On This Day in History for June 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 1276 While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Song Dynasty court hold the coronation ceremony for the young prince Zhao Shi, making him Emperor Duanzong of Song.
  • 1381 Richard II in England meets leaders of Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistance.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1535 Emperor Charles V's fleet sails under Andrea Doria to Tunis

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1565 Catharina de Medici & Duke of Alva discuss Calvinism
  • 1597 At 4:30 AM Willem Barents leaves Novaya Zemlya for Netherlands
  • 1615 Jacques Le Maire sail to Zuidland/Terra Australis
  • 1623 1st breach-of-promise lawsuit: Rev Gerville Pooley, Va files against Cicely Jordan, he loses
  • 1634 Russia & Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • 1642 1st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1645 Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1658 Battle at Dunes: English & French fleet beat Spanish
  • 1673 Battle at Schooneveld: Michiel de Ruyter beats French/English fleet
  • 1775 US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight American Revolutionary War
  • 1777 US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Stripes replacing the Grand Union flag
  • 1789 Capt William Bligh reaches Timor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1797 Napoleon forms Ligurian Republic

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1800 Battle of Marengo (Alessandria): Bonaparte vs Austria
  • 1807 Emperor Napoleon I's French Grande Armee defeats the Russian Army at the Battle of Friedland in Prussia (modern Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) ending the War of the Fourth Coalition.
  • 1821 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1822 Charles Babbage proposes a "difference engine" in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled "Note on the application of machinery to the computation of astronomical and mathematical tables"

Inventor Charles Babbage
Inventor
Charles Babbage
  • 1834 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • 1834 Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr, Springfield, Vermont
  • 1839 First Henley Regatta held (it became the Henley Royal Regatta in 1851)
  • 1841 1st Canadian parliament opens in Kingston, Ontario
  • 1846 Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • 1846 California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma, declaring independence from Mexico
  • 1847 Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
  • 1850 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, starts in bakery chimney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Harpers Ferry evacuated by rebels in face of General George McClellan's advance

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1863 Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
  • 1864 US Union warship USS Kearsarge appears off Cherbourg
  • 1872 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • 1876 1st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • 1876 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise
  • 1881 Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Mass)
  • 1898 France signs Niger Convention
  • 1900 Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
  • 1900 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • 1900 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • 1904 Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
  • 1904 At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • 1906 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 1907 Government of Transvaal sends home 50,000 Chinese day workers
  • 1907 Norway adopts female suffrage for middle class women only in parliamentary elections
  • 1908 Fourth German Navy Bill is passed authorising the financing the building of another four major warships.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1916 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1916 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • 1917 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • 1917 Gen Pershing & his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
  • 1919 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 US President Warren G. Harding is 1st US president to use radio, dedicates the Francis Scott Key memorial in Baltimore

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • 1924 WOKO-AM radio begins transmitting from Albany NY

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1928 Republican National Convention, meeting in KC, nominates Herbert Hoover for President

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1929 Prussia & Vatican sign Concord
  • 1931 French "St Philbert" overturns off St Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • 1931 Reinhard Heydrich's 1st meeting with Himmler
  • 1932 German government of von Papen forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet in Vienna

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1934 Max Baer KO's Primo Carnera in 11 for HW box champ in Long Island City
  • 1934 WOQ-AM in KC Missouri goes off the air
  • 1935 Chaco War between Bolivia & Paraguay ends
  • 1936 Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens
  • 1938 Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin
  • 1938 Dorothy Lathrop wins 1st Caldecott Medal (kid books author)
  • 1940 German forces enter Paris during WWII
  • 1940 Auschwitz concentration camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)
  • 1940 German U-47 sinks airship Balmoral
  • 1941 Ground broken for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) Wichita KS
  • 1941 Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia
  • 1942 1st bazooka rocket gun produced Bridgeport Ct

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Anne Frank begins her diary

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1942 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • 1944 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1946 Canadian Library Association established
  • 1948 Klemens Gottwald becomes president of Czechoslovakia
  • 1949 State of Vietnam forms, Bao Dai installed as Emperor
  • 1951 1st commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau
  • 1952 General strike in Tunisia
  • 1952 Keel laid for 1st nuclear powered sub USS Nautilus (4th to be named Nautilus)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Eisenhower condemns McCarthy's book burning proposal

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 Military coup by general Gustavo Rojas Pinilla in Colombia
  • 1953 Yanks sweep Indians 6-2, 3-0 before 74,708 win streak at 18 straight
  • 1954 President Eisenhower signs order adding words "under God" to the Pledge
  • 1955 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1957 42.0 cm rain falls on East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • 1957 Edouard Carpentier beats Lou Thesz, to become NWA wrestling champion
  • 1958 British parachutists lands on Cyprus
  • 1961 106°F, hottest temperature in SF
  • 1962 Albert DeSalvo, better known as the Boston Strangler, murders Anna Slesers, his first victim.
  • 1962 The European Space Research Organisation is established in Paris - later becoming the European Space Agency.
  • 1963 Valery Bykovsky in Vostok 5 orbits earth 81 times in 5 days
  • 1966 Dutch police beat construction workers, 60 injured
  • 1967 Mariner 5 Launch (Venus Flyby)
  • 1967 USSR launches Kosmos 166 for observation of Sun from Earth orbit
  • 1968 Off duty Dutch military permitted to wear regular clothing
  • 1972 Tropical storm (later hurricane) Agnes forms over Yucatán Peninsula
  • 1972 Members of the NI Social Democratic and Labour Party hold a meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army in Derry; the IRA representatives outline their conditions for talks with the British Government
  • 1973 46th National Spelling Bee: Barrie Trinkle wins spelling vouchsafe

Birthdays in History

  • 1479 Giglio Gregorio Giraldi, Italian poet (d. 1552)
  • 1529 Ferdinand, archduke (Austria)/mayor (Bohemia)
  • 1657 Cornelis Cruys, [Niels Olsen Creutz], Norwegian/Dutch admiral
  • 1736 Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, physicist (formulated Coulomb's Law)
  • 1796 Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician (d. 1866)
  • 1801 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (d. 1868)
  • 1805 Robert Anderson, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1871)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1896)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 1812 Fernando Wood, New York City mayor (d. 1881)
  • 1819 Henry J. Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • 1820 John Bartlett, US, editor (compiled Familiar Quotations)
  • 1821 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter
  • 1836 Thomas Wilberforce Egan, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1844 Edouard Naville, Swiss egyptologist
  • 1855 Robert Marion La Follette, Wisconsin, presidential candidate (Progressive)
  • 1856 Andrey Markov, Russia, mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • 1864 Alois Alzheimer, Marktbreit, Bavaria, German psychiatrist/neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease)
  • 1868 Karl Landsteiner, Austria, immunologist/pathologist (Nobel 1930)
  • 1870 Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (d. 1932)
  • 1871 Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (d. 1946)
  • 1874 Edward Bowes, radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour)
  • 1882 Ion Antonescu, fascist premier/dictator of Roemenia
  • 1883 Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian bible expert
  • 1889 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist/palaeontologist
  • 1894 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1924)
  • 1895 Louis Finkelstein, US historian/theologist (Pharizees)
  • 1899 Kawabata Yasunari, Zen writer (Nobel Literature 1968)
  • 1903 Arthur William Raynes McDonald, radar Pioneer/pilot
  • 1903 Alonzo Church, American Mathematician whose work provided foundation for computer science, born in Washington D.C. (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Margaret Bourke-White, photographer,1st female LIFE staff photographer, born in New York City (d. 1971)
  • 1907 René Char, French poet/painter
  • 1907 Nicolas Bentley, British writer and illustrator (d. 1978)
  • 1912 E Cuyler Hammond, scientist (1st to link smoking with lung cancer)
  • 1914 Winifred Milius Lubell, New York, American illustrator and writer (The Outer Lands) (d. 2012)
  • 1916 Geoffrey Goodwin, British professor of international relations
  • 1917 Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician
  • 1922 Kevin Roche, Irish architect
  • 1924 Vladimir Solouchin, Russian writer, born in Alepino (d. 1997)
  • 1925 Barbara Hammer Avedon, scriptwriter
  • 1925 David Bache, British car designer (Rover), born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Hermann Kant, German writer, born in Hamburg

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine Marxist revolutionary (Cuban Revolution), author and physician, born in Rosario, Argentina (d. 1967)

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1932 Joe Arpaio, sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona
  • 1933 Jerzy Kosinski, novelist (Painted Bird, Being There)
  • 1935 Jan Nijland, cattle breeder/Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1939 Steny H Hoyer, (Rep-D-MD, 1981- )
  • 1939 John F. MacArthur, American evangelist
  • 1940 Bill Baker, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1941 John Edgar Widerman, US writer
  • 1943 F James Sensenbrenner, (Rep-R-Wisconsin)
  • 1943 W J [Billy] Tauzin, (Rep-D-LA, 1980- )
  • 1944 Laurie Colwin, American author (d. 1992)
  • 1946 Ralph McAllister Ingersol II, American newspaper publisher, born in NYC, New York
  • 1949 Bob Frankston, programmer (VisiCalc)
  • 1949 Harry Turtledove, American author
  • 1950 Rowan Williams, 104th Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1951 Paul Boateng, British politician
  • 1952 Leon Wieseltier, American writer.
  • 1953 Janet Mackey, New Zealand politician
  • 1955 Larry Burrows, fictional character (Mr Destiny)
  • 1955 Michael D. Duvall, California State Assemblyman
  • 1964 Peter Gilliver, English lexicographer
  • 1967 Kelly Nash, American radio personality
  • 1969 Michael Gerber, American parody author
  • 1970 Todd Manning, fictional character (One Life to Live)
  • 1972 Matthias Ettrich, German computer scientist (KDE)
  • 1972 Shaun Keaveny, British radio DJ
  • 1975 Chris Onstad, American cartoonist

Weddings in History

  • 1541 Duke Willem van Gulik of Gelre marries Jeanne d'Albret

HeartWedding of Interest

1871 Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro (40) weds Julie Vellay in London

  • 1950 American science fiction writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 2nd wife Kleo Apostolides

HeartWedding of Interest

1958 Nelson Mandela weds Winnie Madikizela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

HeartWedding of Interest

1981 Novelist Danielle Steel (33) weds John Traina

Novelist Danielle Steel
Novelist
Danielle Steel
  • 2013 90210 actor Matt Lanter (30) weds longtime girlfriend Angela Stacy at the Calamigos Ranch in Malibu, California

Deaths in History

  • 1144 Aboe 'l-Kasim Mahmoed ibn Omar al-Zapowersjari, theologist, dies at 69
  • 1161 Emperor Qinzong of China (b. 1100)
  • 1349 Gunther Van Schwarzburg, German anti-king 1349, dies at about 44
  • 1381 Simon Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1497 Giovanni Borgia, Duke of Borgia (b. 1474)
  • 1544 Antoine, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1489)
  • 1662 Henry Vane the Younger, English politician and Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1613)
  • 1674 Marin le Roy de Gomberville, French writer (b. 1600)
  • 1703 Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (b. 1625)
  • 1727 Cornelis Cruys, Norwegian/Dutch admiral, dies at 70
  • 1752 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French carpet designer, dies at 57
  • 1752 Daniel Marot, French/Neth, architect/engraver, dies at about 88
  • 1794 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (b. 1718)
  • 1800 Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French military leader (b. 1768)
  • 1800 Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (b. 1753)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1801 Benedict Arnold, Revolutionary War general, dies in London at 60

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1825 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., dies at 70

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • 1828 Karl August, grand duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, dies (b. 1757)
  • 1837 Giacomo Leopardi, Italian writer (b. 1798)
  • 1864 Leonidas Polk, general, killed in action in Battle of Pine Mt
  • 1873 Friedrich von Raumer, German historian/parliamentarian, dies at 92
  • 1883 Edward FitzGerald, English poet (b. 1809)
  • 1885 Agustin Bethencourt, Venezuelan publisher on Curacao, dies at 58
  • 1886 Alexandr Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (b. 1823)
  • 1907 A Adolf Daens, Belgian priest/politician (CVP), dies
  • 1908 Frederick Arthur Stanley, Governor general of Canada (b. 1841)
  • 1916 João Simões Lopes Neto, Brazilian writer (b. 1865)
  • 1920 Max Weber, German sociologist/economist/historian, dies
  • 1926 Mary Cassatt, American Impressionist artist (b. 1844)
  • 1927 Jerome K. Jerome, British author (b. 1859)
  • 1928 Emmeline Pankhurst-Goulden, English feminist, dies
  • 1932 Dorimène Roy Desjardins, Canadian business pioneer
  • 1936 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer/poet (Father Brown), dies at 62
  • 1938 William W Campbell, US astronomer (Stellar Motions), dies at 76
  • 1941 Pieter J Kromsigt, theologist/publicist (John Knox), dies at 74
  • 1944 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist, dies at 78
  • 1944 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, dies of a stroke at 57

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • 1951 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician, dies at 73
  • 1960 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romanian Foreign Minister (1945-52), dies at 67
  • 1962 Anna Sleasers, first Boston Strangler victim

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1968 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet/essayist (Nobel 1959), dies at 66

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Author/Poet
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • 1975 Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect (b. 1902)
  • 1982 Marie Rambert, [Cyviam Ramberg], Polish/British ballerina, dies at 94
  • 1986 Alan Jay Lerner, Broadway librettist, dies in NY at 67

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1986 Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine author (Book of Sand), dies in Geneva at 86

  • 1986 E Cuyler Hammond, American epidemiologist (first to link smoking with lung cancer), dies at 74
  • 1991 Joy Finzi, [Joyce A Black], British painter, dies at 84
  • 1993 Vincent T Hamlin, cartoonist (Alley Oop), dies at 93
  • 1994 Denys Hay, British historian, dies at 78
  • 1994 Marianne Kunvari, writer, dies at 81
  • 1994 Mark Alexander Lees, rowing Coach, dies at 38
  • 1994 Simon Prior, British auto maker, dies of injuries
  • 1995 Gesualdo Bufalino, novelist, dies at 74
  • 1995 Gordon Greig, journalist, dies at 63
  • 1995 Roger Joseph Zelazny, sci-fi writer, dies of cancer at 60
  • 1996 Ted Nightingale, former colonial governor, dies at 91
  • 1997 Henry C Gordon, USAF/astronaut (Dynasoar), dies at 71
  • 1997 Tesslynn O'Cull, American child abuse victim (b. 1995)
  • 2000 Attilio Bertolucci, Italian poet and writer (b. 1911)
  • 2002 June Jordan, American writer and teacher (b. 1936)
  • 2004 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (b. 1900)
  • 2005 Mimi Parent, Canadian painter (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (b. 1930)
  • 2007 Ruth Graham, wife of Billy Graham (b. 1920)
  • 2007 Robin Olds, American fighter pilot (b. 1922)
  • 2007 Kurt Waldheim, Austrian 4th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1972-81) and 9th President of Austria (1986-92), dies at 88
  • 2009 Bob Bogle, founding member of The Ventures