On This Day in History for June 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 117

  • 618 Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries of the Tang Dynasty's rule over China.
  • 860 Rus Vikings attack Constantinople

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1155 Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1178 Five monks at Canterbury report explosion on moon (only known observation)
  • 1264 The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.
  • 1316 Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark & Luikse towns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1529 Blackfriars begin: Henry VIII & Catharina of Aragon

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1538 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1541 Irish parliament selects Henry VIII as king of Ireland
  • 1574 Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
  • 1580 States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
  • 1583 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • 1629 Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn beat the Dunkirkers, commerce raiders in the service of the Spanish Monarchy
  • 1639 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1643 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn founds Philadelphia, US

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1757 Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
  • 1767 Samuel Wallis, an English sea captain, sights Tahiti and is considered the first European to reach the island.
  • 1778 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1779 French fleet occupies St Vincent
  • 1812 War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1815 Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1822 Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
  • 1822 Slave revolt leaders Denmark Vesey & Peter Poyas arrested in SC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leave South-Africa

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1837 Spain gets new Constitution
  • 1863 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • 1864 At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
  • 1872 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1879 W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
  • 1887 The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
  • 1892 Macadamia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
  • 1894 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • 1898 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, NJ
  • 1900 Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
  • 1903 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in SF; arrives NY 3-mo later
  • 1908 Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the Kasato-Maru ship
  • 1909 Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1912 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1924 Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque
  • 1926 Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1927 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2000 m: 5:24.6

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

  • 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute held.
  • 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
  • 1936 Polish parliament gives pres Ignacy Moscicki dictatorial power
  • 1940 German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs & chickens

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1940 Winston Churchill's "this was their finest hour" speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy
  • 1942 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • 1943 SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
  • 1944 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 1944 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1945 William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason
  • 1946 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim.
  • 1948 American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
  • 1948 National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
  • 1948 UN Commission on Human Rights adopts the International Declaration of Human Rights
  • 1951 De Gaulle wins French parliamentary election
  • 1951 In South Africa, the Suppression of Communism Act commences.
  • 1953 Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
  • 1953 USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
  • 1953 3rd Berlin International Film Festival: "The Wages of Fear" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1954 Pierre Mendèsforms French government
  • 1954 4th Berlin International Film Festival: "Hobson's Choice" wins Golden Bear (audience vote)
  • 1956 Last of foreign troops leaves Egypt as British leave Suez Canal
  • 1957 John Diefenbacker (C) takes office as PM of Canada
  • 1959 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane.
  • 1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school
  • 1964 African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar
  • 1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale & rental of housing
  • 1969 A report published by the International Commission of Jurists on the British government's policy in Northern Ireland is critical of both the British government and the Northern Ireland government
  • 1970 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party
  • 1971 Social Democratic and Labour Party and Nationalist Members of Parliament refuse to attend the state opening of Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)
  • 1972 BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
  • 1972 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1974 Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
  • 1976 A Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for £340,000
  • 1976 St Louis Cards Lou Brock & Hector Cruz hit inside-the-park HRs
  • 1977 Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, It was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
  • 1978 Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
  • 1979 Billy Martin becomes Yankee manager (2nd time), replacing Bob Lemon
  • 1979 US President Carter & Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT II treaty limiting nuclear wepons
  • 1980 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa
  • 1980 Mrs Shakuntala Devi mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • 1981 Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • 1981 Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires (replaced by Sandra Day O'Connor, 1st woman on US Supreme Court)
  • 1981 Vaccine to prevent hoof & mouth disease announced
  • 1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California.
  • 1982 Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launches Sally Ride as 1st US woman in space

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1983 IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in NYC
  • 1986 De Havilland Twin Otter & Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
  • 1986 Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
  • 1986 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1986 US House of Representatives approves Bill to impose stricter sanctions on Apartheid South Africa

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 101

  • 1269 Princess Eleanor of England (d. 1298)
  • 1318 Princess Eleanor of Woodstock (d. 1355)
  • 1466 Ottaviano Petrucci, Italian printer (d. 1539)
  • 1511 Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor/architect
  • 1511 Ponte Santa Trinita, Florence
  • 1517 Emperor Ogimachi of Japan (d. 1593)
  • 1552 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet (d. 1637)
  • 1581 Thomas Overbury, poet (baptized)
  • 1667 Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (d. 1750)
  • 1681 Feofan Prokopovich, theologian, archbishop of Novgorod, westernizer
  • 1716 Joseph M Vien, French (court)painter
  • 1740 Karel van Poucke, Flemish sculptor
  • 1757 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas, Argentine leader (d. 1833)
  • 1758 Pieter PJQ Ondaatje, Ceylon/Dutch jurist/patriot
  • 1794 George Grote, British historian
  • 1799 William Lassell, discoverer (satellites of Uranus & Neptune)
  • 1809 Sylvanus William Godon, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1879)
  • 1812 Ivan Goncharov, Russia, novelist/travel writer (Oblomov)
  • 1813 Pavel Annenkov, Rus literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti)
  • 1824 Johannes Heykamp, Catholic archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1839 William Henry Seward Jr, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1920)
  • 1845 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • 1854 Edward Wyllis Scripps, publisher/journalist
  • 1857 Henry Clay Folger Jr, US, businessman/Shakespeare fan
  • 1858 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist
  • 1860 Hugo Loudon, CEO (Royal Dutch Oil [Shell])
  • 1861 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores)
  • 1863 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • 1868 Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hungarian admiral/regent (1910-44)
  • 1870 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • 1877 James Montgomery Flagg, illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam)
  • 1881 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • 1882 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]
  • 1884 Edouard Daladier, premier France (1933..40)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1886 George Mallory, English mountain climber ("because it is there"), born in Mobberley, CEngland (d. 1924)

Mountain Climber George Mallory
Mountain Climber
George Mallory
  • 1886 Alexander Wetmore, American ornithologist (d. 1978)
  • 1888 S S Van Dine, [William Huntingdon Wright], author (Canary Murder Case)
  • 1889 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • 1891 Hans Ruin, Finnish Swedish-language historian
  • 1895 Manuela Fernández-Fojaco, Spanish supercentenarian
  • 1896 Philip Barry, US, dramatist (Philadelphia Story)
  • 1898 Carleton Percy Hobbs, Farnborough England
  • 1899 James Ralph Darling, teacher
  • 1903 Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Le diable ouch corps)
  • 1905 John Gardener, boatbuilder/writer
  • 1907 Froelich Rainey, Wisc, quiz moderator (What in the World)
  • 1908 Bud Collyer, American TV emcee (Beat the Clock, To Tell the Truth), born in NYC, New York
  • 1908 Stanley Knowles, Canadian politician (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Sylvia Porter, financial writer (Sylvia Porter's Money Book)
  • 1915 Red Adair, oilman (fought oil fires in Kuwait)
  • 1917 Arthur Tremblay, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1919 Edward Leadbitter, politician
  • 1919 Edwin Clarke, historian/neurologist
  • 1919 Ted Leadbitter, British MP (Lab)
  • 1919 Jerome Karle, New York, chemist (Nobel 1985) and Manhattan Project member, (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Aster Berkhof, [Louis Van de Bergh], Flemish writer (Furious Christ)
  • 1922 Donald L Keene, American Japanese translator/critic, born in NYC, New York
  • 1923 Herman Krebbers, Dutch violist/concert master
  • 1924 Liesbeth den Uyl-van Vessem, feminist/wife of Joop den Uyl
  • 1925 Rex Collings, writer/publisher
  • 1926 Patricia Hutchinson, British ambassador (Uruguay)
  • 1926 Tom Wicker, columnist (NY Times)
  • 1927 Dennis Landau, CEO (Cooperative Wholesale Society)
  • 1927 John Phillipps Kenyon, historian/teacher
  • 1928 Michael Blakemore, British theater director (Country Life)
  • 1928 David T. Lykken, American scientist
  • 1929 James Bishop, editor (London News Publications)
  • 1929 Jürgen Habermas, German sociologist and philosopher (Frankfurter Schule), born in Düsseldorf
  • 1930 Peter Phillips, CEO (AB Electronics) [or Feb 10]
  • 1931 Fernando Henrique Cardoso, President of Brazil from 1995 to 2002
  • 1932 Dudley R. Herschbach, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1932 Geoffrey Hill, English poet, born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Brian Kenny, deputy supreme allied commander (Europe)
  • 1934 Carl de Winter, sect-gen (Federation of British Artists)
  • 1934 Mitsuteru Yokoyama, Japanese manga artist (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Hugh McColl, American banker, born in Bennettsville, South Carolina
  • 1936 Ian Spurling, ballet designer
  • 1936 R Ronald Venetian, [Vene], president Suriname (1991- )
  • 1937 Gail Godwin, US, author (Perfectionists, Odd Woman)
  • 1937 John D [Jay] Rockefeller IV, (Sen-D-WV, 1985- )
  • 1937 Vitaly Mikhailovich Zholobov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 21)
  • 1938 Joop M Worrell, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1938 Kevin Murray, Australian rules footballer
  • 1940 Bob Duncan, prison warden (Gartree Prison in UK)
  • 1942 Thabo M Mbeki, South African economist/1st vice-president (1994- )
  • 1942 Thabo Mbeki, Idutywa, Transkei, South Africa, former President of South Africa
  • 1946 Russell Ash, British author
  • 1946 Fabio Capello, Italian football coach
  • 1949 William Randolph Hearst III, publisher/editor
  • 1949 Chris Van Allsburg, American author and illustrator
  • 1949 Lech Kaczyński, Polish president, 2005-2010
  • 1952 Barry Champagne, Louisiana, stunt coorindator (Licence to Kill)
  • 1962 Jan[ice] Merrill, track star (US record long distance holder 1979)
  • 1964 Uday Hussein, Iraqi leader (d. 2003)
  • 1967 Pasquale Bruno, Italian American entrepreneur
  • 1969 Christopher Largen, American author
  • 1976 Witte Wartena, Dutch artist
  • 1981 Teresa Cormack, New Zealand murder victim (d. 1987)
  • 1981 Ella (Jiahua) Chen, member of the Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 1982 Sean Conant, Irish-American artist

Weddings in History

  • 1839 Dutch prince Willem Alexander (later William III) weds cousin Princess Sophia
  • 1858 Norwegian modernist playwright "The Doll's House" Henrik Ibsen (30) marries Suzannah Thoresen (21) in Oslo
  • 1989 John Wayne Bobitt marries Lorena L Gallo
  • 2005 "Queens Park Rangers" football striker Djibril Cisse (23) weds Jude Littler at Bodelwyddan Castle in Denbighshire, North Wales

HeartWedding of Interest

2005 Politician Jerry Brown (67) weds businesswoman Anne Gust (47) in Oakland, California

Governor of California Jerry Brown
Governor of California
Jerry Brown

Deaths in History

  • 741 Leo III de Isaurier, Byzantine Emperor (717-41), dies
  • 1234 Emperor Chukyo of Japan (b. 1218)
  • 1291 Alfonso III, King of Aragon (1285-91), dies
  • 1464 Rogier van der Weyden, Flemish painter, dies at 65
  • 1580 Juliana van Stolberg, Engraver of Nassau, dies
  • 1588 Anna, daughter of prince Willem I/Anna van Saksen, dies at 24
  • 1588 Robert Crowley, English printer and poet
  • 1629 Piet Hein, Dutch naval commander (Spanish silver fleet) and folk hero (b. 1577) shot by cannonball at 51
  • 1667 Louise Henriette, daughter of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, dies at 39
  • 1669 Abraham Crijnssen, Swiss admiral, conquered Suriname, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1673 Jeanne Mance, French Canadian settler and founder of the first hospital in North America, dies at 66

Nurse and Settler of New France Jeanne Mance
Nurse and Settler of New France
Jeanne Mance
  • 1704 Tom Brown, English satirist (b. 1662)
  • 1742 John Aislabie, English politician (b. 1670)
  • 1749 Ambrose Philips, English poet (b. 1674)
  • 1772 Gerard of Swieten, botanist/painter of Maria Theresia, dies at 72
  • 1772 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)
  • 1788 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (b. 1714)
  • 1794 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • 1815 Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • 1815 Guillaume Philibert Duhesme, French general (b. 1766)
  • 1817 Joannes Siberg, governor-general of Neth-Indies (1801-05), dies
  • 1824 Ferdinand III JJ-B, archduke of Austria/ruler of Toscane, dies at 55
  • 1835 William Cobbett, English journalist and author (b. 1763)
  • 1853 Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising), dies
  • 1866 Jacobus T Abels, painter, dies at 62
  • 1880 John Sutter, US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
  • 1884 Juan B Alberdi, [Figarillo], Argentine writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • 1886 Joannes A Paredis, Belgian/Neth bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • 1902 Samuel Butler, British writer (Erewhom), dies at 66
  • 1915 Eufemio Zapata, brother to Mexican revolutionist Emiliano Zapata, killed by Sidronio Comancho
  • 1916 Helmuth J L von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • 1916 Max Immelmann, German pilot (WW I), killed
  • 1921 Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Uruguay writer (Nativa, Lanza y Sable), dies
  • 1921 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Kantkennis), dies at 37
  • 1922 John C Kapteyn, astronomer, dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, dies in a plane crash while flying on a rescue mission in the Arctic at 55

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Maxim Gorky, [Alexei M Peshkov], Russian writer (Mother), dies at 68

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 1937 Gaston Doumergue, premier/president of France (1913..34), dies
  • 1942 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • 1942 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • 1945 Colonel Roberts, commandant 22nd regiment marines, dies in battle
  • 1945 Simon B Buckner, US lt-gen/commandant of 10th Army, dies in action
  • 1947 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (b. 1898)
  • 1952 Efim D Bogolyubov, Russian chess player, dies at 63
  • 1971 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1889)
  • 1973 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder AVRO, dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, dies at 77

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1974 Júlio César de Mello e Souza, Brazilian writer (b. 1896)
  • 1975 Faisal Ibn Mussed Abdul Aziz, Saudi prince, beheaded in Riyadh shopping center parking lot for killing his uncle the king
  • 1978 Walter C. Alvarez, American physician (b. 1884)
  • 1982 Djuna Barnes, writer, dies
  • 1982 John Cheever, Pulitzer prize winning author, dies at 70 in Ossining
  • 1982 Roberto Calvi, director (Banco Ambrosiano), hangs himself
  • 1984 Alan Berg, American radio talk show host
  • 1985 Paul Colin, French poster designer (b. 1892)
  • 1986 Frances Scott Fitzgerald, Daughter of F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre. (b. 1921)
  • 1987 Bruce Marshall, writer, dies at 87
  • 1989 I. F. Stone, American journalist (b. 1907)
  • 1992 Peter Allen, entertainer (Legs Diamond), dies of aids at 48
  • 1992 Mordecai Ardon, one of Israel's greatest painters (b. 1896)
  • 1992 Benjamin Guinness, 3rd Earl of Iveagh, British brewer (Guinness) and large landowner, dies of cancer at 55
  • 1994 Jack Harkness, rose grower, dies at 75
  • 1995 Charles Martin, cartoonist, dies at 85
  • 1996 Maitland Mackie, farmer, dies at 84
  • 1997 Lev Kopelev, Russian writer and dissident (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Manuel Sadosky, Argentine mathematician (b. 1914)
  • 2008 Tasha Tudor, American illustrator (b. 1915)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2010 José Saramago, Portuguese writer and Nobel laureate, dies of leukemia at 87

Novelist José Saramago
Novelist
José Saramago
  • 2016 Paul Cox, Dutch-born Australian director (Lonely Hearts), dies at 76