
  • 1920 Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post
  • 1922 Longest attack of hiccups begins: Charlie Osborne gets the hiccups and continues for 68 years, dies 11 months after it stops
  • 1924 Bene Berak Palestine founded
  • 1924 Gaston Doumergue elected as 1st protestant French premier
  • 1924 Yanks win by forfeit over Tigers, their 3rd forfeit win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Ticker-tape parade welcomes Charles A Lindbergh to NYC

  • 1930 1st Nudist Colony opens
  • 1930 22 people killed by hailstones in Siatista Greece
  • 1932 Great Britain & France sign peace treaty
  • 1933 1st sodium vapor lamps installed (Schenectady NY)
  • 1933 Federal Home Owners Loan Corporation authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 German Secret State Police (Gestapo - Geheime Staats Polizei) established by Hermann Goering

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1935 Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs v Somerset
  • 1936 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1938 Jews injured & property destroyed in Przemyal, Poland
  • 1940 Paris evacuates before German advance
  • 1942 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR creates Office of War with Elmer Davis as head

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Germany puts 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • 1942 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • 1942 The United States opens its Office of War Information.
  • 1944 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy
  • 1944 Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks
  • 1945 Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead
  • 1946 1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland
  • 1946 King Umberto II of Italy abdicates
  • 1950 South African parliament accept "Groups Area Act"
  • 1951 UN arm forces reach Pyongyang Korea
  • 1952 Soviet fighters shoot Swedish Dakota down over East Sea, kills 8
  • 1953 Alec Bedser takes 14-99 (7-55 & 7-44) v Australia
  • 1954 Cornerstone of Albert Einstein College of Medicine, laid in Bronx
  • 1956 After 72 years, Britain gives up Suez Canal to Egyptian control
  • 1956 Parliamentary election: Dutch Democrates 50/KVP 49
  • 1957 Mayflower II from Plymouth, England, reaches Plymouth Mass
  • 1958 Frank Zappa graduates from Antelope Valley High School in Lancaster Ca
  • 1960 "Alley-Oop" by Dyna-Sores peaks at #59
  • 1960 Prince Norodom Sihanoek becomes head of Cambodia
  • 1962 Norway named ombudsman
  • 1963 Vostok 6 launched, pilot is 1st woman cosmonaut
  • 1965 19th Tony Awards: Subject Was Roses & Fiddler on the Roof win
  • 1966 Supreme Court's Miranda decision; suspects must be informed of rights

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Thurgood Marshall nominated as 1st black Supreme Court justice

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1971 The New York Times begin publishing excerpts from the Pentagon Papers, classified documents on the long history of the U.S. in Vietnam
  • 1971 In defiance of a government ban, members of the Orange Order march through the mainly Catholic town of Dungiven, County Londonderry causing a riot
  • 1972 The Irish Republican Army invites Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Whitelaw to 'Free Derry'; Whitelaw rejects offer and reaffirms his policy to not "let part of the United Kingdom ... default from the rule of law"
  • 1974 Henry Aaron addresses House of Representatives
  • 1974 IMF establishes its "oil facility", a special fund for loans to nations whose balance of payments have been severely affected by high oil prices
  • 1976 Inge Helten runs female European record 100m (11.04)
  • 1977 Convicted Martin Luther King assassin James Earl Ray recaptured
  • 1978 Israeli Defense Forces withdraw from Lebanon.
  • 1979 Sioux nation receives $100 million in compensation for Black Hills SD
  • 1980 Deborah Harry/Meat Loaf film, "Roadie," premieres
  • 1980 Rep John Jenrette Jr (D-SC) indicted in "Abscam" investigation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 UN Security Council calls for South Africa to free Nelson Mandela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1981 39 Unification church couples wed in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Teenager fires 6 blanks at Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1981 Tom Snyder interviews Charles Manson on "Tomorrow"

Murderer Charles Manson
Murderer
Charles Manson

Birthdays in History

  • 40 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England
  • 823 Charles II, the Bald, King of France (843-77)/emperor (875-77)
  • 1539 Jost/Jobst/Jodocus Amman, Swiss cartoonist/graphic artist/illustrator
  • 1649 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1731 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802)

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • 1752 Fanny Burney, England, author (Camille, Evelina)
  • 1763 Jose B de Andrada e Silva, premier of Brazil
  • 1773 Thomas Young, British philologist/physician (light interference)
  • 1786 Winfield Scott, army general (Union)/presidential candidate
  • 1790 Jose Antonio Peez, president of Venezuela
  • 1795 Thomas Arnold, English educator/historian (History of Rome)
  • 1806 Bernard ter Haar, Dutch vicar/poet/church historian
  • 1809 George Philip St Cooke, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1820 WF Hendrik, the Navigator, prince of the Netherlands/admiral
  • 1821 Albert, duc de Broglie, France, premier (1873-74, 1977)
  • 1821 Navy Gustavus Vasa Fox, Asst Secy (Union), (d. 1883)
  • 1822 Carl Schmidt, German chemist (d. 1884)
  • 1823 Gustave Paul Cluseret, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • 1825 Benjamin Jefferson Hill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1827 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman (d. 1882)
  • 1831 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (electromagnetic theory, speed of light)
  • 1854 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine)
  • 1863 Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist (d. 1922)
  • 1864 Dwight B. Waldo, American educator and historian (d. 1939)
  • 1865 William Butler Yeats, Ireland, poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923)
  • 1866 Lambertus Zijl, sculptor (Trade scholarship)
  • 1870 Jules JBV Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919)
  • 1874 Leopoldo Lugones, Argentina, writer
  • 1876 William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • 1879 Johannes G Geelkerken, Dutch reformed vicar
  • 1884 Anton Drexler, founder of the German Worker's Party (d. 1942)
  • 1884 Gerald Gardner, British occultist (d. 1964)
  • 1884 Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)
  • 1887 Bruno Frank, German-born writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1945)
  • 1888 Fernando A Nogueira de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet
  • 1893 Dorothy Leigh Sayers, English novelist (9 Taylors)
  • 1894 Isaak E Babel, Russian writer (Konarmija, Marija) [or Jul 13]
  • 1894 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, France, photographer
  • 1894 Mark van Doren, Ill, author (Happy Critic, Transients)
  • 1894 Dr. Leo Kanner, Austrian-American physician (d. 1981)
  • 1901 Lode Zielens, Flemish author/journalist (Obscure Blood)
  • 1901 Tage F Erlander, Swedish premier (1946-69)
  • 1906 Bruno de Finetti, Italian mathematician (d. 1985)
  • 1908 Maria E Vieira da Silva, Portuguese painter (Infinite Passage)
  • 1910 Mary Whitehouse, British campaigner (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Galician writer (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Albert Cleage, famous African
  • 1911 Luis W Alvarez, physicist (Nobel-1968) [or Jan 17]
  • 1912 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (d. 1943)
  • 1913 Etienne Leroux, major Afrikaans author.
  • 1918 Helmut Lent, German night fighter pilot (d. 1944)
  • 1925 Hans Fellner, bookseller
  • 1926 Geoffrey Finsberg, politician
  • 1928 Jean Villain, Swiss writer, born in Zurich (d. 2006)
  • 1929 Alan Civil, English French horn player (d. 1989)
  • 1930 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel (d. 2004)
  • 1931 Lachlan Macleay, USAF/pilot
  • 1931 Irvin D. Yalom, psychotherapist, Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University
  • 1933 Tom King, British politician and minister (C), born in Rugby
  • 1934 Lady Annabel Goldsmith, English socialite
  • 1935 Aleksandr Alekseyevich Kiselyov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1935 Jeanne-Claude Denat de Guillebonnt, French artist
  • 1935 Samak Sundaravej, Thai 25th Prime Minister (former)
  • 1937 Eleanor Holmes Norton, lawyer/(Rep-D-DC), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1938 Peter Michael, English electronic manufacturer (UEI, Paintbox)
  • 1944 Joe Amato, NHRA top fuel drag racing champion (1991)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • 1945 Ronald J Grabe, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-J, 30, 42, 57), born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Whitley Strieber, American author
  • 1947 Daniel P A "Danie" Schutte, South African underminister of Justice
  • 1947 Jerrold Nadler, (Rep-D-NY)
  • 1947 Peter Holm, boyfriend of Joan Collins
  • 1952 Tony Bruno, American talkshow host
  • 1952 Jean-Marie Dedecker, Belgian politician and former judoka
  • 1953 Bo Donaldson (Billy Don't Be a Hero)
  • 1954 Andrzej Lepper, Polish politician
  • 1954 Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Nigerian economist (Minister of Finance 2011-15), born in Ogwashi-Uku, Delta State
  • 1955 Alan Hansen, Scottish football pundit
  • 1959 Steve Georganas, Australian politician
  • 1965 Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca
  • 1966 Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician
  • 1971 Broderick nonuplets, Sydney Australia
  • 1975 Johannes Grenzfurthner, Austrian artist, writer, curator and director
  • 1981 David Madden, 4th-ranked Jeopardy! champion of all-time
  • 1992 Tyler Davison, was world's smallest baby at 6 inches, 11 ounces

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1525 Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests and nuns.

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther

HeartWedding of Interest

1625 English king Charles I marries French princess Henriette

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

HeartWedding of Interest

1850 Poet Alfred Tennyson (40) weds Emily Sellwood (36)

HeartWedding of Interest

1859 Landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted (37) weds Mary Cleveland

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted

Deaths in History

  • 1036 Ali az-Zahir, caliph (b. 1005)
  • 1142 Godfried II, duke of Brabant/Neth-Lotharingen, dies
  • 1231 Anthony of Padua, Portuguese saint (b. 1195)
  • 1256 Tankei, Japanese sculptor (b. 1173)
  • 1371 Jan V of Virneburg, bishop of Utrecht (Pledge Vollenhove), dies
  • 1550 Veronica Gambara, Italian poet, dies at 64
  • 1612 Charles van Croij, prince of Chimay/Duke of Aarschot, dies at 51
  • 1636 George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1645 Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman
  • 1665 Auke Stellingwerf, lt-admiral of Friesland, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1665 Egbert Meussen Kortenaer, vice-admiral, dies in battle at about 29
  • 1665 Jacob van Wassenaer, [Foggy Obdam], lt-admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • 1749 Jan F van Bloemen, [Orizonte], Flemish painter, dies at 87
  • 1784 Henry Middleton, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1717)
  • 1810 Johann Gottfried Seume, German writer (Spaziergang nach Syrakus), dies at 47
  • 1821 [Izaak J] Alexander Gogel, minister of finance/patriot, dies at 55
  • 1825 Johan Peter Melchior, German sculptor, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 Jean Eugène Robert-Houdin, French magician and father of modern magic, dies of pneumonia at 65

  • 1865 Cleaveland J Campbell, Union brig-general, dies at about 29
  • 1881 Josef Skoda, Czech physician (b. 1805)
  • 1898 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1840)
  • 1904 Nikiphoros Lytras, Greek painter (b. 1832)
  • 1905 Theodoros Delyannis, premier Greece, murdered
  • 1905 Tippo-Tip, [Hamed ben Mohammed], Zanzibar merchant, dies at about 67
  • 1920 Essad Pasja, Albanian military man/minister, murdered at peace confer
  • 1927 Henry CK "Clan" Petty-Fitzmaurice, gov of India (1888-94), dies at 82
  • 1931 Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • 1939 Volter A Kilpi, Finnish writer (Suljetuilla Porteilla), dies at 64
  • 1943 Kočo Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • 1946 Edward Bowes, radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour), dies at 71
  • 1952 Max Pulver, writer, dies
  • 1958 Edwin Keppel Bennett, British writer (b. 1887)
  • 1965 Martin Buber, German/Israel philosopher/zionist/theologist, dies at 87
  • 1965 David Drummond, Australian politician (b. 1890)
  • 1972 Dündar Taşer, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1976 Don Bolles, US journalist (against Arizona), dies
  • 1977 Tom C Clark, former Supreme Court Justice (1949-67), dies in NY at 77
  • 1982 Abdul Aziz Khaled, King of Saudi-Arabia, dies at 69
  • 1993 Donald "Deke" K Slayton, US major/astronaut (Apollo 18), dies at 69
  • 1994 Anne Aitken, student of Zen, dies at 83
  • 1994 James Pollack, US room designer, dies at 55
  • 1996 David Nicholls, priest/theologian/political theorist, dies at 60
  • 2002 John Hope, American meteorologist (b. 1919)
  • 2003 Malik Meraj Khalid, Former caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Dick Durrance, American skier (b. 1914)
  • 2004 Ralph Wiley, American journalist and writer (b. 1952)
  • 2005 Álvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician and writer (b. 1913)
  • 2006 Charles Haughey, Taoiseach (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Walid Eido, Lebanese MP (b. 1942)
  • 2008 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (b. 1926)
  • 2009 Fathi Yakan, Lebanese leader and Muslim cleric (b. 1933)
  • 2012 William S. Knowles, American chemist and Nobel laureate, dies from complications from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at 95